National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 52 Matching Results

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A theoretical study of lateral stability with an automatic pilot

Description: "The influence of automatic operation of the aileron and rudder controls on the lateral stability of an airplane is discussed. The control deflections are assumed to be proportional to the deviations and to the rates of deviation of the airplane from steady-flight conditions. The effects of changes in the types of deviation governing control application are considered. For one simple method of control in which the aileron deflection is proportional to the angle of bank and the rudder deflection is proportional to the angle of yaw, the effect of lag in control application is studied and regions of stability with and without lag are given" (p. 273).
Date: March 4, 1940
Creator: Imlay, Frederick H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Theoretical Investigation of the Lateral Oscillations of an Airplane With Free Rudder With Special Reference to the Effect of Friction

Description: "Charts showing the variation in dynamic stability with the rudder hinge-moment characteristics are presented. A stabilizing rudder floating tendency combined with a high degree of aerodynamic balance is shown to lead to oscillations of increasing amplitude. This dynamic instability is increased by viscous-friction in the rudder control system" (p. 147).
Date: March 4, 1943
Creator: Greenberg, Harry & Sternfield, Leonard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flying qualities of a high-speed bomber with a dual pusher propeller aft of the empennage as estimated from wind-tunnel tests of a 1/8-scale powered model

Description: Report discussing the flying qualities of a high-speed bomber with a dual pusher propeller aft of the empennage. The airplane was found to have satisfactory flying qualities except for stability issues with aft center of gravity, high elevator control forces in landing, insufficient elevator control in take-off, and low rudder-free directional stability.
Date: November 4, 1944
Creator: Weiberg, James A. & Schnurbusch, Alfred W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of flying qualities of a Douglas A-26B airplane (AAF No. 41-39120) 2: lateral and directional stability and control characteristics

Description: Report discussing testing of the Douglas A-26B to determine the lateral and directional stability and control characteristics. Information about the control-free lateral and directional oscillations, sideslip due to full aileron deflection, control-fixed and control-free directional stability, effective dihedral, side force due to sideslip, rudder control characteristics, variation of rudder and aileron force with speed, and response to abrupt aileron deflection are described.
Date: January 4, 1945
Creator: Sjoberg, S. A.; Crane, H. L. & Hoover, H. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of flying qualities of a Douglas A-26B airplane (AAF No. 41-39120) 3: stalling characteristics

Description: Report discussing testing on the Douglas A-26B airplane to determine the stalling characteristics, variation of maximum normal-force coefficient with flap position, and a calibration of the service airspeed installation.
Date: January 4, 1945
Creator: Sjoberg, S. A.; Crane, H. L. & Hoover, H. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Knock-limited performance of six aromatic amines blended with a base fuel in a full-scale aircraft-engine cylinder

Description: Report discussing tests to determine the effect of 2-percent additions of six aromatic amines on the knock-limited performance of 28-R fuel. All of the aromatic amine blends increased the performance and power of the base fuel. Different blends performed better at different fuel-air ratios.
Date: April 4, 1945
Creator: Jones, Anthony W.; Bull, Arthur W. & Jonash, Edmund R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A general representation for axial-flow fans and turbines

Description: A general representation of fan and turbine arrangements on a single classification chart is presented that is made possible by a particular definition of the stage of an axial-flow fan or turbine. Several unconventional fan and turbine arrangements are indicated and the applications of these arrangements are discussed.
Date: May 4, 1945
Creator: Perl, W. & Tucker, M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight and test-stand investigation of high-performance fuels in modified double-row radial air-cooled engines 2: flight knock data and comparison of fuel knock limits with engine cooling limits in flight

Description: Report discussing tests on three fuels in a 14-cylinder double-row radial air-cooled engine at different engine speeds, blower ratios, and spark settings.
Date: August 4, 1945
Creator: White, H. Jack; Pragliola, Philip C. & Blackman, Calvin C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Correlation of the Characteristics of Single-Cylinder and Flight Engines in Tests of High-Performance Fuels in an Air-Cooled Engine I : Cooling Characteristics

