National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 32 Matching Results

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The calculated effect of various hydrodynamic and aerodynamic factors on the take-off of a large flying boat

Description: Report presents the results of an investigation made to determine the influence of various factors on the take-off performance of a hypothetical large flying boat by means of take-off calculations. The factors varied in the calculations were size of hull (load coefficient), wing setting, trim, deflection of flap, wing loading, aspect ratio, and parasite drag. The take-off times and distances were calculated to the stalling speeds and the performance above these speeds was separately studied to determine piloting technique for optimum take-off.
Date: April 29, 1940
Creator: Olson, R. E. & Allison, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of individual aileron hinge moments and aileron control characteristics of a P-40F airplane

Description: From Summary: "Flight measurements have been made of the individual aileron hinge moments, aileron rolling effectiveness pb/2V ,and stick-force characteristics in abrupt aileron rolls with a P-40F airplane (AAF No. 41-14119) over an indicated airspeed range from 108 to 304 miles per hour. Three methods for measuring the rate of change of hinge moment with angle of attack were investigated. Presented for comparison with the flight results are data from two-dimensional wind-tunnel tests of the wing-aileron profile as measured at the center aileron hinge."
Date: January 29, 1945
Creator: Goranson, R. Fabian
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Tests of a Portion of a PV-2 Helicopter Rotor Blade

Description: From Summary: "A portion of a PV-2 helicopter rotor blade has been tested in the 6- by 6-foot test section of the Langley stability tunnel to determine if the aerodynamic characteristics were seriously affected by cross flow or fabric distortion. The outer portion of the blade was tested as a reflection plane model pivoted about the tunnel wall to obtain various angles of cross flow over the blade. Because the tunnel wall acts as a plane of symmetry, the measured aerodynamic characteristics correspond to those of an airfoil having various angles of sweepforward and sweepback. Tests were made with the vents on the lower surface open and also with the vents sealed and the internal pressure held at -20 inches of water producing an internal pressure coefficient of -1.059."
Date: March 29, 1945
Creator: Kemp, William B., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Application of the method of characteristics to supersonic rotational flow

Description: A system for calculating the physical properties of supersonic rotational flow with axial symmetry and supersonic rotational flow in a two-dimensional field was determined by use of the characteristics method. The system was applied to the study of external and internal flow for supersonic inlets with axial symmetry. For a circular conical inlet the shock that occurred at the lip of the inlet became stronger as it approached the axis of the inlet and became a normal shock at the axis. The region in which strong shock occurred increased with increase of the angle of internal cone at the lip of the inlet. For an inlet with a central body the method of characteristics was applied to the design of an internal channel shape that, theoretically, results in very efficient recompression in the inlet. It was shown that if an effuser is connected with the diffuser a body of revolution with very small shock-wave drag can be determined. (author).
Date: April 29, 1946
Creator: Ferri, Antonio
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Buffeting of External Fuel Tanks at High Speeds on a Gruman F7F-3 Airplane

Description: Attempts were made to alleviate the buffeting of external fuel tanks mounted under the wings of a twin-engine Navy fighter airplane. The Mach number at which buffeting began was increased from 0,529 to 0.640 by streamlining the sway braces and by increasing the lateral rigidity of the sway brace system. Further increase of the Mach number, at which buffeting began to 0.725, was obtained by moving the external fuel tank to a position under the fuselage.
Date: January 29, 1947
Creator: Turner, Howard L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Tests to Determine the Effect of Length of a Conical Windshield on the Drag of a Bluff Body at Supersonic Speeds

Description: Flight tests were conducted to determine the effect of length of a conical windshield on the drag of a bluff body moving at supersonic speeds. A comparison is made between results obtained and results of previous drag tests of body-windshield combinations.The effect of increasing the length of the windshield is discussed.
Date: January 29, 1947
Creator: Alexander, Sidney R. & Katz, Ellis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The High-Speed Longitudinal Stability and Control of the Bell P-39N-1 Airplane as Calculated from Propeller-Off Tests of a 0.35-Scale Model

