National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 4,168 Matching Results

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Aerodynamic Characteristics of Horizontal Tail Surfaces

Description: From Summary: "Collected data are presented on the aerodynamic characteristics of 17 horizontal tail surfaces including several with balanced elevators and two with end plates. Curves are given for coefficients of normal force, drag, and elevator hinge moment. A limited analysis of the results has been made. The normal-force coefficients are in better agreement with the lifting-surface theory of Prandtl and Blenk for airfoils of low aspect ratio than with the usual lifting-line theory. Only partial agreement exists between the elevator hinge-moment coefficients and those predicted by Glauert's thin-airfoil theory."
Date: 1940
Creator: Silverstein, Abe & Katzoff, S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Boundary-Layer Transition on the N.A.C.A. 0012 and 23012 Airfoils in the 8-Foot High-Speed Wind Tunnel

Description: Report presenting determinations of boundary-layer transition on the NACA 0012 and 23012 airfoils in the high-speed wind tunnel over a range of Reynolds numbers. For all of the lift coefficients that testing occurred at, transition occurred in the region of estimated laminar separation at low Reynolds numbers and approached the point of minimum static pressure as a forward limit at high Reynolds numbers.
Date: January 1940
Creator: Becker, John V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Boundary-Layer Transition on the N.A.C.A. 0012 and 23012 Airfoils in the 8-Foot High-Speed Wind Tunnel, Special Report

Description: Determinations of boundary-layer transition on the NACA 0012 and 2301 airfoils were made in the 8-foot high-speed wind tunnel over a range of Reynolds Numbers from 1,600,000 to 16,800,000. The results are of particular significance as compared with flight tests and tests in wind tunnels of appreciable turbulence because of the extremely low turbulence in the high-speed tunnel. A comparison of the results obtained on NACA 0012 airfoils of 2-foot and 5-foot chord at the same Reynolds Number permitted an evaluation of the effect of compressibility on transition.
Date: January 1940
Creator: Becker, John V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Constant-pressure blowers

Description: The conventional axial blowers operate on the high-pressure principle. One drawback of this type of blower is the relatively low pressure head, which one attempts to overcome with axial blowers producing very high pressure at a given circumferential speed. The Schicht constant-pressure blower affords pressure ratios considerably higher than those of axial blowers of conventional design with approximately the same efficiency.
Date: January 1940
Creator: Sörensen, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of the Characteristics of Tapered Wings

Description: This report presents tables and charts for use in determining the characteristics of tapered wings. Theoretical factors are given from which the following characteristics of tapered wings may be found: the span lift distribution, the induced-angle-of attack distribution, the lift-curve slope, the angle of zero lift, the induced drag, the aerodynamic-center position, and the pitching moment about the aerodynamic center.
Date: 1940
Creator: Anderson, Raymond F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Development of Electrical Strain Gages

Description: "The design, construction, and properties of an electrical-resistance strain gage consisting of fine wires molded in a laminated plastic are described. The properties of such gages are discussed and also the problems of molding of wires in plastic materials, temperature compensation, and cementing and removal of the gages. Further work to be carried out on the strain gage, together with instrument problems, is discussed" (p. 1).
Date: January 1940
Creator: de Forest, A. V. & Leaderman, H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DFS Dive-Control Brakes for Gliders and Airplanes and Analytical Study of the Drag of the DFS Dive-Control Brake

Description: These two reports are surveys on the progress and present state of development of dive-control flaps for gliders and airplanes. The second article describes how on the basis of wind tunnel and free-flight tests, the drag increase on brake flaps of the type DFS, can be predicted. Pressure records confirm a two-dimensional load distribution along the brake-flap surface.
Date: January 1940
Creator: Jacobs, Hans & Wanner, Adolf
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of Wing Loading, Aspect Ratio, and Span Loading of Flight Performances

