National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 735 Matching Results

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Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Portion of the Horizontal Tail from a Douglas C-74 Airplane with Fabric-Covered Elevators

Description: A Douglas C-74 airplane, during a test dive at about 0.525 Mach number, experienced uncontrollable longitudinal oscillations sufficient to cause shedding of the outer wing panels and the subsequent crash of the airplane. Tests of a section of the horizontal tail plane from a C-74 airplane were conducted in the Ames 16-foot high-speed wind tunnel to investigate the possibility of the tail as a contributing factor to the accident. The results of the investigations of fabric-covered elevators in various conditions of surface deformation are presented in this report.
Date: May 6, 1947
Creator: Perone, Angelo & Berthold, Cecil L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic Characteristics of Three Deep-Stepped Planing-Tail Flying-Boat Hulls

Description: An investigation was made in the Langley 300 MPH 7- by 10-foot tunnel to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of three deep-stepped planing-tail flying-boat hulls differing only in the amount of step fairing. The hulls were derived by increasing the unfaired step depth of a planing-tail hull of a previous aerodynamic investigation to a depth about 92 percent of the hull beam. Tests were also made on a transverse-stepped hull with an extended afterbody for the purpose of comparison and in order to extend and verify the results of a previous investigation. The investigation indicated that the extended afterbody hull had a minimum drag coefficient about the same as a conventional hull, 0.0066, and an angle-of-attack range for minimum drag coefficient of 0.0057 which was 14 percent less than the transverse stepped hull with extended afterbody; the hulls with step fairing had up to 44 percent less minimum drag coefficient than the transverse-stepped hull, or slightly more drag than a streamlined body having approximately the same length and volume. Longitudinal and lateral instability varied little with step fairing and was about the same as a conventional hull.
Date: March 13, 1947
Creator: Riebe, John M. & Naeseth, Rodger L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air-Stream Surveys in the Vicinity of the Tail of a 1/8.33-Scale Powered Model of the Republic XF-12 Airplane

Description: The XF-12 airplane was designed by Republic Aviation Corporation to provide the Army Air Forces with a high performance, photo reconnaissance aircraft. A series of air-stream surveys were made n the vicinity of the empennage of a 1/8.33-scale powered model of the XF-12 airplane in the Langley 19-foot pressure tunnel. Surveys of the vortical-tail region were made through a range of yaw angles of plus or minus 20 degrees at a high and low angle of attack. The horizontal-tail surveys were made over a fairly wide range of angles of attack at zero degrees yaw. Several power and flap conditions were investigated. The results are presented in the form a dynamic pressure ratios, sidewash angles, and downwash angles plotted against vertical distance from the fuselage center line. The results of the investigation indicate that a vertical tail located in a conventional position would be in a field of flow where the dynamic pressure ratios at the horizontal tail to be increased; for equal lift coefficients, the effect of power or flap deflection on the direction of flow at any particular point in the region of the horizontal tail is small.
Date: April 8, 1947
Creator: Foster, Gerald V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airfoil in sinusoidal motion in a pulsating stream

Description: From Introduction: "In the present paper, under the same lineaeizing assumptions as are made in the derivation in reference 1 but with the explicit consideration and simplification of the form of the wake extending from the rear of the airfoil, the methods of Theodorsen (reference 2) have been extended to obtain the forces on the airfoil not only at a fixed angle of attack but also in arbitrary motion."
Date: June 1, 1947
Creator: Greenberg, J Mayo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude Cooling Investigation of the R-2800-21 Engine in the P-47G Airplane. IV - Engine Cooling-Air Pressure Distribution

Description: A study of the data obtained in a flight investigation of an R-2800-21 engine in a P-47G airplane was made to determine the effect of the flight variables on the engine cooling-air pressure distribution. The investigation consisted of level flights at altitudes from 5000 to 35,000 feet for the normal range of engine and airplane operation. The data showed that the average engine front pressures ranged from 0.73 to 0.82 of the impact pressure (velocity head). The average engine rear pressures ranged from 0.50 to 0.55 of the impact pressure for closed cowl flaps and from 0.10 to 0.20 for full-open cowl flaps. In general, the highest front pressures were obtained at the bottom of the engine. The rear pressures for the rear-row cylinders were .lower and the pressure drops correspondingly higher than for the front-row cylinders. The rear-pressure distribution was materially affected by cowl-flap position in that the differences between the rear pressures of the front-row and rear-row cylinders markedly increased as the cowl flaps were opened. For full-open cowl flaps, the pressure drops across the rear-row cylinders were in the order of 0.2 of the impact pressure greater than across the front-row cylinders. Propeller speed and altitude had little effect on the -coolingair pressure distribution, Increase in angle of inclination of the thrust axis decreased the front ?pressures for the cylinders at the top of the engine and increased them for the cylinders at the bottom of the engine. As more auxiliary air was taken from the engine cowling, the front pressures and, to a lesser extent, the rear pressures for the cylinders at the bottom of the engine decreased. No correlation existed between the cooling-air pressure-drop distribution and the cylinder-temperature distribution.
Date: January 7, 1947
Creator: Kaufman, Samuel J.; Staudt, Robert C. & Valerino, Michael F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of R-4360-18 Power-Plant Installation for XR60 Airplane, 3, Performance of Induction and Exhaust Systems

