National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 4,114 Matching Results

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Considerations of the Total Drag of Supersonic Airfoil Sections

Description: The results of calculations of the viscous and pressure drags of some two-dimensional supersonic airfoils at zero lift are presented. The results indicate that inclusion of viscous drag alters many previous results regarding the desirability of certain airfoil shapes for securing low drags at supersonic speeds. At certain Reynolds and Mach numbers, for instance, a circular-arc airfoil may theoretically have less drag than the previously advocated symmetrical wedge-shape profile; although under different conditions, the circular-arc airfoil may have a higher drag.
Date: July 1947
Creator: Ivey, H. Reese & Klunker, E. Bernard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-Dimensional Irrotational Transonic Flows of a Compressible Fluid

Description: The methods of NACA TN No. 995 have been slightly modified and extended in include flows with circulation by considering the alteration of the singularities of the incompressible solution due to the presence of the hypergeometric functions in the analytic continuation of the solution. It was found that for finite Mach numbers the only case in which the nature of the singularity can remain unchanged is for a ratio of specific heats equal to -1. From a study of two particular flows it seems that the effect of geometry cannot be neglected, and the conventional "pressure-correction" formulas are not valid, even in the subsonic region if the body is thick, especially if there is a supersonic region in the flow.
Date: June 1948
Creator: Kuo, Yung-Huai
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charts for the Computation of Equilibrium Composition of Chemical Reactions in the Carbon-Hydrogen-Nitrogen System at Temperatures from 2000 to 5000 Degrees K

Description: Charts are provided for the estimation and progressive adjustment of two independent variables on which the calculations are based. Additional charts are provided for the graphical calculation of the composition.
Date: July 1948
Creator: Huff, Vearl N. & Calvert, Clyde S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Detail Calculations of the Estimated Shift in Stick-Fixed Neutral Point Due to the Windmilling Propeller and to the Fuselage of the Republic XF-12 Airplane

Description: Detail calculations are presented of the shifts in stick-fixed neutral point of the Republic XF-12 airplane due to the windmilling propellers and to the fuselage. The results of these calculations differ somewhat from those previously made for this airplane by Republic Aviation Corporation personnel under the direction of Langley flight division personnel. Due to these differences the neutral point for the airplane is predicted to be 37.8 percent mean aerodynamic chord, instead of 40.8 percent mean aerodynamic chord as previously reported.
Date: October 16, 1944
Creator: White, M. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Addition of heat to a compressible fluid in motion

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this report is to summarize, without extended proofs, the results of a study of a simplified model of nonadiabiatic, compressible fluid flow, both subsonic and supersonic, and to state these results in a form that will make them immediately useful in providing a theoretical background for current technical problems of high-speed combustion.
Date: February 1945
Creator: Hicks, Bruce L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Adaptor for measuring principal strains with Tuckerman strain gage

Description: Report discussing an adapter which uses three Tuckerman optical strain gages to measure the displacement of the three vortices of an equilateral triangle along lines 120 degrees apart. These displacements are substituted in well-known equations in order to compute the magnitude and direction of the principal strains. Tests of the adaptor indicate that principal strains over a gage length of 1.42 inch may be measured with a systematic error not exceeding 4 percent and a mean observational error of the order of + or minus 0.000006. The maximum observed error in strain was of the order of 0.00006. The directions of principal strains for unidirectional stress were measured with the adaptor with an average error of the order of 1 degree.
Date: June 1943
Creator: Mcpherson, A E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The 1350 F stress-rupture properties of two wrought alloys and three cast alloys

Description: From Summary: "These properties compare favorably with those of the strongest similar alloys previously investigated. However, compared with a 60Cr-25Fe-15Mo alloy, the three cobalt-chronium-nickel cast alloys are inferior. A correlation of NACA and OSRD (Project NRC-8) data is presented, showing the variation of rupture strengths with temperature in the range of 1350^o to 2000^o for alloys."
Date: November 1947
Creator: Reynolds, E E; Freeman, J W & White, A E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind Tunnel Development of Means to Alleviate Buffeting of the North American XP-82 Airplane at High Speeds

Description: This report presents the results of wind-tunnel tests of a 0.22-scale model of the North American XP-82 airplane with several modifications designed to reduce the buffeting of the airplane. The effects of various modifications on the air flow over the model are shown by means of photographs of tufts. The drag, lift, and pitching-moment coefficients of the model with several of the modifications are shown. The result indicate that, by reflexing the trailing edge of the center section of the wing and modifying the radiator air-scoop gutter and the inboard lower-surface wing fillets, the start of buffeting can be delayed from a Mach number of 0.70 to 0.775, and that the diving tendency of the airplane would be eliminated up to a Mach number of 0.80.
Date: January 9, 1947
Creator: Anderson, Joseph L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of the Wing and the Wing-Fuselage Combination of a Full-Scale Model of the Republic XP-91 Airplane in the Ames 40-by 80-Foot Wing Tunnel

