Office of Technology Assessment - 65 Matching Results

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Economic considerations in regulating neurotoxic substances

Description: This report discusses economic consideration in regulating neurotoxic substances which involves balancing the economic benefits of utilizing these substances commercially against their actual or potential risks to human health and the environment.
Date: April 28, 1989
Creator: Provenzano, George
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Working paper: marine ecological consequences of waste disposal

Description: This report summarizes the observed effect on marine resources of waste disposal activities. It first briefly describes the nationwide impacts of pollutants on water quality, sediment quality, and marine organisms.
Date: April 27, 1987
Creator: Sundt, Nicholas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Senior Respite Care Program

Description: This report discusses a community survey of 112 caregivers, may of them Alzheimer's Disease families, that had indicated that their primary need was the ability to get away from their caregiving responsibilities for "a few hours now and then."
Date: April 1986
Creator: Dunn, Louise
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

New developments in biotechnology: field-testing engineered organisms: genetic and ecological issues: contractor documents, volume 1

Description: This report includes these topics: Potential environmental impact of widespread releases of non-ice nucleating bacteria in agriculture / D.A. Andow, S.S. Snapp, and P.S. Teng -- An assessment of the impact of large-scale applications of ice-minus bacteria and other procedures designed to decrease population sizes of ice-nucleative-active bacteria on crops / Christen D. Upper, Susan S. Hirano, Gabor Vali.
Date: April 9, 1986
Creator: Andow, D. A.; Snapp, S. S. & Teng, P. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of office automation on the public sector workforce: a case study

Description: The objective of this report is to identify and explore conditions under which office automation has been successfully and productively implemented in New York city municipal offices.
Date: April 1985
Creator: Greenbaum, Joan M.; Pullman, Cydney & Szymanski, Sharon
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wastes in marine environments

Description: This final report addresses two fundamental questions: what is the general condition of different marine environments and their resources, and what role can and should marine environments play in overall waste management?
Date: April 1987
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Urban Ozone and the Clean Air Act: Problems and Proposals for Change

Description: The staff paper is part of a larger, ongoing OTA assessment of the ozone nonattainment issue, requested by the Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works and the House Committee on Energy and Commerce.
Date: April 1988
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The U.S. textile and apparel industry: a revolution in progress: special report

Description: This special report supports a larger OTA project that analyzes the effects of technological change and international trade on the structure of the domestic economy and options for public policy. The textile and apparel industries were selected for special attention because they provide key insights into the problems of changing manufacturing enterprises.
Date: April 1987
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Access to Space: The Future of U.S. Space Transportation Systems

Description: This report is the final, summarizing report in a series of products from a broad assessment of space transportation technologies undertaken by OTA for the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology.
Date: April 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Identifying and Controlling Immunotoxic Substances

Description: This background paper, which describes the state-of the- art of identifying substances that can harm the immune system, represents one response to the committee’s request. Chapter 2 provides basic information about the principal components of the immune system and the general consequences that stem from perturbations to it. Chapter 3 describes methods for evaluating chemical immunotoxicity and reports on some known or suspected immunotoxicants. Chapter 4 summarizes Federal research and regulatory activities related to immunotoxicity.
Date: April 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Technology Transfer to the United States: The MIT-Japan Science and Technology Program

Description: On September 13, 1988, the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Japan Science and Technology Program (JSTP) held a one-day workshop to discuss MIT’s Japan Science and Technology Program’s internship program and its technical language workshop. This document gives a brief description the MIT-Japan Science and Technology of Program. It then reports the principal themes and issues raised at the workshop.
Date: April 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mapping Our Genes—Genome Projects: How Big? How Fast?

Description: Scientific and technical journals in biology and medicine have extensively covered a debate about whether and how to determine the function and order of human genes on human chromosomes and when to determine the sequence of molecular building blocks that comprise DNA in those chromosomes. This report surveys the points made so far in the debate that involves science, technology, and politics, focusing on those that most directly influence the policy options facing the U.S. Congress.
Date: April 1988
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fueling Development: Energy Technologies for Developing Countries

Description: This report examines the delivery of energy services in developing countries and how the United States can help to improve these energy services while minimizing environmental impacts, OTA examines the technologies and policies that will enable more efficient use of energy and the most promising new sources of energy supply.
Date: April 1992
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Social Security Administration's Decentralized Computer Strategy: Issues and Options

Description: The report highlights some of the opportunities and challenges faced by a major federal agency in: 1 ) implementing the Administration’s “National Performance Review and “National Information Infrastructure” programs, and 2) addressing issues raised in OTA’s 1993 report Making Government Work: Electronic Delivery of Federal Services.
Date: April 1994
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-Temperature Superconductivity in Perspective

Description: This is the second of two OTA assessments on the subject of high-temperature superconductivity (HTS). As the title suggests, this study attempts to put HTS in perspective, both in terms of competing technologies (e.g., the more mature low-temperature superconductors), and in terms of the many technical and economic problems that must be overcome before HTS can be widely used.
Date: April 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Holding the Edge: Maintaining the Defense Technology Base

Description: This report examines the management of DoD technology base programs and laboratories. It also analyzes the process through which technology is introduced into defense systems, in order to understand why it takes so long and what might be done to speed the process up. Finally, this report examines the exploitation of civilian commercial sector technology for defense needs. It concentrates on the dual questions of expediting military access to civilian technology and keeping the necessary base of technology alive and well in the United States.
Date: April 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Neurotoxicity: Identifying and Controlling Poisons of the Nervous System

Description: This Report, the first of the neuroscience series, discusses the risks posed by neurotoxic substances—substances that can adversely affect the nervous system—and evaluates the Federal research and regulatory programs now in place to address these risks.
Date: April 1990
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

New Developments in Biotechnology: Patenting Life

Description: This report reviews U.S. patent law as it relates to the patentability of micro-organisms, cells, plants, and animals; as well as specific areas of concern, including deposit requirements and international considerations. The report includes a range of options for congressional action related to the patenting of animals, intellectual property protection for plants, and enablement of patents involving biological material.
Date: April 1989
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rural America at the Crossroads: Networking for the Future

Description: This study explores the role that communication technologies can play in securing rural America’s future. It develops several policy strategies and options to encourage such development. The study was requested by the Joint Economic Committee of Congress and Senators Charles E. Grassley and Orrin G. Hatch.
Date: April 1991
Creator: United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department