National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 4,116 Matching Results

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Ditching Investigation of a 1/18-Scale Model of the North American B-45 Airplane

Description: An investigation of a 1/18-scale dynamically similar model of the North American B-45 airplane was made to observe the ditching behavior and determine the proper landing technique to be used in an emergency water landing. Various conditions of damage were simulated to determine the behavior which probably would occur in a full-scale ditching. The behavior of the model was determined from high-speed motion-picture records, time-history acceleration records, and visual observations. It was concluded that the airplane should be ditched at the maximum nose-high attitude with the landing flaps full down for minimum landing speed. During the ditching, the nose-wheel and bomb-bay doors probably will be torn away and the rear of the fuselage flooded. A violent dive will very likely occur. Longitudinal decelerations of approximately 5g and vertical accelerations of approximately -6g (including gravity) will be experienced near the pilots' compartment. Ditching braces installed in the bomb bay will tend to improve the behavior slightly but will be torn away along with the bomb-bay doors. A hydroflap installed ahead of the nose-wheel doors will eliminate the dive and failure of the nose-wheel doors, and substantially reduce the motions and accelerations.
Date: December 22, 1949
Creator: Fisher, Lloyd J. & Thompson, William C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Test of the Aerojet 7KS-6000 T-27 Jato Rocket Motor

Description: A flight test of the Aero jet Engineering Corporation's 7KS-6000 T-27 Jato rocket motor was conducted at the Langley Pilotless Aircraft Research Station at Wallops Island, Va, to determine the flight performance characteristics of the motor. The flight test imposed an absolute longitudinal acceleration of 9.8 g upon the rocket motor at 2.8 seconds after launching. The total impulse developed by the motor was 43,400 pound-seconds, and the thrusting time was 7.58 seconds. The maximum thrust was 7200 pounds and occurred at 4.8 seconds after launching. No thrust irregularities attributable to effects of the flight longitudinal acceleration were observed. Certain small thrust irregularities occurred in the flight test which appear to correspond to irregularities observed in static tests conducted elsewhere. A hypothesis regarding the origin of these small irregularities is presented.
Date: December 20, 1949
Creator: Bond, Aleck C. & Thibodaux, Joseph G., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Full-Scale Hydrodynamic Evaluation of a Modified Navy J4F-2 Amphibian with a 0.425-Scale XP5M-1 Hull Bottom. TED No. NACA DE325

Description: An investigation was made to evaluate the hydrodynamic qualities of a 0.425-scale model of the Navy XP5M-1 hull, which was installed on a modified Navy J4F-2 amphibian. Longitudinal and directional stability during take-off and landing, low-speed maneuverability, spray characteristics, and take-off performance were investigated. The behavior of the airplane in moderately rough water was also observed. The opinions of three pilots have been correlated with the data.
Date: December 7, 1949
Creator: Land, Norman S.; Elliott, John M. & Christopher, Kenneth W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of altitude performance of AN-F-58 fuels in annular combustor of J34-WE-22 engine

Description: An investigation was conducted in the combustor of a 3000-pound-thrust turbojet engine to determine the altitude performance characteristics of AN-F-58 fuels. Three fuels conforming to AN-F-58 specification were prepared in order to determine the influence of boiling-temperature range and aromatic content on altitude performance. The performance of the three AN-F-58 fuels was compared with the performance of AN-F-48 (grade 100/130) fuel in the range of simulated altitudes from 20,000 to 55,000 feet, corrected engine speeds from 6000to 12,500 rpm, and flight Mach numbers of 0.2 and 0.6.
Date: December 5, 1949
Creator: Tischler, Adelbert O & Scull, Wilfred E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of means of improving the uncontrolled lateral motions of personal airplanes

Description: From Summary: "The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether such airplanes could be made to fly uncontrolled for an indefinite period of time without getting into dangerous attitudes and for a reasonable period of time (one to three minutes) without deviating excessively from their original course. The results of this analysis indicated that the uncontrolled motions of a personal airplane could be made safe as regards spiral tendencies and could be greatly improved as regards maintenance of course without resort to an autopilot."
Date: December 1949
Creator: Mckinney, Marion O , Jr
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Landing Procedure in Model Ditching Tests of Bf 109

Description: The purpose of the model tests is to clarify the motions in the alighting on water of a land plane. After discussion of the model laws, the test method and test procedure are described. The deceleration-time-diagrams of the landing of a model of the Bf 109 show a high deceleration peek of greater than 20g which can be lowered to 4 to 6g by radiator cowling and brake skid.
Date: December 1, 1949
Creator: Sottorf, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure-Distribution Measurements on the Tail Surfaces of a Rotating Model of the Design BFW - M31

Description: In order to obtain insight into the flow conditions on tail surfaces on airplanes during spins, pressure-distribution measurements were performed on a rotating model of the design BFW-M31. For the time being, the tests were made for only one angle of attack (alpha = 60 degrees) and various angles of yaw and rudder angles. The results of these measurements are given; the construction of the model, and the test arrangement used are described. Measurements to be performed later and alterations planned in the test arrangement are pointed out.
Date: December 1, 1949
Creator: Kohler, M. & Mautz, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department