National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 42 Matching Results

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Effect of tunnel configuration and testing technique on cascade performance

Description: "An investigation has been conducted to determine the influence of aspect ratio, boundary-layer control by means of slots and porous surfaces, Reynolds number, and tunnel end-wall condition upon the performance of airfoils in cascades. A representative compressor-blade section (the NACA 65-(12)(10) of aspect ratios of 1, 2, and 4 has been tested at low speeds in cascades with solid and with porous side walls. Two-dimensional flow was established in porous-wall cascades of each of the three aspect ratios tested; the flow was not two-dimensional in any of the solid-wall cascades" (p. 263).
Date: November 30, 1949
Creator: Erwin, John R. & Emery, James C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Investigations at High-Subsonic, Transonic, and Supersonic Speeds to Determine Zero-Lift Drag of Fin-Stabilized Bodies of Revolution having Fineness Ratios of 12.5, 8.91, and 6.04 and Varying Positions of Maximum Diameter

Description: Rocket-powered models were flown at high-subsonic, transonic, and supersonic speeds to determine the zero-lift drag of fin-stabilized parabolic bodies of revolution differing in fineness ratio and in position of maximum diameter. The present paper presents the results for fineness ratio 12.5, 8.91 and 6.04 bodies having maximum diameters located at stations of 20, 40, 60, and 80 percent of body length. All configurations had cut-off sterns and all had equal base, frontal, and exposed fin areas. For most of the supersonic-speed range models having their maximum diameters at the 60-percent station gave the lowest values of drag coefficient. At supersonic speeds, increasing the fineness ratio generally reduced the drag coefficient for a given position of maximum diameter.
Date: November 30, 1949
Creator: Hart, Roger G. & Katz, Ellis R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Spin-Tunnel Investigation of the Jettisoning of External Fuel Tanks in Spins

Description: "A spin-tunnel investigation has been made to determine the probability of external fuel tanks striking an airplane after being jettisoned in a spin. The investigation showed that for straight-wing fighter-type designs in any case in which jettisoning of tanks in a spin might aid spin recovery the tanks would probably clear all parts of the airplane" (p. 1).
Date: November 30, 1949
Creator: Berman, Theodore
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The aerodynamic characteristics throughout the subsonic speed range of a thin, sharp-edged horizontal tail of aspect ratio 4 equipped with a constant-chord elevator

Description: From Introduction: "Recent investigations have indicated several wing plan forms, wing sections, and wing-body-tail combinations suitable for flight at supersonic speeds. One such lifting surface, a thin, sharp-edged without sweep of aspect ratio 4 and taper ratio 0.5, has been the subject of an investigation in the Ames 12-foot pressure wind tunnel. The aim of the investigation was to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of such a wing plan form throughout the range of subsonic Mach numbers up to 0.94."
Date: June 30, 1949
Creator: Bandettini, Angelo & Reed, Verlin D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigations at supersonic speeds of 22 triangular wings representing two airfoil sections for each of 11 apex angles

Description: The results of tests of 22 triangular wings, representing two leading-edge shapes for each of 11 apex angles, at Mach numbers 1.62, 1.92, and 1.40 are presented and compared with theory. All wings have a common thickness ratio of 8 percent and a common maximum-thickness point at 18 percent chord. Lift, drag, and pitching moment are given for all wings at each Mach number. The relation of transition in the boundary layer, shocks on the wing surfaces, and characteristics of the pressure distributions is discussed for several wings.
Date: March 30, 1949
Creator: Love, Eugene S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of Axial-Flow Supersonic Compressor on XJ-55-FF-1 Turbojet Engine 1: Preliminary Performance of Compressor

Description: An investigation was conducted to determine the performance characteristics of the axial-flow supersonic compressor of the XJ-55-FF-1 turbo Jet engine. The test unit consisted of a row of inlet guide vanes and a supersonic rotor; the stator vanes after the rotor were omitted. The maximum pressure ratio produced in the single stage was 2.28 at an equivalent tip speed or 1814 feet per second with an adiabatic efficiency of approximately 0.61, equivalent weight flow of 13.4 pounds per second. The maximum efficiency of 0.79 was obtained at an equivalent tip speed of 801 feet per second.
Date: January 30, 1949
Creator: Hartmann, Melvin J. & Graham, Robert C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

