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Altitude performance of a turbojet engine using pentaborane fuel

Description: A full-scale turbojet engine having a two-stage turbine was operated with pentaborane fuel continuously for 11.5 minutes at a simulated altitude of 55,000 feet at a flight Mach number of 0.8. The engine incorporated an NACA combustor designed specifically for use with pentaborane fuel. The specific fuel consumption was initially reduced 32 percent below that obtained with gasoline fuel; however, the occurrence of a 25-percent reduction in net thrust after 8 minutes of operation resulted in a subsequent increase in specific fuel consumption to a value only 11.5 percent lower than that for gasoline.
Date: May 20, 1957
Creator: Sivo, Joseph N
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Approximate analysis of effects of large deflections and initial twist on torsional stiffness of a cantilever plate subjected to thermal stresses

Description: An approximate analysis of the nonlinear effects of initial twist and large deflections on the torsional stiffness of a cantilever plate subjected to a nonuniform temperature distribution is presented. The Von Karman large-deflection equations are satisfied through the use of a variational principle. The results show that initial twist and applied moments can have significant effects on the changes in stiffness produced by nonuniform heating, particularly in the region of the buckling temperature difference. Results calculated by this approximate analysis are in satisfactory agreement with measured torsional deformations and changes in natural frequency. (author).
Date: May 15, 1957
Creator: Heldenfels, Richard R & Vosteen, Louis F
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The EBWR: Experimental Boiling Water Reactor

Description: Report issued by the Argonne National Laboratory discussing the Experimental Boiling Water Reactor (EBWR) power plant. Designs of the final EBWR power plant are presented. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: May 1957
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of bluntness on transition for a cone and a hollow cylinder at Mach 3.1

Description: Bluntness was more effective in displacing transition downstream on a cylinder than on a cone. The downstream displacement of transition is related to the formation of a shock layer within which the Reynolds and Mach numbers are reduced and to pressure gradients that exist over the forward part of the model. Round bluntness in general had a favorable effect, whereas sharp-cornered flat bluntness above a certain size had unfavorable effects on the location of the transition point.
Date: May 1, 1957
Creator: Brinich, Paul F & Sands, Norman
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of Fatigue Crack on Static Strength: 2014-T6, 2024-T4, 6061-T6, 7075-T6 Open-Hole Monobloc Specimens

Description: Static tensile test results are presented for specimens of 2014-T6, 2024-T4, 6061-T6, and 7075-T6 aluminum alloy containing fatigue cracks. The results are found to be in good agreement with the results reported for similar tests from other sources. The results indicate that the presence of a fatigue crack reduced the static strength, in all cases, by an amount larger than the corresponding reduction in net area; the 6061-T6 alloy specimens were least susceptible to the crack and the 7075-T6 alloy specimens were most susceptible. It is indicated that a 7075-T6 specimen may develop as little as one-third of the expected static tensile strength when the fatigue crack was consumed only one-fourth of the original area. It was found that the static strength was substantially higher for specimens which had stop holes drilled at the end of the fatigue crack.
Date: May 1, 1957
Creator: Nordmark, Glenn E. & Eaton, Ian D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of Some External Crosswise Stiffeners on the Heat Transfer and Pressure Distribution on a Flat Plate at Mach Numbers of 0.77, 1.39, and 1.98. Coord. No. AF-AM-69

Description: The heat transfer and pressures on the surfaces of several flat-plate models with various external crosswise stiffener arrangements are presented. The tests were made in a free jet at Mach numbers of 0.77, 1.39, and 1.98 for Reynolds numbers of 3 x 10(exp 6), 7 x 10(exp 6), and 14 x 10(exp 6), respectively, based on a length of 1 foot. The addition of external crosswise stiffeners to the flat-plate models caused large pressure and heat-transfer variations on the surfaces of the models.
Date: May 14, 1957
Creator: Carter, Howard S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of standing transverse acoustic oscillations on fuel-oxidant mixing in cylindrical combustion chambers

Description: Vapor fuel-oxidant mixing is analyzed for standing transverse acoustic fields simulating those existing in screeching or screaming combustors. The additional mixing due to the acoustic field is shown to be a function of sound pressure and frequency, stream velocity, and turbulence. The effects of these parameters are shown graphically for a realistic range of combustor conditions. The fuel-oxidant ratio at various combustor stations is shown to have a cyclic fluctuation which is in phase with the pressure fluctuations. Possible mechanisms contributing to screech and scream are discussed.
Date: May 1, 1957
Creator: Mickelsen, William R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental study of heat transfer to small cylinders in a subsonic, high-temperature gas stream

Description: A Nusselt-Reynolds number relation for cylindrical thermocouple wires in crossflow was obtained from the experimental determination of time constants. Tests were conducted in exhaust gas over a temperature range of 2000 to 3400 R, a Mach number range of 0.3 to 0.8, and a static-pressure range from 2/3 to 1-1/3 atmospheres, yielding a Reynolds number range of 450 to 3000. The correlation obtained is Nu=(0.428 plus or minus 0.003) times the square root of Re* with average deviations of a single observation of 8.5 percent. This relation is the same as one previously reported for room-temperature conditions.
Date: May 1, 1957
Creator: Glawe, George E & Johnson, Robert C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department