Description: "An investigation is made of the possible improvements in maximum, cruising, and climbing speeds attainable through increase in the wing loading. The decrease in wing area was considered for the two cases of constant aspect ratio and constant span loading. For a definite flight condition, an investigation is made to determine what loss in flight performance must be sustained if, for given reasons, certain wing loadings are not to be exceeded. With the aid of these general investigations, the trend with respect to wing loading is indicated and the requirements to be imposed on the landing aids are discussed" (p. 1).
Date: January 1940
Creator: Göthert, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The frequencies of cantilever wings in beam and torsional vibrations

Description: From Summary: "Methods are described for calculating the period and frequency of vibration of cantilever wings and similar structures in which the weight and moment of inertia vary along the span. Both the beam and torsional frequencies may be calculated by these methods. The procedure is illustrated by examples."
Date: January 1940
Creator: Burgess, C. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

General Potential Theory of Arbitrary Wing Section

Description: This report gives the exact treatment of the problem of determining the 2-dimensional potential flow around wing sections of any type. The treatment is based directly on the solution of this problem as advanced by Theodorsen in NACA-TR-411. The problem condenses into the compact form of an integral equation capable of yielding numerical solutions by a direct process.
Date: 1940
Creator: Theodorsen, T. & Garrick, I. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Knocking in an Internal-Combustion Engine

Description: The question remains open of the relation between the phenomena of knocking in the engine and the explosion wave. The solution of this problem is the object of this paper. The tests were conducted on an aircraft engine with a pyrex glass window in the cylinder head. Photographs were then taken of various combinations of fuels and conditions.
Date: January 1940
Creator: Sokolik, A. & Voinov, A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Mechanical properties of flush-riveted joints

Description: Report discusses the strength of several types of flush-riveted joints, including single-shearing, double-shearing, and tensile specimens. The stress at failure, type of failure, and d/t ratio are provided. Dimpled joints were found to be the strongest, but their strength was heavily influenced by the details of their construction.
Date: January 1940
Creator: Bruggeman, Wm. C. & Roop, Frederick C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Propeller Rotation Noise Due to Torque and Thrust

Description: "Sound pressure of the first four harmonics of rotation from a full-scale two-blade propeller were measured and are compared with values calculated from theory. The comparison is made (1) for the space distribution with constant tip speed and (2) for fixed space angles with variable tip speed. A relation for rotation noise from an element of radius developed by Gutin is given showing the effect of number of blades on the rotation noise" (p. 1).
Date: January 1940
Creator: Deming, Arthur F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of a gust-alleviating flap in the gust tunnel

Description: "Tests were made to determine the effectiveness of a long-period dynamically overbalanced flap in reducing airplane accelerations due to atmospheric gusts. For two gust shapes, one gust velocity, one forward velocity, and one wing loading, a series of flights was made with the flap locked and was then repeated with the flap free to operate. The records were evaluated by routine methods. The results indicate that the flap reduced the maximum acceleration increment 39 percent for a severe gust but with a representative gust shape (a sharp-edge gust), the reduction was only 3 percent" (p. 1).
Date: January 1940
Creator: Donely, Philip & Shufflebarger, C. C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Free-spinning wind-tunnel tests of a low-wing monoplane with systematic changes in wings and tails V: effect of airplane relative density

Description: The reported tests are a continuation of an NACA investigation being made in the free-spinning wind tunnel to determine the effects of independent variations in load distribution, wing and tail arrangement, and control disposition on the spin characteristics of airplanes. The standard series of tests was repeated to determine the effect of airplane relative density. Tests were made at values of the relative-density parameter of 6.8, 8.4 (basic), and 12.0; and the results were analyzed. The tested variations in the relative-density parameter may be considered either as variations in the wing loading of an airplane spun at a given altitude, with the radii of gyration kept constant, or as a variation of the altitude at which the spin takes place for a given airplane. The lower values of the relative-density parameter correspond to the lower wing loadings or to the lower altitudes of the spin.
Date: January 11, 1940
Creator: Seidman, Oscar & Neihouse, A. I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Design Charts Relating to the Stalling of Tapered Wings

