Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - 39 Matching Results

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Aerodynamic characteristics of airfoils IV : continuation of reports nos. 93, 124, and 182

Description: This collection of data on airfoils has been made from the published reports of a number of the leading Aerodynamic Laboratories of this country and Europe. The information which was originally expressed according to the different customs of the several laboratories is here presented in a uniform series of charts and tables suitable for the use of designing engineers and for purposes of general reference. The authority for the results here presented is given as the name of the laboratory at which the experiments were conducted, with the size of the model, wind velocity, and year of test.
Date: September 1926
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some approximate equations for the standard atmosphere

Description: This report contains the derivation of a series of simple approximate equations for density ratios and for the pressure ratio in the standard atmosphere. The accuracy of the various equations is discussed and the limits of applications are given. Several of these equations are in excellent agreement with the standard values.
Date: September 19, 1930
Creator: Diehl, Walter S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Static thrust of airplane propellers

Description: Static thrust data from more than 100 airplane propeller tests are collected from various sources and combined in working charts, from which the static thrust coefficient may be readily determined. The available data cover practically all types of propellers and are in good agreement.
Date: September 1932
Creator: Diehl, Walter S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The drag of two streamline bodies as affected by protuberances and appendages

Description: This report presents the results of wind tunnel tests of two airship models conducted to determine the drag coefficients at zero pitch, and the effect of fins and cars and of flat and streamlined protuberances located at various positions along the hull. During the investigation the stern of one model was rounded off to produce a blunter shape. The extreme range of the Reynolds number based on the over-all length of the models was from 1,300,000 to 33,000,000. At large values of the Reynolds number the streamlined protuberance affected the drag very little, and the additional drag caused by the flat protuberance was less than the calculated drag by the protuberance alone. The fins and cars together increased the bare-hull drag about 20 per cent.
Date: September 26, 1932
Creator: Abbott, Ira H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The effect of baffles on the temperature distribution and heat-transfer coefficients of finned cylinders

Description: This report presents the results of an investigation to determine the effect of baffles on the temperature distribution and the heat-transfer coefficient of finned cylinders. The tests were conducted in a 30-inch wind tunnel on electrically heated cylinders with fins of 0.25 and 0.31 inch pitch. The results of these tests showed that the use of integral baffles gave a reduction of 31.9 percent in the rear wall temperatures and an increase of 54.2 percent in the heat transfer coefficient as compared with a cylinder without baffles.
Date: September 26, 1934
Creator: Schey, Oscar W. & Rollin, Vern G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The knocking characteristics of fuels in relation to maximum permissible performance of aircraft engines

Description: An analysis is presented of the relationship of various engine factors to knock in preignition in an aircraft engine. From this analysis and from the available experimental data, a method of evaluating the knocking characteristics of the fuel in an aircraft-engine cylinder is suggested.
Date: September 14, 1938
Creator: Rothrock, A. M. & Biermann, Arnold E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A study of air flow in an engine cylinder

Description: A 4-stroke-cycle test engine was equipped with a glass cylinder and the air movements within it were studied while the engine was being motored. Different types of air flow were produced by using shrouded intake valves in various arrangements and by altering the shape of the intake-air passage in the cylinder head. The air movements were made visible by mixing feathers with the entering air, and high-speed motion pictures were taken of them so that the air currents might be studied in detail and their velocities measured. Motion pictures were also taken of gasoline sprays injected into the cylinder on the intake stroke. The photographs showed that: a wide variety of induced air movements could be created in the cylinder; the movements always persisted throughout the compression stroke; and the only type of movement that persisted until the end of the cycle was rotation about the cylinder axis.
Date: September 15, 1938
Creator: Lee, Dana W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mechanism of flutter: A theoretical and experimental investigation of the flutter problem

Description: From Summary: "The results of the basic flutter theory originally devised in 1934 and published as NACA Technical Report no. 496 are presented in a simpler and more complete form convenient for further studies. The paper attempts to facilitate the judgement of flutter problems by a systematic survey of the theoretical effects of the various parameters. A large number of experiments were conducted on cantilever wings, with and without ailerons, in the NACA high-speed wind tunnel for the purpose of verifying the theory and to study its adaptability to three-dimensional problems."
Date: September 22, 1938
Creator: Theodorsen, Theodore & Garrick, I. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of air inlet and outlet openings on a streamline body

Description: In connection with the general problem of providing air flow to an aircraft power plant located within a fuselage, an investigation was conducted in the Langley 8-foot high-speed tunnel to determine the effect on external drag and pressure distribution of air inlet openings located at the nose of a streamline body. Air outlet openings located at the tail and at the 21-percent and 63-percent stations of the body were also investigated. Boundary layer transition measurements were made and correlated with the force and the pressure data. Individual openings were investigated with the aid of a blower and then practicable combinations of inlet and outlet openings were tested. Various modifications to the internal duct shape near the inlet opening and the aerodynamic effects of a simulated gun in the duct were also studied. The results of the tests suggested that outlet openings should be designed so that the static pressure of the internal flow at the outlet would be the same as the static pressure of the external flow in the vicinity of the opening.
Date: September 11, 1940
Creator: Becker, John V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Test of single-stage axial-flow fan

