Office of Technology Assessment - 93 Matching Results

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Quarterly Report Office of Technology Assessment, January 1 - March 31, 1986
Quarterly report detailing the budgets and progress of the Office of Technology Assessment.
Quarterly Report to the Technology Assessment Board, April 1 - June 30, 1986
Quarterly report detailing the budget and progress of the Office of Technology Assessment.
Quarterly Report to the Technology Assessment Board,July 1 - September 30, 1986
Quarterly report detailing budget and progress of the Office of Technology Assessment.
Annual Report to the Congress, Fiscal Year 1986
Annual report detailing the progress and budget of the Office of Technology Assessment.
Policies and procedures of the Office of Technology Assessment : communication with Congress and the public
A manual for OTA employees, providing guidance for drafting proposals and reports. Includes standards and procedures for communicating with Congress.
OTA Senior Management Retreat, 1986
Materials from an OTA Senior Management Retreat including memoranda, summaries, and discussion points for previous or upcoming studies and programs. The retreat was held from November 12-14, 1986.
Effects of federal policies on extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
A report on OTA’s assessment of payment for physician services: strategies for medicare
Federal government information technology: Electronic Record Systems and Individual Privacy
This report addresses four major areas: 1) technological developments relevant to government record systems; 2) current and prospective Federal agency use of electronic record systems; 3) the interaction of technology and public law relevant to protecting privacy; and 4) possible policy actions that warrant congressional attention, including amendment of existing laws such as the Privacy Act of 1974 and establishment of new mechanisms such as a Data Protection Board or Privacy Protection Commission.
Alternatives to Animal Use in Research, Testing, and Education
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "analyzes the scientific, regulatory, economic, legal, and ethical considerations involved in alternative technologies in biomedical and behavioral research, toxicity testing, and education" (p. iii).
Assessing Biological Diversity in the United States: Data Considerations: Background Paper 2
A background paper by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "outlines how data can be used in maintaining biological diversity: describes primarily the Federal institutions that collect biological data; provides an overview of existing Federal biological databases; discusses technical aspects of collecting, storing, and retrieving biological data; and suggests ways to improve biological databases so that they can be better used to help maintain diversity of this Nation's plant and animal life" (Preface).
Children's Mental Health: Problems and Services: Background Paper
A background paper by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) over the mental health problems of children and adolescents and the need for appropriateness of mental health services.
OTA Special Report: Continuing the Commitment: Agricultural Development in the Sahel
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "examines the record of assistance to nine nations of the Sahel in West Africa, explores the lessons learned in a decade of efforts, and suggests policy implications for more effective U.S. assistance there and elsewhere in Africa" (p. iii).
Grassroots Conservation of Biological Diversity in the United States
This report examines the technological and institutional aspects of biological data relevant to maintaining biological diversity in the United States focusing primarily on Federal data collection efforts.
Hearing Impairment and Elderly People
This OTA background paper discusses the prevalence of hearing impairment and its impact on elderly people; hearing devices and services that may benefit them; and problems in the service delivery system that limit access to these devices and services.
Indian Health Care
This report is an assessment of health care for American Indians and Alaska Natives who are eligible for medical and health-related services from the Federal Government. The Federal agency that is responsible for providing these services is the Indian Health Service (IHS), a component of the Public Health Service (PHS) in the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS).
Intellectual Property Rights in an Age of Electronics and Information
This report examines the impact of recent and anticipated advances in communication and information technologies on the intellectual property system. It focuses primarily on the Federal copyright system, and on the continuing effectiveness of copyright law as a policy tool in the light of technologies such as audioand videorecorders, computer programs, electronic databases, and telecommunications networks.
The Regulatory environment for science
This technical memorandum, requested by the Task Force on Science Policy of the House Committee on Science and Technology, provides a “snapshot” of factors affecting science in the 1980s, and focuses on emerging issues that will require consideration by Congress.
Research funding as an investment: can we measure the returns?
A report on the mounting intensity of global competition in the 1980s that underscores the critical role played by the basic research enterprise of the United States. Basic research is the backbone of much of the technological development that has provided not only our economic prosperity, but improvements in health, a strong national defense, and exciting and fundamental advances in knowledge.
A Review of U.S. competitiveness in agricultural trade
This OTA technical memorandum reviews key factors that influence U.S. trade in agriculture. It is part of a larger OTA project that analyzes the effects of technological change on both international trade and the structure of the domestic economy. Despite basic structural changes in the economy of the United States in recent years, agriculture and food production remain important parts of this country’s economic framework.
