Office of Technology Assessment - 94 Matching Results

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The OTA: What It Is, What It Does, How It Works, December 1979
Describes the purpose, function, and makeup of the Office of Technology Assessment. Includes organization chart with handwritten annotations.
A Status Report
Objectives for the OTA in the statutory mandate of the Technology Assessment Act and the policy directives.
Management of Fuel and Nonfuel Minerals in Federal Land: Current Status and Issues
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "examines a series of options that range from continuance of the status quo to major and comprehensive innovations in the management of mineral activities on Federal lands" (p. iii).
Materials and Energy from Municipal Waste
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that addresses "important questions that have arisen about the feasibility of various approaches to resource recovery, recycling, and reuse" and presents "the results of an examination of important technological, economic, and institutional factors" (p. 3).
Open Shelf-Life Dating of Food
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that analyzes "consumers' perspectives on open-date labeling; benefits and costs; alternative systems and techniques; alternative criteria and scientific tests to establish open dates; enforcement mechanisms and liability related to open-date labeling; and options available to Congress" (p. 1).
Pest Management Strategies in Crop Protection: Volume 1
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) intending to "assess crop protection problems, current and emerging control technologies," "evaluate Federal constraints to improved pest management in the United States," and "review the problems, potentials, and impacts of the transfer of North American crop protection technology to the developing world" (p. 3).
Residential Energy Conservation
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that analyzes "the potential for conserving energy in homes in terms of energy and costs" and "reviews existing and promising technologies, and a broad set of issues affecting why these technologies are or are not used, how their level of use and effectiveness can be improved, and related Federal programs and policies" (p. iii).
The Direct Use of Coal
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "examines the complete coal system, from extraction to combustion, including the key steps and institutions that policy can influence" (p. iii).
Drugs in Livestock Feed: Volume 1: Technical Report
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) over the use of drugs in livestock feed
The Effects of Nuclear War
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) examining "the full range of effects that nuclear war would have on civilians: direct effects from blast and radiation; and indirect effects from economic, social, and political disruption" (Foreward).
Environmental Contaminants in Food
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that is "concerned with chemical and radioactive contaminants that inadvertently find their way into the human food supply" (p. iii).
Gasohol
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) addressing "the major technical, economic, environmental and social factors related to production and use" (Issues and Findings). Gasohol is a mixture of one part ethanol and nine parts unleaded gasoline.
Technology Assessment of Changes in the Future Use and Characteristics of the Automobile Transportation System-Volume 2: Technical Report
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "examines the automobile as a mode of personal transportation and considers issues an policy options pertaining to vehicles, highways, and related industries, services, and institutions" (p. iii).
A Review of Selected Federal Vaccine and Immunization Policies, Based on Case Studies of Pneumococcal Vaccine
The first in six reports by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that addresses "1) vaccine research, development, and production; 2)vaccine safety and efficacy; 3) cost-effectiveness of vaccination and implications for reimbursement; and 4) liability and compensation for vaccine-related injuries" (p. 4).
Selected Topics in Federal Health Statistics
A study by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that looks at how information about Federal health programs is collected. Part 1 "inventories the different health data collection systems administered by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare and other Federal agencies" and Part 2 "is a directory of statutory provisions that govern the collection of health data by the Public Health Service and the Health Care Financing Administration" (p. iii).
Technical Options for Conservation of Metals: Case Studies of Selected Metals and Products
A study by the Office of Technology Assessment that "explores the kinds and amounts of waste that occur in this Nation's use of eight critical metals and the technical options for reducing that waste" (Foreward).
Technology and East-West Trade
A study by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that identifies and evaluates the "economic, political, and military costs and benefits that accrue to the United States in its trade with the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, and the People's Republic of China, taking account of the complex ways in which these factors interrelate" (p. iii).
A Technology Assessment of Coal Slurry Pipelines
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) on the "possible effects on society of coal slurry pipeline development, a comparison of pipeline and unit train costs, and an analysis of relevant legal and regulatory issues" (Foreword).
