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Annual report of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (5th).administrative report including Technical Reports nos. 51 to 82

Description: Report includes the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics letter of submittal to the President, Congressional report, summaries of the committee's activities and research accomplished, expenditures, and a compilation of technical reports produced.
Date: 1920
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Annual report of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (4th).administrative report including Technical Reports nos. 24 to 50

Description: Report includes the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics letter of submittal to the President, Congressional report, summaries of the committee's activities and research accomplished, expenditures, problems, recommendations, and a compilation of technical reports produced.
Date: 1920
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theory of Lifting Surfaces, Part 2

Description: A mathematical model is presented towards a theory of lifting and resistance on wings. It consists of a theory of multiplanes, conditions of flow at a great distance from the wing, lifting systems of minimum resistance, and free stream and stream limited by walls.
Date: August 1, 1920
Creator: Prandtl, L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Soaring flight in Guinea

Description: The term soaring is applied here to the flight of certain large birds which maneuver in the air without moving their wings. The author explains the methods of his research and here gives approximate figures for the soaring flight of the Egyptian Vulture and the African White backed Vulture. Figures are given in tabular form for relative air speed per foot per second, air velocity per foot per second, lift/drag ratio, and selected coefficients. The author argues that although the figures given were taken from a very limited series of observations, they have nevertheless thrown some light on the use by birds of the internal energy of the air.
Date: August 1, 1920
Creator: Idrac, P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Static testing and proposed standard specifications

Description: Static tests fall into two groups, the first of which is designed to load all members of the structure approximately in accordance with the worst loads which they carry in flight, while the second is directed to the testing of specific members which are suspected of weakness and which are difficult to analyze mathematically. The nature of the loading in the second type is different for every different test, but the purpose of the first is defined clearly enough to permit the adoption of some standard set of loading specifications, at least for airplanes of normal design. Here, an attempt is made to carry through an analysis leading to such a standard, the goal being the determination of a load which will simultaneously impose on every member of the airplane structure a stress equal to the worst it will carry in flight.
Date: July 1, 1920
Creator: Warner, E P
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gottingen Wind Tunnel for testing aircraft models

Description: Given here is a brief description of the Gottingen Wind Tunnel for the testing of aircraft models, preceded by a history of its development. Included are a number of diagrams illustrating, among other things, a sectional elevation of the wind tunnel, the pressure regulator, the entrance cone and method of supporting a model for simple drag tests, a three-component balance, and a propeller testing device, all of which are discussed in the text.
Date: November 1, 1920
Creator: Prandtl, L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airplane performance as influenced by the use of a supercharged engine

Description: The question of the influence of a supercharged engine on airplane performance is treated here in a first approximation, but one that gives an exact idea of the advantage of supercharging. Considered here is an airplane that climbs first with an ordinary engine, not supercharged, and afterwards climbs with a supercharged engine. The aim is to find the difference of the ceilings reached in the two cases. In the case of our figure, the ceiling from 25,000 feet is increased to 37,000 feet, the supercharging maintaining the power only up to 20,000 feet. This makes, in comparison with an engine without supercharging, an increase of about 50 percent.
Date: May 1920
Creator: De Bothezat, George
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Duralumin

Description: The use of duralumin in the construction of aircraft makes an account of the properties of this material desirable especially with reference to its working qualities as developed by experience.
Date: July 1, 1920
Creator: Unger, E & Schmidt, E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Instrument for measuring engine clearance volumes

Description: With the advent of the V type engine, a new method to measure the clearance volume in cylinders was needed. It was suggested that this measurement could be made by a process which consisted essentially of simultaneously changing both a known and unknown volume of gas by a known amount and then calculating the magnitude of the unknown from the resulting difference in pressure between the two. An instrument based on this design is described.
Date: December 1, 1920
Creator: Sparrow, S W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theory of lifting surfaces

Description: The general basis of the theory of lifting surfaces is discussed. The problem of the flow of a fluid about a lifting surface of infinite span is examined in terms of the existence of vortexes in the current. A general theory of permanent flow is discussed. Formulas for determining the influence of aspect ratio that may be applied to all wings, whatever their plane form, are given.
Date: July 1, 1920
Creator: Prandtl , L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bomb trajectories

