National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 5,164 Matching Results

Search Results

Aerodynamic and hydrodynamic characteristics of a deck-inlet multijet water-based-aircraft configuration designed for supersonic flight
From Introduction: "In the present investigation, lift, drag, and pitching moment were determined over a Mach number range 0.6 to 1.42. Smooth-water takeoff and landing stability and resistance were investigated. A brief check of the rough-water spray and behavior was also made."
Aerodynamic and hydrodynamic characteristics of a proposed supersonic multijet water-based hydro-ski aircraft with a variable-incidence wing
From Introduction: "The configuration described in this paper represents one approach to such an airplane and the results of the wind-tunnel and tank evaluations are presented. In the present investigation, the aerodynamic longitudinal characteristics over a Mach number range from 0.6 to 1.97 were obtained."
Aerodynamic and hydrodynamic characteristics of models of some aircraft-towed mine-sweeping devices : TED No. NACA AR 8201
From Introduction: "A study is being conducted by the U.S. Naval Air Development Center to determine the feasibility of several airborne magnetic mine-sweeping methods. The advantages of a satisfactory airborne method are greater safety and speed than are possible with existing surface methods. The three configurations investigated are described in some detail in reference 1 where they are designated as the double Q-sweep, the modified double-catenary sweep and the M-sweep."
Aerodynamic and inlet-flow-field characteristics at a free-stream Mach number of 3.0 for airplanes with circular fuselage cross sections and for two engine locations
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic and lateral-control characteristics of a 1/28-scale model of the Bell X-1 airplane wing-fuselage combination : transonic-bump method
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic characteristics and pressure distributions of a 6-percent-thick 49 degree sweptback wing with blowing over half-span and full-span flaps
From Introduction: "The investigation reported herein was initiated to define further the effects on the aerodynamic characteristics and load distribution of a thin, sweptback wing of a low-pressure blowing system and also to provide information on which to base a more thorough study of a complete airplane configuration."
Aerodynamic characteristics at a Mach number of 1.25 of a 6-percent-thick triangular wing and 6- and 9-percent-thick triangular wings in combination with a fuselage : wing aspect ratio 2.31, biconvex airfoil sections
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic characteristics at a Mach number of 1.38 of four wings of aspect ratio 4 having quarter-chord sweep angles of 0 degrees, 35 degrees, 45 degrees, and 60 degrees
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic Characteristics at a Mach Number of 6.8 of Two Hypersonic Missile Configurations, One with Low-Aspect-Ratio Cruciform Fins and Trailing-Edge Flaps and One with a Flared Afterbody and All-Movable Controls
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic characteristics at a Mach number of 6.8 of two hypersonic missile configurations, one with low-aspect-ratio cruciform fins and trailing-edge flaps and one with a flared afterbody and all-movable controls
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic characteristics at high and low subsonic Mach numbers of four NACA 6-series airfoil sections at angles of attack from -2 to 31 degrees
From Introduction: "The airfoil sections tested, which differ only in thickness ratio, were the NACA 64-006, 64-008, 64-010, and 641-012. Lift, drag, and pitching-moment data were obtained for Mach numbers of 0.3 to that for tunnel choke at angles of attack of -2^o to 31^o. The results of this investigation are reported herein."
Aerodynamic Characteristics at High and Low Subsonic Mach Numbers of the NACA 0012, 64(sub 2)-015, and 64(sub 3)-018 Airfoil Sections at Angles of Attack from -2 Degrees to 30 Degrees
An investigation has been made in the Langley low-turbulence pressure tunnel of the aerodynamic characteristics of the NACA 0012, 64(sub 2)-015, and 64(sub 3)-018 airfoil sections. Data were obtained at Mach numbers from 0.3 to that for tunnel choke, at angles of attack from -2deg to 30deg, and with the surface. of each airfoil smooth-and with roughness applied at the leading edge.The Reynolds numbers of the tests ranged from 0.8 x 10(exp 6) to 4.4 x 10(exp 6). The results are presented as variations of lift, drag, and quarter-chord pitching-moment coefficients with Mach number.
Aerodynamic characteristics at high speeds of a two-blade NACA 10-(3)(062)-045 propeller and of a two-blade NACA 10-(3)(08)-045 propeller
From Introduction: "The aerodynamic characteristics of a series of 10-foot-diameter propellers are being investigated in the Langley 16-foot high-speed tunnel in a comprehensive propeller research program. Using high-critical-speed NACA 16-series airfoil sections (reference 1), these propellers are designed to have Betz minimum induced-energy loss loading (reference 2) for a blade angle of 45^o at the 0.7 radius, when used as a four-blade propeller operating at an advance ratio of approximately 2.1 The ultimate purpose of the program is to determine the influence upon propeller design factors and of compressiblity; the propeller tests reported herein form part of the investigation of the effects of blade-section thickness ratio."