Description: This report presents the result of tests of a 0.35-scale model of the Bell P-39N-l airplane. Included are the longitudinal-stability and - control characteristics of the airplane as indicated by tests of the model equipped with each of two different sets of elevators. The results indicate good longitudinal stability and control throughout the speed range encounterable in flight. The variation of estimated stick force with speed was less when the model was equipped with elevators constructed to the theoretical design dimensions than when equipped with elevators as built to scale from measurements of the corresponding-parts of the actual airplane. The predicted stick forces required to produce the normal accelerations attainable in flight are within the limits specified by the Army Air Forces.
Date: January 29, 1947
Creator: Robinson, Robert C. & Perone, Angelo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of carbon deposition in an I-16 jet-propulsion engine at static sea-level conditions

Description: Report presenting a study of the effect of fuel properties on carbon deposition in jet-propulsion engine combustors using seven fuels: kerosene, Diesel fuel oil, toluene, xylene, 62-octane gasoline, a commercial solvent, and AN-F-32 (JP-1) in an I-16 engine at static sea-level conditions and constant rotor speed. Results regarding the reproducibility of data, reduced exhaust-jet-nozzle area, and fuel comparison are provided.
Date: April 29, 1947
Creator: Jonash, Edmund R.; Barnett, Henry C. & Stricker, Edward G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Preliminary Study of Ram-Actuated Cooling Systems for Supersonic Aircraft

Description: An analysis has been made of the characteristics of several cooling cycles suitable for cockpit cooling of supersonic aircraft. All the cycles considered utilize the difference between dynamic and ambient static pressure to actuate the cooling system and require no additional power source. The results of the study indicate that as flight speeds become greater, increasingly complex systems are required to reduce the altitudes above approximately 35,000 feet, a system composed of an externally loaded expansion turbine in conjunction with a supersonic diffuser would maintain tolerable ventilating air temperature, at least up to a flight Mach number of 2. The most complex system considered,composed of compressor, intercooler, and expansion turbine with the intercooler cooling air decreased in temperature by expansion through an auxiliary turbine is capable of maintaining a ventilation air temperature less than ambient temperature up to a flight Mach number of 3.7.
Date: April 29, 1947
Creator: Stalder, Jackson R. & Wadleigh, Kenneth R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Free-flight investigation of control effectiveness of full-span 0.2-chord plain ailerons at high subsonic, transonic, and supersonic speeds to determine some effects of section thickness and wing sweepback

Description: Report discusses the development and testing of a rocket-propelled test vehicle to investigate aerodynamic control effectiveness at high subsonic, transonic, and supersonic speeds. Modifications to the section thickness and wing sweepback to improve performance are also described. A description of the vehicle, instrumentation, accuracy, and evaluation of testing results is included.
Date: May 29, 1947
Creator: Sandahl, Carl A. & Marino, Alfred A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of the Aerodynamic Characteristics of an 0.08-Scale Model of the Chance Vought XF7U-1 Airplane in the Langley High-Speed 7- by 10-Foot Tunnel. Part III - Longitudinal-Control Characteristics TED No. NACA DE308, Part 3, Longitudinal-Control Characteristics, TED No. NACA DE308

Description: Tests have been conducted in the Langley high speed 7- by 10-foot tunnel over a Mach number range from 0.40 to 0.91 to determine the stability and control characteristics of an 0,08-scale model of the Chance Vought XF7U-1 airplane. The longitudinal-control characteristics of the complete model are presented in the present report with a limited analysis of the results.
Date: July 29, 1947
Creator: Kuhn, Richard E. & King, Thomas J., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The development of jet-engine Nacelles for a high-speed bomber design

Description: The results of an experimental investigation made for the purpose of developing suitable jet-engine nacelle designs for a high-speed medium bomber are presented. Two types of nacelles were investigated, the first enclosing two 4000-pounds-thrust jet engines and a 65-inch-diameter landing wheel and the second enclosing a single 4000-pounds-thrust jet engine. Both types of nacelles were tested in positions underslung beneath the wing and centrally located on the wing. This report summarizes the investigation which was performed at low speed for the purpose of developing entrance and body shapes of suitable form. Included are results from the high-speed portion of the investigation on the characteristics of an underslung nacelle.
Date: August 29, 1947
Creator: Dannenberg, Robert E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal Stability and Control Characteristics of a Semispan Model of the XF7U-1 Tailless Airplane at Transonic Speeds by the NACA Wing-Flow Method, TED No. NACA DE307

