National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 745 Matching Results

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Analysis of performance of jet engine from characteristics of components I : aerodynamic and matching characteristics of turbine component determined with cold air

Description: The performance of the turbine component of an NACA research jet engine was investigated with cold air. The interaction and the matching of the turbine with the NACA eight-stage compressor were computed with the combination considered as a jet engine. The over-all performance of the engine was then determined. The internal aerodynamics were studied to the extent of investigating the performance of the first stator ring and its influence on the turbine performance. For this ring, the stream-filament method for computing velocity distribution permitted efficient sections to be designed, but the design condition of free-vortex flow with uniform axial velocities was not obtained.
Date: January 1, 1947
Creator: Goldstein, Arthur W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of the full-floating journal bearing

Description: Report discussing an analysis of the operating characteristics of a full-floating journal bearing, a bearing in which a floating sleeve is located between the journal and bearing surfaces, is presented together with charts from which the performance of such bearings may be predicted.
Date: 1947
Creator: Shaw, M. C. & Nussdorfer, T. J., Jr,
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Application of the analogy between water flow with a free surface and two-dimensional compressible gas flow

Description: The theory of the hydraulic analogy -- that is, the analogy between water flow with a free surface and two-dimensional compressible gas flow -- and the limitations and conditions of the analogy are discussed. A test was run using the hydraulic analogy as applied to the flow about circular cylinders of various diameters at subsonic velocities extending into the supercritical range. The apparatus and techniques used in this application are described and criticized. Reasonably satisfactory agreement of pressure distributions and flow fields existed between water and air flow about corresponding bodies. This agreement indicated the possibility of extending experimental compressibility research by new methods.
Date: January 1, 1947
Creator: Orlin, W James; Lindner, Norman J & Butterly, Jack G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charts for determining the characteristics of sharp-nose airfoils in two-dimensional flow at supersonic speeds

Description: Solutions of the Hugoniot shock equations and Meyer expansion equations are plotted in such a manner as to permit the pressure distribution, the local Mach number, and the angles of shock waves on arbitrary sharp-nose airfoils at supersonic speeds to be obtained directly. (author).
Date: January 1947
Creator: Ivey, H. Reese; Stickle, George W. & Schuettler, Alberta
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Column and plate compressive strengths of aircraft structural materials: Extruded 0-1HTA magnesium alloy

Description: Column and plate compressive strengths of extruded 0-1HTA magnesium alloy were determined both within and beyond the elastic range from tests of flat end H-section columns and from local instability tests of H-, Z-, and channel section columns. These tests are part of an extensive research investigation to provide data on the structural strength of various aircraft materials. The results are presented in the form of curves and charts that are suitable for use in the design and analysis of aircraft structures.
Date: January 1947
Creator: Heimerl, George J. & Niles, Donald E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compressible Flow Tables for Air

Description: This paper contains a tabulation of functions of the Mach number which are frequently used in high-speed aerodynamics. The tables extend from M = 0 to M = 10.0 in increments of 0.01 and are based on the assumption that air is a perfect gas having a specific heat ratio of 1.400.
Date: January 1, 1947
Creator: Burcher, Marie A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Critical stress of thin-walled cylinders in axial compression

Description: Empirical design curves are presented for the critical stress of thin-walled cylinders loaded in axial compression. These curves are plotted in terms of nondimensional parameters of small-deflection theory and are compared with theoretical curves derived for the buckling of cylinders with simply supported and clamped edges. An empirical equation is given for the buckling of cylinders having a length-radius ratio greater than about 0.75. The test data obtained from various sources follow the general trend of the theoretical curve for cylinders with clamped edges, agreeing closely with the theory in the case of short cylinders, but falling considerably below the theoretical results for long cylinders. The discrepancy in the case of long cylinders increases with increasing values of the ratio of radius to wall thickness. Plotting curves for different values of this ratio reduces the scatter in the test data and a certain degree of correlation with theory is achieved. Advantage is taken of this correlation to obtain estimated design curves for cylinders with simply supported edges, for which little experimental information is available. (author).
Date: January 1, 1947
Creator: Batdorf, S. B.; Shildcrout, Murry & Stein, Manuel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Critical stress of thin-walled cylinders in axial compression

