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The Apollo program: science/engineering personnel demand created by a federal research mission
This report examines several related areas: Were the manpower resources for Apollo available when they were needed? Did Apollo succeed in creating research capabilities that outlasted the program that created them? Finally, can we change Federal research missions better, based on the Apollo experience?
Soviet science and engineering education and work force policies: recent trends
This report discusses the Soviet education in the science and engineering that has been characterized by major quantitative achievements and serious qualitative and administrative shortcomings.
Psychophysiological monitoring: possibilities and prospects
This report describes the present, near, and long term the evolving capabilities for monitoring and interpreting psychophysiological signals and in particular the Event Related Brain Potential (ERP) with particular emphasis on such ERP components as the P300.
Images of science: factors affecting the choice of science as a career
This report describes the dimensions of the problem this nation faces in producing enough scientists and engineers, it also attempt to describe how "images" of science may affect whether American students choose careers in science.
Electric power wheeling and dealing: technological considerations for increasing competition: volume II--contractor documents, part A.
This report presents the results of a survey concerning state transmission line certification and sitting procedures, and state energy planning processes.
Identifying potential scientists and engineers: an analysis of the high school-college transition, Report 2, Multivariate analysis of the high school class of 1982
This report describes the second part of the project that studied the science-oriented behaviors of students as they move through high school into college.
Federal government information technology: electronic record systems and individual privacy
This report addresses four major areas: 1) technological developments relevant to government record systems; 2) current and prospective Federal agency use of electronic record systems; 3) the interaction of technology and public law relevant to protecting privacy; and 4) possible policy actions the warrant congressional attention, including amendment of existing laws such as the Privacy Act of 1974 and establishment of new mechanisms such as Data Protection Board or Privacy Protection Commission.
Electric power wheeling and dealing: technological considerations for increasing competition: volume II--contractor documents, part C.
This report is to provide the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) with an overview of some of the investment issues affecting the future of the electric power industry in support of OTA's ongoing study on competition in the industry. The paper is organized in three chapters.
Industrial support of university training and research: implications for scientific training in the "steady state"
This report considers the implications of industrial funding of research and training for the way in which universities train new scientists during this period of "steady state."
The context for exploring workplace monitoring
This report describes the history of monitoring work and the legal framework which applies to employee privacy rights and associate4d issues of worker protection.
Electric power wheeling and dealing: technological considerations for increasing competition: volume II--contractor documents, part D.
This report discusses the assessment of survey of utilities' reactions to order to determine reactions to change the industry's competitive environment.
An ethical analysis of withdrawal from life-sustaining technologies and assisted death: a report for the Office of Technology Assessment
This report is designated to offer an ethical analysis of decisions to withhold and to withdrew life-sustaining technologies form patients in accord with their wishes and interests.
The 1992 World Administrative Radio Conference: technology and policy implications
This report discusses the role of radio technologies and services in our daily lives. The report elaborates on the outcomes and implications for U.S. radio technology, and the next steps and lessons for the future.
New developments in neuroscience: neural transplants and nerve regeneration technologies: ethical issues: final draft
The focal point of this report is elaboration of the metaphysical and ethical issues raised by neural transplants.
Legal and regulatory issues for neural grafts
This report discusses the use of neural grafts from fetuses that is showing some success for the treatment of disorders such as Parkinson's disease.
The immunological aspects of neural grafting
This report starts out with an overview of the immune system, describes the central nervous system (CNS), and future consideration.
Epidemiology and etiology of Parkinson's disease
This report provides introduction of Dr. James Parkinson, diagnosis of Parkinson's syndromes, the age of onset of the disease, racial origin and incidence rate of Parkinson's, as well as survival after the onset of Parkinson's.
Biotechnology in a global economy: Biotechnology developments in Asia - A financial prespective
This report discusses the biotechnology development, government, research institutes and industry and finance in the following countries: Singapore, Thailand, South Korea, and Taiwan.
Composting technologies, costs, programs, and markets
This report provides an overview of the technology of composting which involves three major steps: 1) the preparation of the raw material, 2) the compost process itself, and 3) the grading of the final product.
Economic incentives and disincentives for recycling of municipal solid waste
This report is divided into an Executive Summary and four chapters. These chapters examine Federal subsidies to virgin materials, the potential for Federal subsidies for recycled materials, Federal subsidies for alternative energy sources, and state efforts at increasing recycling through tax incentives.
Transplantation of adrenal tissue into the nervous system
This report the transplantation of adrenal medullary tissue to the nervous system.
Reconstructing the brain: new strategies for brain disease
This report the use of new methods in molecular biology in the transplant process to arrest or correct brain disease. The report discusses the nature and consequences of these new methods for brain transplant technology.
New developments in neuroscience: historical and ethical issues in neural transplants
This report investigates neuroscience, it explores the social and intellectual context surrounding advances in neurosciences.
Biotechnology in a global economy
This report discusses the biotechnology in the following countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Ireland, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, Switzerland, and United Kingdom.
Perspectives on the role of science and technology in sustainable development
This report examines an array of sustainable development definitions and discusses their common elements.
Evaluation of the evidence on the effectiveness of well child care services for children
This report discusses the frequency and timing of recommended child visits, and the frequency and timing of recommended screening tests or procedures in well child care.
