National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 44 Matching Results

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Design factors for 4- by 8-inch ram-jet combustor

Description: Report presenting an investigation of a series of flame holders designed with the objective of providing a high combustion efficiency in a ramjet combustor at an inlet air velocity of 200 feet per second, inlet-air pressure of 60 inches of mercury absolute, inlet air temperature of 200 degrees Fahrenheit, and near stoichiometric fuel-air ratio. Results regarding the preliminary experiments, two parallel rows of gutters, three rows of gutters, staggered gutters, simultaneous use of three rows and staggered gutters, use of molybdenum, and magnitude of pressure fluctuations are provided.
Date: August 11, 1949
Creator: Male, Donald W. & Cervenka, Adolph J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of J33-A-27 Turbojet-Engine Compressor 1: Over-all performance characteristics at equivalent impeller speeds from 6100 to 11,800 rpm

Description: The J33-A-27 compressor was operated at an inlet pressure of 14 inches of mercury absolute and ambient inlet temperature over a range of equivalent impeller speeds from 6100 to 11,800 rpm. At the design equivalent speed of 11,800 rpm, the J33-A-27 compressor had a peak pressure ratio of 4.40 at an equivalent weight flow of 105.7 pounds per second and a peak adiabatic temperature-rise efficiency of 0.745. The maximum equivalent weight flow at design speed was 113.5 pounds per second.
Date: July 11, 1949
Creator: Kovach, Karl & Osborn, Walter M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of available data on effects of wing-fuselage-tail and wing-nacelle interference on the distribution of the air load among components of airplanes

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of the present paper is to summarize the available data on the effects of wing-fuselage-tail and wing-nacelle interference on the distribution of the air load among aircraft components. Some discussion is also given of the effects of center-of-gravity position."
Date: April 11, 1949
Creator: Wollner, Bertram C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-scale investigation of a wing with the leading edge swept back 47.5 degrees and having circular-arc and finite-trailing-edge-thickness ailerons

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of a wing with a leading sweptback edge at 47.5 degrees and a 20-percent-chord, 50-percent-span outboard aileron. The wing had symmetrical circular-arc airfoil sections and was tested with a circular-arc contour aileron and a flat-sided contour aileron with finite trailing-edge thickness. The longitudinal aerodynamic characteristics and aileron effectiveness are provided for both types of ailerons.
Date: March 11, 1949
Creator: Lange, Roy H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic characteristics of a flying-boat hull having a length-beam ratio of 15 and a warped forebody

Description: From Introduction: "The results of two phases of this investigation, presented in references 1 and 2, have indicated possible ways of reducing hull drag without causing large changes in aerodynamic stability and hydrodynamic performance."
Date: February 11, 1949
Creator: MacLeod, Richard G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Free-flight investigation at transonic and supersonic speeds of the rolling effectiveness of several aileron configurations on a tapered wing having 42.7 degrees sweepback

Description: Report presenting an investigation of several aileron modifications in conjunction with a tapered, sweptback wing with circular-arc airfoil sections of relatively large thickness ratio. This testing permits the evaluation of the wing-aileron rolling effectiveness over a range of Mach numbers. Results regarding true-contour ailerons, extended-chord ailerons, and blunt trailing-edge ailerons are provided.
Date: January 11, 1949
Creator: Sandahl, Carl A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Langley Free-Flight-Tunnel Investigation of the Automatic Lateral Stability Characteristics of a Model Equipped with a Gyro Stabilizing Unit that Provided either Flicker-Type or Hunting Control

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation to determine the automatic lateral stability characteristics of a model equipped with a gyro stabilizing unit that gave response to bank and yaw. Stable flights were obtained with the flicker-type automatic control, and the amplitude of the oscillations was decreased by adding the attachment which provided hunting control.
Date: January 11, 1949
Creator: Schade, Robert O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic study of a wing-fuselage combination employing a wing swept back 63 degrees: Subsonic Mach and Reynolds number effects on the characteristics of the wing and on the effectiveness of an elevon

Description: Report presenting a wind-tunnel investigation of a semispan model of a wing swept back 63 degrees with an aspect ratio of 3.5 and a taper ratio of 0.25. The tests were conducted to evaluate the effects of Reynolds and Mach number on the aerodynamic characteristics of the wing. Results regarding the characteristics of the wing with the elevon undeflected, effectiveness of the elevon, effects of roughness strips, and effect of model deflection under varying loads are provided.
Date: October 11, 1948
Creator: Reynolds, Robert M. & Smith, Donald W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight tests of a two-dimensional wedge diffuser at transonic and supersonic speeds