Description: Variable charge-air flow, cooling-air pressure drop, and fuel-air ration investigations were conducted to determine the cooling characteristics of a full-scale air-cooled single cylinder on a CUE setup. The data are compared with similar data that were available for the same model multicylinder engine tested in flight in a four-engine airplane. The cylinder-head cooling correlations were the same for both the single-cylinder and the flight engine. The cooling correlations for the barrels differed slightly in that the barrel of the single-cylinder engine runs cooler than the barrel of te flight engine for the same head temperatures and engine conditions.
Date: October 4, 1945
Creator: Wilson, Robert W.; Richard, Paul H. & Brown, Kenneth D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Jet-boundary and plan-form corrections for partial-span models with reflection-plane, end-plate, or no end-plate in a closed circular wind tunnel

Description: A method is presented for determining the jet-boundary and plan-form corrections necessary for application to test data for a partial-span model with a reflection plane, an end plate, or no end plate in a closed circular wind tunnel. Examples are worked out for a partial-span model with each of the three end conditions in the Langley 19-foot pressure tunnel and the corrections are applied to measured values of lift, drag, pitching-moment, rolling-moment, and yawing-moment coefficients.
Date: February 4, 1946
Creator: Sivells, James C. & Deters, Owen J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of Oil-System Performance of XR-4360-8 Engine in XTB2D-1 Airplane

Description: An investigation was conducted in the Cleveland altitude wind tunnel to determine the aerodynamic characteristics and the oil delivery critical altitude of the oil-cooler installation of an XTB2D-1 airplane. The investigation was made with the propeller removed end with the engine operating at 1800 brake horsepower, an altitude of 15,000 feet (except for tests of oil-delivery critical altitude), oil-cooler flap deflections from -20 degrees to 20 degrees and inclinations of the thrust axis of 0 degrees, 1.5 degrees, and 6 degrees. At an inclination of the thrust axis of 0 degrees and with the propeller operating, the total-pressure recovery coefficient at the face of the oil cooler varied from 0.84 to 1.10 depending on the flap deflection. With the propeller removed, the best pressure recovery at the face of the oil cooler was obtained at an inclination of the thrust axis of 1.5 degrees. Air-flow separation occurred on the inner surface of the upper lip of the oil-cooler duct inlet at an inclination of the thrust axis of 0 degrees and on the inner surface of the lower lip at 6 degrees. Static pressure coefficients over the duct lips were sufficiently low that no trouble from compressibility would be encountered in level flight. The oil-delivery critical altitude at cruising power (2230 rpm, 1675 bhp) was approximately 18,500 feet for the oil system tested.
Date: September 4, 1946
Creator: Conrad, E. William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tank Tests of a 1/7-Size Powered Dynamic Model of the Grumman XJR2F-1 Amphibian: Spray Characteristics, Take-Off and Landing Stability in Smooth Water - Langley Tank Model 212, TED No. NACA 2378

Description: From Summary: "Tests of a model of the XJR2F-Y amphibian were made in Langley tank no. to determine the spray characteristics and the take-off and landing stability. At a gross load of 22,000 pounds full size, spray entered the propeller disk only at a very narrow range of speeds. The spray striking the flaps was not excessive and no appreciable wetting of the tail surfaces was noted. The trim limits of stability appeared to be satisfactory and the upper-limit porpoising was not violent."
Date: December 4, 1946
Creator: Land, Norman S. & Zeck, Howard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of the 19XB 10-Stage Axial-Flow Compressor

Description: The 19xB compressor, which replaces the 19B coaapreseor and has the same length and diameter 88 the 19B compressor, was designed with 10 stages to deliver 30 pounds of air per second for a pressure ratio of 4.17 at an equivalent speed of 17,000 rpm; the 19B was designed with six stages for a pressure ratio of 2.7 at the same weight flow and speed as the 19XB compressor. The performance characteristics of the new compressor were determined at the NACA Cleveland laboratory at the request of the Bureau of Aeronautics, Navy Department. Results are presented of the investigation made to evaluate the over-all performance of the compressor, the effects of possible leakage past the rotor rear air seal, the effects of inserting instruments in each row of stator blades and in the first row of outlet guide vanes, and the effects of changing the temperature and the pressure of the inlet air. The results of the interstage surveys are also presented.
Date: February 4, 1947
Creator: Downing, Richard M. & Finger, Harold B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Summary of Available Data Relating to Reynolds Number Effects on the Maximum Lift Coefficients of Swept-Back Wings