One-Dimensional Flows of an Imperfect Diatomic Gas

Description: "With the assumptions that Berthelot's equation of state accounts for molecular size and intermolecular force effects, and that changes in the vibrational heat capacities are given by a Planck term, expressions are developed for analyzing one-dimensional flows of a diatomic gas. The special cases of flow through normal and oblique shocks in free air at sea level are investigated. It is found that up to a Mach number 10 pressure ratio across a normal shock differs by less than 6 percent from its ideal gas value; whereas at Mach numbers above 4 the temperature rise is considerable below and hence the density rise is well above that predicted assuming ideal gas behavior" (p. 239).
Date: December 30, 1948
Creator: Eggers, A. J., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight and wind-tunnel investigation to determine the aileron-vibration characteristics of 1/4-scale wing panels of the Douglas D-558-2 research airplane

Description: Report presenting a flight and wind-tunnel investigation to determine the aerodynamic vibration characteristics of ailerons for the Douglas D-558-2 airplane. Testing was conducted to investigate the possibilities of a single-degree-of-freedom flutter known as aileron "buzz" or aileron compressibility flutter. Results regarding the three types of aileron vibration observed and vibration amplitudes are provided.
Date: November 30, 1948
Creator: Angle, Ellwyn E. & Lundstrom, Reginald R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Simulated Altitude Performance of Combustor of Westinghouse 19XB-1 Jet-Propulsion Engine

Description: From Summary: "A 19XB-1 combustor was operated under conditions simulating zero-ram operation of the 19XB-1 turbojet engine at various altitudes and engine speeds. The combustion efficiencies and the altitude operational limits were determined; data were also obtained on the character of the combustion, the pressure drop through the combustor, and the combustor-outlet temperature and velocity profiles. At altitudes about 10,000 feet below the operational limits, the flames were yellow and steady and the temperature rise through the combustor increased with fuel-air ratio throughout the range of fuel-air ratios investigated. At altitudes near the operational limits, the flames were blue and flickering and the combustor was sluggish in its response to changes in fuel flow."
Date: November 30, 1948
Creator: Childs, J. Howard & McCafferty, Richard J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Surface-pressure distributions on a systematic group of NACA 1-series cowlings with and without spinners

Description: From Summary: "A method for calculating the flow fields of axially symmetric bodies from their pressure distributions is reported in NACA RM No. L8I17. In order to facilitate application of this method to the important case of the cowling-spinner combination, for use in the design of propellers, the present paper presents static-pressure distributions on the tops of 79 high-critical-speed NACA 1-series cowling-spinner combinations over wide ranges of inlet-velocity ratio at angles of attack of 0 degrees, 2 degrees, 4 degrees, and 6 degrees. Static-pressure distributions around the nose sections of several cowlings are given in greater detail to aid in estimating the pressures near the stagnation points and to show the effect of changes in the internal lip shape."
Date: November 30, 1948
Creator: Boswinkle, Robert W., Jr. & Keith, Arvid L., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of High-Lift Devices on the Low-Speed Static Lateral and Yawing Stability Characteristics of an Untapered 45 Degrees Sweptback Wing

Description: Memorandum presenting a wind-tunnel investigation made in the stability tunnel to determine the effects of lift flaps on the static lateral stability derivatives and the yawing derivatives of an untapered 45 degree sweptback wing at low speeds. Results regarding straight flow and yawing characteristics are provided.
Date: September 30, 1948
Creator: Lichtenstein, Jacob H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-scale investigation of an equilateral triangular wing having 10-percent-thick biconvex airfoil sections

Description: Report discussing an investigation of the low-speed characteristics of a wing with a triangular plan form, 60 degrees of sweepback at the leading edge, and 10-percent-thick biconvex airfoil sections. The purpose of the investigation was to determine the effects of semispan and full-span leading-edge and trailing-edge flaps on the longitudinal aerodynamic characteristics of the wing and the effects of a vertical fin on the lateral stability characteristics.
Date: September 30, 1948
Creator: Whittle, Edward F., Jr. & Lovell, J. Calvin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Performance of Single-Stage Axial-Flow Compressor Using NACA 5509-34 Blade Section

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation conducted to study the performance of a single-stage axial-flow compressor using blades with an NACA 5509-34 airfoil section. Static- and total-pressure, total-temperature, and flow-angle surveys were taken in the compressor inlet and outlet and between blade rows to study the overall performance and individual blade-row performance.
Date: September 30, 1948
Creator: Mankuta, Harry & Guentert, Donald C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance investigation of can-type combustor 2: water injection at various stations in combustor

