Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - 59 Matching Results

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Analysis of means of improving the uncontrolled lateral motions of personal airplanes

Description: From Summary: "A theoretical analysis has been made of means of improving the uncontrolled motions of personal airplanes. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether such airplanes could be made to fly uncontrolled for an indefinite period of time without getting into dangerous attitudes and for a reasonable period of time (1 to 3 min) without deviating excessively from their original course. The results of this analysis indicated that the uncontrolled motions of a personal airplane could be made safe as regards spiral tendencies and could be greatly improved as regards maintenance of course without resort to an autopilot."
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Mckinney, Marion O , Jr
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of plane-plastic stress problems with axial symmetry in strain-hardening range

Description: From Introduction: "A simple method of solving plane-plastic-stress problems with axial symmetry in the strain-hardening range for finite strains were developed at the NACA Lewis laboratory during 1949-1950. This method is based on the deformation theory of Hencky and Nadai (references 7 to 9), which is derived for the condition of constant directions and ratios of the principal stresses during loading."
Date: 1951
Creator: Wu, M H Lee
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of the effects of boundary-layer control in the take-off and power-off landing performance characteristics of a liaison type of airplane

Description: A performance analysis has been made to determine whether boundary-layer control by suction might reduce the minimum take-off and landing distances of a four-place or five-place airplane or a liaison type of airplane below those obtainable with conventional high-lift devices. The airplane was assumed to have a cruise duration of 5 hours at 60-percent power and to be operating from airstrips having a ground friction coefficient of 0.2 or a combined ground and braking coefficient of 0.4. The payload was fixed at 1500 pounds, the wing span was varied from 25 to 100 feet, the aspect ratio was varied from 5 to 15, and the power was varied from 300 to 1300 horsepower. Maximum lift coefficients of 5.0 and 2.8 were assumed for the airplanes with and without boundary-layer-control --equipment weight was included. The effects of the boundary-layer control on total take-off distance, total power-off landing distance, landing and take-off ground run, stalling speed, sinking speed, and gliding speed were determined.
Date: 1951
Creator: Horton, Elmer A; Loftin, Laurence K; Racisz, Stanley F & Quinn, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of thrust augmentation of turbojet engines by water injection at compressor inlet including charts for calculating compression processes with water injection

Description: From Summary: "Curves are presented that show the theoretical performance of the augmentation method for various amounts of water injected and the effects of varying flight Mach number, altitude, ambient-air temperature, ambient relative humidity, compressor pressure ratio, and inlet-diffuser efficiency. Numerical examples, illustrating the use of the psychrometric chart and the Mollier diagram in calculating both compressor-inlet and compressor-outlet conditions when water is injected at the compressor inlet, are presented."
Date: 1951?~
Creator: Wilcox, E Clinton & Trout, Arthur M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of turbulent free-convection boundary layer on flat plate

Description: With the use of Karman's integrated momentum equation for the boundary layer and data on the wall-shearing stress and heat transfer in forced-convection flow, a calculation was carried out for the flow and heat transfer in the turbulent free-convection boundary layer on a vertical flat plate. The calculation is for a fluid with a Prandtl number that is close to 1. A formula was derived for the heat-transfer coefficient that was in good agreement with experimental data in the range of Grashof numbers from 10sup10 to 10sup12. Because of the good agreement between the theoretical formula and the experimental data, the formula may be used to obtain data for high Grashof numbers. The calculation also yielded formulas for the maximum velocity in the boundary layer and for boundary-layer thickness.
Date: 1951
Creator: Eckert, E R G & Jackson, Thomas W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analytical determination of coupled bending-torsion vibrations of cantilever beams by means of station functions

Description: From Summary: "A method based on the concept of Station Functions is presented for calculating the modes and the frequencies of nonuniform cantilever beams vibrating in torsion, bending, and coupled bending-torsion motion. The method combines some of the advantages of the Rayleigh-Ritz and Stodola methods, in that a continuous loading function for the beam is used, with the advantages of the influence-coefficient method, in that the continuous loading function is obtained in terms of the displacements of a finite number of stations along the beam."
Date: 1951
Creator: Mendelson, Alexander & Gendler, Selwyn
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Blockage Corrections for Three-Dimensional-Flow Closed-Throat Wind Tunnels, with Consideration of the Effect of Compressibility

Description: Theoretical blockage corrections are presented for a body of revolution and for a three-dimensional, unswept wing in a circular or rectangular wind tunnel. The theory takes account of the effects of the wake and of the compressibility of the fluid, and is based on the assumption that the dimensions of the model are small in comparison with those of the tunnel throat. Formulas are given for correcting a number of the quantities, such as dynamic pressure and Mach number, measured in wind tunnel tests. The report presents a summary and unification of the existing literature on the subject.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Herriot, J. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Buckling of thin-walled cylinder under axial compression and internal pressure