Aerodynamic characteristics at high speeds of full-scale propellers having Clark Y blade sections
From Introduction: "The single purpose of this paper is to make available the data obtained from tests of these two Clark Y section propellers as quickly as possible with no attempt being made to analyze the results or to compare them with other high-speed-propeller test results."
Aerodynamic Characteristics at High Speeds of Full-Scale Propellers having Different Shank Designs
Tests of two 10-foot-diameter two-blade propellers which differed only in shank design have been made in the Langley 16-foot high-speed tunnel. The propellers are designated by their blade design numbers, NACA 10-(5)(08)-03, which had aerodynamically efficient airfoil shank sections, and NACA l0-(5)(08)-03R which had thick cylindrical shank sections typical of conventiona1 blades, The propellers mere tested on a 2000-horsepower dynamometer through a range of blade-angles from 20deg to 55deg at various rotational speeds and at airspeeds up to 496 miles per hour. The resultant tip speeds obtained simulate actual flight conditions, and the variation of air-stream Mach number with advance ratio is within the range of full-scale constant-speed propeller operation. Both propellers were very efficient, the maximum envelope efficiency being approximately 0,95 for the NACA 10-(5)(08)-03 propeller and about 5 percent less for the NACA 10-(5)(08)-03R propeller. Based on constant power and rotational speed, the efficiency of the NACA 10-(05)(08)-03 propeller was from 2.8 to 12 percent higher than that of the NACA 10-(5)(08)-03R propeller over a range of airspeeds from 225 to 450 miles per hour. The loss in maximum efficiency at the design blade angle for the NACA 10-(5)(08)-03 and 10-(5)(08)-03R propellers vas about 22 and 25 percent, respectively, for an increase in helical tip Mach number from 0.70 to 1.14.
Aerodynamic characteristics at Mach number 4.04 of a rectangular wing of aspect ratio 1.33 having a 6-percent-thick circular-arc profile and a 30-percent-chord full-span trailing-edge flap
From Introduction: "The present report gives results at a Mach number of 4.04 of the part of the program concerned with flap controls at Mach numbers from 1.62 to 6.9."
Aerodynamic characteristics at Mach number of 2.01 of two cruciform missile configurations having 70 degree delta wings with length-diameter ratios of 14.8 and 17.7 with several canard controls
From Introduction: "The present paper contains the results of the investigation of the aerodynamic characteristics at Mach number of 2.01 of the two cruciform wing missiles equipped with larger canard controls and compares the result with that obtained previously with a smaller control."
Aerodynamic characteristics at Mach number of 4.06 of a typical supersonic airplane model using body and vertical-tail wedges to improve directional stability
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic characteristics at Mach numbers 2.36 and 2.87 of an airplane configuration having a cambered arrow wing with a 75 degree swept leading edge
From Introduction: "The results obtained in the wind-tunnel tests at Mach numbers 2.36 and 2.87 for several configurations utilizing this wing, including results on the wing alone are presented."
Aerodynamic characteristics at Mach numbers from 0.7 to 1.75 of a four-engine swept-wing airplane configuration as obtained from a rocket-propelled model test
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic characteristics at Mach numbers from 2.5 to 3.5 of a canard bomber configuration designed for supersonic cruise flight
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic characteristics at Mach numbers of 1.61 and 2.01 of various tip controls on the wing panel of a 0.05-scale model of a Martin XASM-N-7 (Bullpup) missile : TED No. NACA AD 3106
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic characteristics at subcritical and supercritical Mach numbers of two airfoil sections having sharp leading edges and extreme rearward positions of maximum thickness
From Introduction: "A 12-percent-chord-thick wedge section and a reversed NACA 0012 section were chosen for these tests as they are representative of sections having no boat tailing and appreciable boat tailing (i.e., blunt and rounded trailing edges, respectively), and the results of this investigation are compared with those obtained from a previous investigation of the NACA 0012 section. Conclusions are drawn regarding the relative merits of the two unconventional sections and the conventional section in transonic speed range."
