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After the Cold War: Living With Lower Defense Spending

Description: This report focuses on ways to handle the dislocation of workers and communities that is, to some degree, inevitable in the defense cutback. It opens a discussion of how defense technologies might be converted to commercial applications. The second and final report of the assessment will continue that discussion and will concentrate on opportunities to channel human and technological resources into building a stronger civilian economy.
Date: February 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Annual Report to the Congress: Fiscal Year 1991

Description: This report describes the activities of the Office in Fiscal Year 1991 within the context of the legislative agenda of the 101st Congress and the events in the United States and the world during 1991.
Date: March 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Biology of Mental Disorders

Description: This report presents a summary of research into the biological factors associated with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, major depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and panic disorder. The report also discusses support for this research and the social context in which it moves forward.
Date: September 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Building Energy Efficiency

Description: This report focuses on energy use in buildings, which account for over one-third of all energy used in the United States. Significant energy savings in buildings are possible through the use of commercially available, cost-effective, energy efficient technologies; yet adoption rates for these technologies are often low. Interviews with industry, property managers, homeowners, and others were used to explore why technology adoption rates are so low. Past Federal efforts to encourage energy efficiency are reviewed, and policy options for encouraging the adoption of energy efficient technologies are discussed.
Date: May 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Combined Summaries: Technologies To Sustain Tropical Forest Resources and Biological Diversity

Description: This report discusses how the loss of tropical forests and reduction in the Earth’s biological diversity has grown from development assistance concerns to themes of global debate during the last decade. At the same time that the value of biological resources to local communities and individual nations has become more fully appreciated, the connections between these resources and global environmental stability and economic development potential have been uncovered.
Date: May 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cystic Fibrosis and DNA Tests: Implications of Carrier Screening

Description: This report concludes that the value of the cystic fibrosis (CF) carrier test is the information it provides. No one can estimate in common terms what it means to an individual to possess information about his or her genetic status, especially when the value concerns reproductive decision-making. As our knowledge of the human genome increases, what we do with information such as CF carrier status will depend on the perceptions and beliefs of all Americans.
Date: August 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Difficult-To-Reuse Needles for the Prevention of HIV Infection Among Injecting Drug Abusers

Description: This paper reviews various possibilities of using non-reusable injection technologies for reducing HIV transmission among injecting drug users in the United States. It does not put forth the redesign of injection equipment as a policy option for congressional consideration; it merely examines some of the implications of a proposal put forth by some health experts.
Date: October 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Disposal of Chemical Weapons: Alternative Technologies

Description: This background paper briefly describes the Army’s chemical weapons destruction program, discusses the factors that could affect a decision to develop alternatives, discusses the alternatives, and illustrates the difficulty of gaining public acceptance of complex technical systems.
Date: June 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Do Medicaid and Medicare Patients Sue More Often Than Other Patients?

Description: This background paper also responds to the request of the Congressional Sunbelt Caucus that OTA examine and judge the available evidence on whether Medicaid and Medicare patients, particularly obstetrics patients, are more litigious than other patients.
Date: September 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Does Health Insurance Make a Difference?

Description: This background paper reviews and evaluates the available literature linking health insurance coverage with the utilization and process of health care services and with individual health outcomes.
Date: September 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of the Oregon Medicaid Proposal

Description: This report discusses the Oregon legislature that passed the Oregon Basic Health Services Act in 1989, which established three mechanisms for increasing access to health insurance.
Date: May 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal and Private Roles in the Development and Provision of Alglucerase Therapy for Gaucher Disease

Description: This background paper describes the development of alglucerase, illustrates the role that both the Federal Government and private sector can have in making new therapies available for orphan diseases, and lays out some of the tradeoffs that can exist between developing new medical technologies and controlling health care costs.
Date: October 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Finding a balance: computer software, intellectual property and the challenge of technological change

