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7-GeV Advanced Photon Source : Conceptual Design Report
During the past decade, synchrotron radiation emitted by circulating electron beams has come into wide use as a powerful, versatile source of x-rays for probing the structure of matter and for studying various physical processes. Several synchrotron radiation facilities with different designs and characteristics are now in regular operation throughout the world, with recent additions in this country being the 0.8-GeV and 2.5-GeV rings of NSLS at Brookhaven National Laboratory. However, none of the operating facilities has been designed to use a low-emittance, high-energy stored beam, together with modern undulator devices, to produce a large number of hard x-ray beams of extremely high brilliance. This document is a proposal to the Department of Energy to construct and operate high-energy synchrotron radiation facility at Argonne National Laboratory. We have now chosen to set the design energy of this facility at 7.0 GeV, with the capability to operate at up to 7.5 GeV.
15 Mile Road/Edison Corridor Sewer Tunnel Failure Study, Detroit Area, Michigan
Partial abstract: "The study consisted of field and laboratory investigations, construction evaluation, and geotechnical and structural analyses to determine the cause(s) of distress and failure of a 2600-ft section of 12-ft 9-in. diameter concrete-lined sanitary sewer tunnel in the Detroit, Mich., area. [...] The report includes summaries of all pertinent construction records, results of all pertinent past and current field and laboratory tests on construction and geotechnical materials, and detailed geotechnical and structural analyses based on observed conditions and measured parameters."
1985 Annual Site Environmental Report for Argonne National Laboratory
Report on the environmental impact of Argonne National Laboratory.
1986 Annual Site Environmental Report for Argonne National Laboratory
Report on the ongoing environmental monitoring program at Argonne National Laboratory.
²³⁵U(n,f), ²³⁸U(n, gamma), ²³⁸U(n,f), ²³⁹Pu(n,f) Reaction Rate Measurement Calibrations at ZPPR
New reference deposits for uranium-235, plutonium-239 and uranium-238 have been established with mass uncertainties of <0.2%. These new deposits replace the older reference deposits which were used during the last 17 years and improve the uncertainty of reaction rate measurements due to reference mass uncertainties by about a factor of 6. Measurements of the fission fragment absorption in 2 pi and low-geometry count rates. Two measurements of the uranium-238 capture rate in depleted uranium samples based upon the thermal cross sections of uranium-238(n, gamma), uranium-235(n,f) and plutonium-239(n,f) and based upon the americium-243 calibration technique confirm the ZPPR measurement technique within the quoted uncertainty of +/-0.5%
Abstracts for Nonequilibrium Superconductivity, Phonons, and Kapitza Boundaries
Compilation of abstracts for lectures that were presented at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Nonequilibrium Superconductivity, Phonons and Kapitza Boundaries." The topics primarily discuss work in the area of superconductivity, low-temperature phenomena, and energy-related problems in this field.
AC-DC Difference Calibrations
Abstract: This publication collects and summarizes the specialized information needed to operate the ac-dc difference laboratory and calibration service at NIST (Gaithersburg). It also serves as a convenient reference source for the users of this calibration service and other interested people by documenting the service and its underlying background in considerable detail. It contains the following: an annotated table of contents, a topical index, and a glossary of common ac-dc acronyms; an overview of the service; selected published papers; instructions for the operation of the comparator systems; a schedule for the recalibration and periodic checks of the NIST thermal converters; and a sample report of calibration.
Accuracy of the Finite Analytic Method for Scalar Transport Calculations
The accuracy of the finite analytic method of discretizing fluid flow equations is assessed through calculations of multidimensional scalar transport. The transport of a scalar function in a uniform velocity flow field inclined with the finite-difference grid lines is calculated for a range of grid Peclet numbers and flow skewness. The finite analytic method is observed to be superior to the approach of constructing finite-difference analogs from locally one-dimensional resolution of the flow vector. However, the finite analytic method also produces appreciable errors locally in regions of steep variations, under conditions of large grid Peclet numbers, and skewness of the streamlines.
Accurate and Efficient Testing of the Exponential and Logarithm Functions in Ada
Report of how table-driven techniques can be used to test highly accurate implementations of EXP and LOG.
