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Aeronautic instruments. Section III : aircraft speed instruments

Description: Part 1 contains a discussion and description of the various types of air speed measuring instruments. The authors then give general specifications and performance requirements with the results of tests on air speed indicators at the Bureau of Standards. Part 2 reports methods and laboratory apparatus used at the Bureau of Standards to make static tests. Methods are also given of combining wind tunnel tests with static tests. Consideration is also given to free flight tests. Part 3 discusses the problem of finding suitable methods for the purpose of measuring the speed of aircraft relative to the ground.
Date: 1923?
Creator: Hunt, Franklin L. & Stearns, H. O.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aeronautic instruments. Section IV : direction instruments

Description: Part one points out the adequacy of a consideration of the steady state gyroscopic motion as a basis for the discussion of displacements of the gyroscope mounted on an airplane, and develops a simple theory on this basis. Principal types of gyroscopic inclinometers are described and requirements stated. Part two describes a new type of stabilizing gyro mounted on top of a spindle by means of a universal joint, the spindle being kept in a vertical position by supporting it as a pendulum of which the bob is the driving motor. Methods of tests and the difficulties in designing a satisfactory and reliable compass for aircraft use in considered in part three. Part four contains a brief general treatment of the important features of construction of aircraft compasses and description of the principal types used.
Date: 1923?~
Creator: Franklin, W. S.; Stillman, M. H.; Sanford, R. L.; Warner, John A. C.; Sylvander, R. C. & Rounds, E. W.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aeronautic instruments. Section V : power plant instruments

Description: Part 1 gives a general discussion of the uses, principles, construction, and operation of airplane tachometers. Detailed description of all available instruments, both foreign and domestic, are given. Part 2 describes methods of tests and effect of various conditions encountered in airplane flight such as change of temperature, vibration, tilting, and reduced air pressure. Part 3 describes the principal types of distance reading thermometers for aircraft engines, including an explanation of the physical principles involved in the functioning of the instruments and proper filling of the bulbs. Performance requirements and testing methods are given and a discussion of the source of error and results of tests. Part 4 gives methods of tests and calibration, also requirements of gauges of this type for the pressure measurement of the air pressure in gasoline tanks and the engine oil pressure on airplanes. Part 5 describes two types of gasoline gauges, the float type and the pressure type. Methods of testing and calibrating gasoline depth gauges are given. The Schroeder, R. A. E., and the Mark II flowmeters are described.
Date: 1923
Creator: Washburn, G. E.; Sylvander, R. C.; Mueller, E. F.; Wilhelm, R. M.; Eaton, H. N. & Warner, John A. C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aeronautic instruments. Section VI : aerial navigation and navigating instruments

Description: This report outlines briefly the methods of aerial navigation which have been developed during the past few years, with a description of the different instruments used. Dead reckoning, the most universal method of aerial navigation, is first discussed. Then follows an outline of the principles of navigation by astronomical observation; a discussion of the practical use of natural horizons, such as sea, land, and cloud, in making extant observations; the use of artificial horizons, including the bubble, pendulum, and gyroscopic types. A description is given of the recent development of the radio direction finder and its application to navigation.
Date: 1923?~
Creator: Eaton, H. N.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aeronautic instruments. Section VI : oxygen instruments

Description: This report contains statements as to amount of oxygen required at different altitudes and the methods of storing oxygen. The two types of control apparatus - the compressed oxygen type and the liquid oxygen type - are described. Ten different instruments of the compressed type are described, as well as the foreign instruments of the liquid types. The performance and specifications and the results of laboratory tests on all representative types conclude this report.
Date: 1923?~
Creator: Hunt, F. L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aeronautic instruments. Section VIII : recent developments and outstanding problems