Analysis of Laws Governing Access Across Federal Lands
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) analyzing "the laws governing Federal land management systems, the laws specifically applicable to Alaskan lands, and the major environmental and land-planning laws that affect access across Federal land management systems" (p. iii).
Benefits of Increased Use of Continuous Casting by the U.S. Steel Industry
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) of the United States steel industry, particularly various processes of casting currently used by the industry.
Computer Technology in Medical Education and Assessment: Background Report
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that reviews "the state-of-the-art of the use of computer technology in medical education and assessment" and describes "the technologies and strategies for computer-based education and assessment, the current state of medical education and assessment activities, and computer applications in medicine" (p. iii).
Impact of a Department of Education on Federal Science & Technology Activities
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) examining "a range of congressional options available for ensuring the integrity of the educational process for professional scientists and engineers is maintained" during the creation of the Department of Education (p. iii).
Nutrition Research Alternatives
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that analyzes "nutrition research alternatives-alternative goals and priorities, alternative definitions and funding, and alternative research personnel requirements" (p. iii).
Policy Implications of the Computed Tomography (CT) Scanner
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that looks specifically at the Computed Tomography (CT) scanner and examines "current Federal policies and current medical practices to determine whether a reasonable amount of justification should be provided before costly new medical technologies and procedures are put into general use," (quoted from p. iii).
A Preliminary Assessment of the National Crime Information Center and the Computerized Criminal History System
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) concerning the growing use of computer and communications technology to the criminal justice system, analyzing possible issues that could arise in the Federal-State system (p. iii).
Renewable Ocean Energy Sources: Part 1 - Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion
A report in a series by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) considering renewable ocean energy sources as a possible energy supply. This report focuses on ocean thermal energy conversion and analyzes the feasibility of using it and evaluates current research on the topic (p. iii).
The Role of Demonstrations in Federal R&D Policy
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "analyzes the Nation's experience with demonstration projects to provide Congress with a perspective and a set of guidelines for evaluating and shaping proposed demonstrations" (p. iv).
Railroad Safety—U.S.-Canadian Comparison
This report represents a significant cooperative effort on the part of Canadian and U.S. Government agencies, railroads, and labor groups in creating mutual understanding of railroad safety policy and programs.
Automobile Collision Data: An Assessment of Needs and Methods of Acquisition
A report on evaluation of the automotive crash recorder program proposed by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). As the assessment progressed, the implications for automobile collision data as a “whole became apparent and the report has been so titled to provide a more accurate indication of its scope.
Drug Bioequivalence
Report of the findings from a panel of the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) regarding drug bioequivalence therapies. According to the report, the purpose of the Drug Bioequivalence Study Panel "was to examine the relationships between the chemical and therapeutic equivalence of drug products and to assess the capability of current technology -- short of therapeutic trials in man -- to determine whether drug products with the same physical and chemical composition produce comparable therapeutic effects" (p. 5).
Requirements for Fulfilling a National Materials Policy
Report from a conference focused on finding a "consensus on main themes of materials policy, and to focus national attention on the need for a strong, effective national network of materials information systems" (p. 1).
Food Information Systems
Transcriptions of statements made over the course of four days regarding the food information systems in the United States.
Food Information Systems: Summary and Analysis
A study done by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) intended to "review food information systems in order to isolate and evaluate those significant to the development of food legislation and related congressional policymaking" (p. xi).
A Review of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Environmental Research Outlook FY 1976 Through 1980
A review by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) of a previous report by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The review closely examines the proposals in the five-year plan regarding national environmental goals.
Technology Assessment Activities in the Industrial, Academic, and Governmental Communities
Hearings over the course of four days covering the "updated view of the mission, utility, methodology, and state-of-the-art of technology assessment" (p. 1).
Analysis of the Proposed National Energy Plan
A report prepared by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) of an analysis of the proposed national energy plan.