Description: "A single-stage axial fan was built and tested in the shop of the propeller-research tunnel of the NACA. The fan comprised a simple 24-blade rotor having a diameter of 21 inches and a solidity of 0.86 and a set of 37 contravanes having a solidity of 1.33. The rotor was driven by a 25-horsepower motor capable of rotating at a speed of 3600 r.p.m. The fan was tested for volume, pressure, and efficiency over a range of delivery pressures and volumes for a wide range of contravane and blade-angle settings" (p. 49).
Date: September 22, 1941
Creator: Bell, E. Barton
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Methods used in the NACA tank for the investigation of the longitudinal-stability characteristics of models of flying boats

Description: Report presents the results of tests of longitudinal stability characteristics of models of several flying boats conducted in the NACA Tank No. 1. These investigations were made for the purpose of (1) determining suitable methods for evaluating the stability characteristics of models of flying boats, and (2) determining the design parameters which have an important effect on the porpoising. This report is mainly concerned with the construction of suitable models, the apparatus, and methods used in the tests. The effect of changes in some design parameters is discussed.
Date: September 9, 1942
Creator: Olson, Roland E. & Land, Norman S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NACA Investigation of a Jet-Propulsion System Applicable to Flight

Description: "Following a brief history of the NACA investigation of jet propulsion, a discussion is given of the general investigation and analysis leading to the construction of the jet-propulsion ground-test mock-up. The results of burning experiments and of test measurements designed to allow quantitative flight performance predictions of the system are presented and correlated with calculations. These calculations are then used to determine the performance of the system on the ground and in the air at various speeds and altitudes under various burning conditions. The application of the system to an experimental airplane is described and some performance predictions for this airplane are made" (p. 1).
Date: September 17, 1943
Creator: Ellis, Macon C., Jr. & Brown, Clinton E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air-consumption parameters for automatic mixture control of aircraft engines

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this analysis was to investigate the use of a function of intake-manifold pressure, exhaust back pressure, intake manifold temperature, and engine speed in place of a venturi as a means of measuring engine air consumption and to determine if this function is suitable for automatic mixture control."
Date: September 1, 1944
Creator: Shames, Sidney J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preknock vibrations in a spark-ignition engine cylinder as revealed by high-speed photography

Description: "The high-speed photographic investigation of the mechanics of spark-ignition engine knock recorded in three previous reports has been extended with use of the NACA high-speed camera and combustion apparatus with a piezoelectric pressure pickup in the combustion chamber. The motion pictures of knocking combustion were taken at the rate of 40,000 frames per second. Existence of the preknock vibrations in the engine cylinder suggested in Technical Report no.727 has been definitely proved and the vibrations have been analyzed both in the high-speed motion pictures and the pressure traces" (p. 223).
Date: September 11, 1944
Creator: Miller, Cearcy D. & Logan, Walter O., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bending and shear stresses developed by the instantaneous arrest of the root of a moving cantilever beam

Description: A theoretical and experimental investigation has been made of the behavior of a cantilever beam in transverse motion when its root is suddenly brought to rest. Equations are given for determining the stresses, the deflections, and the accelerations that arise in the beam as a result of the impact. The theoretical equations, which have been confirmed experimentally, reveal that, at a given percentage of the distance from root to tip, the bending stresses for a particular mode are independent of the length of the beam, whereas the shear stresses vary inversely with the length.
Date: September 27, 1944
Creator: Stowell, Elbridge Z.; Schwartz, Edward B. & Houbolt, John C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On the flow of a compressible fluid by the hodograph method 2: fundamental set of particular flow solutions of the Chaplygin differential equation

Description: From Summary: "The differential equation of Chaplygin's jet problem is utilized to give a systematic development of particular solutions of the hodograph flow equations, which extends the treatment of Chaplygin into the supersonic range and completes the set of particular solutions. The particular solutions serve to place on a reasonable basis the use of velocity correction formulas for the comparison of incompressible and compressible flows. It is shown that the geometric-mean type of velocity correction formula introduced in part I has significance as an over-all type of approximation in the subsonic range."
Date: September 29, 1944
Creator: Garrick, I. E. & Kaplan, Carl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On the Flow of a Compressible Fluid by the Hodograph Method. II - Fundamental Set of Particular Flow Solutions of the Chaplygin Differential Equation

