Office of Technology Assessment - 94 Matching Results

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The OTA: What It Is, What It Does, How It Works, December 1979
Describes the purpose, function, and makeup of the Office of Technology Assessment. Includes organization chart with handwritten annotations.
A Status Report
Objectives for the OTA in the statutory mandate of the Technology Assessment Act and the policy directives.
Drugs in Livestock Feed: Volume 1: Technical Report
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) over the use of drugs in livestock feed
The Effects of Nuclear War
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) examining "the full range of effects that nuclear war would have on civilians: direct effects from blast and radiation; and indirect effects from economic, social, and political disruption" (Foreward).
Renewable Ocean Energy Sources: Part 1 - Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion
A report in a series by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) considering renewable ocean energy sources as a possible energy supply. This report focuses on ocean thermal energy conversion and analyzes the feasibility of using it and evaluates current research on the topic (p. iii).
Residential Energy Conservation
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that analyzes "the potential for conserving energy in homes in terms of energy and costs" and "reviews existing and promising technologies, and a broad set of issues affecting why these technologies are or are not used, how their level of use and effectiveness can be improved, and related Federal programs and policies" (p. iii).
A Review of Alternative Approaches to Federal Funding of Rail Rehabilitation
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that is part of a plan to restructure the railroads of the Northeast. It "provides a conceptual framework for the evaluation of alternative approaches to federal assistance for the rehabilitation of the nation's railroad fixed plant" (p. xiv).
Emerging Food Marketing Technologies: A Preliminary Analysis
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) on the "identification of new or emerging food marketing technologies that will have significant long-range impacts on society and the U.S. food system" (p. 3?).
Energy, The Economy, and Mass Transit
A report on a study conducted by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) on current economic and energy conditions. The report "summarizes a number of findings regarding recent trends in the transit industry, the effects of current economic and energy conditions on the use of transit, and the relative merits of adopting alternative transportation strategies to increase transit use and achieve energy conservation objectives" (p. 1).
Engineering Implications of Chronic Materials Scarcity
Papers delivered at the fourth Henniker Conference on National Materials Policy.
Enhanced Oil Recovery Potential in the United States
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) assessing "the potential of enhanced recovery techniques for freeing more of this oil [discovered oil] from the sandstone and limestone formations in which it is trapped" (Foreward).
Railroad Safety—U.S.-Canadian Comparison
This report represents a significant cooperative effort on the part of Canadian and U.S. Government agencies, railroads, and labor groups in creating mutual understanding of railroad safety policy and programs.
Establishing a 200-Mile Fisheries Zone
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) covering the the "major problems and opportunities which may occur because of the Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976" (Preface).
An Evaluation of Railroad Safety
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) evaluating the efforts made to improve the safety of the nation's railroads. The report gives "a comprehensive and systematic review of railroad safety" and assists "in current and future legislative deliberations on railroad safety" (p. v").
The Feasibility and Value of Broadband Communications in Rural Areas: A Preliminary Evaluation
A report covering a study conducted by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA). The study looks at "the feasibility and value of using broadband communications to provide public services for rural areas" (p. I-1).
Environmental Contaminants in Food
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that is "concerned with chemical and radioactive contaminants that inadvertently find their way into the human food supply" (p. iii).
An Assessment of Information Systems Capabilities Required To Support U.S. Materials Policy Decisions
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) of an assessment designed to analyze "materials information systems and their capability to support effective policymaking decisions on materials problems" (p. vii).
Coastal Effects of Offshore Energy Systems: An Assessment of Oil and Gas Systems, Deepwater Ports, and Nuclear Powerplants Off the Coasts of New Jersey and Delaware
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) about the effects of coastal development in the United States, specifically New Jersey and Delaware. The study looks at "the likely consequences of three energy systems for the ocean environment, the coastal environment, and the economics and patterns of life in both States during the next two decades" (p. c.1).
An Assessment of Community Planning for Mass Transit, Volume 7: Minneapolis-St. Paul Case Study
One of nine studies done by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) assessing community planning for mass transit. The report identifies "the factors that help communities, facing critical technological choices, make wise decisions that are consistent with local and national goals for transit" (p. vii).
Assessment of Community Planning for Mass Transit, Volume 8: San Francisco Case Study
One of nine studies done by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) assessing community planning for mass transit. The report identifies "the factors that help communities, facing critical technological choices, make wise decisions that are consistent with local and national goals for transit" (p. vii).
Assessment of Community Planning for Mass Transit, Volume 9: Seattle Case Study
One of nine studies done by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) assessing community planning for mass transit. The report identifies "the factors that help communities, facing critical technological choices, make wise decisions that are consistent with local and national goals for transit" (p. vii).
Assessment of Community Planning for Mass Transit, Volume 10: Washington, D.C. Case Study
One of many studies conducted by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA). This report is intended "to provide an information base for an overall assessment of community planning for mass transit" (preface).
Assessment of Community Planning for Mass Transit, Volume 11: Technical Report
One in a series of reports by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA). This particular report is intended to "cast light on prospective changes in national transit policy programs and administration that might improve, in different ways and to different extents, the way communities plan mass transit systems" (p. iii).
Assessment of Community Planning for Mass Transit, Volume 12: Bibliography
A bibliography of the publications that were referenced in "An Assessment of Community Planning for Mass Transit," which was done by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA).
Status Report on the Gas Potential From Devonian Shales of the Appalachian Basin
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) of "the potential for producing gas from the Devonian shales of the Appalachian Basin" based on "plausible economic, geologic, and technological assumptions" (Foreward).