Scientific equipment for undergraduates: is it adequate?
This background paper presents the results of the interviews with individuals familiar with the adequacy of instructional equipment used to teach science and engineering to undergraduate students at American colleges and universities.
Serious reduction of hazardous waste: for pollution prevention and industrial efficiency
The report explores the meaning and consequences of giving primacy to waste reduction over waste management, and puts waste reduction squarely into the context of industrial production and efficiency, recognizing the current constraints of the American economy.
The Social Security Administration and information technology: special report
In this report, OTA examines the objectives and technical strategies embodied in the SMP and the progress that the Social Security Administration has made toward its implementation. The report calls attention to some general problems faced by both SSA and other Federal agencies that are increasingly dependent on communications and information technology in carrying out their missions.
Federal Government Information Technology: Management, Security, and Congressional Oversight
The report addresses five major areas: 1) management of information technology, including strategic planning, innovation, procurement, and the information resources management (IRM) concept; 2) information systems security and computer crime; 3) information technology and decision support; 4) management of government information dissemination; and 5) opportunities for using information technology in conducting congressional oversight.
Marine Applications for Fuel Cell Technology
A report on fuel cell technology is one of the most promising of the new electric power technologies currently undergoing development. Fuel cell power systems have attracted attention because of their potential for high efficiency, low emissions, flexible use of fuels, and quietness. The Federal Government and the private sector have been funding fuel cell R&D for more than 20 years. The state-of-the-art has advanced to the point that fuel cell manufacturers hope to begin marketing fuel cells in just a few years. Full-scale demonstration plants are currently being designed.
Microelectronics research & development: background paper
This background paper describes the current state of research and development in microelectronics by examining the range of R&D efforts and the sources of Federal and private support for R&D. It also presents potential policy concerns that stem from existing arrangements for direct Federal support and from changes underway in microelectronics R&D.
New structural materials technologies: opportunities for the use of advanced ceramics and composites
This memorandum is part of a larger assessment which will address the impact of advanced structural materials on the competitiveness of the U.S. manufacturing sector, and offer policy options for accelerating the commercial utilization of these materials.
Nurse practitioners, physician assistants, and certified nurse-midwives: a policy analysis
A report on the primary purpose of this report is to provide OTA with specific information that can be used in forming general conclusions regarding broader policy issues.
Ocean incineration: its role in managing hazardous waste
This assessment of ocean incineration includes consideration of the adequacy of regulations; risks to human health and the marine environment relative to the risks of comparable activities; existing and emerging alternatives; the capabilities and limitations of ocean incineration in managing hazardous wastes; and how its use might affect efforts to develop superior waste treatment and reduction practices. Particular attention is addressed to areas of intense public concern over the use of this technology.
Passive smoking in the workplace: selected issues: staff paper
Three major areas are covered in this Staff Paper: 1) a review of the studies of health effects related to passive smoking; 2) a review of current Federal, State and local, and private sector workplace smoking policies; and 3) a discussion of factors to consider in an analysis of the costs and benefits of implementing a workplace smoking policy.
Payment for physician services: strategies for Medicare
A report on medicare coverage of physician services for elderly and disabled. The report also discusses the payment methods that have also fueled increases in expenditures for physician services, which are now one of the most rapidly growing parts of the Federal budget.
Plant closing: advance notice and rapid response: special report
The report also assesses the ability of public agencies to provide worker adjustment services rapidly and effectively when employers do give notice. Much of the benefit of advance notice depends on the prompt provision of effective services.
Potential Effects of Section 3 of the Federal Coal Leasing Amendments Act of 1976
This OTA special report analyzes the potential effects of section 3 and legislative options for promoting timely production from Federal coal leases. It was prepared at the request of the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.
Supercomputers: government plans & policies
This background paper was requested by the House Committee on Science and Technology. Within the past 2 years, there has been a notable expansion in the Federal supercomputer programs and this increase prompted the committee’s request for a review of issues of resource management, networking, and the role of supercomputers in basic research.
Annual Report to the Congress: Fiscal Year 1985
This report includes statements by the Chairman and Vice Chairman of the board, TAAC Chairman, and the director of the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA). The report discusses the year in review regarding the work in progress, organization and operations of OTA.
Technology and structural unemployment: reemploying displaced adults
This report concentrates on the problems of displaced blue-collar and nonprofessional white-collar workers. This report gives an overview of Federal programs that provide such services, and evaluates the extent to which both private and public programs are meeting the needs of displaced workers.