Description: From Summary: "The differential equation of Chaplygin's jet problem is utilized to give a systematic development of particular solutions of the hodograph flow equations, which extends the treatment of Chaplygin into the supersonic range and completes the set of particular solutions. The particular solutions serve to place on a reasonable basis the use of velocity correction formulas for the comparison of incompressible and compressible flows. It is shown that the geometric-mean type of velocity correction formula introduced in part I has significance as an over-all type of approximation in the subsonic range."
Date: September 29, 1944
Creator: Garrick, I. E. & Kaplan, Carl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A theory of unstaggered airfoil cascades in compressible flow

Description: By use of the methods of thin airfoil theory, which include effects of compressibility, relations are developed which permit the rapid determination of the pressure distribution over an unstaggered cascade of airfoils of a given profile, and the determination of the profile shape necessary to yield a given pressure distribution for small chord/gap ratios. For incompressible flow the results of the theory are compared with available examples obtained by the more exact method of conformal transformation. Although the theory is developed for small chord/gap ratios, these comparisons show that it may be extended to chord/gap ratios of order unity, at least for low-speed flows. Choking cascades, a phenomenon of particular importance in compressor design, is considered.
Date: September 1947
Creator: Spurr, Robert A. & Allen, H. Julian
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Voltera's solution of the wave equation as applied to three-dimensional supersonic airfoil problems

Description: "A surface integral is developed which yields solutions of the linearized partial differential equation for supersonic flow. These solutions satisfy boundary conditions arising in wing theory. Particular applications of this general method are made, using acceleration potentials, to flat surfaces and to uniformly loaded lifting surfaces. Rectangular and trapezoidal plan forms are considered along with triangular forms adaptable to swept-forward and swept-back wings. The case of the triangular plan form in sideslip is also included" (p. 1).
Date: September 1947
Creator: Heslet, Max A.; Lomax, Harvard & Jones, Arthur L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of conical jet nozzles in terms of flow and velocity coefficients

Description: Performance characteristics of conical jet nozzles were determined in an investigation covering a range of pressure ratios from 1.0 to 2.8, cone half-angles from 5 degrees to 90 degrees, and outlet-inlet diameter ratios from 0.50 to 0.91. All nozzles investigated had an inlet diameter of 5 inches. The flow coefficients of the conical nozzles investigated were dependent on the cone half-angle, outlet-inlet diameter ratio, and pressure ratio. The velocity coefficients were essentially constant at pressure ratios below the critical. For increasing pressures above critical pressure ratio, there was a small decrease in velocity coefficient that was dependent on pressure ratio and independent of cone half-angle and outlet-inlet diameter ratio. Therefore the variation in performance (air flow and thrust) of several nozzles, selected for the same performance at a particular design condition, was proportional to the ratio of their flow coefficients.
Date: September 7, 1948
Creator: Grey, Ralph E. & Wilsted, H. Dean
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Study of effects of sweep on the flutter of cantilever wings

Description: An experimental and analytical investigation of the flutter of sweptback cantilever wings is reported. The experiments employed groups of wings swept back by rotating and by shearing. The angle of sweep range from 0 degree to 60 degrees and Mach numbers extended to approximately 0.85. A theoretical analysis of the air forces on an oscillating swept wing of high length-chord ratio is developed, and the approximations inherent in the assumptions are discussed. Comparison with experiment indicates that the analysis developed in the present report is satisfactory for giving the main effects of sweep, at least for nearly uniform cantilever wings of high and moderate length-chord ratios.
Date: September 9, 1948
Creator: Barmby, J. G.; Cunningham, H. J. & Garrick, I. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Attainable circulation about airfoils in cascade

Description: From consideration of available information on boundary-layer behavior, a relation among profile thickness, maximum surface velocity, Reynolds number, velocity diagram, and solidity is established for a cascade of airfoils immersed in a two-dimensional incompressible fluid flow. Several cascades are computed to show the effect of various cascade design parameters on minimum required cascade solidity. Comparisons with experimentally determined blade performance show that the derived blade loadings are equal or higher for moderate flow deceleration and somewhat lower for large deceleration. Blades with completely laminar flow appear practical for impulse or reaction blading.
Date: September 1, 1949
Creator: Goldstein, Arthur W & Mager, Artur
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theoretical analysis of various thrust-augmentation cycles for turbojet engines

Description: "The results of analytical studies of tail-pipe-burning, water-injection, and bleedoff methods of thrust augmentation are presented that provide an insight into the operating characteristics of these augmentation methods and summarizes the performance that may be obtained when applied to a typical turbojet engine. A brief description of the principles of operation of each augmentation method is given, together with curves that illustrate the effects of the principal design and operating variables of the augmentation system on the thrust and the liquid consumption of the engine. The necessity of designing tail-pipe burners with a low burner-inlet velocity, a low burner drag, and a high diffuser efficiency in order to obtain a high thrust augmentation and to minimize the loss in engine performance during nonburning operation is illustrated" (p. 593).
Date: September 2, 1949
Creator: Lundin, Bruce T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department