National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 49 Matching Results

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Determination of Flight Paths of an SBD-1 Airplane in Simulated Diving Attacks, Special Report

Description: An investigation has been made to determine the motions of and the flight paths describe by a Navy dive-bombing airplane in simulated diving attacks. The data necessary to evaluate these items, with the exception of the atmospheric wind data, were obtained from automatic recording instruments installed entirely within the airplane. The atmospheric wind data were obtained from the ground by the balloon-theodolite method. The results of typical dives at various dive angles are presented in the form of time histories of the motion of the airplane as well as flight paths calculated with respect to still air and with respect to the ground.
Date: March 1943
Creator: Johnson, Harold I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NACA Radio Ground-Speed System for Aircraft, Special Report

Description: "A method that utilizes the Doppler effect on radio signals for determining the speed of an airplane and the distance traveled by the airplane has been developed and found to operate satisfactorily. In this method, called the NACA radio ground-speed system, standard readily available radio equipment is used almost exclusively and extreme frequency stability of the transmitters is not necessary. No complicated equipment need be carried in the airplane, as the standard radio transmitter is usually adequate" (p. 1).
Date: February 1943
Creator: Hastings, Charles E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Investigation of the Effect of Compressibility on the Maximum Lift Coefficient, Special Report

Description: "Preliminary data are presented on the variation of the maximum lift coefficient with Mach number. The data were obtained from tests in the 8-foot high-speed tunnel of three NACA 16-series airfoils of 1-foot chord. Measurements consisted primarily of pressure-distribution measurements in order to illustrate the nature of the phenomena. It was found that the maximum lift coefficient of airfoils is markedly affected by compressibility even at Mach numbers as low as 0.2" (p. 1).
Date: February 1943
Creator: Stack, John; Fedziuk, Henry A. & Cleary, Harold E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effect of Compressibility on the Growth of the Laminar Boundary Layer on Low-Drag Wings and Bodies

Description: The development of the laminar boundary layer in a compressible fluid is considered. Formulas are given for determining the boundary-layer thickness and the ratio of the boundary-layer Reynolds number to the body Reynolds number for airfoils and bodies of revolution. It is shown that the effect of compressibility will profoundly alter the Reynolds number corresponding to the upper limit of the range of the low-drag coefficients.
Date: January 1943
Creator: Allen, H. Julian & Nitzberg, Gerald E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of a Heated Low-Drag Airfoil

Description: Report discusses the results of an experimental investigation into the NACA 65,2-016 heated wing. Information about the effect of heating on the drag coefficients, Reynolds numbers, and stability of the laminar boundary layer.
Date: December 1942
Creator: Frick, Charles W., Jr. & McCullough, George B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of a Highly Cambered Low-Drag-Airfoil Section with a Lift-Control Flap, Special Report

Description: Tests were made in the NACA two-dimensional low turbulence pressure tunnel of a highly cambered low-drag airfoil (NACA 65,3-618) with a plain flap designed for lift control. The results indicate that such a combination offers attractive possibilities for obtaining low profile-drag coefficients over a wide range of lift coefficients without large reductions of critical speed.
Date: December 1942
Creator: Abbott, Ira H. & Miller, Ralph B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Profile-Drag Investigation in Flight on an Experimental Fighter-Type Airplane the North American XP-51

Description: Report discussing the results of an investigation of the North American XP-51 and its low-drag airfoils. Several surface conditions were tested and the profile-drag coefficients were determined. The surface that was smoothened and faired by filling and sanding had the lowest profile-drag coefficient.
Date: November 1942
Creator: Zalovcik, John A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Measurements of the Aileron Characteristics of a Grumman F4F-3 Airplane

Description: "The aileron characteristics of a Grumman F4F-3 airplane were determined in flight by means of NACA recording and indicating instruments. The results show that the ailerons met NACA minimum requirements for satisfactory control throughout a limited speed range. A helix angle of approximately 0.07 radian was produced with flaps down at speeds from 90 to 115 miles per hour indicated airspeed and with flaps up from 115 to 200 miles per hour" (p. 1).
Date: September 1942
Creator: Kleckner, Harold F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of an NACA 66,2-420 Airfoil of 5-Foot Chord at High Speed, Special Report

