National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 279 Matching Results

Search Results

Contribution to the ideal efficiency of screw propellers

Description: From Summary: "The stipulation of best thrust distribution is applied to the annular elements of the screw propeller with infinitely many blades in frictionless, incompressible flow and an ideal jet propulsion system derived possessing hyperbolic angular velocity distribution along the blade radius and combining the advantage of uniform thrust distribution over the section with minimum slipstream and rotation losses. This system is then compared with a propeller possessing the same angular velocity at all blade elements and the best possible thrust distribution secured by means of an induced efficiency varying uniformly over the radius. Lastly, the case of the lightly loaded propeller also is discussed."
Date: January 1942
Creator: Hoff, Wilhelm
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Design of Propeller Blade Roots

Description: Predicated on the assumption of certain normal conditions for engine and propeller, simple expressions for the static and dynamic stresses of propeller blade roots are evolved. They, in combination with the fatigue strength diagram of the employed material, afford for each engine power one certain operating point by which the state of stress serving as a basis for the design of the root is defined. Different stress cases must be analyzed, depending on the vibration tendency of engine and use of propeller. The solution affords an insight into the possible introduction of different size classes of propeller.
Date: January 1942
Creator: Cordes, G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Drag and propulsive characteristics of air-cooled engine-nacelle installations for large airplane

Description: From Summary: "An investigation was conducted in the NACA full-scale wind tunnel to determine the drag and the propulsive efficiency of nacelle-propeller arrangements for a large range of nacelle sizes. In contrast with usual tests with a single nacelle, these tests were conducted with nacelle-propeller installations on a large model of a four-engine airplane. Data are presented on the first part of the investigation, covering seven nacelle arrangements with nacelle diameters from 0.53 to 1.5 times the wing thickness. These ratios are similar to those occurring on airplanes weighing from about 20 to 100 tons. The results show the drag, the propulsive efficiency, and the over-all efficiency of the various nacelle arrangements as functions of the nacelle size, the propeller position, and the airplane lift coefficient. The effect of the nacelles on the aerodynamic characteristics of the model is shown for both propeller-removed and propeller-operating conditions."
Date: 1942
Creator: Silverstein, Abe & Wilson, Herbert A., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-Speed Tests of a Model Twin-Engine Low-Wing Transport Airplane

Description: Report presents the results of force tests made of a 1/8-scale model of a twin-engine low-wing transport airplane in the NACA 8-foot high-speed tunnel to investigate compressibility and interference effects of speeds up to 450 miles per hour. In addition to tests of the standard arrangement of the model, tests were made with several modifications designed to reduce the drag and to increase the critical speed.
Date: 1942
Creator: Becker, John V. & Leonard, Lloyd H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Maximum permissible engine performance of eight representative fuels of 100-octane number

Description: Report presenting knock-limited performance tests made with eight representative fuels rated at 100-octane number using the CFR aviation method. All eight fuels were mixtures of representative blending agents and bases. Results regarding the effect of inlet-temperature air changes, effect of octane numbers in a full-scale single-cylinder engine, effect of addition of aromatics to the fuels, and type of spark plug used are provided.
Date: January 1942
Creator: Rothrock, Addison M.; Biermann, Arnold E. & Corrington, Lester C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Normal-pressure tests of rectangular plates

Description: Report presents the results of normal-pressure tests made of 56 rectangular plates with clamped edges and of 5 plates with freely supported edges. Pressure was applied and the center deflection and the permanent set at the center were measured. For some of the plates, in addition, strains and contours were measured.
Date: 1942
Creator: Ramberg, Walter; McPherson, Albert E. & Levy, Samuel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure-Distribution Measurements of a Model of a Davis Wing Section with Fowler Flap Submitted by Consolidated Aircraft Corporation

Description: Wing pressure distribution diagrams for several angles of attack and flap deflections of 0 degrees, 20 degrees, and 40 degrees are presented. The normal force coefficients agree with lift coefficients obtained in previous test of the same model, except for the maximum lifts with flap deflection. Pressure distribution measurements were made at Reynolds Number of about 6,000,000.
Date: January 1942
Creator: Abbott, Ira H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pressure-distribution measurements of two airfoil models with Fowler flaps submitted by Consolidated Aircraft Corporation as alternative wing sections of the XB-32 airplane

Description: Report presenting pressure distribution measurements on two 24-inch chord models equipped with Fowler flaps in the two-dimensional low-turbulence pressure tunnel. Results regarding pressure-distribution diagrams and normal-force and moment coefficients are provided.
Date: January 1942
Creator: Abbott, Ira H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Radiator Design and Installation - II, Special Report

