Office of Technology Assessment - 183 Matching Results

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The Office of Technology Assessment and Congressional Policymaking
This paper describes the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) and its relationship with Congress in developing technology-related policy.
Office of Technology Assessment List of Publications, September 1985
A catalog of Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) documents published through 1985.
Technology Assessment Seminar
Summary of the Technology Assessment Seminar proceedings held on September 21 and 22, 1968, regarding the importance of technology assessment, development, and responsibility in an increasingly technology-dependent society. Attendees consisted of Members of Congress and various technology experts and scholars .
An Experiment in Technology Policy-Making: Fifteen Years of the U.S. Office of Technology Assessment, September 30, 1987
This report discusses the history and function of the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) and how, by the year of publication, the OTA had become very beneficial to Members of the U.S. Congress.
Informational Technology and Its Impact on American Education : summary
This report documents two sets of conclusions: the impact of the information revolution driven by rapid advances in communication and computer technology, and how information technology can improve and enrich education.
OTA Management Retreat
Report by the OTA staff development group at the Wye retreat.
Advanced Automotive Technology: Visions of a Super-Efficient Family Car
This report presents the results of the Office of Technology Assessment’s analysis of the prospects for developing automobiles that offer significant improvements in fuel economy and reduced emissions over the longer term (out to the year 2015). The report examines the likely costs and performance of a range of technologies and vehicle types, and the U.S. and foreign research and development programs for these technologies and vehicles (to allow completion of this study before OTA closed its doors, issues such as infrastructure development and market development--- critical to the successful commercialization of advanced vehicles-were not covered).
Environmental Policy Tools: A User's Guide
This report describes 12 policy tools, and how and where they are currently used. This “user’s guide” presents a framework to help decision-makers narrow down the choice of instruments for addressing a particular problem.
Federal Research and Technology for Aviation
This report focuses on research and technology policy issues for aviation operations: safety, security, environmental protection, and the air traffic system.
Hip Fracture Outcomes in People Age 50 and Over
This background paper is one of four documents resulting from OTA’s study of policy issues in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.
Studies of the Environmental Costs of Electricity
This report examines a set of environmental cost studies, compares and contrasts their methods and assumptions, and discusses how they could be made more useful to federal policy makers.
Technologies for Understanding and Preventing Substance Abuse and Addiction
This report has four parts. The first part focuses on several factors that are necessary for substance abuse and addiction to occur, including an examination of the biological research regarding the phenomenon of addiction to a variety of substances. The second part describes individual risk and protective factors that contribute to the abuse of, and addiction to, alcohol and drugs. The third part, looks at how risk and protective factors play out in subcultures and in major activity settings (home, school, workplace, and recreation), and assesses the effectiveness of various substance abuse prevention initiatives. The fourth section, addresses a range of legislative issues and options for Congress arising from an understanding of the factors leading to substance abuse and addiction.
The Department of Defense Kuwait Oil Health Fire Risk Assessment (The "Persian Gulf Veterans' Registry")
This paper describes briefly the work on DoD’s Kuwait Oil Fire Health Risk Assessment to date, including the results of a pilot study of health risks, and then answers the questions addressed to OTA in PL 102-585.
Tools for Evaluating Health Technologies: Five Background Papers
This paper deals with one of the most basic questions in any health research endeavor: how to measure the outcomes associated with whatever is being studied. The paper describes in greater detail some of the research techniques discussed.
Plants: The Potential for Extracting Protein, Medicines, and Other Useful Chemicals: Workshop Proceedings
Proceedings prepared by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that describe "technological opportunities for commercially developing plant extracts, examples of some work being done in this field, and workshop participants' conclusions and recommendations concerning the Government's role in the area" (p. iii).
U.S. Natural Gas Availability: Conventional Gas Supply Through the Year 2000
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that examines "the future potential for production of all forms of natural gas in the U.S. Lower 48 States, emphasizing the time frame 1990-2000" (p. iii).
MEDLARS and Health Information Policy
A study by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "analyzes the arguments for and against NLM's (National Library of Medicine) creation and dissemination of health-related bibliographic information" and "provides information designed to help Congress in decisions regarding the appropriate mix of NLM and private sector activities that might serve the public interest most efficiently" (p. iii).
Strategies for Medical Technology Assessment
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "analyzes the present system of identifying and testing medical technologies and of synthesizing and disseminating assessment information" (p. iii).
Gasohol
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) addressing "the major technical, economic, environmental and social factors related to production and use" (Issues and Findings). Gasohol is a mixture of one part ethanol and nine parts unleaded gasoline.