Description: "This report covers tests of a 5-foot model of the NACA 66,2-420 low-drag airfoil at high speeds including the critical compressibility speed. Section coefficients of lift, drag, and pitching moment, and extensive pressure-distribution data are presented. The section drag coefficient at the design lift coefficient of 0.4 increased from 0.0042 at low speeds to 0.0052 at a Mach number of 0.56 (390 mph at 25,000 ft altitude). The critical Mach number was about 0.60. The results cover a Reynold number range from 4 millions to 17 millions" (p. 1).
Date: September 1942
Creator: Hood, Manley J. & Anderson, Joseph L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Development of Ailerons for the Curtiss XP-60 Airplane, Special Report

Description: An investigation was made in the LWAL 7- by 10-foot tunnel of internally balanced, sealed ailerons for the Curtiss XP-60 airplane. Ailerons with tabs and. with various amounts of balance were tested. Stick forces were estimated for several aileron arrangements including an arrangement recommended for the airplane. Flight tests of the recommended arrangement are discussed briefly in an appendix, The results of the wind-tunnel and flight tests indicate that the ailerons of large or fast airplanes may be satisfactorily balanced by the method developed.
Date: September 1942
Creator: Rogallo, F. M. & Lowry, John G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Wind-Tunnel Tests of the Effect of Nacelles on the Characteristics of a Twin-Engine Bomber Model with Low-Drag Wing, Special Report

Description: "Tests were made in the NACA 19-foot pressure tunnel of a simplified twin-engine bomber model with an NACA low-drag wing primarily to obtain an indication of the effects of engine nacelles on the characteristics of the model both with and without simple split trailing-edge flaps. Nacelles with conventional-type cowlings representative of those used on an existing high-performance airplane and with NACA high-speed type E cowlings were tested. The tests were made without propeller slipstream" (p. 1).
Date: July 1942
Creator: Wenzinger, Carl J. & Sivells, James C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of Direction of Propeller Rotation on the Longitudinal Stability of the 1/10-Scale Model of the North American XB-28 Airplane With Flaps Neutral

Description: "The effects of direction of propeller rotation on factors affecting the longitudinal stability of the XB-28 airplane were measured on a 1/10-scale model in the 7- by 10-foot tunnel of the Ames Aeronautical Laboratory. The main effect observed was that caused by regions of high downwash behind the nacelles (power off as well as power on with flaps neutral). The optimum direction of propeller rotation, both propellers rotating up toward the fuselage, shifted this region off the horizontal tail and thus removed its destabilizing effect" (p. 1).
Date: June 1942
Creator: Delany, Noel K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Study of Turning Performance of a Fighter-Type Airplane Particularly as Affected by Flaps and Increased Supercharging, Special Report

Description: "Results of a study to determine the effects on turning performance due to various assumed modifications to a typical Naval fighter airplane are presented. The modifications considered included flaps of various types, both part and full space, increased supercharging, and increased wing loading. The calculations indicated that near the low-speed end of the speed range, the turning performance, as defined by steady level turns at a given speed, would be improved to some extent by any of the flaps considered at altitudes up to about 25,000 feet" (p. 1).
Date: June 1942
Creator: Wetmore, J. W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Brief Study of the Speed Reduction of Overtaking Airplanes by Means of Air Brakes

Description: "As an aid to airplane designers interested in providing pursuit airplanes with decelerating devices intended to increase the firing time when overtaking another airplane, formulas are given relating the pertinent distances and speeds in horizontal flight to the drag increase required. Charts are given for a representative parasite-drag coefficient from which the drag increase, the time gained, and the closing distance may be found. The charts are made up for three values of the ratio of the final speed of the pursuing airplane to the speed of the pursued airplane and for several values of the ratio of the speed of the pursued airplane to the initial speed of the pursuing airplane" (p. 1).
Date: May 1942
Creator: Pearson, H. A. & Anderson, R. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiator Design and Installation - 2

Description: "A mathematical analysis of radiator design has been made. The volume of the radiator using least total power has been expressed in a single formula which shows that the optimum radiator volume is independent of the shape of the radiator and which makes possible the construction of design tables that give the optimum radiator volume per 100-horsepower heat dissipation as a function of the speed, of the altitude, and of one parameter involving characteristics of the airplane. Although, for a given set of conditions, the radiator volume using the least total power is fixed, the frontal area, or the length of the radiator needs to be separately specified in order to satisfy certain other requirement such as the ability to cool with the pressure drop available while the airplane is climbing" (p. 1).
Date: January 1942
Creator: Tifford, Arthur N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Investigation of an NACA Low-Drag Tapered Wing With Straight Trailing Edge and Simple Split Flaps, Special Report