Description: This report is section VIII of a series of reports on aeronautic instruments. The preceding reports in this series have discussed in detail the various types of aeronautic instruments which have reached a state of practical development such that they have already found extensive use. It is the purpose of this paper to discuss briefly some of the more recent developments in the field of aeronautic instrument design and to suggest some of the outstanding problems awaiting solution.
Date: 1923
Creator: Hunt, F. L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aeronautic insurance

Description: The problem of insuring the emerging commercial aeronautic industry is detailed. The author also motes that a complete solution cannot be obtained until the necessary statistics are compiled.
Date: March 1922
Creator: Neal, Erik
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aeronautical instruments

Description: No Description Available.
Date: June 1923
Creator: Bennewitz, Kurt
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aeronautical museums

Description: Different methods of presenting aeronautical artifacts are examined.
Date: November 1922
Creator: Warner, Edward P.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aeronautical record : no. 1 (to June, 1923)

Description: "...considerations have prompted us to pay special attention to the development of aeronautical industries and aerial navigation as a commercial enterprise and to publish an analytical review of events in the aeronautical world and of the attendant problems.".
Date: December 1923
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air-flow experiments

Description: This report describes the apparatus used to take air-flow photographs. The photographs show chiefly the spiral course of the lines of flow near the tip of the wing. They constitute therefore a visual presentation of the phenomena covered by airfoil theory.
Date: May 1924
Creator: Wieselsberger, C
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air flow investigation for location of angle of attack head on a JN4h airplane

Description: The technical staff of the NACA at Langley Field, has made a series of free flight tests with a JN4h airplane in order to find the best place for an instrument for measuring the angle of attack. A "neutral zone" was found where the air remains either at rest relative to the undisturbed air beyond the influence of the airplane, or is set in motion parallel to the motion of the airplane. This zone is about midway between the two wings and slightly in front of, or at the vertical plane through the leading edges of the wings but the exact position as well as the outlines of the zone varies considerably as the conditions of flight change.
Date: August 1925
Creator: Freeman, R. G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air force and moment for N-20 wing with certain cut-outs

Description: The airplane designer often finds it necessary, in meeting the requirements of visibility, to remove area or to otherwise locally distort the plan or section of an airplane wing. This report, prepared for the Bureau of Aeronautics January 15, 1925, contains the experimental results of tests on six 5 by 30 inch N-20 wing models, cut out or distorted in different ways, which were conducted in the 8 by 8 foot wind tunnel of the Navy Aerodynamical Laboratory in Washington in 1924. The measured and derived results are given without correction for vl/v for wall effect and for standard air density, p=0.00237 slug per cubic foot.
Date: November 29, 1926
Creator: Smith, R H
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air force and three moments for F-5-L Seaplane

Description: A model of the F-5-L seaplane was made, verified, and tested at 40 miles an hour in the 8' x 8' tunnel for lift and drag, also for pitching, yawing and rolling moments. Subsequently, the yawing moment test was repeated with a modified fin. The results are reported without VL scale correction.
Date: February 1922
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air force tests of sperry messenger model with six sets of wings

Description: The purpose of this test was to compare six well-known airfoils, the R.A.F 15, U.S.A. 5, U.S.A. 27, U.S.A. 35-B, Clark Y, and Gottingen 387, fitted to the Sperry Messenger model, at full scale Reynolds number as obtained in the variable density wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics; and to determine the scale effect on the model equipped with all the details of the actual airplane. The results show a large decrease in minimum drag coefficient upon increasing the Reynolds number from about one-twentieth scale to full scale. Maximum lift coefficient was increased with increasing scale for all the airfoils except the Gottingen 387, for which it was slightly decreased. A comparison is made between the results of these tests and those obtained from tests made in this tunnel on airfoils alone. (author).
Date: 1928?~
Creator: Shoemaker, James M
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air Forces Exerted on Streamlined Bodies with Round or Square Cross- Sections, When Placed Obliquely to the Airstream

