Office of Technology Assessment - 36 Matching Results

Search Results

Marine Applications for Fuel Cell Technology

Description: A report on fuel cell technology is one of the most promising of the new electric power technologies currently undergoing development. Fuel cell power systems have attracted attention because of their potential for high efficiency, low emissions, flexible use of fuels, and quietness. The Federal Government and the private sector have been funding fuel cell R&D for more than 20 years. The state-of-the-art has advanced to the point that fuel cell manufacturers hope to begin marketing fuel cells in just a few years. Full-scale demonstration plants are currently being designed.
Date: February 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

MEDLARS and Health Information Policy

Description: A study by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "analyzes the arguments for and against NLM's (National Library of Medicine) creation and dissemination of health-related bibliographic information" and "provides information designed to help Congress in decisions regarding the appropriate mix of NLM and private sector activities that might serve the public interest most efficiently" (p. iii).
Date: September 1982
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

New structural materials technologies: opportunities for the use of advanced ceramics and composites

Description: This memorandum is part of a larger assessment which will address the impact of advanced structural materials on the competitiveness of the U.S. manufacturing sector, and offer policy options for accelerating the commercial utilization of these materials.
Date: September 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nonnuclear Industrial Hazardous Waste: Classifying for Hazard Management

Description: An assessment by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that addresses "basic issues surrounding a degree-of-hazard classification approach" and "various methods for applying a degree-of-hazard classification system" (p. iii).
Date: November 1981
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ocean Margin Drilling

Description: A technical memorandum prepared by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that reviews "the present plan for the Ocean Margin Drilling program and addresses questions on the merits of the program and alternatives to it" and discusses "the institutional capability of the Federal agencies which are to manage this program; the technology development aspects, and the problems and opportunities associated with industry participation" (p. 3).
Date: May 1980
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Patterns and Trends in Federal Coal Lease Ownership 1950-80

Description: A technical memorandum by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "identifies the participants in the Federal coal leasing program between 1950 and 1980, traces the ownership on a lease-by-lease basis, and discusses the business activities and organizational structures of the lessees [sic]" (p. iii).
Date: April 1981
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Quality and Relevance of Research and Related Activities at the Gorges Memorial Laboratory

Description: A technical memorandum by the Office of Technical Assessment (OTA) that reviews the quality and relevance of activities at GML (Gorgas Memorial Laboratory), based on Gorgas' publishing record, an OTA-commissioned survey of GML's scientific reputation, a critical review of recent articles and current manuscripts, a comparison of GML's areas of effort with health problems in tropical America and with scientific opportunity, and a review of past scientific evaluations of GML (p. iii).
Date: August 1983
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reducing Launch Operation Costs: New Technologies and Practices

Description: This technical memorandum explains, the United States has spent relatively little effort in applying them to operations. Just as important as cost saving technologies are appropriate management methods, or strategies, to put these technologies to work. In some cases, OTA has found, cost savings could be achieved by streamlining operations and reducing the burden of documentation and reporting requirements that have slowly expanded over the years.
Date: September 1988
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Regulatory environment for science

Description: This technical memorandum, requested by the Task Force on Science Policy of the House Committee on Science and Technology, provides a “snapshot” of factors affecting science in the 1980s, and focuses on emerging issues that will require consideration by Congress.
Date: February 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Remote Sensing and the Private Sector: Issues for Discussion

Description: A technical memorandum prepared by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that :is designed to help Congress determine the appropriate requirements and conditions for private sector ownership of the U.S. land remote-sensing system" (p. iii).
Date: March 1984
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Research funding as an investment: can we measure the returns?

Description: A report on the mounting intensity of global competition in the 1980s that underscores the critical role played by the basic research enterprise of the United States. Basic research is the backbone of much of the technological development that has provided not only our economic prosperity, but improvements in health, a strong national defense, and exciting and fundamental advances in knowledge.
Date: April 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Review of Postal Automation Strategy: A Technical and Decision Analysis

Description: A memorandum by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that reviews the "United States Postal Service (USPS) decision to utilizes single-line optical character readers (OCRs) instead of multi-line OCRs" and conducts "a comparative technical and economic analysis of the two technologies in the context of the overall postal automation program" (Foreward).
Date: June 1984
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Review of the Public Health Service's Response to AIDS

Description: A review by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) of "the recent and proposed activities of the Public Health Service (PHS) in response to AIDS" and an evaluation of "the planning, resources and staffing of PHS's efforts to control AIDS" (p. iii).
Date: February 1985
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Review of U.S. competitiveness in agricultural trade

Description: This OTA technical memorandum reviews key factors that influence U.S. trade in agriculture. It is part of a larger OTA project that analyzes the effects of technological change on both international trade and the structure of the domestic economy. Despite basic structural changes in the economy of the United States in recent years, agriculture and food production remain important parts of this country’s economic framework.
Date: October 1986
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SALYUT: Soviet Steps Toward Permanent Human Presence in Space

Description: A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA), which "has undertaken a study of the presence of Soviets in space and their Salyut space stations, in order to provide Congress with an informed view of Soviet capabilities and intentions" (p. iii).
Date: December 1983
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Space Science Research in the United States

Description: A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) designed to "elucidate the issues and problems in the current conduct of the U.S. space research program" (p. iii).
Date: October 1982
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Technology Dependent Children: Hospital Vs. Home Care

Description: This technical memorandum is about problems arising out of success. Recent advances in medical technology have permitted sick children who once would have died to survive with the assistance of sophisticated equipment and intensive nursing care. Often, the assistance is needed for just a short time, but sometimes the dependence on life-sustaining technology is permanent. As technology for helping keep children alive has improved, a new population of technology-dependent children has emerged.
Date: May 1987
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S.-Soviet Cooperation in Space

Description: A technical memorandum by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) intended to help broadly implement Public Law 98-562, which support a renewing of cooperation in space with the U.S.S.R.
Date: July 1985
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

UNISPACE 1982: A Context for International Cooperation and Competition

Description: A technical memorandum by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) published after UNISPACE '82, the United Nations Conference on the Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, that "constitutes a portion of a major assessment of international cooperation and competition in civilian space activities that was requested by these same committees" (p. iii).
Date: March 1983
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department