Description: An investigation was made of a thin-walled cylinder under axial compression and various internal pressures to study the effect of the internal pressure on the compressive buckling stress of the cylinder. A theoretical analysis based on a large-deflection theory was also made. The theoretically predicted increase of compressive buckling stress due to internal pressure agrees fairly well with the experimental results. (author).
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Lo, Hsu; Crate, Harold & Schwartz, Edward B
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of the lateral control of swept and unswept flexible wings of arbitrary stiffness

Description: A method similar to that of NACA rep. 1000 is presented for calculating the effectiveness and the reversal speed of lateral-control devices on swept and unswept wings of arbitrary stiffness. Provision is made for using either stiffness curves and root-rotation constants or structural influence coefficients in the analysis. Computing forms and an illustrative example are included to facilitate calculations by means of the method. The effectiveness of conventional aileron configurations and the margin against aileron reversal are shown to be relatively low for swept wings at all speeds and for all wing plan forms at supersonic speeds.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Diederich, Franklin W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison between theory and experiment for wings at supersonic speeds

Description: This paper presents a critical comparison made between experimental and theoretical results for the aerodynamic characteristics of wings at supersonic flight speeds. As a preliminary, a brief, nonmathematical review is given of the basic assumptions and general findings of supersonic wing theory in two and three dimensions. Published data from two-dimensional pressure-distribution tests are then used to illustrate the effects of fluid viscosity and to assess the accuracy of linear theory as compared with the more exact theories which are available in the two-dimensional case. Finally, an account is presented of an NACA study of the over-all force characteristics of three-dimensional wings at supersonic speed. In this study, the lift, pitching moment, and drag characteristics of several families of wings of varying plan form and section were measured in the wind tunnel and compared with values predicted by the three-dimensional linear theory. The regions of agreement and disagreement between experiment and theory are noted and discussed.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Vincenti, Walter G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of theoretical and experimental heat-transfer characteristics of bodies of revolution at supersonic speeds

Description: An investigation of the three important factors that determine convective heat-transfer characteristics at supersonic speeds, location boundary-layer transition, recovery factor, and heat-transfer parameter has been performed at Mach numbers from 1.49 to 1.18. The bodies of revolution that were tested had, in most cases, laminar boundary layers, and the test results have been compared with available theory. Boundary-layer transition was found to be affected by heat transfer. Adding heat to a laminar boundary layer caused transition to move forward on the test body, while removing heat caused transition to move rearward. These experimental results and the implications of boundary-layer-stability theory are in qualitative agreement.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Scherrer, Richard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A comparison of theory and experiment for high-speed free-molecule flow

Description: A comparison is made of free-molecule-flow theory with the results of wind-tunnel tests performed to determine the drag and temperature-rise characteristics of a transverse circular cylinder. The measured values of the cylinder center-point temperature confirmed the salient point of the heat-transfer analysis which was the prediction that an insulated cylinder would attain a temperature higher than the stagnation temperature of the stream. Good agreement was obtained between the theoretical and the experimental values for the drag coefficient.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Stalder, Jackson R; Goodwin, Glen & Creager, Marcus O
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compressive strength of flanges

Description: The maximum compressive stress carried by a hinged flange is computed from a deformation theory of plasticity combined with the theory for finite deflections for this structure. The computed stresses agree well with those found experimentally. Empirical observation indicates that the results will also apply fairly well to the more commonly used flanges which are not hinged.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Stowell, Elbridge Z
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Correlation of physical properties with molecular structure for some dicyclic hydrocarbons having high thermal-energy release per unit volume

Description: As part of a program to study the correlation between molecular structure and physical properties of high-density hydrocarbons, the net heats of combustion, melting points, boiling points, densities, and kinematic viscosities of some hydrocarbons in the 2-n-alkylbiphenyl, 1,1-diphenylalkane, diphenylalkane, 1,1-dicyclohexylalkane, and dicyclohexylalkane series are presented.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Wise, P H; Serijan, K T & Goodman, I A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Diffusion of chromium in alpha cobalt-chromium solid solutions

Description: Diffusion of chromium in cobalt-chromium solid solutions was investigated in the range 0 to 40 atomic percent at temperatures of 1360 degrees, 1300 degrees, 1150 degrees, and 10000 degrees c. The diffusion coefficients were found to be relatively constant within the composition range covered by each specimen. The activation heat of diffusion was determined to be 63,000 calories per mole. This value agrees closely with the value of 63,400 calories per mole calculated by means of the Dushman-Langmuir equation.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Weeton, John W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Dynamics of a turbojet engine considered as a quasi-static system

