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Annual report for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (10th).administrative report including Technical Reports nos. 186 to 209

Description: Report includes the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics letter of submittal to the president, congressional report, summaries of the committee's activities and research accomplished, bibliographies, and financial report.
Date: January 1, 1925
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of the lift and drag characteristics of an airplane in flight

Description: Flight tests to determine lift and drag characteristics are discussed. A review is given of the fundamental principles on which the tests are based and on the forces acting on an airplane in the various conditions of steady flight. Glide with and without propeller thrust and the relation between angle of attack and the indicated airspeed for different conditions of steady flight are discussed. The glide test procedure and the problem of the propeller are discussed.
Date: August 1, 1925
Creator: Green, Maurice W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The comparison of well-known and new wing sections tested in the variable density wind tunnel

Description: Three groups of airfoils have been tested in the variable density wind tunnel. The first group contains three airfoils. The second group is a systematic series of twenty-seven airfoils. The third group consists of several frequently used wing sections.
Date: May 1, 1925
Creator: Higgins, George J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Flettner rotor ship in the light of the Kutta-Joukowski theory and of experimental results

Description: In this paper the fundamental principles of the Flettner rotor ship (Reference I) are discussed in the light of the Kutta-Joukowski theory and available experimental information on the subject. A brief exposition of the Kutta-Joukowski theory is given and the speed of the rotor ship Buckau computed, first by using effective propulsive force obtained by the above theory, and then by direct application of wind tunnel data.
Date: October 1, 1925
Creator: Rizzo, Frank
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air flow investigation for location of angle of attack head on a JN4h airplane

Description: The technical staff of the NACA at Langley Field, has made a series of free flight tests with a JN4h airplane in order to find the best place for an instrument for measuring the angle of attack. A "neutral zone" was found where the air remains either at rest relative to the undisturbed air beyond the influence of the airplane, or is set in motion parallel to the motion of the airplane. This zone is about midway between the two wings and slightly in front of, or at the vertical plane through the leading edges of the wings but the exact position as well as the outlines of the zone varies considerably as the conditions of flight change.
Date: August 1925
Creator: Freeman, R. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An altitude chamber for the study and calibration of aeronautical instruments

Description: The design and construction of an altitude chamber, in which both pressure and temperature can be varied independently, was carried out by the NACA at the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory for the purpose of studying the effects of temperature and pressure on aeronautical research instruments. Temperatures from +20c to -50c are obtained by the expansion of CO2from standard containers. The chamber can be used for the calibration of research instruments under altitude conditions simulating those up to 45,000 feet. Results obtained with this chamber have a direct application in the design and calibration of instruments used in free flight research.
Date: November 1925
Creator: Reid, J E & Kirchner, Otto E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Standardization tests of NACA no. 1 wind tunnel

Description: The tests described in this report were made in the 5-foot atmospheric wind tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, at Langley Field. The primary objective of collecting data on the characteristics of this tunnel for comparison with those of others throughout the world, in order that, in the future, the results of tests made in all the principle laboratories may be interpreted, compared, and coordinated on a basis of scientifically established relationships, a process hitherto impossible due to the lack of comparable data. The work includes tests of a disk, spheres, cylinders, and airfoils, explorations of the test section for static pressure and velocity distribution, and determination of the variations of air flow direction throughout the operating range of the tunnel. (author).
Date: January 1, 1925
Creator: Reid, Elliott G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some problems on the lift and rolling moment of airplane wings

Description: This report deals with the application of the airfoil and twisted wing theory to the calculation of the lift and rolling moment of airplane wings. Most of the results arrived at are strictly true only for wings of elliptic plan form. The investigation aims to give some indications of the accuracy with which the results can be applied to the wing forms in actual use.
Date: January 1, 1925
Creator: Scarborough, James B
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The influence of the form of a wooden beam on its stiffness and strength III : stresses in wood members subjected to combined column and beam action