Technology, public policy, and the changing structure of American agriculture
This report addresses the longer run issues that technology and certain other factors will have on American agriculture during the remainder of this century. It focuses on the relationship of technology to: agricultural production, structural change, rural communities, environment and natural resource base, finance and credit, research and extension, and public policy. This report is a first step toward understanding these interrelated problems and identifying policies to ameliorate them.
Technology, trade, and the U.S. residential construction industry: special report
This special report is part of a larger OTA project that analyzes the effects of technological change on the structure of the domestic economy, on international trade, and on options for public policy. Home construction’s importance to the study stems from the fact that although housing accounts for over 27 percent of personal spending, ownership of attractive residences remains beyond the reach of many American families.
Trade in services: exports and foreign revenues: special report
The special report in this volume was prepared after the Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs requested separate publication of OTA’s estimates of the impacts of services trade on the Nation’s balance of payments.
Transportation of hazardous materials
A report on the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act, passed in 1975, is the primary Federal law governing this transportation. Largely unchanged in the past dozen years, the Act will be scrutinized carefully by Congress in the near future as it comes due for reauthorization.
Transportation of Hazardous Materials: State and Local Activities
A report on hazardous materials that are transported. This special report, Transportation of Hazardous Materials: State and Local Activities, is the first of the two. It summarizes Federal programs and identifies three major areas of State and local government concern: prevention and enforcement activities, emergency response and training, and planning and data gathering. The report outlines related issues, describes methods by which jurisdictions are responding to them, and documents the concerns that the Federal Government could address.
Western surface mine permitting and reclamation
This report responds to a request from the House Committee on interior and Insu- Iar Affairs to assess the ability of current mining and reclamation technologies and methodologies, and of Federal programs and policies, to meet the statutory mandates for environmental protection in reclaiming the surface of Western coal mined lands.
Space stations and the law: selected legal issues
This report suggests that Congress need not wait for the completion of the current governmental negotiations in order to begin an examination of the legal issues resulting from space station development and operation. In the near term, Congress could: 1) begin to identify those Federal and State laws which already apply to space station activities and those that Congress believes should apply; 2) begin to resolve questions of power sharing between Federal and State laws and Federal and State courts as they relate to space station activities; and 3) monitor the space station negotiations to ensure that the final space station agreements protect the fundamental rights and interests of U.S. citizens and support U.S. policies, including those related to commercial activities in space.
Technologies for detecting heritable mutations in human beings
A report on heritable mutations, permanent changes in the genetic material that can be passed on to succeeding generations, are the cause of a large but currently unquantifiable share of embryonic and fetal loss, disease, disability, and early death in the United States today. The methods now available to study heritable mutations, however, offer relatively little information about the kinds of mutations that can occur, their frequency, or their causes.
Technologies for NATO's follow-on forces attack concept: a special report of OTA's assessment on improving NATO's defense response
This report is an unclassified version of OTA’s Special Report, Technologies for NATO’s Followon Forces Attack Concept. It contains primarily the executive summary of the classified report, as well as the chapter on delivery systems and munitions, with classified material removed.
Technologies for prehistoric & historic preservation
This report presents the primary findings of an assessment requested by the House Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. The Subcommittee on Public Lands is carrying out a major review of how Federal agencies implement Federal preservation policy. This assessment directly supports the Committee’s review by showing how the uses of certain methods, techniques, as well as tools and equipment can assist Federal, State, and local preservation efforts.
The clinical economics of nutrition support services and antibiotic medications for the critically and terminally ill elderly
This report reviews the techniques that are available for assessing the economic impact of medical care intervention, provided a critical review of the studies that have examined the financial consequences of the use of nutrition support services and antibiotic medication. It also describes how their economic impact may vary from different points of view, and proposes the need for further studies and suggests policy implementation of the available data.
Life sustaining technologies and the elderly: legal issues: Italy
This report discusses the impact of life-sustaining technologies on the elderly, in Italy. It offers an overview of the current and the projected population of Italy, with emphasis on 60 and over.
Renal dialysis decisionmaking
This report summarizes the general policies of acceptance of patients for treatment. Decision to initiate treatment with dialysis are made by review committees in each of six institutions that provide dialysis treatments.
Employee perceptions and supervisory behaviors in clerical VDT work performed on systems that allow electronic monitoring
The purpose of this report is to obtain empirical data about how the potential monitoring capabilities of new office systems technology are, in fact, being taken up by management and reacted to by employees.
Privacy and quality-of-work-life issues in employee monitoring: contractor report
This report discusses broad perspectives an historical trends on worker monitoring,and current work-evaluation monitoring. It also describes a variety of federal-agency monitoring practices.