Description: A study has been made of the performance of the induction and the exhaust systems on the XR60 power-plant installation as part of an investigation conducted in the Cleveland altitude wind tunnel. Altitude flight conditions from 5000 to 30,000 feet were simulated for a range of engine powers from 750 to 3000 brake horsepower. Slipstream rotation prevented normal pressure recoveries in the right side of the main duct in the region of the right intercooler cooling-air duct inlet. Total-pressure losses in the charge-air flow between the turbosupercharger and the intercoolers were as high as 2.1 inches of mercury. The total-pressure distribution of the charge air at the intercooler inlets was irregular and varied as much as 1.0 inch of mercury from the average value at extreme conditions, Total-pressure surveys at the carburetor top deck showed a variation from the average value of 0.3 inch of mercury at take-off power and 0.05 inch of mercury at maximum cruising power, The carburetor preheater system increased the temperature of the engine charge air a maximum of about 82 F at an average cowl-inlet air temperature of 9 F, a pressure altitude of 5000 feet, and a brake horsepower of 1240.
Date: March 26, 1947
Creator: Dupree, David T. & Hawkins, W. Kent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of the 19B-2, 19B-8 and 19XB-1 Jet- Propulsion Engines, 4, Analysis of Compressor Performance

Description: Investigations were conducted in the Cleveland altitude wind tunnel to determine the performance and operational characteristics of the 19B-2, 19B-8, and 19XS-1 turbojet engines. One objective was to determine the effect of altitude, flight Mach number, and tail-pipe-nozzle area on the performance characteristics of the six-stage and ten-stage axial-flow compressors of the 19B-8 and 19XB-1 engines, respectively, The data were obtained over a range of simulated altitudes and flight Mach numbers. At each simulated flight condition the engine was run over its full operable range of speeds. Performance characteristics of the 19B-8 and 19XB-1 compressors for the range of operation obtainable in the turboJet-engine installation are presented. Compressor characteristics are presented as functions of air flow corrected to sea-level conditions, compressor Mach number, and compressor load coefficient. For the range of compressor operation investigated, changes in Reynolds number had no measurable effect on the relations among compressor Mach number, corrected air flow, compressor load coefficient, compressor pressure ratio, and compressor efficiency. The operating lines for the 19B-8 compressor lay on the low-air-flow side of the region of maximum compressor efficiency; the 19B-8 compressor operated at higher average pressure coefficients per stage and produced a lower over-all pressure ratio than did the 19XB-1 compressor.
Date: April 4, 1947
Creator: Dietz, Robert O. & Kuenzig, John K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of the 19B-2, 19B-8, and 19XB-1 Jet-Propulsion Engines. II - Analysis of Turbine Performance of the 19B-8 Engine

Description: Performance characteristics of the turbine in the 19B-8 jet propulsion engine were determined from an investigation of the complete engine in the Cleveland altitude wind tunnel. The investigation covered a range of simulated altitudes from 5000 to 30,000 feet and flight Mach numbers from 0.05 to 0.46 for various tail-cone positions over the entire operable range of engine speeds. The characteristics of the turbine are presented as functions of the total-pressure ratio across the turbine and the turbine speed and the gas flow corrected to NACA standard atmospheric conditions at sea level. The effect of changes in altitude, flight Mach number, and tail-cone position on turbine performance is discussed. The turbine efficiency with the tail cone in varied from a maximum of 80.5 percent to minimum of 75 percent over a range of engine speeds from 7500 to 17,500 rpm at a flight Mach number of 0.055. Turbine efficiency was unaffected by changes in altitude up to 15,000 feet but was a function of tail-cone position and flight Mach number. Decreasing the tail-pipe-nozzle outlet area 21 percent reduced the turbine efficiency between 2 and 4.5 percent. The turbine efficiency increased between 1.5 and 3 percent as the flight Mach number changed from 0.055 to 0.297.
Date: January 8, 1947
Creator: Krebs, Richard P. & Suozzi, Frank L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-wind-tunnel investigation of thrust augmentation of a turbojet engine III : performance with tail-pipe burning in standard-size tail pipe

Description: From Introduction: "Evaluation of tail-pipe burning in this engine with a larger tail-pipe combustion chamber is discussed in reference 1. Results of investigations on tail-pipe burning in this engine at static sea-level conditions are presented in reference 2. An investigation of thrust augmentation by means of injecting water at the inlet of an axial-flow compressor engine is discussed in reference 3."
Date: August 11, 1947
Creator: Fleming, William A & Golladay, Richard L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of effect of basic design variables on subsonic axial-flow-compressor performance