Description: This report identifies three policy issues; 1) the appropriate scope of copyright protection for computer software; 2) patent protection for software-related inventions and algorithms, and how the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office will handle these types of applications; and 3) complications facing librar4ies and commercial and private producers and users of digital information, including computer-based mixed media products.
Date: 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Finding a Balance: Computer Software, Intellectual Property and the Challenge of Technological Change

Description: The report identifies three policy issues: 1) the appropriate scope of copyright protection for computer software; 2) patent protection for software-related inventions and algorithms, and how the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office will handle these types of applications; and 3) complications facing libraries and commercial and private producers and users of digital information, including computer-based mixed media products.
Date: May 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Forest Service Planning: Accommodating Uses, Producing Outputs, and Sustaining Ecosystems

Description: This report on forest planning evaluates technological, biological, social, economic, and organizational dimensions of national forest planning. It discusses the agency’s planning technologies, the appeals and litigation processes, and the relationship between national planning under Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act (RPA) and forest-level planning under National Forest Management Act (NFMA).
Date: February 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fueling Development: Energy Technologies for Developing Countries

Description: This report examines the delivery of energy services in developing countries and how the United States can help to improve these energy services while minimizing environmental impacts, OTA examines the technologies and policies that will enable more efficient use of energy and the most promising new sources of energy supply.
Date: April 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fueling development: energy technologies for developing countries: summary

Description: This report discusses the issues surrounding energy efficiency in developing countries. Explores the way in which developing countries meet their energy needs, and how that affects the political stability and broad-based economic growth.
Date: 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Genetic Counseling and Cystic Fibrosis Carrier Screening: Results of a Survey

Description: This paper presents results from a 1991 OTA survey of 431 genetic counselors and nurse geneticists. It was conducted to better understand the environment in which the average genetic counselor or nurse in genetics works, to describe the infrastructure and tools available to these professionals, to assess the state of practice in the provision of cystic fibrosis (CF) carrier screening, and to evaluate their attitudes regarding CF carrier screening.
Date: October 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Genetic Tests and Health Insurance: Results of a Survey

Description: This background paper describes results from a 1991 OTA survey of U.S. health insurers’ attitudes toward genetic tests and genetic information— both how they currently view information from various sources (e.g., genetic tests, other medical tests, or family histories) in underwriting decisions and how they might reimburse consumers for genetic tests. It also reports data on the role health insurers expect genetic tests and genetic information will play in their business practices over the coming decade.
Date: October 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Global Standards: Building Blocks for the Future

Description: There are standards to protect the environment and human health and safety, and to mediate commercial transactions. Other standards ensure that different products are compatible when hooked together. This report is looking across industry sectors; it evaluates the U.S. standards setting process in the light of its changing economic and technological environment, and compares it to processes in other countries.
Date: March 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Green Products by Design: Choices for a Cleaner Environment

Description: In this report, OTA provides a conceptual overview of how designers might integrate environmental concerns with traditional design objectives, and how policymakers can best take advantage of such opportunities. Although the concept of “green” design is gathering momentum, a number of technical, behavioral, economic, and informational barriers need to be addressed.
Date: September 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Home Drug Infusion Therapy Under Medicare

Description: This report deals with the drug and biological infusion treatments (including blood transfusions) being used in the home but not yet explicitly covered by Medicare in that setting. Medicare does cover total parenteral nutrition (TPN) in the home for individuals with long-term disabilities that prevent them from being able to digest food. TPN has many similarities to the therapies discussed in detail in this report, and many providers of HDIT also provide TPN and other nutritional products and services.
Date: May 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Identifying and Controlling Pulmonary Toxicants

Description: This Background Paper examines whether the agencies responsible for administering Federal environmental and health and safety laws have taken this concern for respiratory health to heart. This paper provides a partial response to the committees’ request for an assessment of noncancer health risks in the environment and follows OTA’s previous work on carcinogenic, neurotoxic, and immunotoxic substances.
Date: June 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department