A Review of Selected Federal Vaccine and Immunization Policies, Based on Case Studies of Pneumococcal Vaccine
The first in six reports by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that addresses "1) vaccine research, development, and production; 2)vaccine safety and efficacy; 3) cost-effectiveness of vaccination and implications for reimbursement; and 4) liability and compensation for vaccine-related injuries" (p. 4).
Technical Options for Conservation of Metals: Case Studies of Selected Metals and Products
A study by the Office of Technology Assessment that "explores the kinds and amounts of waste that occur in this Nation's use of eight critical metals and the technical options for reducing that waste" (Foreward).
The Implications of Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Medical Technology: Background Paper 1: Methodological Issues and Literature Review
A background paper for an assessment for the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that closely looks at methodology and cost-effectiveness in the health care industry.
Computer Technology in Medical Education and Assessment: Background Report
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that reviews "the state-of-the-art of the use of computer technology in medical education and assessment" and describes "the technologies and strategies for computer-based education and assessment, the current state of medical education and assessment activities, and computer applications in medicine" (p. iii).
Nutrition Research Alternatives
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that analyzes "nutrition research alternatives-alternative goals and priorities, alternative definitions and funding, and alternative research personnel requirements" (p. iii).
Health Technology Case Study 35: The Effectiveness and Costs of Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD)
A case study by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) over continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) as a treatment for end-stage renal disease (p. 3).
Technology Transfer to the Middle East
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "clarifies the policy issues surrounding technology transfer to developing countries, by highlighting tradeoffs among various commercial, political, and development assistance policy goals, and by suggesting options for more consistent policies affecting technology transfer to developing countries" (p. iii).
Anti-Satellite Weapons, Countermeasures, and Arms Control
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) of the "opportunities and risks involved in an accelerated program of research on new ballistic missile defense technologies, including those that might lead to deployment of weapons in space" (p. iii).
Ballistic Missile Defense Technologies
An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) of the "opportunities and risks involved in an accelerated program of research on new ballistic missile defense technologies, including those that might lead to deployment of weapons in space" (Foreward).
Health Technology Case Study Twenty-seven: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging Technology: A Clinical, Industrial, and Policy Analysis
A case study by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that provides "a vehicle for gaining insight into the impact that Federal policies have had on the development of NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance) imaging as a modality, on the industry that manufactures the imagers, on the hospitals and medical centers that might consider acquiring NMR imagers, and on a public interested not only in the timely introduction of valuable innovations, but also in protection from unsafe devices and rapid increases in health care costs" (p. 3).
Status of Biomedical Research and Related Technology for Tropical Diseases
A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) examining the "status of biomedical research and technologies for controlling tropical diseases" (p. iii).
Unconventional Cancer Treatments
This report describes the unconventional cancer treatments that are most used by U.S. cancer patients; it describes the way in which people find out about them and how much they pay for them; reviews the claims made for them and the information base in support of the claims; suggests possible ways of generating valid information about their safety and effectiveness; and presents the legal issues surrounding unconventional treatments that have brought civil and criminal litigation to bear on the subject.
Worker Training: Competing in the New International Economy
This report focuses on the training given to employed workers both from the standpoint of the competitiveness of U.S. industry and from the standpoint of the individual worker who may need training to advance. Most workers who get training get it from their employer, and much of the report looks at the employer provided training system. The message of this report is that the debate about national training policies needs to be broadened to encompass not only training programs for the economically disadvantaged, the displaced worker, or people with special needs, but also those who stand on the front line of American productivity-employed workers at all levels.
Replacing Gasoline: Alternative Fuels for Light-Duty Vehicles
In this report OTA gives a broad overview of the qualities of the competing fuels and examines in depth some of the most contentious issues associated with the wisdom of active Federal support for introducing the fuels. Areas of uncertainty that affect the debate on Federal support include fuel cost (including costs of building new infrastructure and modifying vehicles); the air quality effects of the new fuels; effects on energy security; other environmental impacts of the fuels; and consumer acceptance of the changes in vehicle performance, refueling procedures, costs, and other facets of the transportation system that would follow a large-scale introduction of any of the fuels. The report singles out for special examination the arguments concerning the costs, energy security implications, and air quality impacts of introducing methanol fuels into the fleet.
The Use of Integrity Tests for Pre-Employment Screening
This report discusses the definition of honesty and integrity tests defined by OTA. The definition does not necessarily resolve ambiguities over the universe of tests that should be considered integrity tests. Controversy surrounds the meanings of integrity and honesty in the workplace; there is disagreement over whether integrity tests differ from other personnel tests in design or in the kinds of inferences they support; and there is little relative information on how integrity and honesty tests are actually used in hiring decisions.
