Office of Technology Assessment - Browse

How technology affects teaching
This report discusses a study that provides an opportunity for teachers to speak to policy makers about their experiences with educational technology.
Influences on development and innovation in educational technology
This report provides a look at the history of educational technology, including both successful and unsuccessful government and private enterprise projects during the past three decades. The report examines trends in technological factors and new technologies that will influence development of innovative educational hardware and software during the next five years.
Innovative use of information technology in facilitating public access to agency decisionmaking: an assessment of the experience in state and local governments: final report
This report contains four sections. First part discusses methods and data collection, part two presents the framework, part three presents the findings from the brief sample survey of state and local agencies they conducted, as well as data from case studies dealing with use of information technology in providing public access to local government data. Part five evaluates the consistency of these findings and comment of their relevance for federal government considerations.
Mapping our genes: federal genome projects: How vast? How fast?: contractor reports, volume 1
This report discusses the research and technology efforts aimed at mapping and sequencing large portions or entire genomes. It includes the implication of technologies, social and ethical issues, applications in research biology and medicine etc.
Evaluation of a 24 hour care system for persons with Alzheimer's and related disorders
This report discusses the care for the persons with Alzheimer's disease in state hospitals hospitals, and nursing homes.
China's evolving computer industry: the role of foreign technology transfers
This report provides a series of assessments regarding China's strategy and objectives for computer development. It examines the specific role played by acquisition of foreign computers and related know-how by PRC.
Services in the U.S. balance of payments 1982-1984: documentation of OTA estimates
This report documents the procedures and assumptions used to prepare the OTA's estimates of the impacts of services trade on the Nation's balance of payments as published in the OTA Special Report Trade in Services: Export and Foreign Revenues.
Experiences of the Atlanta area ADRDA in the development and management of the community services program
This report describes the experiences of the Atlanta Area ADRDA Chapter over a two year period in the development, establishment, and direction of Community Services Program for persons with Alzheimer's diseases and related disorders.
Institutional approaches to the care of individuals with dementia: report of a national facility survey and the Hebrew Home for the Aged at Riverdale, as a case study: prepared under contract for the (U.S.) Congressional Office of Technology Assessment
This report discusses the provision components, compassionate and cost-effective care to individuals with dementing illnesses, and their families.
The federal regulatory response to the problem of neurotoxicity: a report
This report discusses federal laws applicable to the regulation of potentially neuron-toxic substances that can be divided into three basic categories.
Mapping our genes: federal genome projects: How vast? How fast?: transcript of workshop, "Issues of Collaboration for Human Genome Projects
This report discusses the research and technology efforts aimed at mapping and sequencing large portions or entire genomes. It includes the implication of technologies, social and ethical issues, applications in research biology and medicine etc.
Mapping our genes: federal genome projects: How vast? How fast?: contractor reports, volume 2
This report discusses the research and technology efforts aimed at mapping and sequencing large portions or entire genomes. It includes the implication of technologies, social and ethical issues, applications in research biology and medicine etc.
Technology, public policy, and the changing structure of American agriculture, Volume II, Part C
This report considers the relationships that exist among farmers' credit use, credit policies, and various structural issues in agriculture. Different sections in this report highlight the importance of these relationships, consider the role of technology, review some of the prevailing views on credit policy and structural issues, and consider the implications for additional information.
Electric power wheeling and dealing: technological considerations for increasing competition: volume II--contractor documents, part B.
This report discusses the temporal and economic factors of electric utilities in United States that make transmission constrains vary with time, and material specific to the individual cases. A particular focus of the investigation was the degree to which the transmission system would limit, or be affected by, the various scenarios.
Assessing cost-effectiveness of computer-based technology in public elementary and secondary schools
This report begins with an explanation of why cost effectiveness studies are important, it continues with the basic economic paradigm for assessing cost-effectiveness.
Working paper: marine ecological consequences of waste disposal
This report summarizes the observed effect on marine resources of waste disposal activities. It first briefly describes the nationwide impacts of pollutants on water quality, sediment quality, and marine organisms.
Child maltreatment in the United States: etiology, impact, and prevention
This report starts out with definitions of child abuse and neglect, then it discusses the manifestation, effect and costs of child abuse and neglect, short term and long term.
A comparative review of information technology management practices in selected state governments
This report presents an analysis of information technology management practices in selected state governments.The focus is on approaches of strategic management in central state governments.
Evaluation of the evidence on the effectiveness of well child care services for children
This report discusses the frequency and timing of recommended child visits, and the frequency and timing of recommended screening tests or procedures in well child care.
Preventive health services for children and youth under Medicaid: early and periodic screening, diagnosis, and treatment
This report discusses the early and periodic screening, diagnosis, and treatment (EPSDT) program which is a Medicaid program of preventive and comprehensive services that States must make available to children and youth eligible for Medicaid.
Federal government provision of public information: issues related to public access, technology, and laws/regulations: for Government Information Technology Project, Communications and Information Technology Program,
This report discusses government (public) information, both published and unpublished, which Federal Government either does or does not make public."Public information", is collected and/or developed at Government expenses or as required by public law, and not considered to be classified, personal, or otherwise subject to exemption from the Freedom of Information Act or the Privacy Act.
A note on the strengths and weaknessess [sic] of using the CPS to estimate children's health insurance coverage
This report discusses the strengths and weaknesses of the Current Population Survey (CPS) relative to the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), the National Medical Care Expenditure Survey (NMCE), for the purpose of estimating the numbers of children with different types of health insurance.
