Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - 357 Matching Results

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Aerodynamic Characteristics of Airfoils 6: Continuation of Reports Nos. 93, 124, 182, 244, and 286

Description: "This collection of data on airfoils has been made from the published reports of a number of the leading aerodynamic laboratories of this country and Europe. The information which was originally expressed according to the different customs of the several laboratories is here presented in a uniform series of charts and tables suitable for use of designing engineers and for purposes of general reference. The authority for the results here presented is given as the name of the laboratory at which the experiments were conducted, with the size of the model, wind velocity, and year of test" (p. 213).
Date: 1930~
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic characteristics of twenty-four airfoils at high speeds

Description: From Summary: "If a propeller is mounted directly on the of a modern high-speed airplane engine, the outer airfoil sections of the propeller travel at speeds approaching the speed of sound. It is possible by the use of gearing and a somewhat larger propeller to reduce the speed of the propeller sections, but only at the expense of additional weight and some frictional loss of power. This report presents the results of this work."
Date: 1930~
Creator: Brigg, L. J. & Dryden, H. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aircraft Woods: Their Properties, Selection, and Characteristics

Description: From Summary: "This report presents, further, information on the properties of various other native species of wood compared with spruce, and discusses the characteristics of a considerable number of them from the standpoint of their possible application in aircraft manufacture to supplement the woods that are now most commonly used."
Date: January 1, 1930
Creator: Markwardt, L. J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Collection of wind-tunnel data on commonly used wing sections

Description: This report groups in a uniform manner the aerodynamic properties of commonly used wing sections as determined from tests in various wind tunnels. The data have been collected from reports of a number of laboratories. Where necessary, transformation has been made to the absolute system of coefficients and tunnel wall interference corrections have been applied. Tables and graphs present the data in the various forms useful to the engineer in the selection of a wing section.
Date: January 1930
Creator: Louden, F. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight tests on U.S.S. Los Angeles. Part 2: stress and strength determination

Description: From Summary: "The tests described in this report furnished data on the actual aerodynamic forces, and the resulting stresses and bending moments in the hull of the U. S. S. "Los Angeles" during as severe still-air maneuvers as the airship would normally be subjected to, and in straight flight during as rough air as is likely to occur in service, short of squall or storm conditions. The maximum stresses were found to be within the limits provided for in accepted practice in airship design. Normal flight in rough air was shown to produce forces and stresses about twice as great as the most severe still-air maneuvers."
Date: January 1930
Creator: Burgess, C. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fuel vapor pressures and the relation of vapor pressure to the preparation of fuel for combustion in fuel injection engines

Description: This investigation on the vapor pressure of fuels was conducted in connection with the general research on combustion in fuel injection engines. The purpose of the investigation was to study the effects of high temperatures such as exist during the first stages of injection on the vapor pressures of several fuels and certain fuel mixtures, and the relation of these vapor pressures to the preparation of the fuel for combustion in high-speed fuel injection engines.
Date: 1930
Creator: Joachim, William F. & Rothrock, A. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Joint report on standardization tests on N.P.L. R.A.F 15 airfoil model

Description: From Summary: "This report contains the wind-tunnel test data obtained in the United States on a 36 by 6 inch R.A.F. 15 airfoil model prepared by the British Aeronautical Research Committee for International Trials. Tests were made in cooperation with the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics at the Bureau of Standards, Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and McCook field. In addition to brief descriptions of the various wind tunnels and methods of testing, the report contains an analysis of the test data. It is shown that while in general the agreement is quite satisfactory there are two cases in which it is unsatisfactory."
Date: 1930
Creator: Diehl, Walter S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of five metal model propellers with various pitch distributions in a free wind stream and in combination with model VE-7 fuselage

Description: From Summary: "This report describes the tests of five adjustable blade metal model propellers both in a free wind stream and in combination with a model fuselage with stub wings. The propellers are of the same form and cross section but have variations in radial distributions of pitch. By making a survey of the radial distribution of air velocity through the propeller plane of the model fuselage it was found that this velocity varies from zero at the hub center to approximately free stream velocity at the blade tip. The tests show that the efficiency of a propeller when operating in the presence of the airplane is, over the working range, generally less than when operating in a free wind stream, but that a propeller with a radial distribution of pitch of the same nature as the radial distribution of air velocity through the propeller plane suffers the smallest loss in efficiency."
Date: 1930
Creator: Lesley, E. P. & Reid, Elliott G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Torsion of Members Having Sections Common in Aircraft Construction

Description: "Within recent years a great variety of approximate torsion formulas and drafting-room processes have been advocated. In some of these, especially where mathematical considerations are involved, the results are extremely complex and are not generally intelligible to engineers. The principal object of this investigation was to determine by experiment and theoretical investigation how accurate the more common of these formulas are and on what assumptions they are founded and, if none of the proposed methods proved to be reasonable accurate in practice, to produce simple, practical formulas from reasonably correct assumptions, backed by experiment. A second object was to collect in readily accessible form the most useful of known results for the more common sections" (p. 675).
Date: 1930
Creator: Trayer, George W. & March, H. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel tests on a series of wing models through a large angle of attack range. Part I : force tests