Description: The general purpose in this study was to determine the stresses in a wooden member subjected to combined beam and column action. What may be considered the specific purpose, as it relates more directly to the problem of design, was to determine the particular stress that obtains at maximum load which, for combined loading, does not occur simultaneously with maximum stress.
Date: January 1, 1925
Creator: Newlin, J A & Trayer, G W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air forces on airfoils moving faster than sound

Description: We are undertaking the task of computing the air forces on a slightly cambered airfoil in the absence of friction and with an infinite aspect ratio. We also assume in advance that the leading edge is very sharp and that its tangent lies in the direction of motion.
Date: June 1925
Creator: Ackeret, J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airplane parachutes

Description: The "Bulletin Technique", of March, 1919, gave the results of tests and studies made up to that date in connection with airplane parachutes. This work has been continued.
Date: August 1925
Creator: Mazer
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Concrete airship sheds at Orly, France. Part I

Description: This report details the contest to design and build concrete airship hangers. The difficulty lies in the magnitude of the absolute dimensions. An airship shed must withstand two principal types of stresses: those resulting from its own weight and those due to the wind. This report discusses both problems in detail.
Date: October 1925
Creator: FREYSSINET
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An introduction to the helicopter

Description: It is the object of this report to review briefly the aerodynamic and construction data already available and to set forth the difficulties which must be met.
Date: January 1, 1925
Creator: Klemin, Alexander
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure Distribution on Joukowski Wings and Graphic Construction of Joukowski Wings

Description: In the first article, in connection with a lecture on the hydrodynamic basis of flight and the potential flow about a Joukowski wing, the pressure distribution on several wings is computed and plotted. The diagrams of the pressure distributions are presented accompanied with a qualitative discussion of the pressure distribution. In the second article, the the cross-sectional outline (or profile) a Joukowski wing are plotted.
Date: October 1, 1925
Creator: Blumenthal, Otto & Trefftz, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental determination of pressure drop caused by wire gauze in an air stream

Description: For several kinds of wire gauze the difference in static, dynamic and total or absolute pressure in front of and behind the gauze were determined for comparison with the pressure drop caused by an airplane radiator, such gauze being used on airplane models to represent the radiator.
Date: January 1, 1925
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of ignition points of liquid fuels under pressure

Description: Two series of experiments were tried, in order to determine the ignition point at any desired pressure, the first series at constant and the second at varying pressure. The results differ greatly and indicate that testing under pressure, in the investigation of liquid fuels, can be done best in the laboratory and that the determination of the ignition points in an open vessel furnishes no certain indication of the behavior of the fuel in the engine.
Date: January 1, 1925
Creator: Tausz, J & Schulte, F
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hulls for large seaplanes

Description: In reality, the principle of similitude is not applicable to the hulls, the designing of which increases in difficulty with increasing size of the seaplanes. In order to formulate, at least in a general way, the basic principles of calculation, we must first summarize the essential characteristics of a hull with reference to its gradual enlargement. In this study, we will disregard hulls with wing stubs, as being inapplicable to large seaplanes.
Date: January 1, 1925
Creator: Magaldi, Giulio
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Results of recent experiments with slotted wings

Description: This report gives the results of a recent series of experiments performed on a wing designed for a cantilever monoplane. Both wings were trapezial in their ground plan, with their tips rounded elliptically. These wing sections combine all known devices for increasing the lift, namely, the slot, the increased camber and angle of attack by means of an aileron running the whole length of the span. The last advance included in the wing section was an increase in wing area by means of an auxiliary wing adjusted by a sort of rectangular joint.
Date: January 1, 1925
Creator: Lachmann, G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of wing spars of variable cross-section and linear load

Description: The calculation of wing spars of constant cross-section and load has been thoroughly treated by a large number of authors. Such is not the case,however, regarding the calculation of wing spars whose section and linear load diminish toward the ends, as in wings of trapezoidal contour and decreasing section.
Date: March 1, 1925
Creator: Kirste, Leon
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department