Description: An investigation was made by the NACA wing-flow method to determine the longitudinal stability and control characteristics at transonic speeds of a semispan model of the XF7U-1 tailless airplane. The 25-percent chord line of the wing of the model was swept back 35 deg. The airfoil sections of the wing perpendicular to the 25-percent chord line were 12 percent thick. Measurements were made of the normal force and pitching moment through an angle-of-attack range from about -3 deg to 14 deg for several ailavator deflections at Mach numbers from 0.65 to about 1.08. The results of the tests indicated no adverse effects of compressibility up to a Mach number of at least 0.85 at low normal-force coefficients and small ailavator deflections. Up to a Mach number of 0.85, the neutral point at low normal-force coefficients was at about 25 percent of the mean aerodynamic chord and moved rearward irregularly to 41 or 42 percent with a further increase in Mach number to about 1.05. For deflections up to -8.0 percent, the ailavator was effective in changing the pitching moment except at Mach numbers from 0.93 to about 1.0 where ineffectiveness or reversal was indicated for deflections and normal-force coefficients. With -13.2 deg deflection at normal-force coefficients above about 0.3, reversal of ailavator effectiveness occurred at Mach numbers as low as 0.81. A nose-down trim change, which began at a Mach number of about 0.85, together with the loss in effectiveness of the ailavator, indicated that with increase in the Mach number from about 0.95 to 1.05 an abrupt ailavator movement of 5 deg or 6 deg first up and then down would be required to maintain level flight.
Date: September 29, 1947
Creator: Sawyer, Richard H. & Trant, James P., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Data Obtained in the Flight Measurements to Determine the Stability and Control Characteristics of a C-54D Airplane (AAF No. 42-72713) and a Summary of the Test Program

Description: The flight investigation of the C-54D airplane was initiated to determine the necessity of changes or additions to existing handling-qualities requirements to cove the case of instrument approaches with large airplanes. This paper gives a brief synopsis of the results and presents the measured data of tests to determine the stability and control characteristics. It was found that no new requirements were necessary to cover the problems of instrument approaches. The C-54D airplane tested met the Amy and Navy stability and control requirements except for the following items. The control-system friction with autopilot installed vas double that allowed by the requirements. The amount of friction was found to impair the controllability of the airplane in precision flying. The lateral and directional characteristics were good except that the maximum pb/2V was slightly below the minimum required, and the elevator-control forces to obtain the maximum pb/2V at low speeds were above the Army and Navy requirements. The longitudinal stability and control characteristics were good except that the elevator-control forces exceeded the limits of the Army and Navy requirements in turns and in landings. The stalling characteristics were considered good in all conditions with the stall warning in the form of tail buffeting occurring at speeds approximately 5 miles per hour above the stall.
Date: December 29, 1947
Creator: Talmage, Donald B. & Reeder, John P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation at low speeds of the pitching derivatives of untapered swept wings

Description: Report presenting a wing-tunnel investigation in straight and pitching flow to determine the effects of independently varying aspect ratio and angle of sweep on the longitudinal rotary stability characteristics of a series of ten untapered wings. The investigation showed that an interdependent relationship existed between the effects of aspect ratio and sweep. Results regarding pitching moment due to pitching velocity and lift due to pitching velocity are provided.
Date: September 29, 1948
Creator: MacLachlan, Robert & Fisher, Lewis R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aeronautical characteristics of a three-blade propeller having NACA 10-(3)(08)-03 blades

Description: From Summary: "Data obtained in tests of a 10-foot diameter, three-blade propeller, having NACA 10-(3)(08)-03 blades, conducted in the Langley 16-foot high-speed tunnel are presented. The propeller performance quantities related by the tests are thrust, torque, efficiency, and advance ratio for various rotational speeds or stream Mach numbers with blade angle as a parameter. Advance Mach numbers varied from 0.12 to 0.64."
Date: October 29, 1948
Creator: Davidson, Robert E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight investigation of loads on a bubble-type canopy

Description: Report presenting the results of pressure-distribution measurements obtained in flight over the free-blown canopy of a fighter-type airplane. The measurements were compared to those of the same canopy in wind-tunnel testing to determine the degree of correlation and effects of Mach number and distortion on the pressure distribution.
Date: October 29, 1948
Creator: Matheny, Cloyce E. & Huston, Wilber B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department