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the maximum quantity of water that could be injected either into or ahead of a single can-type combustor without reducing the attainable combustor-outlet temperature below the value required for engine operation and without the appearance of liquid water at the combustor outlet. Water was injected from spray nozzles at four different stations along the combustor.
Date: September 30, 1948
Creator: Cook, William P. & Zettle, Eugene V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Langley full-scale tunnel investigation of the characteristics in yaw of a trapezoidal wing of aspect ratio 4 with circular-arc airfoil sections

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the characteristics in yaw of a trapezoidal wing of aspect ratio 4 with circular-arc airfoil sections and 0.20-chord rear and drooped-nose flaps. Measurements of lift, lateral force, rolling moment, and yawing moment of four configurations were made for a range of angles of attack and yaw angles.
Date: August 30, 1948
Creator: May, Ralph W., Jr. & Stevens, George L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some effects of gutter flame-holder dimensions on combustion-chamber performance of 20-inch ram jet

Description: Report presenting the operational characteristics of a 20-inch ramjet with four different gutter-grid flame holders and a three-gutter flame holder with an adjustable gutter angle. The flame holders were compared on the basis of operating ranges of fuel-air ratio, combustion-chamber-inlet velocity, and the combustion efficiencies obtainable.
Date: July 30, 1948
Creator: Wilcox, Fred A.; Perchonok, Eugene & Wishnek, George
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Vibration survey of NACA 24-inch supersonic axial-flow compressor

Description: From Summary: "Vibration investigations were made of two blade cascades in wind tunnels and of blades operated in the NACA 24-inch supersonic compressor. The results showed that the blade vibrations were present at all tunnel and compressor air velocities and were influenced primarily by tunnel design, simulated centrifugal loading, surging, angle of attack, and possible critical Mach numbers. "
Date: July 30, 1948
Creator: Meyer, André J., Jr. & Hanson, Morgan P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-speed wind-tunnel investigation of a flying-boat hull with high length-beam ratio

Description: Report presenting the results of an investigation to determine the effect of Mach number on the aerodynamic characteristics of a flying-boat hull with a high length-beam ratio. Information about the drag coefficients, angles of attack for minimum drag, and longitudinal and directional stability is provided.
Date: June 30, 1948
Creator: Riebe, John M. & Naeseth, Rodger L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal stability and control characteristics at transonic speeds of a semispan airplane model having a 45 degree sweptback wing and tail as obtained by the transonic-bump method

Description: Report presenting a wind-tunnel investigation using the transonic-bump method to determine the longitudinal stability and control characteristics of a semispan airplane model with a 45 degree sweptback wing and tail at transonic speeds. An increase in the rate of change of the pitching-moment coefficient with lift coefficient at a constant Mach number through the transonic range was noted.
Date: June 30, 1948
Creator: Spearman, M. Leroy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stability derivatives at supersonic speeds of thin rectangular wings with diagonals ahead of tip Mach lines

Description: The investigation includes steady and accelerated vertical and longitudinal motions and steady rolling, yawing, sideslipping, and pitching for Mach numbers and aspect ratios greater than those for which the Mach line from the leading edge of the tip section intersects the trailing edge of the opposite tip section. The stability derivatives are derived with respect to principal body axes and then transformed to a system of stability axes. Theoretical results are obtained, by means of the linearized theory, for the surface-velocity-potential functions, surface-pressure distributions, and stability derivatives for various motions at supersonic speeds of thin flat rectangular wings without dihedral.
Date: June 30, 1948
Creator: Harmon, Sidney M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Relation of Nozzle-Blade and Turbine-Bucket Temperatures to Gas Temperatures in a Turbojet Engine

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation conducted to determine experimentally turbine-nozzle-blade and turbine-bucket temperatures in a turbojet engine and to correlate these temperatures with the gas temperatures. Data were obtained over the normal range of engine speeds and with two tail-pipe-nozzle areas. Results regarding basic data, turbine-nozzle-blade temperature distribution, turbine-bucket-temperature distribution, temperature distribution of gas at burner-outlet, turbine-bucket temperatures during starting, and relation of material and gas temperatures are provided.
Date: April 30, 1948
Creator: Farmer, J. Elmo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A summary and analysis of wind-tunnel data on the lift and hinge-moment characteristics of control surfaces up to a Mach number of 0.90

Description: Report presenting an extensive collection of lift and hinge-moment characteristics of control surfaces up to a Mach number of 0.90 in a high-speed wind tunnel. A wide variety of control-surface profiles, plan forms, and aerodynamic balances are included. Results regarding elevator hinge moments and longitudinal control, aileron hinge moments and lateral control, control-surface characteristics, and transonic flutter are highlighted.
Date: April 30, 1948
Creator: Axelson, John A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department