Accurate Numerical Solutions for Elastic-Plastic Models
The accuracy of two integration algorithms is studied for the common engineering condition of a von Mises, isotropic hardening model under plane stress. Errors in stress predictions for given total strain increments are expressed with contour plots of two parameters: an angle in the pi plane and the difference between the exact and computed yield-surface radii.
Acoustic Leak Detection for District Heating Systems
An acoustic leak detection facility was completed and used to evaluate the capability of piezoelectric sensors, accelerometers, and capacitance microphones to detect and locate gas and water leaks in underground district heating and cooling (DHC) piping. Leak detection sensitivity and location capabilities for DHC systems were estimated from laboratory data and from data obtained from the underground DH system in Scranton, Pennsylvania, where acoustic background noise levels and acoustic signals from field-induced steam leaks were acquired. Acoustic detection of leaks with flow rates of less than 10 gpm is possible at a distance of several hundred meters, with a location accuracy of a few meters. Although steam leaks of comparable mass loss can be detected over a similar range with transducers mounted on the pipe outer wall, location accuracy of a few meters over this range may only be possible with transducers in direct contract with the steam. Intrusive sensors may also be necessary to detect and locate leaks in plastic pipe.
Activities and Operations of the Advanced Computing Research Facility. January 1985 - July 1986
This report discusses research activities and operations of the Advanced Computing Research Facility (ACRF) at Argonne National Laboratory from January 1985 through June 1986. During this period, the Mathematics and Computer Science Division (MCS) at Argonne received incremental funding from the Applied Mathematical Sciences program of the DOE Office of Energy Research to operate computers with innovative designs that promise to be useful for advanced scientific research. Over a five-month period, four new commercial multiprocessors (an Encore Multimax, a Sequent Balance 21000, an Aliant FX/8, and an Intel iPSC/d5) were installed in the ACRF, creating a new wave of research projects concerning computer systems with parallel and vector architectures. A list of projects, publications, and users supported by the ACRF is included.
Activities and Operations of the Advanced Computing Research Facility : July - October 1986
Research activities and operations of the Advanced Computing Research Facility (ACRF) at Argonne National Laboratory are discussed for the period from July 1986 through October 1986. The facility is currently supported by the Department of Energy, and is operated by the Mathematics and Computer Science Division at Argonne. Over the past four-month period, a new commercial multiprocessor, the Intel iPSC-VX/d4 hypercube was installed. In addition, four other commercial multiprocessors continue to be available for research - an Encore Multimax, a Sequent Balance 21000, an Alliant FX/8, and an Intel iPSC/d5 - as well as a locally designed multiprocessor, the Lemur. These machines are being actively used by scientists at Argonne and throughout the nation in a wide variety of projects concerning computer systems with parallel and vector architectures.
Activities and Operations of the Advanced Computing Research Facility : November 1987-December 1988
Report on the activities of Argonne Advanced Computing Research Facility, including LAPACK, vectorizing compilers, algorithm design and restructuring, automated deduction, three-dimensional scientific visualization, and graphics trace facilities.
Activities and Operations of the Advanced Computing Research Facility : October 1986-October 1987
This paper contains a description of the work being carried out at the advanced computing research facility at Argonne National Laboratory. Topics covered are upgrading of computers, networking changes, algorithms, parallel programming, programming languages, and user training.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: April-June 1980
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward understanding and improving components of molten carbonate fuel cells and have included operation of a 10-cm square cell.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: April-June 1981
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward (1) improving understanding of component behavior in molten carbonate fuel cells and (2) developing alternative concepts for components. The principal focus has been on the development of sintered y-LiAIO2 electrolyte supports, stable NiO cathodes, and hydrogen diffusion barriers. Cell tests were performed to assess diffusion barriers and to study cathode voltage relaxation following current interruption.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: April-June 1982
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward seeking alternative cathode materials to NiO for molten carbonate fuel cells.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: April-June 1983
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts on development of molten carbonate fuel cells directed toward seeking alternative cathode materials to NiO. Based on an investigation of the thermodynamically stable phases formed under cathode conditions with a number of transition metal oxides, synthesis of prospective alternative cathode materials and doping of these materials to promote electronic conductivity is under way.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: April-June 1984
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). These efforts have been directed toward seeking alternative cathode materials to NiO for molten carbonate fuel cells. Particular emphasis has been placed on studying the relationship between synthesis conditions and the resistivity of doped and undoped LiFeO2 and Li2 MnO3 and on achieving a better understanding of the crystalline defect structures of the thermodynamically stable phases.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: January-March 1980
