Office of Technology Assessment - 337 Matching Results

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Beneath the bottom line: agricultural approaches to reduce agrichemical contamination of groundwater, part B management

Description: This report discusses the assessment of agrichemicals in ground water in the United States in the late 1970's. A series of recommendations are offered in this report to help solve the problems.
Date: December 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Beneath the bottom line: agricultural approaches to reduce agrichemical contamination of groundwater

Description: This report discusses the agricultural practices that are contributing to the contamination of groundwater, how to develop alternative practices, it outlines major components of the water quality issues, and describes the integrating and coordinating activities of the respective federal agencies.
Date: December 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Finding a balance: computer software, intellectual property and the challenge of technological change

Description: This report identifies three policy issues; 1) the appropriate scope of copyright protection for computer software; 2) patent protection for software-related inventions and algorithms, and how the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office will handle these types of applications; and 3) complications facing librar4ies and commercial and private producers and users of digital information, including computer-based mixed media products.
Date: 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fueling development: energy technologies for developing countries: summary

Description: This report discusses the issues surrounding energy efficiency in developing countries. Explores the way in which developing countries meet their energy needs, and how that affects the political stability and broad-based economic growth.
Date: 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preparing for an Uncertain Climate—Volume 2

Description: This is the OTAs second report on climate change. OTA examines how the Nation can best prepare for an uncertain future climate. This assessment tackles the difficult tasks of assessing how natural and human systems may be affected by climate change and of evaluating the tools at our disposal to ease adaptation to a warmer climate.
Date: October 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Biotechnology in a global economy

Description: This report discusses the biotechnology in the following countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Ireland, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, Switzerland, and United Kingdom.
Date: June 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Other approaches to civil-military integration: background paper: the Chinese and Japanese arms industries

Description: This report is divided into two sections, one of the PRC and one on Japan. Each section describes the structure and management of the respective defense industrial base and then compares it with its U.S. counterpart. The paper then assesses the degree to which lesson from the PRC and Japanese cases can be applied to the U.S. defense technology and industrial base (DTIB).
Date: 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Health care technology and its assessment in eight countries

Description: This report is a part of a larger study on International Differences in Health Care Technology and Spending. It discusses health care technology as a policy issue, healthcare technology in Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Netherlands, Sweden, United Kingdom and United States, as well as the lessons from the eight countries.
Date: February 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Testing in American Schools: Asking the Right Questions

Description: In this report, OTA places testing in its historical and policy context, examines the reasons for testing and the ways it is done, and identifies particular ways Federal policy affects the picture, The report also explores new approaches to testing that derive from modem technology and cognitive research.
Date: February 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Biology of Mental Disorders

Description: This report presents a summary of research into the biological factors associated with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and panic disorder. The report also discusses support for this research and the social context in which it moves forward.
Date: September 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Menopause, Hormone Therapy, and Women's Health

Description: This background paper describes what is known about the natural progression of the menopause and its effect on women’s health, hormone treatment and prescribing practices, alternative approaches, and research needs.
Date: May 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Global Arms Trade: Commerce in Advanced Military Technology and Weapons

Description: This report, the final product of OTA’s assessment on international collaboration in defense technology, explores the form and dynamics of the international defense industry, the intricacies of technology transfer and equipment sales, and the implications for U.S. policy.
Date: September 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Identifying and Controlling Immunotoxic Substances

Description: This background paper, which describes the state-of the- art of identifying substances that can harm the immune system, represents one response to the committee’s request. Chapter 2 provides basic information about the principal components of the immune system and the general consequences that stem from perturbations to it. Chapter 3 describes methods for evaluating chemical immunotoxicity and reports on some known or suspected immunotoxicants. Chapter 4 summarizes Federal research and regulatory activities related to immunotoxicity.
Date: April 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Long-Lived Legacy: Managing High-Level and Transuranic Waste at the DOE Nuclear Weapons Complex

Description: This report describes, documents, and analyzes available data about two key waste management problems at the Department of Energy Weapons Complex—those of high-level radioactive waste and transuranic waste. The paper is organized in two chapters—” Chapter 1: Managing High Level Waste’ and ‘Chapter 2: Managing Transuranic Waste. ” Each chapter contains a summary overview followed by a discussion and analysis of important areas in the waste management problem that the DOE faces at present and in its future operations.
Date: May 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department