Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - 30 Matching Results

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Analysis and modification of theory for impact of seaplanes on water

Description: From Summary: "An analysis of available theory on seaplane impact and a proposed modification thereto are presented. In previous methods the overall momentum of the float and virtual mass has been assumed to remain constant during the impact but the present analysis shows that this assumption is rigorously correct only when the resultant velocity of the float is normal to the keel."
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Mayo, Wilbur L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of life expectancy of airplane wings in normal cruising flight

Description: From Summary: "In order to provide a basis for judging the relative importance of wing failure by fatigue and by single intense gusts, an analysis of wing life for normal cruising flight was made based on data on the frequency of atmospheric gusts. The independent variables considered in the analysis included stress-concentration factor, stress-load relation, wing loading, design and cruising speeds, design gust velocity, and airplane size. Several methods for estimating fatigue life from gust frequencies are discussed."
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Putnam, Abbott A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of the dissipation of heat in conditions of icing from a section of the wing of the C-46 airplane

Description: From Introduction: "The performance of the heated wing of the C-46 airplane (reference 1), in conditions of icing, has been analyzed. The method of calculating the dissipation of heat, both by convection and by evaporation, from a heated surface exposed to conditions of icing is given in reference 2."
Date: 1945?~
Creator: Hardy, J K
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bending and shear stresses developed by the instantaneous arrest of the root of a moving cantilever beam

Description: A theoretical and experimental investigation has been made of the behavior of a cantilever beam in transverse motion when its root is suddenly brought to rest. Equations are given for determining the stresses, the deflections, and the accelerations that arise in the beam as a result of the impact. The theoretical equations, which have been confirmed experimentally, reveal that, at a given percentage of the distance from root to tip, the bending stresses for a particular mode are independent of the length of the beam, whereas the shear stresses vary inversely with the length.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Stowell, Elbridge, Z; Schwartz, Edward B & Houbolt, John C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculations of economy of 18-cylinder radial aircraft engine with exhaust-gas turbine geared to the crankshaft

Description: Calculations based on dynamometer test-stand data obtained on an 18-cylinder radial engine were made to determine the improvement in fuel consumption that can be obtained at various altitudes by gearing an exhaust-gas turbine to the engine crankshaft in order to increase the engine-shaft work.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Hannum, Richard W & Zimmerman, Richard H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charts for the minimum-weight design of 24s-t aluminum-alloy flat compression panels with longitudinal z-section stiffeners

Description: Design charts are developed for 24s-t aluminum-alloy flat compression panels with longitudinal z-section stiffeners. These charts make possible the design of the lightest panels of this type for a wide range of design requirements. Examples of the use of the charts are given and it is pointed out on the basis of these examples that, over a wide range of design conditions, the maintenance of buckle-free surfaces does not conflict with the achievement of high structural efficiency. The achievement of the maximum possible structural efficiency with 24s-t aluminum-alloy panels, however, requires closer stiffener spacings than those now in common use.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Schuette, Evan H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Correlation of exhaust-valve temperatures with engine operating conditions and valve design in an air-cooled cylinder

Description: A semiempirical equation correlating exhaust-valve temperatures with engine operating conditions and exhaust-valve design has been developed. The correlation is based on the theory correlating engine and cooling variables developed in a previous NACA report. In addition to the parameters ordinarily used in the correlating equation, a term is included in the equation that is a measure of the resistance of the complex heat-flow paths between the crown of the exhaust valve and a point on the outside surface of the cylinder head. A means for comparing exhaust valves of different designs with respect to cooling is consequently provided. The necessary empirical constants included in the equation were determined from engine investigations of a large air-cooled cylinder. Tests of several valve designs showed that the calculated and experimentally determined exhaust-valve temperatures were in good agreement.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Zipkin, M A & Sanders, J C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of NACA injection impeller on mixture distribution of double-row radial aircraft engine

Description: The NACA injection impeller was developed to improve the mixture distribution of aircraft engines by discharging the fuel from a centrifugal supercharger impeller and thus to promote a thorough mixing of fuel and charge air. Experiments with a double-row radial aircraft engine indicated that for the normal range of engine power the NACA injection impeller provided marked improvement in mixture distribution over the standard spray-bar injection system used in the same engine. The mixture distribution at cruising conditions was excellent; at 1200, 1500, and 1700 brake horsepower, the differences between the fuel-air ratios of the richest and the leanest cylinders were reduced to approximately one-third their former values.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Marble, Frank E; Ritter, William K & Miller, Mahlon A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An experimental investigation of rectangular exhaust-gas ejectors applicable for engine cooling