Description: This investigation covers force tests through a large range of angle of attack on a series of monoplane and biplane wing models. The tests were conducted in the atmospheric wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. The models were arranged in such a manner as to make possible a determination of the effects of variations in tip shape, aspect ratio, flap setting, stagger, gap, decalage, sweep back, and airfoil profile. The arrangements represented most of the types of wing systems in use on modern airplanes. The effect of each variable is illustrated by means of groups of curves. In addition, there are included approximate autorotational characteristics in the form of calculated ranges of "rotary instability." a correction for blocking in this tunnel which applies to monoplanes at large angles of attack has been developed, and is given in an appendix. (author).
Date: January 1, 1930
Creator: Knight, Montgomery & Wenzinger, Carl J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Design of Airplane Wing Ribs

Description: "The purpose of this investigation was to obtain information for use in the design of truss and plywood forms, particularly with reference to wing ribs. Tests were made on many designs of wing ribs, comparing different types in various sizes. Many tests were also made on parallel-chord specimens of truss and plywood forms in place of the actual ribs and on parts of wing ribs, such as truss diagonals and sections of cap strips" (p. 223).
Date: January 8, 1930
Creator: Newlin, J. A. & Trayer, George W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airfoil pressure distribution investigation in the variable density wind tunnel

Description: Report presents the results of wind tunnel tests of pressure distribution measurements over one section each of six airfoils. Pressure distribution diagrams, as well as the integrated characteristics of the airfoils, are given for both a high and a low dynamic scale or, Reynolds number VL/V, for comparison with flight and other wind-tunnel tests, respectively. It is concluded that the scale effect is very important only at angles of attack near the burble.
Date: January 14, 1930
Creator: Jacobs, Eastman N.; Stack, John & Pinkerton, Robert M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aircraft Accidents: Method of Analysis

Description: The revised report includes the chart for the analysis of aircraft accidents, combining consideration of the immediate causes, underlying causes, and results of accidents, as prepared by the special committee, with a number of the definitions clarified. A brief statement of the organization and work of the special committee and of the Committee on Aircraft Accidents; and statistical tables giving a comparison of the types of accidents and causes of accidents in the military services on the one hand and in civil aviation on the other, together with explanations of some of the important differences noted in these tables.
Date: January 28, 1930
Creator: Committee on Aircraft Accidents
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Method of Calculating the Ultimate Strength of Continuous Beams

Description: The purpose of this study was to investigate the strength of continuous beams after the elastic limit has been passed. As a result, a method of calculation, which is applicable to maximum load conditions, has been developed. The method is simpler than the methods now in use and it applies properly to conditions where the present methods fail to apply.
Date: February 1, 1930
Creator: Newlin, J. A. & Trayer, George W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparative flight performance with an NACA Roots supercharger and a turbocentrifugal supercharger

Description: This report presents the comparative flight results of a roots supercharger and a turbocentrifugal supercharger. The tests were conducted using a modified DH-4M2 airplane. The rate of climb and the high speed in level flight of the airplane were obtained for each supercharger from sea level to the ceiling. The unsupercharged performance with each supercharger mounted in place was also determined. The results of these tests show that the ceiling and rate of climb obtained were nearly the same for each supercharger, but that the high speed obtained with the turbocentrifugal was better than that obtained with the roots. The high-speed performance at 21,000 feet was 122 and 142 miles per hour for the roots and turbocentrifugal, respectively.
Date: February 25, 1930
Creator: Schey, Oscar W. & Young, Alfred W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Temperature coefficient of the modulus of rigidity of aircraft instrument diaphragm and spring materials

Description: Experimental data are presented on the variation of the modulus of rigidity in the temperature range -20 to +50 degrees C. of a number of metals which are of possible use for elastic elements for aircraft and other instruments. The methods of the torsional pendulum was used to determine the modulus of rigidity and its temperature coefficient for aluminum, duralumin, monel metal, brass, phosphor bronze, coin silver, nickel silver, three high carbon steels, and three alloy steels. It was observed that tensile stress affected the values of the modulus by amounts of 1 per cent or less.
Date: March 7, 1930
Creator: Brombacher, W. G. & Melton, E. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure distribution over a symmetrical airfoil section with trailing edge flap

Description: "Measurements were made to determine the distribution of pressure over one section of an R. A. F. 30 (symmetrical) airfoil with trailing edge flaps. In order to study the effect of scale measurements were made with air densities of approximately 1 and 20 atmospheres. Isometric diagrams of pressure distribution are given to show the effect of change in incidence, flap displacement, and scale upon the distribution. Plots of normal force coefficient versus angle of attack for different flap displacements are given to show the effect of a displaced flap" (p. 589).
Date: April 2, 1930
Creator: Jacobs, Eastman N. & Pinkerton, Robert M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental determination of jet boundary corrections for airfoil tests in four open wind tunnel jets of different shapes