Description: From Summary: "A two-dimensional wedge diffuser, designed to be used with a ducted-airfoil ram jet, was tested on a rocket-powered test vehicle up to a Mach number of 1.45. Orifice plates and a choking section behind the diffuser exit simulated burning in a combustion chamber by providing the proper pressure drop. Results obtained from these tests showed there was no abrupt changes in mass flow and pressure recovery as the model velocity increased through the transonic region."
Date: August 11, 1948
Creator: Faget, M. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of hovering performance of helicopters powered by jet-propulsion and reciprocating engines

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the maximum hovering time, or the time that a helicopter can sustain itself without motion, for helicopters using a reciprocating engine, by ramjet engines at the tips of rotor blades, and by pulse-jet engines at the tips of rotor blades. Testing showed that the reciprocating engine permitted much longer hovering time than the jet-propulsion engines, but the jet-propulsion engines were much lighter and could lift greater disposable loads.
Date: June 11, 1948
Creator: Brightwell, Virginia L.; Peters, Max D. & Sanders, J. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of the downwash behind a high-aspect-ratio wing with various amounts of sweep in the Langley 8-foot high-speed tunnel

Description: Report presenting measurements of downwash angles at points at two vertical positions at the probable tail location behind a high-aspect-ratio wing with an NACA 65-210 section with no sweep and 30 degrees and 45 degrees of sweepback and sweepforward in conjunction with a fuselage.
Date: May 11, 1948
Creator: Whitcomb, Richard T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of Wing Bending Moments and Tail Loads Resulting from the Jettison of Wing Tips During a Symmetrical Pull-Up

Description: A preliminary analytical investigation was made to determine the feasibility of the basic idea of controlled failure points as safety valves for the primary airplane structure. The present analysis considers the possibilities of the breakable wing tip which, in failing as a weak link, would relieve the bending moments on the wing structure. The analysis was carried out by computing the time histories of the wing and stabilizer angle of attack in a 10g pull-up for an XF8F airplane with tips fixed and comparing the results with those for the same maneuver, that is, elevator motion but with tips jettisoned at 8g. The calculations indicate that the increased stability accompanying the loss of the wing tips reduces the bending moment an additional amount above that which would be expected from the initial loss in lift and the inboard shift in load. The vortex shed when the tips are lost may induce a transient load requiring that the tail be made stronger than otherwise.
Date: December 11, 1947
Creator: Boshar, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A comparison with flight data of vertical-tail loads in various maneuvers estimated from sideslip angles and rudder deflections

Description: Report presenting a comparison of the vertical-tail loads determined from pressure-distribution measurements in flight in various maneuvers with the corresponding vertical-tail loads. Some of the maneuvers investigated included slow rolls, steady sideslips, fishtails, and rolling pull-outs.
Date: December 11, 1947
Creator: Turner, Howard L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary tests to determine the maximum lift of wings at supersonic speeds

Description: Report presenting the results of a test program in a supersonic tunnel to determine the maximum lift of wings operating at supersonic speeds. A variety of wing plan forms of several thickness distributions were tested at a range of Mach numbers, Reynolds numbers, and angles of attack. The lift results, drag results, and Schileren photographs are described.
Date: December 11, 1947
Creator: Gallagher, James J. & Mueller, James N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of Submerged Duct Installation on a Modified Airplane in the Ames 40- by 80-foot Wind Tunnel

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation of an NACA submerged intake installation on a modified fighter airplane conducted to determine the full-scale aerodynamic characteristics of this installation. Additionally, tests were conducted on the submerged inlet with revised entrance lips and deflectors to determine the configuration which would result in the best dynamic pressure recovery measured at the inlet for this installation without a major rework of the entrance.
Date: December 11, 1947
Creator: Martin, Norman J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-wind-tunnel investigation of thrust augmentation of a turbojet engine 3: performance with tail-pipe burning in standard-size tail pipe

Description: From Introduction: "Evaluation of tail-pipe burning in this engine with a larger tail-pipe combustion chamber is discussed in reference 1. Results of investigations on tail-pipe burning in this engine at static sea-level conditions are presented in reference 2. An investigation of thrust augmentation by means of injecting water at the inlet of an axial-flow compressor engine is discussed in reference 3."
Date: August 11, 1947
Creator: Fleming, William A. & Golladay, Richard L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of the I-40 Jet-Propulsion Engine in the Cleveland Altitude Wind Tunnel. V - Operational Characteristics, 5, Operational Characteristics