Description: An experimental investigation of rectangular exhaust-gas ejector pumps was conducted to provide data that would serve as a guide to the design of ejector applications for aircraft engines with marginal cooling. The pumping characteristics of rectangular ejectors actuated by the exhaust of a single-cylinder aircraft engine were determined for a range of ejector mixing-section area from 20 to 50 square inches, over-all length from 12 to 42 inches, aspect ratio from 1 to 5, diffusing exit area from 20 to 81 square inches, and exhaust-nozzle aspect ratio from 1 to 42.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Manganiello, Eugene J & Bogatsky, Donald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental verification of a simplified vee-tail theory and analysis of available data on complete models with vee tails

Description: An analysis has been made of available data on vee tail surfaces. Previously published theoretical studies of vee tails have been extended to include the control effectiveness and control forces in addition to the stability. Tests of two isolated tail surfaces with various amounts of dihedral provided a check of the theory. Methods for designing vee tails were also developed and are given in the present paper.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Purser, Paul E & Campbell, John P
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Formulas for propellers in yaw and charts of the side-force derivative

Description: General formulas are given for propellers for the rate of change of side-force coefficient with angle of yaw and for the rate of change of pitching-moment coefficient with angle of yaw. Charts of the side-force derivative are given for two propellers of different plan form. The charts cover solidities of two to six blades and single and dual rotation. The blade angle ranges from 15 degrees or 20 degrees to 60 degrees.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Ribner, Herbert S
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A general representation for axial-flow fans and turbines

Description: A general representation of fan and turbine arrangements on a single classification chart is presented that is made possible by a particular definition of the stage of an axial-flow fan or turbine. Several unconventional fan and turbine arrangements are indicated and the applications of these arrangements are discussed.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Perl, W & Tucker, M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

General theory of airfoil sections having arbitrary shape or pressure distribution

Description: In this report a theory of thin airfoils of small camber is developed which permits either the velocity distribution corresponding to a given airfoil shape, or the airfoil shape corresponding to a given velocity distribution to be calculated. The procedures to be employed in these calculations are outlined and illustrated with suitable examples.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Allen, H Julian
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of backflow phenomenon in centrifugal compressors

Description: Report presents the results of an investigation conducted to determine the nature and the extent of the reversal of flow, which occurs at the inlet of centrifugal compressors over a considerable portion of the operating range. Qualitative studies of this flow reversal were made by lampblack patterns taken on a mixed-flow-type impeller and by tuft studies made on a conventional centrifugal compressor. Quantitative studies were made on a compressor specially designed to enable survey of angularity of flow, static and total pressures, and temperatures to be taken very close to the impeller front housing.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Benser, William A & Moses, Jason J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Knock-limited performance of several internal coolants

Description: The effect of internal cooling on the knock-limited performance of an-f-28 fuel was investigated in a CFR engine, and the following internal coolants were used: (1) water, (2), methyl alcohol-water mixture, (3) ammonia-methyl alcohol-water mixture, (4) monomethylamine-water mixture, (5) dimethylamine-water mixture, and (6) trimethylamine-water mixture. Tests were run at inlet-air temperatures of 150 degrees and 250 degrees F. to indicate the temperature sensitivity of the internal-coolant solutions.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Bellman, Donald R & Evvard, John C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A method for determining the camber and twist of a surface to support a given distribution of lift, with applications to the load over a sweptback wing

Description: A graphical method is described for finding the shape (camber and twist) of an airfoil having an arbitrary distribution of lift. The method consists in replacing the lifting surface and its wake with an equivalent arrangement of vortices and in finding the associated vertical velocities. By division of the vortex pattern into circular strips concentric about the downwash point instead of into the usual rectangular strips, the lifting surface is reduced for each downwash point to an equivalent loaded line for which the induced velocity is readily computed. The ratio of the vertical velocity to the stream velocity is the slope of the surface in the free-stream direction.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Cohen, Doris
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A method for determining the rate of heat transfer from a wing or streamline body

Description: A method for calculating the rate of heat transfer from the surface of an airfoil or streamline body is presented. A comparison with the results of an experimental investigation indicates that the accuracy of the method is good. This method may be used to calculate the heat supply necessary for heat de-icing or in ascertaining the heat loss from the fuselage of an aircraft operating at great altitude. To illustrate the method, the total rate of heat transfer from an airfoil is calculated and compared with the experimental results.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Frick, Charles W & Mccullough, George B
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A method for the calculation of external lift, moment, and pressure drag of slender open-nose bodies of revolution at supersonic speeds