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward understanding and improving components of molten carbonate fuel cells and have included operation of 10-cm square cells.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: January-March 1981
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward (1) developing alternative concepts for components for molten carbonate fuel cells and (2) improving our understanding of component behavior.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: January-March 1982
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward (1) evaluating the dissolution of NiO cathodes in molten carbonate fuel cells and (2) seeking alternative cathode materials. Solubility data were taken for NiO in a cathode environment, and previously operated cells were examined for nickel transfer. A literature search was made for prospective alternative cathode materials, and synthesis of new materials was begun. Apparatus was assembled for conductivity measurements on cathode materials.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: January-March 1984
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes activitiesdirected toward seeking alternative cathode materials to NiO for molten carbonate fuel cells.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: July-September 1979
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward understanding and improving components of the molten carbonate fuel cells operated at temperatures near 925 K.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: July-September 1980
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward (1) investigating alternative concepts for components of molten carbonate fuel cell stacks and (2) improving our understanding of component behavior.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: July-September 1981
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward (1) improving understanding of component behavior in molten carbonate fuel cells and (2) developing alternative concepts for components.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: July-September 1983
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes activities seeking alternative cathode materials to NiO for molten carbonate fuel cells.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: July-September 1984
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes studies directed toward seeking alternative cathode materials to NiO for molten carbonate fuel cells.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: October-December 1979
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward understanding and improving components of molten carbonate fuel cells and have included operation of 10-cm square cells.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: October-December 1980
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward (1) developing alternative concepts for components of molten carbonate fuel cells and (2) improving understanding of component behavior.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: October-December 1981
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward (1) improving understanding of component behavior in molten carbonate fuel cells and (2) developing alternative materials and concepts for components. The principal focus was changed during this period from the development of cathodes fabricated from NiO and electrolyte supports of sintered y-LiA102 to an investigation of NiO cathode dissolution and deposition and a search for alternative cathode materials.
Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: October-December 1983
Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes activities directed toward seeking alternative cathode materials to NiO for molten carbonate fuel cells.
Advanced Materials in the Manufacturing Revolution: Proceedings of the Conference Held at Argonne National Laboratory June 14, 1988
A conference at Argonne National Laboratory for senior executives of small and medium-size manufacturing companies covered technical and managerial issues involved in adapting advanced materials and new manufacturing methods. Seven speakers discussed how high performance metals, alloys, ceramics, polymerics and their composites are replacing conventional mill-product materials and how these new materials are impacting manufacturing methods and products.
Advanced Thermoplastic Materials for District Heating Piping Systems
The work described in this report represents research conducted in the first year of a three-year program to assess, characterize, and design thermoplastic piping for use in elevated-temperature district heating (DH) systems. The present report describes the results of a program to assess the potential usefulness of advanced thermoplastics as piping materials for use in DH systems.
Air Pollution and Acid Rain, Report 4: The Effects of Air Pollution and Acid Rain on Fish, Wildlife, and Their Habitats: Lakes
Report summarizing the research related to the effects of air pollution on fish and wildlife that inhabit lakes and wetlands environments.
Airborne Gamma-Ray Spectrometer and Magnetometer Survey: Final Report, Volume 2, Bakersfield Quadrangle (California)
From introduction: "The Bakersfield sheet of the Geologic Map of California (California Division of Mines and Geology, 1978) was used as a basis for the interpretation of the geophysical data. The formation descriptions in Appendix C are derived from this map."
Airborne Gamma-Ray Spectrometer and Magnetometer Survey: Final Report, Volume 2, Fresno Quadrangle (California)
From introduction: The Fresno sheet of the Geologic Map of California (California) Division of Mines and Geology, 1978) was used as a basis for the interpretation of the geophysical data. The formation descriptions in Appendix C are derived from this map. Parts of three physiographic provinces are present in the Fresno quadrangle (Albers, 1966)...
