Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - 14 Matching Results

Search Results

Comparison of alcogas aviation fuel with export aviation gasoline

Description: Mixtures of gasoline and alcohol when used in internal combustion engines designed for gasoline have been found to possess the advantage of alcohol in withstanding high compression without "knock" while retaining advantages of gasoline with regard to starting characteristics. Test of such fuels for maximum power-producing ability and fuel economy at various rates of consumption are thus of practical importance, with especial reference to high-compression engine development. This report discusses the results of tests which compares the performance of alcogas with x gasoline (export grade) as a standard.
Date: November 25, 1919
Creator: Gage, V. R.; Sparrow, S. W. & Harper, D. R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air force and moment for N-20 wing with certain cut-outs

Description: From Introduction: "The airplane designer often finds it necessary, in meeting the requirements of visibility, to remove area or to otherwise locally distort the plan or section of an airplane wing. This report, prepared for the Bureau of Aeronautics January 15, 1925, contains the experimental results of tests on six 5 by 30 inch N-20 wing models, cut out or distorted in different ways, which were conducted in the 8 by 8 foot wind tunnel of the Navy Aerodynamical Laboratory in Washington in 1924. The measured and derived results are given without correction for vl/v for wall effect and for standard air density, p=0.00237 slug per cubic foot."
Date: November 29, 1926
Creator: Smith, R H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

General Potential Theory of Arbitrary Wing Sections

Description: The problem of determining the two dimensional potential flow around wing sections of any shape is examined. The problem is condensed into the compact form of an integral equation capable of yielding numerical solutions by a direct process. An attempt is made to analyze and coordinate the results of earlier studies relating to properties of wing sections. The existing approximate theory of thin wing sections and the Joukowski theory with its numerous generalizations are reduced to special cases of the general theory of arbitrary sections, permitting a clearer perspective of the entire field. The method which permits the determination of the velocity at any point of an arbitrary section and the associated lift and moments is described. The method is also discussed in terms for developing new shapes of preassigned aerodynamical properties.
Date: November 4, 1932
Creator: Theodorsen, T. & Garrick, I. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air flow around finned cylinders

Description: Report presents the results of a study made to determine the air-flow characteristics around finned cylinders. Air-flow distribution is given for a smooth cylinder, for a finned cylinder having several fin spacings and fin widths, and for a cylinder with several types of baffle with various entrance and exit shapes. The results of these tests show: that flow characteristics around a cylinder are not so critical to changes in fin width as they are to fin spacing; that the entrance of the baffle has a marked influence on its efficiency; that properly designed baffles increase the air flow over the rear of the cylinder; and that these tests check those of heat-transfer tests in the choice of the best baffle.
Date: November 7, 1935
Creator: Brevoort, M. J. & Rollin, Vern G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental verification of a simplified vee-tail theory and analysis of available data on complete models with vee tails

Description: An analysis has been made of available data on vee tail surfaces. Previously published theoretical studies of vee tails have been extended to include the control effectiveness and control forces in addition to the stability. Tests of two isolated tail surfaces with various amounts of dihedral provided a check of the theory. Methods for designing vee tails were also developed and are given in the present paper.
Date: November 14, 1944
Creator: Purser, Paul E. & Campbell, John P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of NACA injection impeller on mixture distribution of double-row radial aircraft engine

Description: The NACA injection impeller was developed to improve the mixture distribution of aircraft engines by discharging the fuel from a centrifugal supercharger impeller and thus to promote a thorough mixing of fuel and charge air. Experiments with a double-row radial aircraft engine indicated that for the normal range of engine power the NACA injection impeller provided marked improvement in mixture distribution over the standard spray-bar injection system used in the same engine. The mixture distribution at cruising conditions was excellent; at 1200, 1500, and 1700 brake horsepower, the differences between the fuel-air ratios of the richest and the leanest cylinders were reduced to approximately one-third their former values.
Date: November 14, 1945
Creator: Marble, Frank E.; Ritter, William K. & Miller, Mahlon A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of effect of basic design variables on subsonic axial-flow-compressor performance