Description: The available foreign and American data relating to Reynolds number effects on the maximum lift coefficients of swept-back wings are summarized and discussed. The data show that at low Reynolds numbers (below about 2.0 x 10(exp 6)) higher maximum lift coefficients were measured in most cases for moderately swept-back wings than for unswept wings of similar plan form; at high Reynolds numbers, however, increasing sweepback resulted in decreasing maximum lift coefficients. A smaller rate of increase of the maximum lift coefficient with Reynolds number was measured for the swept-back wings than for similar unswept wings in the critical range of Reynolds number. Increasing the Reynolds number resulted in decreases in the maximum lift coefficients of the two wings of approximately triangular plan form that were investigated.
Date: March 4, 1947
Creator: Sweberg, Harold H. & Lange, Roy H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of a Mixed-Flow Impeller in Combination with Semivaneless Diffuser

Description: The performance of a mixed-flow impeller in combination with a semivaneless diffuser were experimentally investigated. The diameter of the impeller was 11.0 inches and a maximum tip diameter of 14.74 inches. The semivaneless diffuser had an overall diameter of 28.00 inches. The performance properties of the mixed-flow impeller were also investigated with a 34.00 inch vane loss diffuser having a transition section of the same geometry as the semivaneless diffuser.
Date: April 4, 1947
Creator: Laskin, Eugene B. & Kofskey, Milton G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of combinations of aspect ratio and sweepback at high subsonic Mach numbers

Description: Report discussing an investigation to determine the effects of sweepback and low aspect ratio on the aerodynamic characteristics of a wing at high subsonic Mach numbers. Tests were performed at aspect ratios of 2, 3, and 5 and sweepback angles of 0, 30, and 45 degrees. Generally, sweepback and low aspect ratio were found to both delay and lessen the effects of compressibility.
Date: June 4, 1947
Creator: Adler, Alfred A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theoretical study of air forces on an oscillating or steady thin wing in a supersonic main stream

Description: From Summary: "A theoretical study, based on the linearized equations of motion for small disturbance, is made of the air forces on wings of general plan forms moving forward at a constant supersonic speed. The boundary problem is set up for both the harmonically oscillating and the steady conditions. Two types of boundary conditions are distinguished, which are designated "purely supersonic" and "mixed supersonic." the method is illustrated by applications to a number of examples for both the steady and the oscillating conditions."
Date: June 4, 1947
Creator: Garrick, I. E. & Rubinow, S. I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic characteristics of a 45 degree swept-back wing with aspect ratio of 3.5 and NACA 2S-50(05)-50(05) airfoil sections

Description: From Introduction: "The present paper presents the scale effect on the longitudinal aerodynamic characteristics, the aerodynamic characteristics in yaw, and the tuft studies for 0^o and 3.7^o yaw. The results of the effect of leading-edge and trailing-edge flaps on the aerodynamic characteristics of the wing will be presented in later reports."
Date: August 4, 1947
Creator: Proterra, Anthony J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-speed wind-tunnel investigation of the effects of compressibility on a pitot-static tube

Description: Report presenting a high-speed wind-tunnel investigation of a pitot-static tube to provide information on the effects of compressibility upon the pressure indications of a representative airspeed head at high subsonic speeds. The calibration factor for the instrument has been evaluated for several small angles of pitch and yaw throughout a Mach number range from 0.30 to approximately 0.925. The results indicate that the calibration factor for each combination of pitch and yaw angles tested is almost constant with Mach number up to a Mach number of approximately 0.8.
Date: August 4, 1947
Creator: Stivers, Louis S., Jr. & Adams, Charles N., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Results of an Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a TG-100A Gas Turbine-Propeller Engine II - Windmilling Characteristics