Biological Rhythms: Implications for the Worker
This report discusses biological rhythms: what they are, how they are controlled by the brain, and the role they play in regulating physiological and cognitive functions. The major focus of the report is the examination of the effects of nonstandard work hours on biological rhythms and how these effects can interact with other factors to affect the health, performance, and safety of workers.
Aging Nuclear Power Plants: Managing Plant Life and Decommissioning
This report examines the following: the outlook for safety management and economic life decisions for the Nation’s existing nuclear power plants as they age, the prospects for decommissioning, and current and potential Federal efforts that could contribute to more timely and better informed decisions regarding plant life and decommissioning.
Do Medicaid and Medicare Patients Sue More Often Than Other Patients?
This background paper also responds to the request of the Congressional Sunbelt Caucus that OTA examine and judge the available evidence on whether Medicaid and Medicare patients, particularly obstetrics patients, are more litigious than other patients.
U.S. Vulnerability to an Oil Import Curtailment: The Oil Replacement Capability
A report by Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "analyzes energy supply and demand technologies which can replace large amounts of oil within 5 years after the onset of a major oil supply shortfall, occurring within the next few years and accompanied by a large and enduring increase in oil prices" (p. iii).
Potential Environmental Impacts of Bioenergy Crop Production
This report reviews how bioenergy crops could potentially affect soil quality and soil erosion, water quality, air quality, habitat for a variety of species, and the global environment.
Compilation of Abbreviations and Terms
This paper contains glossaries of terms and abbreviations compiled from selected reports issued between 1987 and 1992 by the Health Program and the Biological and Behavioral Sciences Program of the Office of Technology Assessment.
Information Systems Related to Technology Transfer: A Report on Federal Technology Transfer in the United States
This report focuses on the process of Federal Domestic Technology Transfer and the organizations and mechanisms that foster this process. It discusses the barriers in detail, and discusses options for improving the process including the case for a centralized, user friendly, information system.
The Department of Veterans Affairs Persian Gulf Veterans' Health Registry
This report focuses on the VA “Persian Gulf War Veterans Health Registry,” which is referred to here as the “examination registry.”
The Continuing Challenge of Tuberculosis
This report synthesizes current understanding of tuberculosis (TB) in the United States, including the extent of the disease, the state of research of new preventive, diagnostic, and therapeutic technologies to aid in its control, and the delivery of effective TB services. The report also provides an overview of Federal involvement in these activities.
Water for Walker Lake
This report discusses the Walker River flows, water rights decrees, agricultural diversions, and other issues related to Walker River water.
Assessing the Potential for Civil-Military Integration: Technologies, Processes, and Practices
This report responds to requests by the Senate and the House Armed Services Committees to investigate the potential for civil-military integration and the implications of such integration. It is divided into six chapters and five appendices.
Civilian Satellite Remote Sensing: A Strategic Approach
This report analyzes the case for developing a long-term, comprehensive strategic plan for civilian satellite remote sensing, and explores the elements of such a plan, if it were adopted. The report also enumerates many of the congressional decisions needed to ensure that future data needs will be satisfied.
Protecting Privacy in Computerized Medical Information
This report analyzes the implications of computerized medical information and the challenges it brings to individual privacy. The report examines: 1) the nature of the privacy interest in health care information and the current state of the law protecting that information; 2) the nature of proposals to computerize health care information and the technologies available to both computerize and protect privacy in the information; and 3) models for protection of health care information.
Pulling Together for Productivity: A Union-Management Initiative at US West, Inc.
This report is a case study which points to an alternative that benefits both workers and the firm. In this report OTA finds that the Home and Personal Services Division of U S WEST, Inc. has increased revenues, eliminated unnecessary work, and improved customer service.
Energy Technology Transfer to China
A technical memorandum by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "examines the opportunities for the transfer of various energy technologies to China" and also "reviews the motivations for U.S. companies and other institutions for transferring technology and the vehicles for doing so" (p. iii).
Electronic Bulls and Bears: U.S. Securities Markets and Information Technology
This report responds to requests by the House Committee on Energy and Commerce and the House Committee on Government Operations to assess the role that communication and information technologies play in the securities markets. The Committee desired a benchmark for gauging progress made toward the national market system envisioned by the 1975 Act. This report assesses the current use of information technology by U.S. securities exchanges and over-the-counter dealers, by related futures and options markets, and by associated industries and regulatory agencies.