Office of Technology Assessment - 58 Matching Results

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Accessibility and Integrity of Networked Information Collections

Description: The paper begins with a survey of recent developments in networked information resources and tools to identify, navigate, and use such resources. The paper then discusses the changing legal framework that governs use of electronic information as contract law rather than simple sale within the context of copyright law becomes the dominant model for acquiring access to electronic information.
Date: August 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airport System Development

Description: A study by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "examines present conditions and future needs of the Nation's airports, with emphasis on possible solutions to problems of operational capacity and air travel delay" (p. iii).
Date: August 1984
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Alternative Approaches to Cargo Policy: A Supplement to an Assessment of Maritime Trade and Technology

Description: Proceedings from a conference that covers the topics "1) the effects of cargo policies now in force; 2) the status of new policies under consideration by the United States and its various trading partners; and 3) costs and benefits of existing, proposed and alternative policies" (p. iii)
Date: August 1985
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Artificial insemination: practice in the United States: summary of a 1987 survey

Description: This background paper presents the results of a study of physician and sperm bank practice of artificial insemination in the United States. It documents the number of women undergoing artificial insemination each year, the annual cost, medical and social screening criteria for women seeking artificial insemination and men who donate semen, the genealogical recordkeeping available to the resulting children, and physician attitudes toward possible changes in artificial insemination practice.
Date: August 1988
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Assessment of Alternative Economic Stockpiling Policies

Description: A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that focuses on analyzing the "materials problems related to sudden discontinuities in the long-range supply/demand of a given material, resulting in complete or partial disruptions and abrupt price changes" (p. vii).
Date: August 1976
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coverage of Laser Technology by Health Insurers

Description: This paper presents some empirical information on how insurers consider payment for new medical devices. It describes the survey results of medical directors affiliated with private health insurers about their coverage decisions using, as examples, three applications of lasers: laser angioplasty for opening narrowed or blocked coronary arteries; laser discectomy for treating herniated intervertebral discs; and photodynamic therapy (using a light–sensitive dye) for bladder cancer.
Date: August 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cystic Fibrosis and DNA Tests: Implications of Carrier Screening

Description: This report concludes that the value of the cystic fibrosis (CF) carrier test is the information it provides. No one can estimate in common terms what it means to an individual to possess information about his or her genetic status, especially when the value concerns reproductive decision-making. As our knowledge of the human genome increases, what we do with information such as CF carrier status will depend on the perceptions and beliefs of all Americans.
Date: August 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development Assistance, Export Promotion, and Environmental Technology

Description: This background paper provides an overview of developing country environmental problems and markets for environmental technologies and services. It discusses preliminary estimates on the amount and purposes of environmental aid provided by donor countries in 1991. The paper discusses the commercial implications of other countries’ aid for U.S. environmental firms, and the Helsinki package adopted by the OECD in late 1991 to limit commercial advantage from use of tied aid credits.
Date: August 1993
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Development of Medical Technology: Opportunities for Assessment

Description: A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) examining the human and financial costs to the healthcare system caused by research and development. It "discusses possibilities for and obstacles to assessing the social impacts of new medical technologies during the stages of research and development that precede their wiespread acceptance" (p. 3).
Date: August 1976
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effectiveness and Costs of Osteoporosis Screening and Hormone Replacement Therapy, Vol. I: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Description: This paper assesses the medical benefits and costs of both screening and hormone replacement therapy. It is divided into two volumes. This volume presents the results of a model that estimates the cost per year of life gained from osteoporosis screening and hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women.
Date: August 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effectiveness and Costs of Osteoporosis Screening and Hormone Replacement Therapy, Vol. II: Evidence on Benefits, Risks, and Costs

Description: This paper assesses the medical benefits and costs of both screening and hormone replacement therapy. It is divided into two volumes. This volume provides the basis for the assumptions about the costs and effects of screening and hormonal replacement therapy used in the cost-effectiveness model.
Date: August 1995
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Food Information Systems: Summary and Analysis

Description: A study done by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) intended to "review food information systems in order to isolate and evaluate those significant to the development of food legislation and related congressional policymaking" (p. xi).
Date: August 1976
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Impact of a Department of Education on Federal Science & Technology Activities

Description: A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) examining "a range of congressional options available for ensuring the integrity of the educational process for professional scientists and engineers is maintained" during the creation of the Department of Education (p. iii).
Date: August 1978
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Impact of Advanced Air Transport Technology: Part 4: Financing and Program Alternatives for Advanced High-Speed Aircraft

Description: A report by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that "examines the potential financial and managerial barriers to carrying out-at some future date-a large-scale program to create a new high-speed, long-range commercial air transport employing new technology" (p. iii).
Date: August 1982
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Impact of Randomized Clinical Trials on Health Policy and Medical Practice: Background Paper

Description: A background paper by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) that brings together "the literature and current views about the actual and potential role of RCTS (randomized clinical trials) in decisionmaking about medical technologies" (Preface).
Date: August 1983
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Impacts of Technology on U.S. Cropland and Rangeland Productivity

Description: A report by the Office of Technology Assessment that "describes the major processes degrading land productivity, assesses whether productivity is sustaining using current agricultural technologies, reviews a range of new technologies with potentials to maintain productivity and profitability simultaneously, and presents a series of options for congressional consideration" (p. iii).
Date: August 1982
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department