Description: An investigation has been conducted in the Cleveland altitude wind tunnel to determine the operational characteristics of the I-40 jet-propulsion engine over a range of pressure altitudes from 10,000 to 50,000 feet and ram-pressure ratios from 1.00 to 1.76. Engine operational data were obtained with the engine in the standard configuration and with various modifications of the fuel system, the electrical system, and the combustion chambers. The effects of altitude and airspeed on operating speed range, starting, windmilling, acceleration, speed regulation, cooling, and vibration of the standard and modified engines were determined, and damage to parts was noted.
Date: July 11, 1947
Creator: Golladay, Richard L. & Gendler, Stanley L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Results of Flight Test of an Automatically Stabilized Model C (Swept Back) Four-Wing Tiamat

Description: The results of the first flight test of a swept-back four-wing version of Tiamat (MX-570 model C) which was launched at the NACA Pilotless Aircraft Research Station at W4110PB Island, Va. are presented. In general, the flight behavior was close to that predicted by calculations based an stability theory and oscillating table tests of the autopilot. The flight test thus indicates that the techniques employed to predict automatic stability are valid and practical from an operational viewpoint. The limitations of the method used to predict flight behavior arise from the fact that the calculations assume no coupling among roll, pitch, and yaw, while in actual flight some such coupling does exist.
Date: June 11, 1947
Creator: Seacord, Charles L., Jr. & Teitelbaum, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Supersonic wave drag of sweptback tapered wings at zero lift

Description: An analysis has been made of airfoil data taken on several NACA 16-series propeller airfoils from tests of 5-inch-chord models in the Langley 24 inch high-speed tunnel and l2-inch-chord models in the Langley 8 foot high-speed tunnel, This analysis has shown that the combined effects of Reynolds number changes and variations in airfoil characteristics resulting from differences in models and tunnels are such that when 5 inch-chord and l2-inch-chord data are applied to full-scale propeller design at or near the design condition, differences of less than 1 percent in efficiency will be involved.
Date: June 11, 1947
Creator: Margolis, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Observations on an aileron-flutter instability encountered on a 45 degree swept-back wing in transonic and supersonic flight

Description: Report presenting a flight test of a supersonic research pilotless aircraft in which large-amplitude aileron oscillations, most likely aileron compressibility flutter, were encountered in the transonic and supersonic speed ranges. Results regarding power-on flight and coasting flight are provided.
Date: April 11, 1947
Creator: Pitkin, Marvin; Gardner, William N. & Curfman, Howard J., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of a Horizontal-Tail Model through the Transonic Speed Range by the NACA Wing-Flow Method

Description: A 1/12-scale model of a horizontal tail of a fighter airplane was tested through the transonic speeds in the high-speed flow over an airplane wing, the surface of which served as a reflection plane for the model. Measurements of lift, elevator-hinge moment, angle of attack, and elevator angle were made in the Mach number range from 0.75 to 1.04 for elevator deflections ranging from 10 degrees to minus 10 degrees, and for angles of attack of minus 1.2 degrees, 0.4 degrees, and 3.4 degrees. The equipment used to measure the hinge moments of the model proved to be unsatisfactory, and for this reason the hinge-moment data are considered to be only qualitative.
Date: April 11, 1947
Creator: Adams, Richard E. & Silsby, Norman S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Knock-Limited Performance of Triptane and 28-R Fuel Blends as Affected by Changes in Compression Ratio and in Engine Operating Variables

Description: From Summary: "A knock-limited performance investigation was conducted on blends of triptane and 28-P fuel with a 12-cylinder, V-type, liquid-cooled aircraft engine of 1710-cubic-inch displacement at three compression ratios: 6.65, 7.93, and 9.68. At each compression ratio, the effect of changes in temperature of the inlet air to the auxiliary-stage supercharger and in fuel-air ratio were investigated at engine speeds of 2280 and. 3000 rpm. The results show that knock-limited engine performance, as improved by the use of triptane, allowed operation at both take-off and cruising power at a compression ratio of 9.68."
Date: March 11, 1947
Creator: Brun, Rinaldo J.; Feder, Melvin S. & Fisher, William F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of wing inlets for a four-engine airplane

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the propeller-research tunnel to develop wing-leading-edge inlets for locations between the inboard and outboard nacelles on each wing of a four-engine airplane. Testing was performed on the basic wing and original inlet as well as NACA-developed inlets for two versions of the airplane.
Date: March 11, 1947
Creator: Bartlett, Walter A., Jr. & Goral, Edwin B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department