Description: Report discusses the results of an investigation to determine the effect of the split flaps on the aerodynamic characteristics of the tapered wing. The results indicated that values of maximum lift coefficient obtained from the NACA low-drag sections are comparable to values obtained on tapered wings with conventional sections. The addition of split flaps did not appreciably alter the pattern of the stall.
Date: December 1941
Creator: Muse, Thomas C. & Neely, Robert H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Investigation of Several Factors Affecting the Performance of a High-Speed Pursuit Airplane With Air-Cooled Radial Engine

Description: Report details an investigation into various potential improvements and modifications to pursuit airplanes. NACA low-drag airfoil sections and their use for reducing drag and increasing compressibility speeds were examined. Other items covered include the propeller slipstream, high-speed cowling arrangement, and placement of wing guns.
Date: November 1941
Creator: Wenzinger, Carl J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Investigation of an NACA 66,2-216 Low-Drag Wing with Split Flaps of Various Sizes, Special Report

Description: "An investigation was conducted in the NACA 19-foot pressure wind tunnel of a rectangular wing having NACA 66, 2-216 low-drag airfoil sections and various sizes of simple split flaps. The purpose of the investigation was, primarily, to determine the influence of these flap installations on the aerodynamic characteristics of the wing. Complete lift, drag, and pitching-moment characteristics were determined for a range of test Reynolds numbers from about 2,600,000 to 4,600,000 for each of the installations and for the plain wing" (p. 1).
Date: September 1941
Creator: Muse, Thomas C. & Neely, Robert H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compressibility Effects in Aeronautical Engineering

Description: "Compressible-flow research, while a relatively new field in aeronautics, is very old, dating back almost to the development of the first firearm. Over the last hundred years, researches have been conducted in the ballistics field, but these results have been of practically no use in aeronautical engineering because the phenomena that have been studied have been the more or less steady supersonic condition of flow. Some work that has been done in connection with steam turbines, particularly nozzle studies, has been of value, In general, however, understanding of compressible-flow phenomena has been very incomplete and permitted no real basis for the solution of aeronautical engineering problems in which.the flow is likely to be unsteady because regions of both subsonic and supersonic speeds may occur" (p. 1).
Date: August 1941
Creator: Stack, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Remote Indicating Hinge-Moment Balance, Special Report

Description: This report describes an electrical hinge-moment balance for use with wind-tunnel models of aircraft. A brief description of the principle of operation and operating experience with the balance is given in part I. Part II gives constructional details and part III gives theoretical considerations. Extensive constructional information is given to enable the reproduction of the equipment.
Date: August 1941
Creator: Stoller, Morton J. & Ribner, Herbert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of Wing Machine-Gun and Cannon Installations in the NACA Full-Scale Wind Tunnel, Special Report

Description: "At the request of the Bureau of Aeronautics, an investigation was conducted in the full-scale wind tunnel of wing installations of .50-caliber machine guns and 20-millimeter cannons. The tests were made to determine the effect of various gun installations on the maximum lift and the high-speed drag of the airplane" (p. 1).
Date: August 1941
Creator: Czarnecki, K. R. & Guryansky, Eugene R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Drag of Several Gunner's Enclosures at High Speeds

Description: "The drag of several types of gunner's turrets, windshields, blisters, and other protuberances, including projecting guns, was investigated at speeds from 75 to 440 miles per hour in the NACA 8-foot high-speed wind tunnel. The various gunner's enclosures were represented by 1/10 and 1/7 full-size models on a midwing-fuselage combination representative of bomber types. Most of the usual types of retractable turrets are very poor aerodynamically; they caused wind drag increments, dependent upon the size of the turret relative to the fuselage and upon the speed, up to twice the drag of the fuselage alone" (p. 1).
Date: July 1941
Creator: Stack, John & Moberg, Richard J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Effect of Various Wing-Gun Installations on the Aerodynamic Characteristics of an Airplane Model Equipped with an NACA Low-Drag Wing, Special Report

Description: "An investigation was made in the NACA 19-foot pressure wind tunnel to determine the effect of various win-gun installation on the aerodynamic characteristics of a model with an NACA low-drag wing. Measurements were made of lift and drag over an angle-of-attack range and for several values of dynamic pressure on a four-tenths scale model of a high-speed airplane equipped with the low-drag wing and with various wing-gun installations. Two installations were tested: one in which the blast tube and part of the gun barrel protrude ahead of the wing and another in which the guns is mounted wholly within the wing" (p. 1).
Date: July 1941
Creator: Muse, Thomas C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department