Description: From Summary: "A blade-element theory for axial-flow compressors has been developed and applied to the analysis of the effects of basic design variables such as Mach number, blade loading, and velocity distribution on compressor performance. The relations among several efficiencies useful in compressor design are derived and discussed. The possible gains in useful operating range obtainable by the use of adjustable stator blades are discussed and a rapid approximate method of calculating blade-angle resettings is shown by an example."
Date: November 26, 1947
Creator: Sinnette, John T , Jr
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of longitudinal-control problems encountered in flight at transonic speeds with a jet-propelled airplane

Description: From Introduction: "This report presents an analysis based on flight and wind-tunnel test data directed toward the determination of the probable cause of the pitch-up. Wing pressure distribution and stability and control characteristics in the dive are also included."
Date: September 25, 1947
Creator: Brown, Harvey H; Rolls, L Stewart & Clousing, Lawrence A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of performance of jet engine from characteristics of components I : aerodynamic and matching characteristics of turbine component determined with cold air

Description: The performance of the turbine component of an NACA research jet engine was investigated with cold air. The interaction and the matching of the turbine with the NACA eight-stage compressor were computed with the combination considered as a jet engine. The over-all performance of the engine was then determined. The internal aerodynamics were studied to the extent of investigating the performance of the first stator ring and its influence on the turbine performance. For this ring, the stream-filament method for computing velocity distribution permitted efficient sections to be designed, but the design condition of free-vortex flow with uniform axial velocities was not obtained.
Date: January 1, 1947
Creator: Goldstein, Arthur W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of the factors that affect the exhaust process of a four-stroke-cycle reciprocating engine

Description: From Introduction: "An investigation was made to determine the relative significance of the factors that affect the exhaust process; the effects that an exhaust-process change has on cylinder charging were given special attention. Differential equations of this nature have been developed by Kemble (reference 1) but the forms of these equations are such that general conclusions regarding the various factors affecting the exhaust process cannot be determined."
Date: April 1947
Creator: Stanitz, John D
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Analysis of the Full-Floating Journal Bearing

Description: An analysis of the operating characteristics of a full-floating bearing - a bearing in which a floating sleeve is located between the journal and bearing surfaces - is presented together with charts - from which the performance of such bearings may be predicted. Examples are presented to illustrate the use of these charts and a limited number of experiments conducted upon a glass full-floating bearing to verify some results of the analysis are reported. The floating sleeve can operate over a wide range of speeds for a given shaft speed, the exact value depending principally upon the ratio of clearances and upon the ratio of radii of the bearing. Lower operating temperatures at high rotative speeds are to be expected by using a full-floating bearing. This lower operating temperature would be obtained at the expense of the load-carrying capacity of the bearing if, for comparison, the clearances remain the same in both bearings. A full-floating bearing having the same load capacity as a conventional journal bearing may be designed if decreased clearances are allowable.
Date: January 28, 1947
Creator: Shaw, M.C. & Nussdorfer, T.J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of the full-floating journal bearing

Description: Report discussing an analysis of the operating characteristics of a full-floating journal bearing, a bearing in which a floating sleeve is located between the journal and bearing surfaces, is presented together with charts from which the performance of such bearings may be predicted.
Date: January 1, 1947
Creator: Shaw, M C & Nussdorfer, T J , Jr
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis, Verification, and Application of Equations and Procedures for Design of Exhaust-Pipe Shrouds

Description: Investigations were made to develop a simplified method for designing exhaust-pipe shrouds to provide desired or maximum cooling of exhaust installations. Analysis of heat exchange and pressure drop of an adequate exhaust-pipe shroud system requires equations for predicting design temperatures and pressure drop on cooling air side of system. Present experiments derive such equations for usual straight annular exhaust-pipe shroud systems for both parallel flow and counter flow. Equations and methods presented are believed to be applicable under certain conditions to the design of shrouds for tail pipes of jet engines.
Date: December 1947
Creator: Ellerbrock, Herman H.; Wcislo, Chester R. & Dexter, Howard E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analytical and experimental investigation of bolted joints

Description: From Introduction: "The present paper contains the development of a recurrence formula for the bolt loads for the simplified case of a symmetrical butt joint with bolts spaced evenly in line with the applied load. The method presented herein is based on the fundamental relationship which was developed in reference 1 between the loads on any two successive bolts. The present paper also gives the results of an experimental investigation conducted to substantiate further the adequacy of the elastic theory as well as to yield additional data on the critical bolt load and the behavior of long joints in the plastic range and at the ultimate load."
Date: October 1947
Creator: Rosenfeld, Samuel J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analytical comparison of a standard turbojet engine, a turbojet engine with a tail-pipe burner, and a ram-jet engine

Description: From Introduction: "Experimental investigations (reference 1) have shown that in some cases the thrust can be more than doubled by means of tail-pipe burning. A comparison is made of a standard turbojet engine, whose thrust is augmented by tail-pipe burning, and a ram-jet engine. The performance characteristics for the ram-jet engine were computed entirely from theoretical considerations and on the assumption that the burner-inlet velocity was constant."
Date: February 10, 1947
Creator: Krebs, Richard P & Palasics, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department