Technical Report Archive and Image Library (TRAIL) - 19 Matching Results

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The Gaseous Explosive Reaction: The Effect of Inert Gases

Description: "Attention is called in this report to previous investigations of gaseous explosive reactions carried out under constant volume conditions, where the effect of inert gases on the thermodynamic equilibrium was determined. The advantage of constant pressure methods over those of constant volume as applied to studies of the gaseous explosive reaction is pointed out and the possibility of realizing for this purpose a constant pressure bomb mentioned" (p. 479).
Date: June 24, 1927
Creator: Stevens, F. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of large airfoils in the propeller research tunnel, including two with corrugated surfaces

Description: This report gives the results of the tests of seven 2 by 12 foot airfoils (Clark Y, smooth and corrugated, Gottingen 398, N.A.C.A. M-6, and N.A.C.A. 84). The tests were made in the propeller research tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics at Reynolds numbers up to 2,000,000. The Clark Y airfoil was tested with three degrees of surface smoothness. Corrugating the surface causes a flattening of the lift curve at the burble point and an increase in drag at small flying angles.
Date: May 24, 1929
Creator: Wood, Donald H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Penetration and Duration of Fuel Sprays From a Pump Injection System

Description: "High-speed motion pictures were taken of individual fuel sprays from a pump injection system. The changes in the spray-tip penetration with changes in the pump speed, injection-valve opening and closing pressures, discharge-orifice area, injection-tube length and diameter, and pump throttle setting were measured. The pump was used with and without a check valve" (p. 241).
Date: August 24, 1931
Creator: Rothrock, A. M. & Marsh, E. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A comparison between the theoretical and measured longitudinal stability characteristics of an airplane

Description: This report covers an investigation of the application of the theory of dynamic longitudinal stability, based on the assumption of small oscillations, to oscillations an airplane is likely to undergo in flight. The investigation was conducted with a small parasol monoplane for the fixed-stick condition. The period and damping of longitudinal oscillations were determined by direct measurements of oscillations in flight and also by calculation in which the factors that enter the theoretical stability equation were determined in flight. A comparison of the above-mentioned characteristics obtained by these two methods indicates that the theory is applicable to the conditions encountered in flight.
Date: June 24, 1932
Creator: Soulé, Hartley A. & Wheatley, John B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of NACA 23012 airfoil with various arrangements of slotted flaps

Description: "An investigation was made in the NACA 7 by 10-foot wind tunnel of a large-chord NACA 23012 airfoil with several arrangements of 25.66 percent chord slotted flaps to determine the section aerodynamic characteristics as affected by slot shape, flap shape, flap location, and flap deflection. The flap position for maximum lift, the polars for arrangements considered favorable for take-off and climb, and the complete section aerodynamic characteristics for selected optimum arrangements were determined. A discussion is given of the relative merits of the various arrangement for certain selected criterions" (p. 665).
Date: February 24, 1939
Creator: Wenzinger, Carl J. & Harris, Thomas A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Theoretical Study of the Moment on a Body in a Compressible Fluid

Description: "The extension to a compressible fluid of Lagally's theorem on the moment on a body in an incompressible fluid and Poggi's method of treating the flow of compressible fluids are employed for the determination of the effect of compressibility on the moment of an arbitrary body. Only the case of the two-dimensional subsonic flow of an ideal compressible fluid is considered. As examples of the application of the general theory, two well-known systems of profiles are treated; namely the elliptic profile and the symmetrical Joukowski profiles with sharp trailing edges" (p. 581).
Date: March 24, 1939
Creator: Kaplan, Carl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal Stability and Control With Special Reference to Slipstream Effects

Description: Report presents the results of a study of data obtained in the NACA full-scale wind tunnel concerning the effects of interference and of propeller operation on longitudinal stability and control. The data include pitching moments for various power conditions for airplanes with tails removed and with tails set at various stabilizer and elevator angles. A number of surveys of the dynamic pressure and the flow direction in the region of the horizontal tail surface are also included.
Date: August 24, 1939
Creator: Katzoff, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A high-speed motion-picture study of normal combustion, knock and preignition in a spark-ignition engines

Description: Combustion in a spark-ignition engine was investigated by means of the NACA high-speed motion-picture cameras. This camera is operated at a speed of 40,000 photographs a second and therefore makes possible the study of changes that take place in the intervals as short as 0.000025 second. When the motion pictures are projected at the normal speed of 16 frames a second, any rate of movement shown is slowed down 2500 times. Photographs are presented of normal combustion, of combustion from preignitions, and of knock both with and without preignition. The photographs of combustion show that knock may be preceded by a period of exothermic reaction in the end zone that persists for a time interval of as much as 0.0006 second. The knock takes place in 0.00005 second or less.
Date: July 24, 1940
Creator: Rothrock, A. M.; Spencer, R. C. & Miller, Cearcy D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Application of spring tabs to elevator controls

Description: Equations are presented for calculating the stick-force characteristics obtained with a spring-tab type of elevator control. The main problems encountered in the design of a satisfactory elevator spring tab are to provide stick forces in the desired range, to maintain the force per g sufficiently constant throughout the speed range, to avoid undesirable "feel" of the control in ground handling or in flight at low airspeeds, and to prevent flutter. Examples are presented to show the design features of spring tabs required to solve these problems for airplanes of various sizes.
Date: November 24, 1944
Creator: Phillips, William H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of the aerodynamic loading of swept and unswept flexible wings of arbitrary stiffness