Description: An aid in airplane design, charts have been prepared to show the effects of wing taper, thickness ratio, and Reynolds number on the spanwise location of the initial stalling point. Means of improving poor stalling characteristics resulting from certain combinations of the variables have also been considered; additional figures illustrate the influence of camber increase to the wing tips, washout, central sharp leading edges, and wing-tip slots on the stalling characteristics. Data are included from which the drag increases resulting from the use of these means can be computed. The application of the data to a specific problem is illustrated by an example.
Date: January 18, 1940
Creator: Soulé, H. A. & Anderson, R. F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of body nose shape on the propulsive efficiency of a propeller

Description: Report presents the results of an investigation of the propulsive efficiency of three adjustable propellers of 10-foot diameter operated in front of four body nose shapes, varying from streamline nose that continued through the propeller plane in the form of a large spinner to a conventional open-nose radial-engine cowling. One propeller had airfoil sections close to the hub, the second had conventional round blade shanks, and the third differed from the second only in pitch distribution. The blade-angle settings ranged from 20 degrees to 55 degrees at the 0.75 radius.
Date: January 29, 1940
Creator: Stickle, George W.; Crigler, John L. & Naiman, Irven
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamics of rotating-wing aircraft with blade-pitch control

Description: From Introduction: "In the present report, with the aid of the usual computation methods, a rotor is investigated the pitch of whose blades is capable of being controlled in such a manner that it varies linearly with the flapping angle. To test the effect of this linkage on the aircraft performance, the theory is applied to an illustrative example."
Date: February 1940
Creator: Pfluger, A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Damping formulas and experimental values of damping in flutter models

Description: The problem of determining values of structural damping for use in flutter calculations is discussed. The concept of equivalent viscous damping is reviewed and its relation to the structural damping coefficient g introduced in NACA Technical Report No. 685 is shown. The theory of normal modes is reviewed and a number of methods are described for separating the motions associated with different modes. Equations are developed for use in evaluating the damping parameters from experimental data. Experimental results of measurements of damping in several flutter models are presented.
Date: February 1940
Creator: Coleman, Robert P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Contribution to the Study of Combustion in Compression-Ignition Engines

Description: The purpose of this paper is to explain the differences in thermodynamic qualities of two oils and to try to make this differentiation clear enough so that it can be applied to two oils extremely alike, as, for instance a given oil and the same oil to which a small amount of another substance has been added.
Date: February 1940
Creator: Duchene, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental Determination of Exhaust Gas Thrust, Special Report

Description: This investigation presents the results of tests made on a radial engine to determine the thrust that can be obtained from the exhaust gas when discharged from separate stacks and when discharged from the collector ring with various discharge nozzles. The engine was provided with a propeller to absorb the power and was mounted on a test stand equipped with scales for measuring the thrust and engine torque. The results indicate that at full open throttle at sea level, for the engine tested, a gain in thrust horsepower of 18 percent using separate stacks, and 9.5 percent using a collector ring and discharge nozzle, can be expected at an air speed of 550 miles per hour.
Date: February 1940
Creator: Pinkel, Benjamin & Voss, Fred
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Generalized Vortex Theory of the Screw Propeller and Its Application

Description: "The vortex theory as presented by the author in earlier papers has been extended to permit the solution of the following problems: (1) the investigation of the relation between thrusts and torque distribution and energy loss as given by the induction of helical vortex sheets and by the parasite drag; (2) the checking of the theorem of Betz of the rigidly behaving helical vortex sheet of minimum induced energy loss; (3) the extension of the theory of the screw propeller of minimum energy loss for the inclusion of parasite-drag distribution along the blades" (p. 1).
Date: February 1940
Creator: Reissner, Hans
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department