Description: The question of behavior of a streamlined body with round or square cross-sections is of importance in determining the shape to give an airplane fuselage. It is our task here to show how the lift and drag are affected, with the object placed obliquely to the air stream.
Date: June 1924
Creator: Wieselsberger, C
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air forces, moments and damping on model of fleet airship Shenandoah

Description: To furnish data for the design of the fleet airship Shenandoah, a model was made and tested in the 8 by 8 foot wind tunnel for wind forces, moments, and damping, under conditions described in this report. The results are given for air of standard density. P=0.00237 slugs per cubic foot with vl/v correction, and with but a brief discussion of the aerodynamic design features of the airship.
Date: 1922~
Creator: Zahm, A F; Smith, R H & Louden, F A
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The air forces on a model of the sperry messenger airplane without propeller

Description: This is a report on a scale effect research which was made in the variable-density wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics at the request of the Army Air Service. A 1/10 scale model of the sperry messenger airplane with USA-5 wings was tested without a propeller at various Reynolds numbers up to the full scale value. Two series of tests were: the first on the original model which was of the usual simplified construction, and the second on a modified model embodying a great amount of detail. The experimental results show that the scale effect is almost entirely confined to the drag. It was also found that the model should be geometrically similar to the full-scale airplane if the test data are to be directly applicable to full scale.
Date: 1926?~
Creator: Munk, Max M. & Diehl, Walter S.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The air forces on a systematic series of biplane and triplane cellule models

Description: The air forces on a systematic series of biplane and triplane cellule models are the subject of this report. The test consist in the determination of the lift, drag, and moment of each individual airfoil in each cellule, mostly with the same wing section. The magnitude of the gap and of the stagger is systematically varied; not, however, the decalage, which is zero throughout the tests. Certain check tests with a second wing section make the tests more complete and conclusions more convincing. The results give evidence that the present army and navy specifications for the relative lifts of biplanes are good. They furnish material for improving such specifications for the relative lifts of triplanes. A larger number of factors can now be prescribed to take care of different cases.
Date: 1927
Creator: Munk, Max M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air forces on airfoils moving faster than sound

Description: We are undertaking the task of computing the air forces on a slightly cambered airfoil in the absence of friction and with an infinite aspect ratio. We also assume in advance that the leading edge is very sharp and that its tangent lies in the direction of motion.
Date: June 1925
Creator: Ackeret, J
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The air propeller, its strength and correct shape

Description: It is possible to give a propeller such a shape that, under given conditions, viz., a definite speed of revolution and flying speed, the bending stresses in the blades will assume quite an insignificant magnitude.
Date: February 1923
Creator: Dietsius, H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air reactions to objects moving at rates above the velocity of sound with application to the air propeller

Description: There has been a tradition general among aeronautical engineers that a critical point exists for tip speeds at or near the velocity of sound, indicating a physical limit in the use of propellers at higher tip speeds; the idea being that something would occur analogous to what is known in marine propellers as cavitation. In the examination of the physics pertaining to both propellers and projectiles moving at or above 1100 feet per second, the conclusion was reached by the author that there is no reason for the existence of such a critical point and that, if it had been noted by observers it was not inherent in the phenomena revealed, but rather due to a particular shape or proportion of the projectile and that, with properly proportioned sections, it would not exist.
Date: November 1922
Creator: Reed, S. Albert
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air resistance measurements on actual airplane parts

Description: For the calculation of the parasite resistance of an airplane, a knowledge of the resistance of the individual structural and accessory parts is necessary. The most reliable basis for this is given by tests with actual airplane parts at airspeeds which occur in practice. The data given here relate to the landing gear of a Siemanms-Schuckert DI airplane; the landing gear of a 'Luftfahrzeug-Gesellschaft' airplane (type Roland Dlla); landing gear of a 'Flugzeugbau Friedrichshafen' G airplane; a machine gun, and the exhaust manifold of a 269 HP engine.
Date: November 1, 1923
Creator: Weiselsberger, C
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department