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Innovation and Commercialization of Emerging Technologies

Description: This background paper examines the complexities of innovation and commercialization in an attempt to demonstrate the linkages between science, technology, and innovation, and to highlight the growing importance of factors other than basic research in commercial success.
Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Issue Update on Information Security and Privacy in Network Environments

Description: This paper updates and develops some key issues that OTA had identified in its earlier report, in light of recent developments in the private sector and in government.
Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Learning To Work: Making the Transition From School to Work

Description: This reports shows that work-based learning has considerable promise but will be difficult to implement. The report discusses work-based learning that can potentially help students see the relevance of their academic studies later in life, allow students to explore career options, and help them develop needed occupational skills.
Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear Wastes in the Arctic: An Analysis of Arctic and Other Regional Impacts From Soviet Nuclear Contamination

Description: This report examines the environmental and human health impacts from wastes dumped into the Arctic and North Pacific regions, from nuclear contaminants discharged into these environments, and from radioactive releases from both past and future nuclear activities in the region. The report presents what is known and unknown about this waste and contamination and how it may affect public health.
Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Occupational Training for Young People in the United Kingdom

Description: The report discusses the problems of high unemployment among young people ages 16 through 19. This paper examines the youth training experiences of the United Kingdom over the last 30 years.
Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reducing Earthquake Losses

Description: This report assesses the state of the knowledge, identifies key future challenges in each of the three components of earthquake risk reduction—earth science, engineering, and implementation—and offers policy options to improve federal efforts.
Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Renewing Our Energy Future

Description: This report evaluates the potential for cost-effective renewable energy in the coming decades and the actions that have to be taken to achieve the potential.
Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Risks to Students in School

Description: This report takes one critical step—identifying and commenting on the available data—that may help in developing priorities for the use of limited resources to protect children from health and safety hazards in schools.
Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Screening and Testing Chemicals in Commerce

Description: This paper comes from a workshop held by OTA in April 1995. The report reviews some of the many test technologies and techniques available for screening chemicals-in-commerce for toxicity.
Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Selected Technology Issues in U.S. Aquaculture

Description: This report discusses different aquatic species that are produced in the United States, including various animal and plant ornamentals, species for environmental remediation, industrial and pharmaceutical feedstocks, and products for biomedical research.
Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Targeting Environmental Priorities in Agriculture: Reforming Program Strategies

Description: The analysis in this report identifies priority environmental targets across the country for water quality, wildlife, and soil quality. A tripartite set of programs designed to lower cost and achieve more enduring solutions illustrates possible approaches to the targets.
Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Technological Reshaping of Metropolitan America

Description: This report examines new policy approaches that would focus on development of innovative strategies for economic revitalization of urban core areas (including central cities and inner suburbs); creation of partnerships between urban cores and industry, state governments, and suburban jurisdictions; and movement toward full pricing of development and infrastructure to reduce or eliminate price subsidies now encouraging dispersed development.
Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Technology and Policy for Suppressing Grain Dust Explosions in Storage Facilities

Description: This report responds to the bipartisan request of the House Committee on Agriculture to assess alternative technologies with regard to their effectiveness in suppressing grain dust, the benefits and costs of each technology, and the costs of banning the use of water as a dust suppressant.
Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wireless Technologies and the National Information Infrastructure

Description: This report examines the role wireless technologies will play in the emerging National Information Infrastructure (NII) and identifies the challenges that policymakers, regulators, and wireless service providers will face as they begin to more closely integrate wireless systems with existing wireline networks. The report also discusses some of the technical and social implications of the widespread use of wireless technologies— paying particular attention to the profound changes that wireless systems may cause in patterns of mobility.
Date: September 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coverage of Laser Technology by Health Insurers

Description: This paper presents some empirical information on how insurers consider payment for new medical devices. It describes the survey results of medical directors affiliated with private health insurers about their coverage decisions using, as examples, three applications of lasers: laser angioplasty for opening narrowed or blocked coronary arteries; laser discectomy for treating herniated intervertebral discs; and photodynamic therapy (using a light–sensitive dye) for bladder cancer.
Date: August 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effectiveness and Costs of Osteoporosis Screening and Hormone Replacement Therapy, Vol. I: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Description: This paper assesses the medical benefits and costs of both screening and hormone replacement therapy. It is divided into two volumes. This volume presents the results of a model that estimates the cost per year of life gained from osteoporosis screening and hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women.
Date: August 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effectiveness and Costs of Osteoporosis Screening and Hormone Replacement Therapy, Vol. II: Evidence on Benefits, Risks, and Costs

Description: This paper assesses the medical benefits and costs of both screening and hormone replacement therapy. It is divided into two volumes. This volume provides the basis for the assumptions about the costs and effects of screening and hormonal replacement therapy used in the cost-effectiveness model.
Date: August 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Lower Tiers of the Space Transportation Industrial Base

Description: This background paper was prompted by a workshop held at OTA in early March 1995, at which a small group, representing a broad cross-section of lower-tier firms, discussed their views of the space transportation industry.
Date: August 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Telecommunications Technology and Native Americans: Opportunities and Challenges

Description: The report discusses the opportunities for Native Americans to use telecommunications (including computer networking, videoconferencing, multimedia, digital and wireless technologies, and the like) in the realms of culture, education, health care, economic development, and governance.
Date: August 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Surveillance in a Digital Age

Description: This background paper reviews the progress of the industry and the law enforcement agencies in implementing the Act since its approval in October 1994.
Date: July 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental Technology: Analysis of Selected Federal R&D Programs

Description: This report discusses estimates of environmental technology R&D spending, interagency coordination mechanisms, and major federal programs, including programs administered by the Department of Energy, the Department of Defense, the Environmental Protection Agency, and several other agencies.
Date: July 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

EPA Superfund Actions and ATSDR Public Health Data

Description: This paper discusses how EPA sets Superfund cleanup priorities based on Superfund site health ranking data provided by ATSDR. It examines several parameters by which EPA site prioritization might be measured, including timeliness, cost, and use of special removal actions at the worst sites.
Date: July 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International Partnerships in Large Science Projects

Description: This report assesses the factors that facilitate international partnerships in big science projects and those that, conversely, favor the pursuit of purely national projects. The paper also reviews and identifies several important issues to consider in structuring future collaborations.
Date: July 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A History of the Department of Defense Federally Funded Research and Development Centers

Description: The focus of this paper is the history of Department of Defense (DoD) Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDCs) over the past 50 years, which forms part of the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) study of defense modeling and simulation.
Date: June 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department