Description: An approximate method is presented for the calculation of the external lift, moment, and pressure drag of slender open-nose bodies of revolution of supersonic speeds. The lift, moment, and pressure drag of a typical ram-jet body shape are calculated at Mach numbers 1.45, 1.60, 1.75, and 3.00; and the lift and moment results are compared with available experimental data. The agreement of the calculated lift and moment data with the experimental data is excellent. The pressure-drag comparison was not presented because of the uncertainty of the amount of skin-friction drag present in the experimental results.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Brown, Clinton E & Parker, Hermon M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A method of analysis of v-g records from transport operations

Description: A method has been developed for interpreting v-g records taken during the course of commercial transport operation. This method involves the utilization of fairly simple statistical procedures to obtain "flight envelopes," which predict that, on the average, in a stated number of flight hours, one value of airspeed will exceed the envelope, and one positive and one negative acceleration increment will exceed the envelope with equal probability of being experienced at any airspeed. Comparison with the actual data obtained from various airplanes and from various airlines indicates that these envelopes predict the occurrences of large values of acceleration and airspeed with a high degree of accuracy.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Peiser, A M & Wilkerson, M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Method of Analysis of V-G Records from Transport Operations

Description: A method has been developed for interpreting V-G records taken during the course of commercial transport operation. This method involves the utilization of fairly simple statistical procedures to obtain "flight envelopes," which predict that, on the average, in a stated number of flight hours, one value of airspeed will exceed the envelope, and one positive and one negative acceleration increment will exceed the envelope with equal probability of being experienced at any airspeed. Comparison with the actual data obtained from various airplanes and from various airlines indicates that these envelopes predict the occurrences of large values of acceleration and airspeed with a high degree of accuracy.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Peiser, A. M. & Wilkerson, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method of Matching Performance of Compressor Systems with that of Aircraft Power Sections

Description: A method is developed of easily determining the performance of a compressor system relative to that of the power section for a given altitude. Because compressors, reciprocating engines, and turbines are essentially flow devices, the performance of each of these power-plant components is presented in terms of similar dimensionless ratios. The pressure and temperature changes resulting from restrictions of the charge-air flow and from heat transfer in the ducts connecting the components of the power plant are also expressed by the same dimensionless ratios and the losses are included in the performance of the compressor. The performance of a mechanically driven, single-stage compressor in relation to the performance of a conventional air-cooled engine operating at sea-level conditions is presented as an example of the application of the method.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Bullock, Robert O.; Keetch, Robert C. & Moses, Jason J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nitrited-steel piston rings for engines of high specific power

Description: Stability and control characteristics determined from tests in the Langley 19-foot pressure tunnel of a 0.2375-scale model of the Douglas XA-26 airplane are compared with those measured in flight tests of a Douglas A-26b airplane. Several designs of nitrided-steel piston rings were performance-tested under variable conditions of output. The necessity of good surface finish and conformity of the ring to the bore was indicated in the preliminary tests. Nitrided-steel rings of the same dimensions as cast-iron rings operating on the original piston were unsatisfactory, and the final design was a lighter, rectangular, thin-face-width ring used on a piston having a maximum cross-head area and a revised skirt shape. Results were obtained from single-cylinder and multicylinder engine runs.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Collins, John H; Bisson, Edmond E & Schmiedlin, Ralph F
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preignition-limited performance of several fuels

Description: Preignition-limited performance data were obtained on a supercharged CFR engine at two sets of operating conditions over a wide range of fuel-air ratios to determine the preignition characteristics for the following five fuels: s-3 reference fuel, s-3 plus 4 ml. tel per gallon, afd-33(140-p), benzene, and diisobutylene. Maximum thermal-plug temperatures at constant intake-air pressures were also determined to correlate the preignition characteristics of each fuel with its ability to increase general engine-temperature levels. Additional runs were made to compare the preignition-limited performance of triptane, triptane plus 4 ml. tel per gallon, and an-f-28r fuel.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Male, Donald W & Evvard, John C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Principles of moment distribution applied to stability of structures composed of bars or plates

Description: The principles of the cross method of moment distribution, which have previously been applied to the stability of structures composed of bars under axial load, are applied to the stability of structures composed of long plates under longitudinal load. A brief theoretical treatment of the subject, as applied to structures composed of either bars or plates, is included, together with an illustrative example for each of these two types of structure. An appendix presents the derivation of the formulas for the various stiffnesses and carry-over factors used in solving problems in the stability of structures composed of long plates.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Lundquist, Eugene E.; Stowell, Elbridge Z. & Schuette, Evan H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department