A Review of Alternative Approaches to Federal Funding of Rail Rehabilitation
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that is part of a plan to restructure the railroads of the Northeast. It "provides a conceptual framework for the evaluation of alternative approaches to federal assistance for the rehabilitation of the nation's railroad fixed plant" (p. xiv).
The Financial Viability of Conrail
A review prepared by the the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) based on the Final System Plan of the Consolidated Rail Corporation (ConRail) of 1974. It "examines "the critical assumptions affecting ConRail's financial viability using background data developed by USRA, the views of the key parties and independent analysis" (p.1).
Oil Transportation by Tankers: An Analysis of Marine Pollution and Safety Measures
A report prepared by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) presenting "a factual background on tankers and a discussion of issues related to the safety of tanker operation and the potential presented by tankers for introducing polluting oil into the marine environment" (p. xv). The report investigates broad issues and suggests possible alternatives.
A Review of National Railroad Issues
The Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) prepared a report that studies how to handle the remaining bankrupt railroads after the creation of Conrail. It examines the current financial states of railroads, and possible ways to address the problem.
An Assessment of Alternative Economic Stockpiling Policies
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that focuses on analyzing the "materials problems related to sudden discontinuities in the long-range supply/demand of a given material, resulting in complete or partial disruptions and abrupt price changes" (p. vii).
An Assessment of Community Planning for Mass Transit, Volume 2: Atlanta Case Study
This report, based on a study directed by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) is one of nine case studies intended to assess community planning of mass transit. It "attempts to identify the factors that help communities, facing critical technological choices, make wise decisions that are consistent with local and national goals for transit" (pg. vii).
An analysis of the feasibility of separating exploration from production of oil and gas on the outer continental shelf
A report on an analysis done by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) on whether or not it is feasible to separate "exploration from production of oil and gas on the Outer Continental Shelf" (p. iii).
An Analysis of the Impacts of the Projected Natural Gas Curtailments for the Winter 1975-76
A report prepared by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) analyzing the potential impacts of the expected natural gas shortage of the winter of 1975-76. The study's objectives are to "determine the extent to which these projected curtailments reflect the actual situation and what the impacts and potential danger points might be as a result of the natural gas shortage" (p. ix).
Automated Guideway Transit: An Assessment of PRT and Other New Systems
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) assessing the Automated Guideway Transit Systems, with both detailed findings and summaries.
Energy, The Economy, and Mass Transit
A report on a study conducted by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) on current economic and energy conditions. The report "summarizes a number of findings regarding recent trends in the transit industry, the effects of current economic and energy conditions on the use of transit, and the relative merits of adopting alternative transportation strategies to increase transit use and achieve energy conservation objectives" (p. 1).
Coastal Effects of Offshore Energy Systems: An Assessment of Oil and Gas Systems, Deepwater Ports, and Nuclear Powerplants Off the Coasts of New Jersey and Delaware
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) about the effects of coastal development in the United States, specifically New Jersey and Delaware. The study looks at "the likely consequences of three energy systems for the ocean environment, the coastal environment, and the economics and patterns of life in both States during the next two decades" (p. c.1).
Comparative Analysis of the 1976 ERDA Plan and Program
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) analyzing the status of ERDA regarding short-term and long-term energy problems. It follows a 1975 analysis that contained a plan for ERDA; this report shows the progress since then and highlights 16 major issues that are of importance.
Development of Medical Technology: Opportunities for Assessment
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) examining the human and financial costs to the healthcare system caused by research and development. It "discusses possibilities for and obstacles to assessing the social impacts of new medical technologies during the stages of research and development that precede their wiespread acceptance" (p. 3).
The Feasibility and Value of Broadband Communications in Rural Areas: A Preliminary Evaluation
A report covering a study conducted by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA). The study looks at "the feasibility and value of using broadband communications to provide public services for rural areas" (p. I-1).