Description: A method is presented for calculating the aerodynamic loading, the divergence speed, and certain stability derivatives of swept and unswept wings and tail surfaces of arbitrary stiffness. Provision is made for using either stiffness curves and root rotation constants or structural influence coefficients in the analysis. Computing forms, tables of numerical constants required in the analysis, and an illustrative example are included to facilitate calculations by means of the method.
Date: December 24, 1948
Creator: Diederich, Franklin W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An apparatus for varying effective dihedral in flight with application to a study of tolerable dihedral on a conventional fighter airplane

Description: From Summary: "An apparatus for varying effective dihedral in flight by means of servo actuation of the ailerons in response to sideslip angle is described. The results of brief flight tests of the apparatus on a conventional fighter airplane are presented and discussed. The results of an investigation employing the apparatus to determine the tolerable (safe for normal fighter operation) range of effective dihedral on the test airplane are presented."
Date: August 24, 1949
Creator: Kauffman, William M.; Liddell, Charles J., Jr.; Smith, Allan & Van Dyke, Rudolph D., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of frequency-response characteristics of engine speed for a typical turbine-propeller engine

Description: Experimental frequency-response characteristics of engine speed for a typical turbine-propeller engine are presented. These data were obtained by subjecting the engine to sinusoidal variations of fuel flow and propeller-blade-angle inputs. Correlation is made between these experimental data and analytical frequency-response characteristics obtained from a linear differential equation derived from steady-state torque-speed relations.
Date: March 24, 1950
Creator: Taylor, Burt L., III & Oppenheimer, Frank L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of the effects of wing interference on the tail contributions to the rolling derivatives

Description: From Introduction: "This report presents calculations of the angularity of the air stream with respect to the vertical tail for a rolling airplane, the interference effects of the wing being taken into account. A discussion of the factors which enter into the calculations is given and equations for applying the side-wash results to the determination of the tail contributions to the rolling-stability derivatives are included. The results are compared with some available experimental data."
Date: January 24, 1951
Creator: Michael, William H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Linearized Characteristics Method and Its Application to Practical Nonlinear Supersonic Problems

Description: "The methods of characteristics has been linearized by assuming that the flow field can be represented as a basic flow field determined by nonlinearized methods and a linearized superposed flow field that accounts for small changes of boundary conditions. The method has been applied to two-dimensional rotational flow where the basic flow is potential flow and to axially symmetric problems where conical flows have been used as the basic flows. In both cases the method allows the determination of the flow field to be simplified and the numerical work to be reduced to a few calculations. The calculations of axially symmetric flow can be simplified if tabulated values of some coefficients of the conical flow are obtained" (p. 933).
Date: July 24, 1951
Creator: Ferri, Antonio
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of horizontal-tail span and vertical location on the aerodynamic characteristics of an unswept tail assembly in sideslip

Description: "An investigation has been conducted in the Langley stability tunnel on a vertical-tail model with a stub fuselage in combination with various horizontal tails to determine the effect of horizontal-tail span and vertical location of the horizontal tail relative to the vertical tail on the aerodynamic characteristics of an unswept tail assembly in sideslip. The results of the investigation indicated that the induced loading carried by the horizontal tail produced a rolling moment about the point of attachment to the vertical tail which was strongly influenced by horizontal-tail span and vertical locations. The greatest effect of horizontal-tail span on the rolling-moment derivative of the complete tail assembly was obtained for horizontal-tail locations near the top of the vertical tail" (p. 351).
Date: December 24, 1952
Creator: Riley, Donald R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation at low speed of the effects of chordwise wing fences and horizontal-tail position on the static longitudinal stability characteristics of an airplane model with a 35 degree sweptback wing

Description: From Summary: "Low-speed tests of a model with a wing swept back 35 degrees at the 0.33-chord line and a horizontal tail located well above the extended wing-chord plane indicated static longitudinal instability at moderate angles of attack for all configurations tested. An investigation therefore was made to determine whether the longitudinal stability could be improved by the use of chordwise wing fences, by lowering the horizontal tail, or by a combination of both."
Date: November 24, 1954
Creator: Queijo, M. J.; Jaquet, Byron M. & Wolhart, Walter D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Intensity, scale, and spectra of turbulence in mixing region of free subsonic jet

Description: Report presents the results of the measurements of intensity of turbulence, the longitudinal and lateral correlation coefficients, and the spectra of turbulence in a 3.5-inch-diameter free jet measured with hot-wire anemometers at exit Mach numbers from 0.2 to 0.7 and Reynolds numbers from 192,000 to 725,000.
Date: April 24, 1956
Creator: Laurence, James C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theory of self-excited mechanical oscillations of helicopter rotors with hinged blades

Description: Vibrations of rotary-wing aircraft may derive their energy from the rotation of the rotor rather than from the air forces. A theoretical analysis of these vibrations is described and methods for its application are explained in Chapter one. Chapter two reports the results of an investigation of the mechanical stability of a rotor having two vertically hinged blades mounted upon symmetrical supports, that is, of equal stiffness and mass in all horizontal directions. Chapter three presents the theory of ground vibrations of a two-blade helicopter rotor on anisotropic flexible supports.
Date: August 24, 1956
Creator: Coleman, Robert P. & Feingold, Arnold M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department