Child maltreatment in the United States: etiology, impact, and prevention
This report starts out with definitions of child abuse and neglect, then it discusses the manifestation, effect and costs of child abuse and neglect, short term and long term.
Mapping our genes: federal genome projects: How vast? How fast?: contractor reports, volume 2
This report discusses the research and technology efforts aimed at mapping and sequencing large portions or entire genomes. It includes the implication of technologies, social and ethical issues, applications in research biology and medicine etc.
Mapping our genes: federal genome projects: How vast? How fast?: contractor reports, volume 1
This report discusses the research and technology efforts aimed at mapping and sequencing large portions or entire genomes. It includes the implication of technologies, social and ethical issues, applications in research biology and medicine etc.
Federal government provision of public information: issues related to public access, technology, and laws/regulations: for Government Information Technology Project, Communications and Information Technology Program,
This report discusses government (public) information, both published and unpublished, which Federal Government either does or does not make public."Public information", is collected and/or developed at Government expenses or as required by public law, and not considered to be classified, personal, or otherwise subject to exemption from the Freedom of Information Act or the Privacy Act.
Mapping our genes: federal genome projects: How vast? How fast?: transcript of workshop, "Issues of Collaboration for Human Genome Projects
This report discusses the research and technology efforts aimed at mapping and sequencing large portions or entire genomes. It includes the implication of technologies, social and ethical issues, applications in research biology and medicine etc.
Innovative use of information technology in facilitating public access to agency decisionmaking: an assessment of the experience in state and local governments: final report
This report contains four sections. First part discusses methods and data collection, part two presents the framework, part three presents the findings from the brief sample survey of state and local agencies they conducted, as well as data from case studies dealing with use of information technology in providing public access to local government data. Part five evaluates the consistency of these findings and comment of their relevance for federal government considerations.
Employee monitoring in other industrial democracies
This report explores how other advanced industrial democracies and some multi - national or international agencies are approaching workplace monitoring,.
Study of international clearing and settlement
This report market that have institutions, usually refered to as "clearing house", which handle both the clearing and some aspects of the settlement processes.
Science in the steady state: the changing research university: contractor's report
This report is divided into three main parts. The first part considers the underlying notion of interpreting science in systems terms and sketches the analytic categories necessary for that re conceptualization. Part two draws on face to face interviews with scientists to examine the possible consequences of the shift to steady state science. Part three offers a set of issues for policy and research and critically examines the idea of a steady state for science.
The international context of labor-management relations: implications for workplace monitoring
This report explores some of the international developments and notes contrasts with the United States, and some potential lessons with regard to managing the new technology systems of Labor relations and issues relevant to workplace monitoring.
Evaluation of ethical implications of selected alternatives for paying physicians under the Medicare program
This report discusses the effects of changes in Medicare reimbursement methods, examines the ethical considerations, and classifies the alternative payment methods.
Motivational, behavioral, and psychological implications of electronic monitoring of worker performance
This report discusses the work electronic monitoring of employee performance. It considers the personal privacy issue and the potential influence on worker stress and health.
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy: clinical application and Medicare physician payment
This report discusses the new methods of paying physicians; fee schedules, payment for an episode-of-illness, and capitation payments.
Report on data protection and privacy in seven selected states
This report describes the privacy protections in effect in seven selected states in the U.S., along with the extent of personal data collection in the states, with particular emphasis on "computer matching" at the state level.
Inventors' vignettes: success and failure in the development of medical devices: contractor documents
This report report discusses the development of technician's auto analyzer, the first cardiac pacemaker, electronic retinoscope, the development of implantable drug-infusion pump and other implantable medication systems.
Abstracts of case studies in the health technology case study series
The primary purpose of this report is to provide useful information on specific technologies covered.It examines the appropriate methodology for economic evaluation of diagnostic procedures.
Federal tax policy and infrastructure financing: a report to the Office of Technology Assessment, U.S. Congress
This report starts out by discussing in details the Tax Reform Act of 1986 and its impact on local construction, it provides statistical analysis of the effects of the Tax reform Act, it discusses innovative infrastructure financing techniques, finally federal infrastructure policy options.
The frozen North: controlling physician costs through controlling fees: the Canadian experience
This report discusses the national health insurance system in Canada. It describes the financing for health care, the costs of hospital and medical care.
Impact of federal funding changes on state/local infrastructure financing resources
This report estimates the impact on state and local governments of four possible changes in federal financing for public works.
Mapping our genes: federal genome projects: How vast? How fast?: transcript of workshop, "Costs of Human Genome Projects"
This report discusses the research and technology efforts aimed at mapping and sequencing large portions or entire genomes. It includes the implication of technologies, social and ethical issues, applications in research biology and medicine etc.
Congressional applications of information technology
This report discusses the implications of specific information technology applications on the Congress.
Patenting life: Commercial applications and economic impact of patented animals
This report provides an overview of U.S. live stock sector. It discusses the potential of commercial applications and expected economic impacts.
Scenarios of five federal agencies (1991-95) as shaped by information technology: a report to the Federal Government Information Technology Project
This report concentrates on the impacts of telecommunications and computer technology over the next ten years on the civil sector of the federal government.
Patenting life: Ethical issues related to the patenting of animals
This report discusses the importance of patenting transgenic animal for scientific and technology developments, and for innovation and entrepreneurship. It also discusses metaphysical and teological arguments opposing the patenting of transgenic animals.