Airborne Gamma-Ray Spectrometer and Magnetometer Survey: Final Report, Volume 2, Mariposa Quadrangle (California, Nevada)
Introduction: The geologic map of the Mariposa quadrangle, which was used as a basis for the interpretation, was supplied by Bendix Field Engineering Corporation. The Formation descriptions in Appendix C are derived from this map supplemented with information from California Division of Mines and Geology (1967).
Airborne Gamma-Ray Spectrometer and Magnetometer Survey Mariposa, Fresno, and Bakersfield Quadrangles: Final Report, Volume 1, Appendix C
Data listings documenting technical and statistical analyses as a part of the spectrometer and magnetometer survey of three quadrangles in California and Nevada.
Airborne Gamma-Ray Spectrometer and Magnetometer Survey Mariposa Quadrangle (California, Nevada), Fresno Quadrangle (California), Bakersfield Quadrangle (California): Final Report, Volume 1
This report contains aerial gamma-ray and magnetic quadrangle maps of portions of California and Nevada.
An Algebraic Theory of Program Specification and Correctness Using Symmetry Operations
This report applies some methods from the theory of group representation to the questions of program specification and knowledge about programs. The theory is that of a program as a transformation on a state space, and operators commuting with that transformation being symmetries of the program, means of specifying properties, and generators of program invariants. Because a program can simulate a system in the real world, there is a corresponding model of engineered artifacts, that is, manmade objects having a theory for their design.
Algorithms for Automated Diagnosis of Faults in Physical Plant
This report presents a diagnostic automation that can be used to investigate classes of systems without feedback loops. This report shows the input needed for the automation, the algorithm used, and the PROLOG program for the simulation.
Allyns Bight: Biological Resources
Map showing biological resources (birds, oysters, fishes, grasses, etc.) in the Allyns Bight region of the Texas Barrier Islands coastline area. Scale 1:100,000.
Allyns Bight: Mineral Resources and Selected Oil and Gas Infrastructure
Map showing mineral resources (oil, gas, sand, clay, etc.) in the Allyns Bight region of the Texas Barrier Islands coastline area. Scale 1:100,000.
Allyns Bight: Socioeconomic and Natural Features
Map showing various sites and features (recreation sites, water treatment facilities, public lands, historic sites, transportation, etc.) in the Allyns Bight region of the Texas Barrier Islands coastline area. Scale 1:100,000.
An Alternative Library Under 4. 2 BSD UNIX on a VAX 11/780
This paper describes an alternative library of elementary functions prepared for use with the standard Fortran compiler under 4.2 BSD UNIX on a VAX 11/780. The library, written in C and based on the book ''Software Manual for the Elementary Functions'' by Cody and Waite, offers improved accuracy over the standard system library, as well as additional capabilities. Listings and output from the ELEFUNT suite of test programs are included in the appendix.
Alternatives for Conversion to Solid Interim Waste Forms of the Radioactive Liquid High-Level Wastes Stored at the Western New York Nuclear Service Center
Techniques for isolating and solidifying the nuclear wastes in the storage tanks at the Western New York Nuclear Service Center plant have been examined. One technique involves evaporating the water and forming a molten salt containing the precipitated sludge. The salt is allowed to solidify and is stored in canisters until processing into a final waste form is to be done. Other techniques involve calcining the waste material, then agglomerating the calcine with sodium silicate to reduce its dispersibility. This option can also involve a prior separation and decontamination of the supernatant salt. The sludge and all resins containing fission-product activity are then calcined together. The technique of removing the water and solidifying the salt may be the simplest method for removing the waste from the West Valley Plant.
Alternatives for Disposal of Raffinate from the TRUEX Process
Possible methods for disposing of the immobilized raffinate from TRUEX processing are reviewed. The purpose of the TRUEX process is to extract transuranium elements from high-level and TRU wastes into a small volume that can be managed at lower cost than that of the original wastes. The raffinate from the TRUEX process, containing negligible concentrations of transuranium elements, would be combined with salt solutions also derived from processing high-level waste, and the mixture would be converted to grout.
Altitude and Generalized Configuration of the Top of the Floridian Aquifer, St. Johns County, Florida
From introduction: This map shows the approximate altitude and configuration of the top of the Floridian aquifer...This map was prepared from geologic, geophysical, and drillers' logs on file with the Florida Bureau of Geology, U.S. Geological Survey, St. Johns River Water Management District, and from logs in published reports.