Automatic Train Control in Rail Rapid Transit
A report prepared by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) covering the topic of of "the degree of automation which is technically feasible, economically justifiable, or otherwise appropriate for rail rapid transit" (p. viii).
Automobile Collision Data: An Assessment of Needs and Methods of Acquisition
A report on evaluation of the automotive crash recorder program proposed by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). As the assessment progressed, the implications for automobile collision data as a “whole became apparent and the report has been so titled to provide a more accurate indication of its scope.
Benefits of Increased Use of Continuous Casting by the U.S. Steel Industry
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) of the United States steel industry, particularly various processes of casting currently used by the industry.
Analysis of Laws Governing Access Across Federal Lands
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) analyzing "the laws governing Federal land management systems, the laws specifically applicable to Alaskan lands, and the major environmental and land-planning laws that affect access across Federal land management systems" (p. iii).
An Analysis of the ERDA Plan and Program
A report prepared by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) analyzing a plan put forth by the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA). This report assesses the plan and "is intended to provide the Congress with much of the background information necessary for an effective analysis of ERDA's energy R&D programs" (p. vii).
Transportation of Liquefied Natural Gas
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment assessing the transportation of liquefied natural gas (LNG) to be used "in consideration of major new projects for the importation of natural gas, and of the competing alternatives for transporting natural gas from Alaska through Canada...or through Alaska only and thence via LNG tankers to the lower 48 States" (p. v).
Impact of a Department of Education on Federal Science & Technology Activities
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) examining "a range of congressional options available for ensuring the integrity of the educational process for professional scientists and engineers is maintained" during the creation of the Department of Education (p. iii).
Open Shelf-Life Dating of Food
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that analyzes "consumers' perspectives on open-date labeling; benefits and costs; alternative systems and techniques; alternative criteria and scientific tests to establish open dates; enforcement mechanisms and liability related to open-date labeling; and options available to Congress" (p. 1).
Oil Transportation by Tankers: An Analysis of Marine Pollution and Safety Measures
A report prepared by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) presenting "a factual background on tankers and a discussion of issues related to the safety of tanker operation and the potential presented by tankers for introducing polluting oil into the marine environment" (p. xv). The report investigates broad issues and suggests possible alternatives.
Organizing and Financing Basic Research to Increase Food Production
A report prepared by the Office of Technology Assessment analyzing" alternatives for organizing and financing basic research to increase food production" (Preface).
OTA Priorities 1979, With Brief Descriptions of Priorities and of Assessments in Progress
This report describes the first priorities list developed by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) as a result of a new and ongoing process for selecting possible projects for study.
Nuclear Proliferation and Safeguards: Appendix Volume II, Part Two
The focus of this report is the construction of nuclear power plants abroad, especially the problem of assuring that none of the plutonium produced in these plants is diverted for use in weapons.
Nutrition Research Alternatives
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that analyzes "nutrition research alternatives-alternative goals and priorities, alternative definitions and funding, and alternative research personnel requirements" (p. iii).
Nuclear Proliferation and Safeguards
A study by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that looks at nuclear proliferation and "seeks to facilitate an understanding of the problem and its implications, in terms of both a comprehensive overview and a detailed indepth analysis of key elements" (p. 7).
Technology and East-West Trade
A study by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that identifies and evaluates the "economic, political, and military costs and benefits that accrue to the United States in its trade with the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and the People's Republic of China, taking account of the complex ways in which these factors interrelate" (p. iii).
Management of Fuel and Nonfuel Minerals in Federal Land: Current Status and Issues
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "examines a series of options that range from continuance of the status quo to major and comprehensive innovations in the management of mineral activities on Federal lands" (p. iii).
Materials and Energy from Municipal Waste
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that addresses "important questions that have arisen about the feasibility of various approaches to resource recovery, recycling, and reuse" and presents "the results of an examination of important technological, economic, and institutional factors" (p. 3).
A Preliminary Analysis of the IRS Tax Administration System
A review by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) of a proposal by the Internal Revenue Service for new computerized tax administration systems. The proposal is reviewed and investigated, with suggestions and proposals given by the OTA.
A Preliminary Assessment of the National Crime Information Center and the Computerized Criminal History System
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) concerning the growing use of computer and communications technology to the criminal justice system, analyzing possible issues that could arise in the Federal-State system (p. iii).
Policy Implications of Medical Information Systems
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) in response to the rising costs of medical care that assesses the "policy implications of computer-based medical information systems" (p. v).
Policy Implications of the Computed Tomography (CT) Scanner
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that looks specifically at the Computed Tomography (CT) scanner and examines "current Federal policies and current medical practices to determine whether a reasonable amount of justification should be provided before costly new medical technologies and procedures are put into general use," (quoted from p. iii).
Perspectives on Federal Retail Food Grading
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "evaluates changes and modifications in the present grading system which would facilitate consumer choices, examines the major issues associated with these changes, and outlines alternative approaches to implementing these changes" (p. ii).
Pest Management Strategies in Crop Protection: Volume 1
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) intending to "assess crop protection problems, current and emerging control technologies," "evaluate Federal constraints to improved pest management in the United States," and "review the problems, potentials, and impacts of the transfer of North American crop protection technology to the developing world" (p. 3).
Gasohol
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) addressing "the major technical, economic, environmental and social factors related to production and use" (Issues and Findings). Gasohol is a mixture of one part ethanol and nine parts unleaded gasoline.
Development of Medical Technology: Opportunities for Assessment
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) examining the human and financial costs to the healthcare system caused by research and development. It "discusses possibilities for and obstacles to assessing the social impacts of new medical technologies during the stages of research and development that precede their wiespread acceptance" (p. 3).