Description: A mathematical analysis of radiator design has been made. The volume of the radiator using least total power has been expressed in a single formula which shows that the optimum radiator volume is independent of the shape of the radiator and which makes possible the construction of design tables that give the optimum radiator volume per 100-horsepower heat dissipation as a function of the speed, of the altitude, and of one parameter involving characteristics of the airplane. Although, for a given set of conditions, the radiator volume using the least total power is fixed, the frontal area, or the length of the radiator needs to be separately specified in order to satisfy certain other requirement such as the ability to cool with the pressure drop available while the airplane is climbing. In order to simplify the specification for the shape of the radiator and in order to reduce the labor involved in calculating the detailed performance of radiators, generalized design curves have been developed for determining the pressure drop, the mass flow of air, and the power expended in overcoming the cooling drag of a radiator from the physical dimensions of the radiator. In addition, a table is derived from these curves, which directly gives the square root of the pressure drop required for ground cooling as a function of the radiator dimensions, of the heat dissipation and of the available temperature difference. Typical calculations using the tables of optimum radiator volume and the design curves are given. The jet power that can be derived from the heated air is proportional to the heat dissipation and is approximately proportional to the square of the airplane speed and to the reciprocal of the absolute temperature of the atmosphere. A table of jet power, per 100 horsepower of heat dissipation at various ...
Date: January 1942
Creator: Tifford, Arthur N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The resistance coefficient of commercial round wire grids

Description: From Summary: "The resistance coefficients of commercial types of round wire grids were examined for the purpose of obtaining the necessary data on supercharger test stands for throttling the inducted air to a pressure corresponding to a desired air density. The measurements of the coefficients ranged up to Reynolds numbers of 1000. In the arrangement of two grids in tandem, which was necessary in order to obtain high resistance coefficients with the solidity, that is, mesh density of grid, was found to be accompanied by a further relationship with the mutual spacing of the individual grids."
Date: January 1942
Creator: Eckert, B. & Pflüger, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rise in temperature of the charge in its passage through the inlet valve and port of an air-cooled aircraft engine cylinder

Description: Report presenting an experimental determination of the heat transfer between the air stream and a model of the inlet valve and seat of an air-cooled aircraft type cylinder (Wright J-6) as a function of air flow and valve lift. The circumstances of the test are described and the pressure and temperature rise characteristics are provided.
Date: January 1942
Creator: Forbes, J. E. & Taylor, E. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Tracer Gas Method of Determining the Charging Efficiency of Two-Stroke-Cycle Diesel Engines

Description: "A convenient method has been developed for determining the scavenging efficiency or the charging efficiency of two-stroke-cycle engines. The method consists of introducing a suitable tracer gas into the inlet air of the running engine and measuring chemically its concentration both in the inlet and exhaust gas. Monomethylamine CH(sub 3)NH(sub 2) was found suitable for the purpose as it burns almost completely during combustion, whereas the "short-circuited" portion does not burn at all and can be determined quantitatively in the exhaust" (p. 1).
Date: January 1942
Creator: Schweitzer, P. H. & DeLuca, Frank, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of an NACA 23012 airfoil with 30 percent-chord venetian-blind flaps

Description: Report presents the results of an investigation made in the NACA 7 by 10-foot wind tunnel of a NACA 23012 airfoil with 30-percent-chord venetian-blind flaps having one, two, three, and four slats of Clark y section. The three-slat arrangements was aerodynamically the best of those tested but showed practically no improvement over the comparable arrangement used in the preliminary tests published in NACA Technical Report No. 689. The multiple-slat flaps gave slightly higher lift coefficients than the one-slat (Fowler) flap but gave considerably greater pitching-moment coefficients. An analysis of test data indicates that substitution of a thicker and more cambered section for the Clark y slats should improve the aerodynamic and the structural characteristics of the venetian-blind flap.
Date: 1942
Creator: Rogallo, F. M. & Spano, Bartholomew S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel tests of four- and six-blade single- and dual-rotating tractor propellers

Description: Test of 10-foot diameter, four and six blade single-rotating and dual-rotating propellers were conducted in the NACA propeller-research tunnel. The propellers were mounted at the front end of a streamline body incorporating spinners to house the hub portions. The effect of a symmetrical wing mounted in the slipstream ranged from 20 degrees to 65 degrees setting corresponds to airplane speeds greater than 500 miles per hour. The results indicate that dual-rotating propellers were from 0 to 6 percent more efficient than single-rotating ones; but, when the propellers operated in the presence of a wing, the gain was reduced by about one-half. Other advantages of dual-rotating propellers were found to include greater power absorption and greater efficiency at the low V/nD operating range of high-pitch propellers.
Date: 1942
Creator: Biermann, David & Hartman, Edwin P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of diffuser-resistance combinations in duct systems