Aerodynamic characteristics at subsonic and supersonic Mach numbers of a thin triangular wing of aspect ratio 2 I : maximum thickness at 20 percent of the chord
From Summary: "This report presents the results of a wind-tunnel investigation conducted to determine the effects of Mach number on the aerodynamic characteristics of a wing of triangular plan form."
Aerodynamic characteristics at subsonic and supersonic Mach numbers of a thin triangular wing of aspect ratio 2 II : maximum thickness at midchord
The lift, drag, and pitching-moment characteristics of a triangular wing, having an aspect ratio of 2 and a symmetrical double-wedge profile of 5-percent-chord maximum thickness at midchord, have been evaluated from wind-tunnel tests at Mach numbers from 0.50 to 0.975 and from 1.09 to 1.49 and at Reynolds numbers ranging from 0.67 to 0.85 million. The lift, drag, and pitching-moment coefficients of the triangular wing with a leading-edge sweepback of approximately 63 degrees did not exhibit the irregular variations with Mach number at high subsonic and low supersonic Mach numbers that are characteristic of unswept wings. The lift-curve slope increased steadily with Mach number below unity and declined slowly beyond the Mach number of 1.13. A substantial rise in the minimum drag coefficient occurred between Mach numbers of 0.95 and 1.20 with an associated reduction in the maximum lift-drag ratio. The aerodynamic center shifted rearward toward the centroid of area of the wing with increasing Mach number below 0.975; whereas above 1.09 it coincided with the centroid.
Aerodynamic characteristics at subsonic and transonic speeds of a 42.7 degree sweptback wing model having an aileron with finite trailing-edge thickness
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic characteristics at supersonic speeds of a series of wing-body combinations having cambered wings with an aspect ratio of 3.5 and a taper ratio of 0.2 : effect at M = 2.01 of nacelle shape and position on the aerodynamic characteristics in
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic characteristics at supersonic speeds of a series of wing-body combinations having cambered wings with an aspect ratio of 3.5 and a taper ratio of 0.2 : effects of sweep angle and thickness ratio on the aerodynamic characteristics in pitch
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic characteristics at supersonic speeds of a series of wing-body combinations having cambered wings with an aspect ratio of 3.5 and a taper ratio of 0.2 : effects of sweep angle and thickness ratio on the static lateral stability characteris
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic characteristics at transonic and supersonic speeds of a rocket-propelled airplane configuration having a 52.5 degree delta wing and a low, swept horizontal tail
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic characteristics at transonic speeds of a 60 degree delta wing equipped with a constant-chord flap-type control with and without an unshielded horn balance : transonic-bump method
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic characteristics at transonic speeds of a 69 degree delta wing with a triangular plan-form control having a skewed hinge axis and an overhang balance : transonic-bump method
From Introduction: "Presented in this paper are the results of an investigation of a semispan model of a delta wing with 60^o sweepback at the leading edge which was equipped with a large triangular control having an overhang balance mounted on a skewed hinge axis. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of a delta wing with a control which was designed to provide aerodynamic balance at zero control deflection based on the span load distribution of reference 1."
The aerodynamic characteristics at transonic speeds of a model with a 45 degree sweptback wing, including the effect of leading edge slats and a low horizontal tail
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic characteristics at transonic speeds of a tapered 45 degree sweptback wing of aspect ratio 3 having a full-span flap type of control with overhang balance : transonic-bump method
From Introduction: "This paper presents the aerodynamic characteristics of low-aspect-ratio sweptback wing having a full-span flap type of control employing an overhanging balance of 50 percent of the flap chord.The main purpose of this investigation was to determine if overhang balances are an effective means of reducing the hinge moments of flap type of controls at transonic speeds."
Aerodynamic characteristics at transonic speeds of a wing having a 45 degree sweep, aspect ratio 8, taper ratio 0.45, and airfoil sections varying from the NACA 63A010 section at the root to the NACA 63A006 section at the tip.
No Description Available.
The aerodynamic characteristics at transonic speeds of an all-movable, tapered, 45 degree sweptback, aspect-ratio-4 tail deflected about a skewed hinge axis and equipped with an inset unbalancing tab
From Introduction: "The present investigation presents the lift and moment characteristics of an aspect-ratio-4.0 tail, sweptback 45^o at the quarter-chord line and pivoted about an axis sweptback 55.5^o and passing through the leading edge of the root-chord line."
The aerodynamic characteristics at transonic speeds of an all-movable, tapered, 45 degrees sweptback, aspect-ratio-4 tail surface deflected about a skewed hinge axis
From Introduction: "The purpose of the present paper was to determine whether the characteristics about a skewed axis could be predicted from data about the normal angle-of-attack axis, and whether such a configuration offered any aerodynamic advantages over the conventional hinge location normal to the pane of symmetry."