Description: Empirical design curves are presented for the critical stress of thin-wall cylinders loaded in axial compression. These curves are plotted in terms of the nondimensional parameters of small-deflection theory and are compared with theoretical curves derived for the buckling of cylinders with simply supported and clamped edges. An empirical equation is given for the buckling of cylinders having a length-radius ratio greater than about 0.75.
Date: January 1, 1947
Creator: Batdorf, S B; Schildcrout, Murry & Stein, Manuel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Determination of elastic stresses in gas-turbine disks

Description: A method is presented for the calculation of elastic stresses in symmetrical disks typical of those of a high-temperature gas turbine. The method is essentially a finite-difference solution of the equilibrium and compatibility equations for elastic stresses in a symmetrical disk. Account can be taken of point-to-point variations in disk thickness, in temperature, in elastic modulus, in coefficient of thermal expansion, in material density, and in Poisson's ratio. No numerical integration or trial-and-error procedures are involved and the computations can be performed in rapid and routine fashion by nontechnical computers with little engineering supervision. Checks on problems for which exact mathematical solutions are known indicate that the method yields results of high accuracy. Illustrative examples are presented to show the manner of treating solid disks, disks with central holes, and disks constructed either of a single material or two or more welded materials. The effect of shrink fitting is taken into account by a very simple device.
Date: 1947
Creator: Manson, S. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of brake forming in various tempers on the strength of Alclad 75S-T aluminum-alloy sheet

Description: Results are presented of tests to determine the effect of brake forming in various tempers on the strength of Alclad 75S-T aluminum alloy sheet in the direction parallel to the brake. The tensile and compressive strengths of Alclad 75S-T sheet, formed in the O and W tempers, were either increased or little affected compared with those of similarly treated unformed material. When Alclad 75S-T sheet 'as received' was formed, however, the tensile yield stress was reduced about 7 percent for the with-grain direction and 1 percent for the cross-grain direction, whereas the tensile ultimate and compressive yield stresses were increased somewhat. The elongation was always slightly reduced as a result of forming.
Date: January 1947
Creator: Woods, Walter & Heimerl, George J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of rivet or bolt holes on the ultimate strength developed by 24S-T and Alclad 75S-T sheet in incomplete diagonal tension

Description: From Summary: "Strength tests were made of a number of 24S-T and Alclad 75S-T aluminum alloy shear webs to determine the effect of rivet or bolt holes on the shear strength. Data were obtained for webs which approached a condition of pure shear stress as well as for webs with well-developed diagonal tension. The rivet factor (pitch minus diameter), divided by pitch, was varied from approximately 0.81 to 0.62. These tests indicated that the shear stresses on the gross section were nearly constant for all values of the rivet factor investigated if the other properties of the web were not changed."
Date: January 1947
Creator: Levin, L. Ross & Nelson, David H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of Various Methods of Boundary-Layer Control on Performance of V-1710-93 Engine-Stage Supercharger

Description: Four methods of boundary-layer control were tried during an investigation to improve the flow in the impeller passages of a V-1710-93 engine-stage supercharger. The boundary layer along the impeller front shroud was removed by suction. In one method the removal was accomplished by recirculation of the air to the impeller inlet; in another method, by external removal. In the other methods, slots were cut through the impeller-blade faces first at 30 percent and then at 30 and 70 percent of the mean-flow-path length measured from leading edges of the rotating inlet guide vanes to introduce air from the high-pressure side of the blades into the region where stagnation and separation were suspected. A slight improvement in performance was obtained when the boundary layer was removed through the impeller front shroud. In general, this improvement become more pronounced as the amount of air removed was increased even though the excessive impeller frontal clearance maintained for these tests, together with an exaggerated negative pressure gradient, apparently induced flow separation on the diffuser front and rear walls as well as on the impeller front shroud. The use of slots in the impellers at the locations selected had a detrimental effect on the supercharger performance characteristics.
Date: January 1947
Creator: Kohl, Robert C. & Diggs, Donald R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluation of Gust and Draft Velocities from Flights of P-61C Airplanes within Thunderstorms: September 5, 1946 to September 10, 1946 at Orlando, Florida