Description: Wind-tunnel tests of a full-scale model of the Republic XP-91 airplane were conducted to determine the longitudinal and lateral characteristics of the wing alone and the wing-fuselage combination, the characteristics of the aileron, and the damping in roll af the wing alone. Various high-lift devices were investigated including trailing-edge split flaps and partial- and full-span leading-edge slats and Krueger-type nose flaps. Results of this investigation showed that a very significant gain in maximum lift could be achieved through use of the proper leading-edge device, The maximum lift coefficient of the model with split flaps and the original partial-span straight slats was only 1.2; whereas a value of approximately 1.8 was obtained by drooping the slat and extending it full span, Improvement in maximum lift of approximately the same amount resulted when a full-span nose flap was substituted for the original partial-span slat.
Date: June 10, 1948
Creator: Hunton, Lynn W. & Dew, Joseph K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of wing characteristics at a Mach number of 1.53 II : swept wings of taper ratio 0.5

Description: Measured values of lift, drag, and pitching moment at M(sub o) = 1.53 are presented for seven wings varying in sweep angle from 60 degrees sweepforward to 60 degrees sweepback. All wings had a cambered, double-wedge section 5-percent thick and a common taper ratio of 0.5. The experimental results are compared with the predictions of the linear theory.
Date: June 28, 1948
Creator: Vincenti, Walter G; Van Dyke, Milton D & Matteson, Frederick H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Results of an Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a TG-100A Gas Turbine-Propeller Engine, 3, Pressure and Temperature Distributions

Description: An altitude-wind-tunnel investigation of a TG-100A gas turbine-propeller engine was performed. Pressure and temperature data were obtained at altitudes from 5000 to 35000 feet, compressor inlet ram-pressure ratios from 1.00 to 1.17, and engine speeds from 800 to 13000 rpm. The effect of engine speed, shaft horsepower, and compressor-inlet ram-pressure ratio on pressure and temperature distribution at each measuring station are presented graphically.
Date: November 13, 1947
Creator: Geisenheyner, Robert M. & Berdysz, Joseph J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Results of an Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a TG-100A Gas Turbine-Propeller Engine, 4, Compressor and Turbine Performance Characteristics

Description: As part of an investigation of the performance and operational characteristics of the TG-100A gas turbine-propeller engine, conducted in the Cleveland altitude wind tunnel, the performance characteristics of the compressor and the turbine were obtained. The data presented were obtained at a compressor-inlet ram-pressure ratio of 1.00 for altitudes from 5000 to 35,000 feet, engine speeds from 8000 to 13,000 rpm, and turbine-inlet temperatures from 1400 to 2100R. The highest compressor pressure ratio was 6.15 at a corrected air flow of 23.7 pounds per second and a corrected turbine-inlet temperature of 2475R. Peak adiabatic compressor efficiencies of about 77 percent were obtained near the value of corrected air flow corresponding to a corrected engine speed of 13,000 rpm. This maximum efficiency may be somewhat low, however, because of dirt accumulations on the compressor blades. A maximum adiabatic turbine efficiency of 81.5 percent was obtained at rated engine speed for all altitudes and turbine-inlet temperatures investigated.
Date: November 13, 1947
Creator: Wallner, Lewis E. & Saari, Martin J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Results of an Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a TG-100A Gas Turbine-Propeller Engine II - Windmilling Characteristics

Description: An investigation was conducted to determine the operational and performance characteristics of the TG-100A gas turbine-propeller engine II. Windmilling characteristics were deterined for a range of altitudes from 5000 to 35,000 feet, true airspeeds from 100 to 273 miles per hour, and propeller blade angles from 4 degrees to 46 degrees.
Date: August 4, 1947
Creator: Conrad, E. W. & Durham, J. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Results of an Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of an Axial-Flow Gas Turbine-Propeller Engine, 1, Performance Characteristics

Description: A preliminary investigation of an axial-flow gas turbine-propeller engine was conduxted. Performance data were obtained for engine speeds from 8000 to 13,000 rpm and altitudes from 5000 to 35,000 feet and compressor inlet ram pressure ratios from 1.00 to 1.17.
Date: August 2, 1948
Creator: Saari, Martin J. & Wallner, Lewis E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of Single-Stage Turbine of Mark 25 Torpedo Power Plant with Two Special Nozzles, 1, Efficiency with 0.45-inch Rotor Blades