Educational technology: information networks, markets, and innovation
This report aims to provide an insight about reasons why educational markets are under-producing educational software, and what thoughtful, practical remedies can be employed to bring the production of educational software up to the socially desirable level.
Neurotoxic pesticides and the farmworker: a report
This report discusses the effect of agriculture pesticides on neurological harm, cancer, reproductive damage and other serious adverse health effects.
Financial assistance, education debt and starting salaries of science and engineering graduates: evidence from the 1985 survey of recent college graduates
This report provides statistics on financial aid debt, type of financial aid, salary and percent of financial aid for the Science/Engineering students.
An analysis of the scope and quality of the current supply of educational software, and of the available sources of information on educational software
This report presents an analysis of the scope and quality of the current supply of educational software, as well as analysis of the information sources available to educational software acquisition.
Mechanisms for facilitating a vital and dynamic education system: fundamental roles for education science and technology
This report aims to synthesize discussions, correspondences and readings in terms of a novel framework that characterizes advances in the field of educational science and technology.
Alternative approaches to developing a cadre of "teacher technologists"
This report discusses the use of technology in education of students K-12 and university.
Support for educational technology R & D: the federal role
This report examines the history of the United States Federal Government support for education technology research and development. The report identifies funding level for several civilian and military Federal agencies over time period, nature of programs and projects supported, six case studies of illustrative R&D program, and factors policy recommendations.
Study of international clearing and settlement: Volume VI
This report is a part of collection of expert papers on clearing and settlement. These paper are a part of Study of International Clearing and Settlement.
Technologies underlying weapons of mass destruction
This report discusses the level of technology required to produce weapons of mass destruction, the material required, and the export controls.
Epidemiology and etiology of Parkinson's disease
This report provides introduction of Dr. James Parkinson, diagnosis of Parkinson's syndromes, the age of onset of the disease, racial origin and incidence rate of Parkinson's, as well as survival after the onset of Parkinson's.
Distance learning case studies
This report discuses distance learning projects, and ways telecommunications technologies such as satellites, cable television, fiber optics, slow scan TV, instructional television fixed services, and microcomputer networking have opened up opportunities for school districts to coordinate schedules and to share resources.
Technologies for learning at a distance: looking to the future changing educational relationships
This report discusses the ways to utilize technological advertisements in distance learning. It discusses the impact of technological changes in the educational environment.
Distance education and the transformation of schooling
This report discusses the benefits and challenges of distance education. It address the question how distance learning can change our approach to learning and how it can change us.
An ethical analysis of withdrawal from life-sustaining technologies and assisted death: a report for the Office of Technology Assessment
This report is designated to offer an ethical analysis of decisions to withhold and to withdrew life-sustaining technologies form patients in accord with their wishes and interests.
The evolution of distance learning: technology-mediated interactive learning: a report for the study, "Technologies for learning at a distance", Science, Education, and Transportation Program
This report has two primary goals. One objective is to provide provocative ideas on how emerging forces external to education may shape the future of distance learning. The second purpose is to depict a potential new field, technology-mediated interactive learning, that may result from synthesis of distance learning, cooperative learning, and computer-supported cooperative work.
A study of distance education policies in state education agencies
This report provides a definition of distance learning and an overview of selected policies, operative policies and existing polices. The report discusses the policy changes and opportunities, as well as the implications for Federal Policy.
Evaluating distance learning technology
This report discusses the history of distance learning technology, the number of new and complex technological devices that could be applied to distance learning.
Composting technologies, costs, programs, and markets
This report provides an overview of the technology of composting which involves three major steps: 1) the preparation of the raw material, 2) the compost process itself, and 3) the grading of the final product.
The immunological aspects of neural grafting
This report starts out with an overview of the immune system, describes the central nervous system (CNS), and future consideration.
Legal and regulatory issues for neural grafts
This report discusses the use of neural grafts from fetuses that is showing some success for the treatment of disorders such as Parkinson's disease.
The role of private business in distance learning: the educational partnership
This report explicates private corporation's role in developing and executing educational partnerships to serve elementary and secondary schools. It discusses the impact of these partnerships on distance learning. as well as the cooperative role of private enterprise in serving the public authority by addressing the educational needs as the local, regional, state and national levels.
The effects of distance learning: a summary of the literature: paper for the Congress of the United States, Office of Technology Assessment
This report offers a brief review of the general characteristics of distance education, and reports the research of the 1980s on the main issues in teaching, learning, educational planning. organization and policy making with regard to use of communications technology in contemporary distance education.
New developments in neuroscience: neural transplants and nerve regeneration technologies: ethical issues: final draft
The focal point of this report is elaboration of the metaphysical and ethical issues raised by neural transplants.
Reconstructing the brain: new strategies for brain disease
This report the use of new methods in molecular biology in the transplant process to arrest or correct brain disease. The report discusses the nature and consequences of these new methods for brain transplant technology.
Biotechnology in a global economy: Biotechnology developments in Asia - A financial prespective
This report discusses the biotechnology development, government, research institutes and industry and finance in the following countries: Singapore, Thailand, South Korea, and Taiwan.
New developments in neuroscience: historical and ethical issues in neural transplants
This report investigates neuroscience, it explores the social and intellectual context surrounding advances in neurosciences.
Economic incentives and disincentives for recycling of municipal solid waste
This report is divided into an Executive Summary and four chapters. These chapters examine Federal subsidies to virgin materials, the potential for Federal subsidies for recycled materials, Federal subsidies for alternative energy sources, and state efforts at increasing recycling through tax incentives.
Quarterly Report to the Technology Assessment Board, April 1 - June 30, 1983
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