Description: An investigation was conducted to determine the operational and performance characteristics of the TG-100A gas turbine-propeller engine II. Windmilling characteristics were deterined for a range of altitudes from 5000 to 35,000 feet, true airspeeds from 100 to 273 miles per hour, and propeller blade angles from 4 degrees to 46 degrees.
Date: August 4, 1947
Creator: Conrad, E. W. & Durham, J. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Free-Spinning-Tunnel Tests of a 1/24-Scale Model of the McDonnell XP-88 Airplane with a Conventional Tail

Description: An investigation of the spin and recovery characteristics of a 1/24-scale model of the McDonnell XP-88 airplane has been conducted in the Langley 20-foot free-spinning tunnel. The effects of control settings and movements on the erect and inverted spin and recovery characteristics of the model in the normal loading were determined. Tests of the model in the long-range loading also were made. The investigation included tail-modification, spin-recovery parachute, pilot-escape, and rudder-pedal-force tests. Recoveries were generally satisfactory for spins in the normal loading provided the ailerons were not held against the spin. Satisfactory recoveries were obtained regardless of the aileron setting when the leading-edge flaps were deflected and normal recovery technique was used or when the horizontal tail was raised 70 inches, full scale. Recoveries were rapid from all inverted spins obtained. In the long-range loading with tanks on, it may be necessary to jettison the tanks in order to obtain recovery. A 12.0-foot spin-recovery parachute at the tail or a 4.0-foot parachute opened on the outer wing tip (drag coefficient of 0.66) was found to be effective for recoveries from demonstration spins. Test results showed that in an emergency the pilot should attempt to escape from the outboard side of the spinning airplane. The rudder-pedal forces in a spin were indicated to be within the capabilities of the pilot.
Date: September 4, 1947
Creator: Berman, Theodore
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal stability and control of high-speed airplanes with particular reference to dive recovery

Description: From Summary: "An analysis of the effects of compressibility on the longitudinal stability, control, and trim of airplanes flying at high subsonic speeds and a discussion of the causes of and the means for lessening or preventing the diving tendency are presented. Wind-tunnel results for Mach numbers up to 0.90 are included for purposes of illustration and cover several investigations of longitudinal stability and control, airfoil characteristics, dive-recovery aids, and elevator characteristics. Methods are indicated for compensating for the undesirable control tendencies results from the characteristics of the wing at supercritical speeds by the appropriate choice of elevator contour."
Date: September 4, 1947
Creator: Axelson, John A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Tests of the 1/25-Scale Powered Model of the Martin JRM-1 Airplane. 4 - Tests with Ground Board and with Modified Wing and Hull - TED No. NACA 232, Part 4, Tests with Ground Board and with Modified Wing and Hull, TED No. NACA 232

Description: From Summary: "Wind-tunnel tests were made of a 1/25 scale model of the Martin JRM-1 airplane to determine: (1) The longitudinal stability and control characteristics of the JRM-1 model near the water and lateral and directional stability characteristics with power while moving on the surface of the water, the latter being useful for the design of tip floats; (2) The stability and stalling characteristics of the wing with a modified airfoil contour; (3) Stability characteristics of a hull of larger design gross weight; The test results indicated that the elevator was powerful enough to trim the original model in a landing configuration at any lift coefficient within the specified range of centers of gravity."
Date: September 4, 1947
Creator: Lockwood, Vernard E. & Smith, Bernard J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Measurements of the Flying Qualities of a Lockheed P-80A Airplane (Army No. 44-85099) - Stalling Characteristics

Description: This report contains the flight-test results of the stalling characteristics measured during the flying-qualities investigation of the Lockheed P-8OA airplane (Army No. 44-85099). The tests were conducted in straight and turning flight with and without wing-tip tanks. These tests showed satisfactory stalling characteristics and adequate stall warning for all configurations and conditions tested.
Date: December 4, 1947
Creator: Anderson, Seth B. & Cooper, George E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department