Description: An investigation was made of the first-stage turbine of a Mark 25 torpedo power plant to determine the performance of the unity with two nozzle configurations and a special rotor having 0.45-inch blades instead of the standard length of 0.40 inch. Both nozzles had smaller passages than the nozzles of similar shape that were previously investigated. The performance of the nozzle-blade combinations is evaluated in terms of brake, rotor, and blade efficiency as functions of blade-jet speed ratio for three pressure ratios. Over the range of speeds and pressure ratios investigated, the efficiency with the nozzle having rectangular passages (J) was higher than that with a nozzle having circular passages (K). The difference in blade efficiencies varied from less than 0.010 at the lower blade-jet speed ratios for the three pressure ratios investigated to 0.030 at a pressure ratio of 8 and a blade-jet speed ratio of 0.295. The efficiencies with these tow nozzles were generally lower than those obtained with nozzles previously reported in combination with the 0.45-inch blades.
Date: May 4, 1949
Creator: Schum, Harold J. & Whitney, Waren J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of the 19XB 10-Stage Axial-Flow Compressor with Altered Blade Angles

Description: Previous performance data of the 19XB axial-flow compressor indicated that the outlet guide vanes and possibly the inlet guide vanes were stalling. Calculations were made to determine if these adverse conditions could be eliminated and if the manufacturer's design specifications could be more nearly approached by altering the blade angles of the first few compression stages as well as the outlet guide vanes. With the blade angles altered, experimental data were taken at compressor speeds of 8500 to 17,000 rpm with inlet-air conditions of 7.4 inches of mercury absolute and 59 0 F. The temperature-rise efficiency increased with speed from 0.70 at 8500 rpm to 0.74 at 13,600 rpm and dropped gradually to 0.70 at 17,000 rpm. At the design speed of 17,000 rpm, the pressure ratio at the peak efficiency point was 3.63. The maximum pressure ratio at design speed was 4.15 at an equivalent weight flow of 29.8 pounds per second. The altered compressor operated very .near the design specifications of pressure ratio and equivalent weight flow. At the high speeds, the peak adiabatic temperature-rise efficiency was increased 0.02 to 0,06 by altering the blade angles. The peak pressure ratio was increased 0.29 at design speed (17,000 rpm) and 0.05 and 0.13 at 11,900 and 13,600 rpm, respectively. The equivalent weight flow through the altered compressor was reduced 2 pounds per second at 15,300 and 17,000 rpm, as was expected from the design calculations. As extreme caution was taken not to surge the compressor violently, the point of minimum air flow may not have been reached in the present investigation and in a previous investigation. A true comparison of the pressure ratios obtained at the high speeds therefore cannot be made.
Date: January 21, 1947
Creator: Downing, Richard M.; Finger, Harold B. & Roepcke, Fay A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of the Modified V-1710-93 Engine-Stage Supercharger with a Constant-Area Vaneless Diffuser

Description: As part of an investigation to increase the power output of the V-1710-93 engine at altitude, the engine-stage supercharger was combined with a constant-area vaneless diffuser designed to improve the performance of the engine-stage supercharger at the rated engine operating point. The performance of the modified supercharger was investigated in a variable-component supercharger test rig and compared with that of the standard supercharger with an 8-vaned diffuser. A separate evaluation of the component efficiencies and a study of the flow characteristics of the modified supercharger was made possible by internal diffuser instrumentation. At the volume flow required by the engine for rated operating conditions, the modified supercharger increased the over-all adiabatic efficiency 0.05 and the over-all pressure coefficient 0.035. Furthermore, the capacity of the engine-stage supercharger was increased by replacing the standard 8-vaned diffuser with the vaneless diffuser. The peak over-all adiabatic efficiency for the modified supercharger, however, was 0.05 to 0.07 lower than that of the standard unit over the range of tip speeds investigated. The improved performance of the modified supercharger at rated engine operating conditions resulted from a shift of the point of peak adiabatic efficiency and pressure coefficient of the standard supercharger to a higher flow. The energy loss through the vaneless diffuser was found to be small. Because of the restricted diffuser diameter, however, diffusion was inadequate, which resulted in a relatively small static-pressure rise through the diffuser, high diffuser-exit velocities, and excessive collector-case losses.
Date: December 20, 1946
Creator: Douglas, John E. & Schwartz, Irving R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department