Description: "This experimental investigation was conducted primarily for the purpose of obtaining a method of correcting to free air conditions the results of airfoil force tests in four open wind tunnel jets of different shapes. Tests were also made to determine whether the jet boundaries had any appreciable effect on the pitching moments of a complete airplane model. Satisfactory corrections for the effect of the boundaries of the various jets were obtained for all the airfoils tested, the span of the largest being 0.75 of the jet width" (p. 609).
Date: April 16, 1930
Creator: Knight, Montgomery & Harris, Thomas A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dynamic and flight tests on rubber-cord and oleo-rubber-disk landing gears for an F6C-4 airplane

Description: The investigation described in this report was conducted for the purpose of comparing an oleo-rubber-disk and a rubber-cord landing gear, built for use on an F6C-4 airplane. The investigation consisted of drop tests under various loading conditions and flight tests on an F6C-4 airplane. In the drop tests the total work done on each gear and the work done on each of the shock-absorbing units were determined. For both drop tests and flight tests the maximum loads and accelerations were determined. The comparative results showed that the oleo gear was slightly superior in reducing the ordinary landing shocks, that it had a greater capacity for work, and that it was very superior in the reduction of the rebound. The results further showed that for drops comparable to very severe landings, the rubber-cord gear was potentially more effective as a shock-reducing mechanism. However, due to the construction of this chassis, which limited the maximum elongation of the cords, this gear was incapable of withstanding as severe tests as the oleo gear. The action of the oleo gear was greatly inferior to the action of an ideal gear. The maximum accelerations encountered during the flight tests for severe landings were 3.64g for the rubber-cord gear and 2.27g for the oleo gear. These were less than those experienced in free drops of 7 inches on either gear.
Date: May 20, 1930
Creator: Peck, William C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Maneuverability investigation of the F6C-3 airplane with special flight instruments

Description: "This investigation was made for the purpose of obtaining information on the maneuverability of the F6C-3 airplane. It is the first of a series of similar investigations to be conducted on a number of military airplanes for the purpose of comparing the abilities of these airplanes to maneuver, and also to establish a fund of quantitative data which may be used in formulating standards of comparison for rating the maneuverability of any airplane. A large part of this initial investigation was necessarily devoted to the development and trial of methods suitable for use in subsequent investigations of this nature" (p. 117).
Date: May 23, 1930
Creator: Dearborn, C. H. & Kirschbaum, H. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Gaseous Explosive Reaction: The Effect of Pressure on the Rate of Propagation of the Reaction Zone and Upon the Rate of Molecular Transformation

Description: This study of gaseous explosive reaction has brought out a number of important fundamental characteristics of the explosive reaction indicating that the basal processes of the transformation are much simpler and corresponds more closely to the general laws and principles of ordinary transformations than is usually supposed. The report calls attention to the point that the rate of molecular transformation within the zone was found in all cases to be proportional to pressure, that the transformation within the zone is the result of binary impacts. This result is of unusual interest in the case of the reaction of heavy hydrocarbon fuels and the reaction mechanism proposed by the recent kinetic theory of chain reactions.
Date: June 14, 1930
Creator: Stevens, F. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A new chart for estimating the absolute ceiling of an airplane

Description: This report is concerned with the derivation of a chart for estimating the absolute ceiling of an airplane. This chart may be used in conjunction with the usual curves of power required and power available as an accurate substitute for extended calculation, or it may be used in the estimation of absolute ceiling when power curves are not available.
Date: July 1930
Creator: Diehl, Walter S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure distribution over the fuselage of a PW-9 pursuit airplane in flight

Description: "This report presents the results obtained from pressure distribution tests on the fuselage of a PW-9 pursuit airplane in a number of conditions of flight. The investigation was made to determine the contribution of the fuselage to the total lift in conditions considered critical for the wing structure, and also to determine whether the fuselage loads acting simultaneously with the maximum tail loads were of such a character as to be of concern with respect to the structural design of other parts of the airplane. The results show that the contribution of the fuselage toward the total lift is small on this airplane" (p. 327).
Date: August 1, 1930
Creator: Rhode, Richard V. & Lundquist, Eugene E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of variation of chord and span of ailerons on hinge moments at several angles of pitch

Description: This report presents the results of an investigation of the hinge moments of ailerons of various chords and spans on two airfoils having the Clark Y and USA-27 wing sections, supplementing the investigations described in NACA-TR-298 and NACA-TR-343, of the rolling and yawing moments due to similar ailerons on these two airfoil sections. The measurements were made at various angles of pitch, but at zero angle of roll and yaw, the wing chord being set at an angle of +4 degrees to the fuselage axis.
Date: August 11, 1930
Creator: Monish, B. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department