Aerodynamic characteristics extended to high angles of attack at transonic speeds of a small-scale 0 degree sweep wing, 45 degree sweptback wing, and 60 degree delta wing
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic Characteristics in Pitch and Sideslip at High Subsonic Speeds of a 1/14-Scale Model of the Grumman XF104 Airplane with Wing Sweepback of 42.5 Degrees
An investigation has been made at high subsonic speeds of the aerodynamic'characteristics in pitch and sideslip of a l/l4-scale model of the Grumman XF10F airplane with a wing sweepback angle of 42.5. The longitudinal stability characteristics (with the horizontal tail fixed) indicate a pitch-up near the stall; however, this was somewhat alleviated by the addition of fins to the side of the fuselage below the horizontal tail. The original model configuration became directionally unstable for small sideslip angles at Mach numbers above 0.8; however, the instability was eliminated by several different modifications.
The Aerodynamic Characteristics in Pitch of a 1/15-Scale Model of the Grumman F11F-1 Airplane at Mach Numbers of 1.41, 1.61, and 2.01, TED No. NACA DE 390
Tests have been made in the Langley 4- by 4-foot supersonic pressure tunnel at Mach numbers of 1.41, 1.61, and 2.01 to determine the static longitudinal stability and control characteristics of various arrangements of the Grumman F11F-1 airplane. Tests were made of the complete model and various combinations of its component parts and, in addition, the effects of various body modifications, a revised vertical tail, and wing fences on the longitudinal characteristics were determined. The results indicate that for a horizontal-tail incidence of -10 deg the trim lift coefficient varied from 0.29 at a Mach number of 1.61 to 0.23 at a Mach number of 2.01 with a corresponding decrease in lift-drag trim from 3.72 to 3.15. Stick-position instability was indicated in the low-supersonic-speed range. A photographic-type nose modification resulted in slightly higher values of minimum drag coefficient but did not significantly affect the static stability or lift-curve slope. The minimum drag coefficient for the complete model with the production nose remained essentially constant at 0.047 throughout the Mach number range investigated.
Aerodynamic characteristics in pitch of a series of cruciform-wing missiles with canard controls at a Mach number of 2.01
From Introduction: "This paper presents the results of tests made at a Mach number of 2.01 to determine the effect of body length on the longitudinal characteristics (zero roll angle) for five complete configurations as well as for the bodies alone, the bodies plus wings, and the bodies plus canard surfaces. The experimental results are compared with some simple theoretical estimates."
Aerodynamic characteristics including effects of wing fixes of a 1/20-scale model of the Convair F-102 airplane at transonic speeds
From Introduction: "Results from the tests in the Langley 4- by 4-foot supersonic pressure tunnel at Mach numbers of 1.61 and 2.01 are presented in reference 1. Reported herein are results obtained from the tests in the Langley 8-foot transonic tunnel of the model with no control deflections at Mach numbers 0.6 to 1.12 for angles of attack up to 34^o
Aerodynamic characteristics including pressure distribution of a fuselage and three combinations of the fuselage with swept-back wings at high subsonic speeds
From Introduction: "The wings were tested in combination with fuselage similar to the one used in the 7- by 10-foot wind-tunnel investigations. The results are reported herein and are compared with results for three similar model wings on the transonic bump (references 1, 2, and 3)."
Aerodynamic characteristics including scale effect of several wings and bodies alone and in combination at a Mach number of 1.53
From Introduction: "In the present report, the results for the wings and bodies of revolution alone are first analyzed in comparison with exiting theory."
Aerodynamic Characteristics of a 0.5-Scale Model of the Fairchild XSAM-N-2 Lark Missile at High Subsonic Speeds
An investigation was conducted to determine the longitudinal- and lateral-stability characteristics of a 0.5-scale moue1 of the Fairchild Lark missile, The model was tested with 0 deg and with 22.5 deg of roll. Three horizontal wings having NACA 16-009, 16-209, and 64A-209 sections were tested. Pressures were measured on both pointed and blunt noses. The wind-tunnel-test data indicate that rolling the missile 22.5 deg. had no serious effect on the static longitudinal stability. The desired maneuvering acceleration could not be attained with any of the horizontal wings tested, even with the horizontal wing flaps deflected 50 deg. The flaps on the 64A-209 wing (with small trailing-edge angles and flat sides) were effective at all flap deflections, while the flaps on the 16-series wings (with large trailing-edge angles) lost effectiveness at small flap deflections. The data showed that rolling moment existed when the vertical wing flaps were deflected with the model at other than zero angle of attack. A similar rolling moment probably would be found . with the horizontal wing flaps deflected and the model yawed.
