Office of Technology Assessment - Browse

Urban Ozone and the Clean Air Act: Problems and Proposals for Change
The staff paper is part of a larger, ongoing OTA assessment of the ozone nonattainment issue, requested by the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works and the House Committee on Energy and Commerce.
Aid to developing countries: the technology/ecology fit
This report focuses primarily on AID and to a lesser extent on the World Bank. AID and the World Bank have made the most observable efforts to integrate environmental and development concerns.
Preparing for science and engineering careers: field level profiles
This Staff Paper is an addendum to Demographic Trends and the Scientific and Engineering Work Force, an OTA Technical Memorandum published in December 1985. The paper was produced in response to a request by Committee on Science and Technology of the House of Representatives, to examine differences in the supply and demand of personnel across individual field of science and engineering, and the sensitivity of these fields to demographic trends.
Federal Scientific and Technical Information in an Electronic Age: Opportunities and Challenges
This report addresses several questions regarding the dissemination of scientific and technical information (STI). The paper answers these questions within a framework for an overall strategy on STI dissemination, and identifies key elements that could be useful in such a strategy.
Proposal Pressure in the 1980s: An Indicator of Stress on the Federal Research System
For this report OTA compiled time-series data provided by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Federal mission agencies on proposals for competitively awarded research projects, and by the American Association for the Advancement of Science’s (AAAS) annual R&D budget series.7 These funding trends, presented below, suggest changes over the decade of the 1980s and raise some issues for future policy study.
Advanced Vehicle/Highway Systems and Urban Traffic Problems
A report on Advanced Vehicle/Highway Systems (AVHS),as an umbrella term for several interdependent vehicle and road technologies, that offers potential for reducing congestion and the air pollution it engenders, and for improving highway safety.
The Costs of AIDS and other HIV infections: review of the estimates
A report on analyzes the reasons behind widely divergent estimates of the costs associated with AIDS. Because of the great variation in methods used, the results are not strictly comparable across studies.
Defining "Rural" Areas: Impact on Health Care Policy and Research
This paper examines dichotomous designations used to define rural and urban areas and discusses how they are applied in certain Federal programs. In addition, several topologies are described that are useful in showing the diversity that exists within rural areas.
Scientific equipment for undergraduates: is it adequate?
This background paper presents the results of the interviews with individuals familiar with the adequacy of instructional equipment used to teach science and engineering to undergraduate students at American colleges and universities.