Office of Technology Assessment - 93 Matching Results

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The clinical economics of nutrition support services and antibiotic medications for the critically and terminally ill elderly

Description: This report reviews the techniques that are available for assessing the economic impact of medical care intervention, provided a critical review of the studies that have examined the financial consequences of the use of nutrition support services and antibiotic medication. It also describes how their economic impact may vary from different points of view, and proposes the need for further studies and suggests policy implementation of the available data.
Date: June 2, 1986
Creator: Kitz, Deborah S.; Glick, Henry & Eisenberg, John M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Renal dialysis decisionmaking

Description: This report summarizes the general policies of acceptance of patients for treatment. Decision to initiate treatment with dialysis are made by review committees in each of six institutions that provide dialysis treatments.
Date: March 1, 1986
Creator: Freeman, Richard B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal government information technology: electronic record systems and individual privacy

Description: This report addresses four major areas: 1) technological developments relevant to government record systems; 2) current and prospective Federal agency use of electronic record systems; 3) the interaction of technology and public law relevant to protecting privacy; and 4) possible policy actions the warrant congressional attention, including amendment of existing laws such as the Privacy Act of 1974 and establishment of new mechanisms such as Data Protection Board or Privacy Protection Commission.
Date: June 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The international context of labor-management relations: implications for workplace monitoring

Description: This report explores some of the international developments and notes contrasts with the United States, and some potential lessons with regard to managing the new technology systems of Labor relations and issues relevant to workplace monitoring.
Date: September 26, 1986
Creator: Deutsch, Steven
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Inventors' vignettes: success and failure in the development of medical devices: contractor documents

Description: This report report discusses the development of technician's auto analyzer, the first cardiac pacemaker, electronic retinoscope, the development of implantable drug-infusion pump and other implantable medication systems.
Date: October 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The medical care and treatment of the critically-ill elderly in China: issues and lessons for American policies

Description: This report begins with background discussion of China and its people. The report includes a special focus on country's strong religious and philosophic tradition. The report concludes with a discussion of possible benefits for the corresponding American experience.
Date: April 1986
Creator: Langenbrunner, John C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The epidemiology of dementing disorders

Description: This report discusses causes of the dementia, precipitating or aggravating factors, present and projected needs for people and programs to provide services to victims and their families, groups at high risk for these disorders, frequency of unrecognized or inadequately treated cases, and the costs of the disorders, public and private, economic and non-economic.
Date: January 1986
Creator: Cross, Peter S. & Gurland, Barry J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Accuracy of diagnosis and consequences of misdiagnosis of disorders causing dementia

Description: This report discusses the diagnosis of clinical syndrome of dementia, accuracy of differential diagnosis of dementig disorders, prognosis and prognostic accuracy, public health consequences of misdiagnosis,and summary of recommendations.
Date: June 1986
Creator: Katzman, Robert; Lasker, Bruce & Bernstein, Nancy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Basic neuroscience and disorders causing dementia

Description: This report reviews aspects of contemporary neuroscience, emphasizing new information derived from basic and clinical disciplines. It defines the syndrome of dementia and discusses the magnitude of this problems and other issues regarding the disease.
Date: February 1986
Creator: Price, Donald L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Philosophical issues concerning the rights of patients suffering serious permanent dementia

Description: This report discusses the rights of seriously and permanently demented people. Do they have the same right to autonomy, to the beneficence of their custodians, to dignity, and to a minimum level of resources as sick people of normal mental competence have? The emphasis is on extended analysis of various philosophical issues.
Date: 1986
Creator: Dworkin, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

New developments in biotechnology: field-testing engineered organisms: genetic and ecological issues: contractor documents, volume 2

Description: This report includes these topics: Ecological issues relevant to environmental applications of genetically altered organisms / Elliott A. Norse -- An ecosystems approach to potential perturbations of energy flow and nutrient cycles associated with environmental applications of genetically altered organisms / David C. Coleman and Robert E. Hodson -- Ecological impact of genetically engineered organisms on ecosystems / James R. Gosz, C.N. Dahm, and Patrick W. Flanagan -- The genetic basis of changes in host range or habitat / Adrianne Massey and Fred Gould.
Date: December 2, 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Institutional approaches to the care of individuals with dementia: report of a national facility survey and the Hebrew Home for the Aged at Riverdale, as a case study: prepared under contract for the (U.S.) Congressional Office of Technology Assessment

Description: This report discusses the provision components, compassionate and cost-effective care to individuals with dementing illnesses, and their families.
Date: January 1986
Creator: Weiner, Audrey S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Services in the U.S. balance of payments 1982-1984: documentation of OTA estimates

Description: This report documents the procedures and assumptions used to prepare the OTA's estimates of the impacts of services trade on the Nation's balance of payments as published in the OTA Special Report Trade in Services: Export and Foreign Revenues.
Date: July 1986
Creator: Industry, Technology and Employment Program, Office of Technology Assessment, United States. Congress.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department