Aerodynamic characteristics of a 0.04956-scale model of the Convair F-102A airplane at Mach numbers of 1.41, 1.61, and 2.01
Tests have been made in the Langley 4- by 4-foot supersonic pressure tunnel at Mach numbers of 1.41, 1.61, and 2.01 of various arrangements of a 0.04956-scale model of the Convair F-102A airplane with faired inlets. Tests made of the model equipped with a plain wing, a wing with 6.4 percent conical camber, and a wing with 15 percent conical camber. Body modifications including an extended nose, a modified canopy, and extended afterbody fillets were evaluated. In addition, the effects of a revised vertical tail and two different ventral fins were determined. The results indicated that the use of cambered wings resulted in lower drag in the lift-coefficient range above 0.2. This range, however, is above that which would generally be required for level flight; hence, the usefulness of camber might be confined to increased maneuverability at the higher lifts while its use may be detrimental to the high-speed (low-lift) capabilities.
Aerodynamic Characteristics of a 0.04956-Scale Model of the Convair F-102A Airplane at Transonic Speeds
Tests have been conducted in the Langley 8-foot transonic tunnel on a 0.04956-scale model of the Convair F-102A airplane which employed an indented and extended fuselage, cambered wing leading edges, and deflected wing tips. Force and moment characteristics were obtained for Mach numbers from 0.60 to 1.135 at angles of attack up to 20 . In addition, tests were made over a limited angle-of-attack range to determine the effects of the cambered leading edges, deflected tips, and a nose section with a smooth area distribution. Fuselage modifications employed on the F-102A were responsible for a 25.percent reduction in the minimum drag-coefficient rise between the Mach numbers of 0.85 and 1.075 when compared with that for the earlier versions of the F-102. Although the wing modifications increased the F-102A subsonic minimum drag-coefficient level approximately 0.0020, they produced large decreases in drag at lifting conditions over that for the original (plane-wing) F-102. The F-102A had 15 to 25 percent higher maximum lift-drag ratios than did the original F-102. The F-102A had about 15 percent lower maximum lift-drag ratios at Mach numbers below 0.95 and slightly higher maximum lift-drag ratios at supersonic speeds when compared with those ratios for sn earlier modified-wing version of the F-102. Chordwise wing fences which provided suitable longitudinal stability for the original F-102 were not adequate for the cambered-wing F-102A The pitching-moment curves indicated a region of near neutral stability with possible pitch-up tendencies for the F-102A at high subsonic Mach numbers for lift coefficients between about 0.4 and 0.5.
Aerodynamic characteristics of a 0.04956-scale model of the Convair F-102B airplane at Mach numbers of 1.41, 1.61, and 2.01 : COORD No. AF-231
No Description Available.
Aerodynamic Characteristics of a 0.04956-Scale Model of the Convair TF-102A Airplane at Transonic Speeds, Coord. No. AF-120
The basic aerodynamic characteristics of a 0.04956-scale model of the Convair TF-102A airplane with controls undeflected have been determined at Mach numbers from 0.60 to 1.135 for angles of attack up to approximately 22 deg in the Langley 8-foot transonic tunnel. In addition, comparisons have been made with data obtained from a previous investigation of a 0.04956-scale model of the Convair F-102A airplane. The results indicated the TF-102A airplane was longitudinally stable for all conditions tested. An increase in lift-curve slope from 0.045 to 0.059 and an 11-percent rearward shift in aerodynamic-center location occurred with increases in Mach number from 0.60 to approximately 1.05. The zero-lift drag coefficient for the TF-102A airplane increased 145 percent between the Mach numbers of 0.85 and 1.075; the maximum lift-drag ratio decreased from 9.5 at a Mach number of 0.60 to 5.0 at Mach numbers above 1.025. There was little difference in the lift and pitching-moment characteristics and drag due to life between the TF-102A and F-102A configurations. However, as compared with the F-102A airplane, the zero-lift drag-rise Mach number for the TF-102A was reduced by at least 0.06, the zero-lift peak wave drag was increased 50 percent, and the maximum lift-drag ratio was reduced as much as 20 percent.
Aerodynamic characteristics of a 1/4-scale model of the duct system for the General Electric P-1 nuclear powerplant for aircraft
No Description Available.