Description: Tables I and II of this report summarize the gust and draft velocity data for thunderstorm flights 31, 32, and 33 of September 5, 1946, September 6, 1946, and September 10, 1946, respectively. These data were evaluated from records of NACA instruments installed in P-61C airplanes and are of the type presented for previous flights. Table III summarizes the readings of a milliammeter which was used in conjunction with other equipment to indicate ambient air temperature during thunderstorm surveys. These data were read from motion-picture records of the instrument and include all cases in which variations in the instrument indications were noted for the present flights.
Date: 1947
Creator: Tolefson, H. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight investigation on a fighter-type airplane of factors which affect the loads and load distributions on the vertical tail surfaces during rudder kicks and fishtails

Description: Results are presented of a flight investigation conducted on a fighter-type airplane to determine the factors which affect the loads and load distributions on the vertical tail surfaces in maneuvers. An analysis is made of the data obtained in steady flight, rudder kicks, and fishtail maneuvers. For the rudder kicks, the significant loads were the "deflection load" resulting from an abrupt control deflection and the "dynamic load" consisting of a load corresponding to the new static equilibrium condition for the rudder deflected plus a load due to a transient overshoot. The minimum time to reach the maximum control deflection attainable by the pilot in any flight condition was found to be a constant. In the fishtail maneuvers, it was found that the pilot tends to deflect the rudder in phase with the natural frequency of the airplane. The maximum loads measured in fishtails were of the same order of magnitude as those from a rudder kick in which the rudder is returned to zero at the time of maximum sideslip.
Date: January 1, 1947
Creator: Boshar, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Free-Spinning-Tunnel Tests of a 1/27-Scale Model of the Douglas XF3D-1 Airplane, TED No. NACA DE 312

Description: Free-spinning-tunnel tests have been made on a 1/27-scale model of the Douglas XF3D-1 airplane to confirm a preliminary evaluation made of the airplane spin and recovery characteristics and previously reported. Recovery characteristics were satisfactory for erect and inverted spins when the model was in the clean condition. When the slow-down brakes were open, recoveries were slow. The pedal force necessary to reverse the airplane rudder during a spin will be within the physical capabilities of the pilot. A 10-foot-diameter parachute attached to the tail of the airplane (laid-out-flat diameter, drag coefficient 0.7) or a 4.5-foot-diameter parachute attached to the outboard wing tip will be satisfactory for emergency spin recovery from demonstration spins. If it becomes necessary for the crew to abandon the airplane during a spin, they should leave from the outboard side of the cockpit. The test results indicated spin and recovery characteristics generally similar to those indicated in the preliminary evaluation.
Date: 1947
Creator: Scher, Stanley H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Frequency-response method for determination of dynamic stability characteristics of airplanes with automatic controls

Description: A frequency-response method for determining the critical control-gearing and hunting oscillations of airplanes with automatic pilots is presented. The method is graphical and has several advantages over the standard numerical procedure based on Routh's discriminant. The chief advantage of the method is that direct use can be made of the measured response characteristics of the automatic pilot. This feature is especially useful in determining the existence, amplitude, and frequency of the hunting oscillations that may be present when the automatic pilot has nonlinear dynamic characteristics. Several examples are worked out to illustrate the application of the frequency-response method in determining the effect of automatic-pilot lag or lead on critical control gearing and in determining the amplitude and frequency hunting. It is shown that the method may be applied to the case of a control geared to airplane motions about two axes.
Date: January 1, 1947
Creator: Greenberg, Harry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-Speed Wind-Tunnel Tests of a 1/16-Scale Model of the D-558 Research Airplane Air-Stream Fluctuations at the Tail of the D-558-1 Airplane

Description: An investigation of the air-stream fluctuations at the tail of the D-558-1 airplane has been made at high speed for the purpose of determining the vertical region in which the horizontal tail may be placed without becoming subject to tail buffeting. The investigation was made for a range of Mach numbers from 0.775 to 0.907, and a range of vertical positions at the tall to include two proposed horizontal-tail positions. The tests were made at two angles of attack, 0,2 deg. and 4.2 deg., representative, of the angles of attack for high-speed level flight and a pull-out condition.
Date: January 1, 1947
Creator: Pendley, Robert E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigations of Compression Shocks and Boundary Layers in Gases Moving at High Speed