Description: The report is a mathematical treatise dealing with the trajectories of bombs of high terminal velocity, dropped from a great altitude.
Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Wilson, Edwin Bidwell
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Glues used in airplane parts

Description: This report was prepared for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics and presents the results of investigations conducted by the Forest Products Laboratory of the United States Forest Service on the manufacture, preparation, application, testing and physical properties of the different types of glues used in wood airplane parts.
Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Allen, S W & Truax, T R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A study of airplane ranges and useful loads

Description: This report is an analysis of the maximum flight radii of typical large airplanes and a discussion of the way in which the possible length of flight is affected by the change of weight by consumption of fuel during the flight.
Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Coffin, J G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental research on air propellers III

Description: Report presents the results of wind tunnel tests of propellers that examined the influence of the following characteristics: (1) nominal pitch ratio 1.3 combined with a certain number of the more common or standard forms and proportions; (2) driving face slightly rounded or convex; (3) change in the location of the maximum thickness ordinate of the blade section; (4) pushing forward the leading edge of the blade, thus giving a rounded convex surface on the leading side of the driving face. (5) a series of values for the constant "angle of attack" in forming propellers with radially increasing pitch. In accordance with these purposes tests were carried out on 28 propellers.
Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Durand, W F & Lesley, E P
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supplies and production of aircraft woods

Description: The purpose of this report is to present in brief form such information as is available regarding the supplies of the kinds of wood that have been used or seem likely to become important in the construction of airplanes, and the amount of lumber of each species normally put on the market each year. A general statement is given of the uses to which each kind of wood is or may be put.
Date: January 1, 1920
Creator: Sparhawk, W N
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Drag or negative traction of geared-down supporting propellers in the downward vertical glide of a helicopter

Description: Discussed here are computations of drag or negative traction of geared down supporting propellers in the downward vertical glide of a helicopter. By means of Frounde's Theory, the maximum value of the drag of a windmill is calculated. For wooden propellers, the author finds that the difference between the drag and the weight is proportional to the number of blades and is larger for propellers of small diameter; thus it is 25 kg. for a six blade propeller with a diameter of 2 m. 50. The author notes that if we are to adopt large propellers, we must have recourse to a different method of construction, resulting in large dimension propellers much lighter than those made of wood. In discussing insufficient drag, the author notes that the question of the drag of geared down supporting propellers can only be decided by experiment.
Date: September 1, 1920
Creator: Toussaint, A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of artificial flight at high altitudes

Description: If we wish to form an accurate idea of the extraordinary progress achieved in aeronautics, a comparison must be made of the latest altitude records and the figures regarded as highest attainable limit some ten years ago. It is desirable, for two reasons, that we should be able to define the limit of the altitudes that can be reached without artificial aid. First, to know to what extent the human body can endure the inhalation of rarified air. Second, the mental capacity of the aviator must be tested at high altitudes and the limit known below which he is able to make reliable observations without being artificially supplied with oxygen. A pneumatic chamber was used for the most accurate observations.
Date: November 1, 1920
Creator: Gradenwitz, Arthur
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On the elementary relation between pitch, slip, and propulsive efficiency

Description: The author examines the current theory on the importance of reducing slip in airplane propellers. The author feels an exaggerated importance is attached to this supposition and feels that the increase in friction by an increase in propeller area or number of revolutions can't be discounted.
Date: July 1, 1920
Creator: Froude, W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Recent developments in light alloys

Description: This report is intended to cover the progress that has been made in both the manufacture and utility of light alloys in the United States since the first part of 1919. Duralumin is extensively discussed both as to manufacture and durability.
Date: November 1, 1920
Creator: Woodward, R W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Variable pitch propellers

Description: In this report are described four different types of propellers which appeared at widely separated dates, but which were exhibited together at the last Salon de l'Aeronautique. The four propellers are the Chaviere variable pitch propeller, the variable pitch propeller used on the Clement Bayard dirigible, the variable pitch propeller used on Italian dirigibles, and the Levasseur variable pitch propeller.
Date: November 1, 1920
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department