Description: A determination of the dynamic characteristics of a typical turbojet engine with a centrifugal compressor, a sonic-flow turbine-nozzle diaphragm, and fixed area exhaust nozzle is presented. A generalized equation for transient behavior of the engine was developed; this equation was then verified by calculations using compressor and turbine performance charts extrapolated from equilibrium operating data and by experimental data obtained from an engine operated under transients in fuel flow. The results indicate that a linear differential equation for engine acceleration as a function of fuel flow and engine speed for operation near a steady-state operating condition can be written. The coefficients of this equation can be obtained either from actual transient data or, with a fair degree of accuracy, from the steady-state performance maps of the compressor and turbine, and can be corrected for altitude in the same manner that steady-state performance data are corrected.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Otto, Edward W & Taylor, Burt L, III
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of aspect ratio on the air forces and moments of harmonically oscillating thin rectangular wings in supersonic potential flow

Description: This report treats the effect of aspect ratio on the air forces and moments of an oscillating flat rectangular wing in supersonic potential flow. The linearized velocity potential for the wing undergoing sinusoidal torsional oscillations simultaneously with sinusoidal vertical translations is derived in the form of a power series in terms of a frequency parameter. The series development is such that the differential equation for the velocity potential is satisfied to the required power of the frequency parameter considered and the linear boundary conditions are satisfied exactly. The method of solution can be utilized for other plan forms, that is, plan forms for which certain steady-state solutions are known.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Watkins, Charles E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of tunnel configuration and testing technique on cascade performance

Description: An investigation has been conducted to determine the influence of aspect ratio, boundary-layer control by means of slots and porous surfaces, Reynolds number, and tunnel end-wall condition upon the performance of airfoils in cascades. A representative compressor-blade section (the NACA 65-(12)(10) of aspect ratios of 1, 2, and 4 has been tested at low speeds in cascades with solid and with porous side walls. Two-dimensional flow was established in porous-wall cascades of each of the three aspect ratios tested; the flow was not two-dimensional in any of the solid-wall cascades. Turbine-blade sections of aspect ratio 0.83 were tested in cascades with solid and porous side walls and blade sections of aspect ratio 3.33 were tested in cascades with solid wall. No particular advantage was observed in the use of porous walls for the turbine cascades tested.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Erwin, John R & Emery, James C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of wing flexibility and variable air lift upon wing bending moment during landing impacts of a small seaplane

Description: A smooth-water-landing investigation was conducted with a small seaplane to obtain experimental wing-bending-moment time histories together with time histories of the various parameters necessary for the prediction of wing bending moments during hydrodynamic forcing functions. The experimental results were compared with calculated results which include inertia-load effects and the effects of air-load variation during impact. The responses of the fundamental mode were calculated with the use of the measured hydrodynamic forcing functions. From these responses, the wing bending moments due to the hydrodynamic load were calculated according to the procedure given in R.M. No. 2221. The comparison of the time histories of the experimental and calculated wing bending moments showed good agreement both in phase relationship of the oscillations and in numerical values.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Merten, Kenneth F & Beck, Edgar B
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Equations and charts for the rapid estimation of hinge-moment and effectiveness parameters for trailing-edge controls having leading and trailing edges swept ahead of the Mach lines

Description: Existing conical-flow solutions have been used to calculate the hinge-moments and effectiveness parameters of trailing-edge controls having leading and trailing edges swept ahead of the Mach lines and having streamwise root and tip chords. Equations and detailed charts are presented for the rapid estimation of these parameters. Also included is an approximate method by which these parameters may be corrected for airfoil-section thickness.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Goin, Kennith L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental and theoretical studies of area suction for the control of the laminar boundary layer on an NACA 64a010 airfoil

Description: A low-turbulence wind-tunnel investigation was made of an NACA 64a010 airfoil having a porous surface to determine the reduction in section total-drag coefficient that might be obtained at large Reynolds numbers by the use of suction to produce continuous inflow through the surface of the airfoil (area suction). In addition to the experimental investigation, a related theoretical analysis was made to provide a basis of comparison for the test results.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Braslow, Albert L; Burrows, Dale L; Tetervin, Neal & Visconti, Fioravante
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental investigation of the effect of vertical-tail size and length and of fuselage shape and length on the static lateral stability characteristics of a model with 45 degree sweptback wing and tail surfaces

Description: An investigation was made to determine the effects of vertical-tail size and length and of fuselage shape and length on the static lateral stability characteristics of a model with wing and vertical tails having the quarter-chord lines swept back 45 degrees. The results indicate that the directional instability of the various isolated fuselages was about two-thirds as large as that predicted by classical theory.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Queijo, M J & Wolhart, Walter D
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental investigation of the effects of viscosity on the drag and base pressure of bodies of revolution at a Mach number 1.5

Description: Models were tested to evaluate effects of Reynolds number for both laminar and turbulent boundary layers. Principal geometric variables investigated were afterbody shape and length-diameter ratio. Force tests and base-pressure measurements were made. Schlieren photographs were used to analyze the effects of viscosity on flow separation and shock-wave configuration and to verify the condition of the boundary layer as deduced from the force tests. The results are discussed and compared with theoretical calculations.
Date: January 1, 1951
Creator: Chapman, Dean R & Perkins, Edward W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department