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The 1992 World Administrative Radio Conference: Technology and Policy Implications

Description: This paper examined the technologies and issues to be considered at World Administrative Radio Conference (WARC)-92, discusses the international and domestic context for WARC-93 preparations, and analyzed the U.S. process of conference preparation.
Date: May 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Access to Over-the-Road Buses for Persons With Disabilities

Description: This report is part of a process leading to regulations to be issued by the U.S. Department of Transportation. This process has included a review of a draft of this study by the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (ATBCB).
Date: May 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Accessibility and Integrity of Networked Information Collections

Description: The paper begins with a survey of recent developments in networked information resources and tools to identify, navigate, and use such resources. The paper then discusses the changing legal framework that governs use of electronic information as contract law rather than simple sale within the context of copyright law becomes the dominant model for acquiring access to electronic information.
Date: August 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Adult Literacy and New Technologies: Tools for a Lifetime

Description: Adult education needs are difficult to define and difficult to meet; what constitutes adequate literacy changes continually as the demands facing individuals grow more complex. This report is an attempt to identify those capabilities, along with limitations, and outline how new information technologies can be marshaled to meet the goal of a fully literate citizenry.
Date: July 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Advanced Network Technology

Description: This background paper analyzes technologies for tomorrow’s information superhighways. Advanced networks will first be used to support scientists in their work, linking researchers to supercomputers, databases, and scientific instruments. The paper also describes six test networks that are being funded as part of the High Performance Computing and Communications Program.
Date: June 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aging Nuclear Power Plants: Managing Plant Life and Decommissioning

Description: This report examines the following: the outlook for safety management and economic life decisions for the Nation’s existing nuclear power plants as they age, the prospects for decommissioning, and current and potential Federal efforts that could contribute to more timely and better informed decisions regarding plant life and decommissioning.
Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aircraft Evacuation Testing: Research and Technology Issues

Description: This report describes the OTA study that examined regulatory, research, and technology issues related to passenger safety and evacuation testing.
Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Alternative Coca Reduction Strategies in the Andean Region

Description: This report identifies opportunities for and constraints to reducing Andean coca production through: 1) improving U.S. alternative development efforts and 2) applying biological control technology (bio-control) to eradicate illegally produced coca.
Date: July 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Annual Report to the Congress, Fiscal Year 1992

Description: Annual report of the progress and budget of the Office of Technology Assessment. 20th Anniversary Edition.
Date: January 1993
Creator: Office of Technology Assessment
Item Type: Text
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Benefit Design in Health Care Reform: Clinical Preventive Services

Description: This Report examines the evidence on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of selected clinical preventive services, and whether and how this information might be used to design insurance benefits.
Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Benefit Design in Health Care Reform: Patient Cost-Sharing

Description: This paper examines the health services and economics literature to learn what is known about the effects of patient cost-sharing (that is, annual deductibles, coinsurance, copayments, and out-of-pocket maximurns) on patients’ use of health care services, on plan expenditures, and on patients’ health outcomes.
Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Biological Components of Substance Abuse and Addiction

Description: This paper describes biological contributing factors to substance abuse and addiction. The second document being produced by this study will discuss the complex interactions of biochemical, physiological, psychological, and sociological factors leading to substance abuse and addiction.
Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Biomedical Ethics in U.S. Public Policy

Description: This report reviews the history of four Federal bioethics initiatives: the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research, the Ethics Advisory Board, the President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research, and the Biomedical Ethics Advisory Committee.
Date: June 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Biopolymers: Making Materials Nature's Way

Description: This report discusses a study that provides a basic introduction to biopolymer technology; profiles some of the more promising polymer materials; reviews research activities in the United States, Europe, and Japan; and describes the principal technical challenges and regulatory issues that may affect biopolymer commercialization efforts.
Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Chemical Weapons Convention: Effects on the U.S. Chemical Industry

Description: This paper explores the multifaceted challenge of integrating a private, primarily civil industry into the global arms-control regime established by the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC).
Date: August 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compilation of Abbreviations and Terms

Description: This paper contains glossaries of terms and abbreviations compiled from selected reports issued between 1987 and 1992 by the Health Program and the Biological and Behavioral Sciences Program of the Office of Technology Assessment.
Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Continuing Challenge of Tuberculosis

Description: This report synthesizes current understanding of tuberculosis (TB) in the United States, including the extent of the disease, the state of research of new preventive, diagnostic, and therapeutic technologies to aid in its control, and the delivery of effective TB services. The report also provides an overview of Federal involvement in these activities.
Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Contributions of DOE Weapons Labs and NIST to Semiconductor Technology

Description: This report examines how NIST and DOE weapons laboratories could contribute to advances in semiconductor technology aimed specifically at civilian applications. Semiconductor technology was chosen as an example of a technology focus for a civilian technology initiative, primarily because the industry had already developed a set of comprehensive technology roadmaps and the federal labs had substantial expertise in the area.
Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coverage of Preventive Services: Provisions of Selected Current Health Care Reform Proposals

Description: This paper first describes prevention and clinical preventive services, and specialties the way in which OTA uses the concept of preventive services in its analysis of current health care reform proposals. Second, the paper provides a “roadmap” to four major approaches to reform. Third, the paper summarizes the preventive services proposed under selected health care reform proposals.
Date: September 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Data Format Standards for Civilian Remote Sensing Satellites

Description: This report discusses the earth data—positional, topographic, climatological, meteorological, man–made features, and changes over time in all of these, which are increasingly important to the military. Data from these systems are bought and extensively used by the military and intelligence communities. The need to integrate data from military-unique systems as well only complicates the situation.
Date: May 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Conversion: Redirecting R&D

Description: Part one of this report analyzes how R&D institutions currently pursuing defense missions could be more responsive and useful to civilian technology development. The Report focuses particularly on the Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) three nuclear weapons laboratories, Livermore National Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, and Sandia National Laboratories. The report examines two sectors in Part Two: new kinds of automobiles that pollute less and could reduce dependence on foreign oil, and high speed surface transportation.
Date: May 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology

Description: This background paper provides an overview of developing country environmental problems and markets for environmental technologies and services. It discusses preliminary estimates on the amount and purposes of environmental aid provided by donor countries in 1991. The paper discusses the commercial implications of other countries’ aid for U.S. environmental firms, and the Helsinki package adopted by the OECD in late 1991 to limit commercial advantage from use of tied aid credits.
Date: August 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department