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the properties of diffuser-resistance combinations. The work applies to the design of airplane cooling ducts in which air is expanded in front of resistances, such as radiators, oil coolers, intercoolers, or the cylinders of an air-cooled engine.
Date: February 1942
Creator: McLellan, Charles H. & Nichols, Mark R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Principles and Methods of Rating and Testing Centrifugal Superchargers

Description: "A discussion of the general principles involved in the rating and testing of centrifugal superchargers, a statement and discussion of present standard methods in rating and testing, and reasons for the adoption of these standards are given" (p. 1).
Date: February 1942
Creator: Ellerbrock, Herman H., Jr. & Goldstein, Arthur W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Progress Summary Number 1: Mechanical Properties of Flush-Riveted Joints Submitted by Five Airplane Manufacturers

Description: Summary presenting information on flush-riveted joints for aircraft construction, including the strength, occurrence of defects, and effect of the angle of rivet head. The current tests covers specimens from 15 manufacturers of which 5 series have been completed and are described in this report.
Date: February 1942
Creator: Brueggeman, William Charles
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Statics of Circular-Ring Stiffeners for Monocoque Fuselages

Description: "For circular-ring stiffeners in monocoque fuselages the bending moments, axial forces, and shear forces under the action of applied external forces or a moment are accurately computed by known methods. Circular-ring stiffeners with variable moments of inertia are likewise considered. In comparison with the step-by-step and partially graphical procedure, the one here described is a more accurate and at the same time a simpler method" (p. 1).
Date: February 1942
Creator: Stieda, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The stresses in stiffener openings

Description: The present study treats as a typical example a ring the center line of which is produced by the intersection of two circular cylinders of different diameter. Three load cases are analyzed: (1) Axial and circumferential stresses in both cylinders, the cylinder stresses themselves to be in the ratio conformal to the cylinders loaded under internal pressure. (2) Pure longitudinal tension in the large cylinder. (3) Pure shear (torsion) in the large cylinder. To simplify the calculation, it is assumed that the ring, compared to the shell, is very strong, so that its deformations have no perceptible effect on the stress condition in the shell. This provides an upper limit for the ring stresses actually produced in a shell design, for, according to the theory of stressed skin statics the shells, by elastic flexibility of the ring, regroup the forces deposited on it in such a manner that the ring is relieved.
Date: February 1, 1942
Creator: Marguerre, K
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tensile and Pack Compressive Tests of Some Sheets of Aluminum Alloy, 1025 Carbon Steel, and Chromium-Nickel Steel

Description: Tensile and compressive stress-strain curves, stress-deviation curves, and secant modulus-stress curves are given for longitudinal and transverse specimens of 17S-T, 24S-T, and 24S-RT aluminum-alloy sheet in thicknesses from 0.032 to 0.081 inch, 1025 carbon steel sheet in thicknesses of 0.054 and 0.120 inch, and chromium-nickel steel sheet in thicknesses form 0.020 to 0.0275 inch. Significant differences were found between the tensile and the compressive stress-strain curves, and also the corresponding corollary curves; similarly, differences were found between the curves for the longitudinal and transverse directions. These differences are of particular importance in considering the compressive strength of aircraft structures made of thin sheet. They are explored further for the case of compression by giving tangent modulus-stress curves in longitudinal and transverse compression and dimensionless curves of the ratio of tangent modulus to Young's modulus and of the ratio of reduced modulus for a rectangular section to Young's modulus, both plotted against the ratio of stress to secant yield strength.
Date: February 1, 1942
Creator: Atchison, C. S. & Miller, James A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A theoretical analysis of the effect of aileron inertia and hinge moment on the maximum rolling acceleration of airplanes in abrupt aileron rolls

Description: Report presenting data on the rolling accelerations of airplanes of different types and sizes in abrupt aileron rolls in connection with a number of maneuverability and flying qualities investigations. An analysis was made to determine the relation between the torque applied to the aileron system by the pilot, the motion of the system, and the subsequent rolling motion of the airplane in abrupt aileron roll.
Date: February 1942
Creator: Bailey, F. J., Jr. & O'Sullivan, William J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department