Description: From Summary: "A blade-element theory for axial-flow compressors has been developed and applied to the analysis of the effects of basic design variables such as Mach number, blade loading, and velocity distribution on compressor performance. The relations among several efficiencies useful in compressor design are derived and discussed. The possible gains in useful operating range obtainable by the use of adjustable stator blades are discussed and a rapid approximate method of calculating blade-angle resettings is shown by an example."
Date: November 26, 1947
Creator: Sinnette, John T., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method for calculating lift distributions for unswept wings with flaps or ailerons by use of nonlinear section lift data

Description: A method is presented which allows the use of nonlinear section lift data in the calculation of the spanwise lift distribution of unswept wings with flaps or ailerons. This method is based upon lifting line theory and is an extension to the method described in NACA rep. 865. The mathematical treatment of the discontinuity in absolute angle of attack at the end of the flap or aileron involves the use of a correction factor which accounts for the inability of a limited trigonometric series to represent adequately the spanwise lift distribution. A treatment of the apparent discontinuity in maximum section lift coefficient is also described. Simplified computing forms containing detailed examples are given for both symmetrical and asymmetrical lift distributions. A few comparisons of calculated characteristics with those obtained experimentally are also presented.
Date: November 13, 1950
Creator: Sivells, James C. & Westrick, Gertrude C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Application of a channel design method to high-solidity cascades and tests of an impulse cascade with 90 degrees of turning

Description: From introduction: "A technique for application of the channel design methods of reference 11 to the design of high-solidity cascades with prescribed velocity distributions as a function of arc length along the blade-element profiles is presented herein."
Date: November 30, 1953
Creator: Stanitz, John D & Sheldrake, Leonard J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance and boundary-layer data from 12 degree and 23 degree conical diffusers of area ratio 2.0 at Mach numbers up to choking and Reynolds numbers up to 7.5 x 10(6)

Description: For each of two inlet-boundary-layer thicknesses, performance and boundary-layer characteristics have been determined for a 12 degree, 10-inch-inlet-diameter diffuser, a 12 degree, 21-inch-inlet-diameter diffuser, and a 23 degree, 21-inch-inlet-diameter diffuser. The investigation covered an inlet Mach number range from about 0.10 to coking. The corresponding inlet Reynolds number, based on inlet diameter, varied from about 0.5 x 10(6) to 7.5 x 10(6).
Date: November 15, 1954
Creator: Little, B. H., Jr. & Wilbur, Stafford W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation at low speed of the effects of chordwise wing fences and horizontal-tail position on the static longitudinal stability characteristics of an airplane model with a 35 degree sweptback wing

Description: From Summary: "Low-speed tests of a model with a wing swept back 35 degrees at the 0.33-chord line and a horizontal tail located well above the extended wing-chord plane indicated static longitudinal instability at moderate angles of attack for all configurations tested. An investigation therefore was made to determine whether the longitudinal stability could be improved by the use of chordwise wing fences, by lowering the horizontal tail, or by a combination of both."
Date: November 24, 1954
Creator: Queijo, M. J.; Jaquet, Byron M. & Wolhart, Walter D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The response of an airplane to random atmospheric disturbances

Description: The statistical approach to the gust-load problem, which consists in considering flight through turbulent air to be a stationary random process, is extended by including the effect of lateral variation of the instantaneous gust intensity on the aerodynamic forces. The forces obtained in this manner are used in dynamic analyses of rigid and flexible airplanes free to move vertically, in pitch, and in roll. The effect of the interaction of longitudinal, normal, and lateral gusts on the wind stresses is also considered.
Date: November 5, 1956
Creator: Diederich, Franklin W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Methods for obtaining desired helicopter stability characteristics and procedures for stability predictions

Description: Part I of this report presents a brief review of methods available to the helicopter designer for obtaining desired stability characteristics by modifications to the airframe design. The discussion is based on modifications made during the establishment of flying-qualities criteria and includes sample results of theoretical studies of additional methods. The conclusion is reached that it is now feasible to utilize combinations of methods whereby stability-parameter values are realized which in turn provide the desired stability characteristics. Part II reviews some of the methods of predicting rotor stability derivatives. The procedures by which these rotor derivatives are employed to estimate helicopter stability characteristics have been summarized.
Date: November 30, 1956
Creator: Gustafson, F. B. & Tapscott, Robert J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department