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Some studies on the aerodynamic effect of the gap between airplane wings and fuselages

Description: The general result indicated by this study is that if desirable from any viewpoint the gap between wing and fuselage may be closed without detrimental aerodynamic effects, and with a given monoplane there is less drag if the wing is directly on top of the fuselage than if it is parasol.
Date: November 1, 1929
Creator: Ober, Shatswell
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Technical details in the structural development of Rohrbach seaplanes

Description: The recent trial flights and acceptance tests of the Rohrbach "Romar," the largest seaplane in the world, have yielded results fully confirming the principles followed in its development. Its take-off weight of 19,000 kg, its beating the world record for raising the greatest useful load to 2000 m by almost 2500 kg and its remarkable showing in the seaworthiness tests are the results of intelligent researches, the guiding principles of which are briefly set forth in this article.
Date: November 1, 1929
Creator: Mathias, Gotthold & Holzapfel, Adolf
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Unsymmetrical forces in an airplane cell

Description: This paper calls attention to the desirability of expanding airplane building regulations to include proof of safety for cases of unsymmetrical loading, at least in the structural members which are thereby specially stressed.
Date: November 1, 1929
Creator: Vogt, R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The effect of the wings of single engine airplanes on propulsive efficiency as shown by full scale wind tunnel tests

Description: An investigation was conducted to determine the effect of the wings on propulsive efficiency. The wings are shown to cause a reduction of 1 percent to 3 percent in propulsive efficiency, which is about the same for monoplane as well as biplane wings.
Date: October 1, 1929
Creator: Weick, Fred E. & Wood, Donald H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experiments with a wing model from which the boundary is removed by suction

Description: The present report deals with a series of tests made for the purpose of improving flow conditions about wings by applying the suction principle (increase of the lift coefficient and reduction of the drag about very thick wing sections). Though not conclusive, the report contains interesting results.
Date: October 1, 1929
Creator: Schrenk, Oskar
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fire prevention on airplanes. Part I

Description: Various methods for preventing fires in airplanes are presented with most efforts centering around prevention of backfires, new engine and carburetor designs, as well as investigations on different types of fuels.
Date: October 1, 1929
Creator: Sabatier, J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fire prevention on airplanes. Part II

Description: This part of the report presents a detailed examination of spark prevention, fire extinguishers, and fuel tank location and design. A continued program of investigations and research is also proposed.
Date: October 1929
Creator: Sabatier, J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Handley Page metal construction

Description: In this report Handley Page construction techniques are shown such as: solid-drawn tubular duralumin spars are used in the stabilizer; plain channel sections are used extensively for minor components; and the manner of assembling them into a stabilizer compression strut is shown.
Date: October 1, 1929
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The impact on seaplane floats during landing

Description: In order to make a stress analysis of seaplane floats, and especially of the members connecting the floats with the fuselage, it is of great importance to determine the maximum pressure acting on the floats during landing. Here, the author gives a formula for maximum pressures during landing that permits one to apply experimental results to different bodies and different velocities. The author notes that the formula checks very well with experimental results.
Date: October 1, 1929
Creator: Von Karman, TH
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind tunnel pressure distribution tests on a series of biplane wing models Part II : effects of changes in decalage, dihedral, sweepback and overhang

Description: This preliminary report furnishes information on the changes in the forces on each wing of a biplane cellule when the decalage, dihedral, sweepback and overhang are separately varied. The data were obtained from pressure distribution tests made in the Atmospheric Wind Tunnel of the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory. Since each test was carried up to 90 degree angle of attack, the results may be used in the study of stalled flight and of spinning and in the structural design of biplane wings.
Date: October 1, 1929
Creator: Knight, Montgomery & Noyes, Richard W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind tunnel pressure distribution tests on an airfoil with trailing edge flap

Description: This report deals with pressure distribution tests on an airfoil with a conventional trailing edge flap. These tests were conducted in the Atmospheric Wind Tunnel of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. Maximum chord loadings were obtained with the flap displaced downward and with the airfoil at large angles of attack. Greater changes were produced in the normal force and in the center of pressure travel by up-flap than by an equal down-flap displacement.
Date: October 1, 1929
Creator: Wenzinger, Carl J. & Loeser, Oscar
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind tunnel tests on airfoil boundary control using a backward opening slot

Description: This report presents the results of an investigation to determine the effect of boundary layer control on the lift and drag of an airfoil equipped with a backward opening slot. Various slot locations, widths of opening, and pressures, were used. The tests were conducted in the Five-Foot Atmospheric Wind Tunnel of the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory. The greatest increase in maximum lift was 96 per cent, the greatest decrease in minimum drag was 27 per cent, and the greatest increase in the ratio, maximum lift coefficient/minimum drag coefficient, was 151 per cent.
Date: October 1, 1929
Creator: Knight, Montgomery & Bamber, Millard J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind tunnel tests on an airfoil equipped with a split flap and a slot

Description: The investigation described in this report is concerned with the changes in the aerodynamic characteristics of an airfoil which are produced by a gauze-covered suction slot, located near the leading edge, and connected by an air passage to a split flap at the trailing edge. The tests were conducted at the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory. At the larger values of lift coefficient where the action of the slot might be expected to be most effective, the pressure differences were such that the air flowed out of the slot rather than in through it, and in consequence, the maximum lift coefficient was decreased.
Date: October 1, 1929
Creator: Bamber, Millard J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full scale investigation of the drag of a wing radiator

Description: Tests were made on the 1927 Williams racer in order to determine the effect of the wing radiator on the airfoil characteristics. It was found that the radiator doubled the minimum drag of the portion of the wing it covered, and also reduced the lift somewhat.
Date: September 1, 1929
Creator: Weick, Fred E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department