Description: The mutual influences of compression shocks and friction boundary layers were investigated by means of high speed wind tunnels.Schlieren optics provided a clear picture of the flow phenomena and were used for determining the location of the compression shocks, measurement of shock angles, and also for Mach angles. Pressure measurement and humidity measurements were also taken into consideration.Results along with a mathematical model are described.
Date: January 1947
Creator: Ackeret, J.; Feldmann, F. & Rott, N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigations of effects of surface temperature and single roughness elements on boundary-layer transition

Description: The laminar boundary layer and the position of the transition point were investigated on a heated flat plate. It was found that the Reynolds number of transition decreased as the temperature of the plate is increased. It is shown from simple qualitative analytical considerations that the effect of variable viscosity in the boundary layer due to the temperature difference produces a velocity profile with an inflection point if the wall temperature is higher than the free-stream temperature. This profile is confirmed by measurements. The instability of inflection-point profiles is discussed. Studies of the flow in the wake of large, two-dimensional roughness elements are presented. It is shown that a boundary-layer can separate and reattach itself to the wall without having transition take place.
Date: January 1, 1947
Creator: Liepmann, Hans W & Fila, Gertrude H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Isolated and cascade airfoils with prescribed velocity distribution

Description: An exact solution of the problem of designing an airfoil with a prescribed velocity distribution on the suction surface in a given uniform flow of an incompressible perfect fluid is obtained by replacing the boundary of the airfoil by vortices. By this device, a method of solution is developed that is applicable both to isolated airfoils and to airfoils in cascade. The conformal transformation of the designed airfoil into a circle can then be obtained and the velocity distribution at any angle of attack computed. Numerical illustrations of the method are given for the airfoil in cascade.
Date: January 1, 1947
Creator: Goldstein, Arthur W & Jerison, Meyer
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lateral-control characteristics of various spoiler arrangements as measured in flight

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the lateral-control characteristics of several spoiler arrangements located near the wing trailing edge in flight. In all cases, the control response was satisfactory and the variation of rolling effectiveness with control deflections was smooth and nearly linear. Results regarding response characteristics, rolling effectiveness, control-force and hinge-moment characteristics, yawing characteristics, effects of altitude, characteristics near the stall, and characteristics in inverted flight are provided.
Date: January 1947
Creator: Spahr, J. Richard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal Stability and Stalling Characteristics of a 1/8.33-Scale Model of the Republic XF-12 Airplane

Description: The XF-12 airplane is a high performance, photo-reconnaissance aircraft designed by the Republic Aviation Corporation for Army Air Forces. A series of tests of a 1/8.33-scale powered model was conducted in the Langley 9-foot pressure tunnel to obtain information relative to the aerodynamic design of the airplane. This report presents the results of tests to determine the static longitudinal stability and stalling characteristics of the model. From this investigation it was indicated that the airplane will possess a positive static margin for all probable flight conditions. The stalling characteristics are considered satisfactory in that the stall initiates near the root section and progresses toward the tips. Early root section stalling occurs, with the flaps retracted and may cause undesirable tail buffeting and erratic elevator control in the normal flight range. From considerations of sinking speed landing flap deflections of 40 degrees may be preferable to 55 degrees of 65 degrees.
Date: 1947
Creator: Pepper, Edward & Foster, Gerald V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method of characteristics for three-dimensional axially symmetrical supersonic flows

Description: An approximation method for three-dimensional axially symmetrical supersonic flows is developed; it is based on the characteristics theory (represented partly graphically, partly analytically). Thereafter this method is applied to the construction of rotationally symmetrical nozzles. (author).
Date: January 1947
Creator: Sauer, R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Notes on the theoretical characteristics of two-dimensional supersonic airfoils

Description: The shock expansion method of the NACA TN No. 1143 was used to determine the principal aerodynamic characteristics of two-dimensional supersonic airfoils. A discussion is given of the effect of thickness ratio, free-stream Mach number, angle of attack, camber, thickness distribution, and aileron deflection. The calculations indicated that the minimum drag of supersonic airfoils is obtained when the maximum thickness is behind the 0.50 chord. The center of pressure obtained for a symmetrical supersonic airfoil was found to be ahead of the 0.50 chord.
Date: January 1947
Creator: Ivey, H. Reese
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department