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Tables and Charts of Flow Parameters Across Oblique Shocks

Description: Shock-wave equations have been evaluated for a range of Mach number in front of the shock from 1.05 to 4.0. Mach number behind the shock, pressure ratio, derivation of flow, and angle of shock are presented on charts. Values are also included for density ratio and change in entropy.
Date: August 1948
Creator: Neice, Mary M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-Dimensional Irrotational Transonic Flows of a Compressible Fluid

Description: The methods of NACA TN No. 995 have been slightly modified and extended in include flows with circulation by considering the alteration of the singularities of the incompressible solution due to the presence of the hypergeometric functions in the analytic continuation of the solution. It was found that for finite Mach numbers the only case in which the nature of the singularity can remain unchanged is for a ratio of specific heats equal to -1. From a study of two particular flows it seems that the effect of geometry cannot be neglected, and the conventional "pressure-correction" formulas are not valid, even in the subsonic region if the body is thick, especially if there is a supersonic region in the flow.
Date: June 1948
Creator: Kuo, Yung-Huai
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charts for the Computation of Equilibrium Composition of Chemical Reactions in the Carbon-Hydrogen-Nitrogen System at Temperatures from 2000 to 5000 Degrees K

Description: Charts are provided for the estimation and progressive adjustment of two independent variables on which the calculations are based. Additional charts are provided for the graphical calculation of the composition.
Date: July 1948
Creator: Huff, Vearl N. & Calvert, Clyde S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lifting-surface-theory aspect-ratio corrections to the lift and hinge-moment parameters for full-span elevators on horizontal tail surfaces

Description: A limited number of lifting-surface-theory solutions for wings with chordwise loadings resulting from angle of attack, parabolic-ac camber, and flap deflection are now available. These solutions were studied with the purpose of determining methods of extrapolating the results in such a way that they could be used to determine lifting-surface-theory values of the aspect-ratio corrections to the lift and hinge-moment parameters for both angle-of-attack and flap-deflection-type loading that could be used to predict the characteristics of horizontal tail surfaces from section data with sufficient accuracy for engineering purposes. Such a method was devised for horizontal tail surfaces with full-span elevators. In spite of the fact that the theory involved is rather complex, the method is simple to apply and may be applied without any knowledge of lifting-surface theory. A comparison of experimental finite-span and section value and of the estimated values of the lift and hinge-moment parameters for three horizontal tail surfaces was made to provide an experimental verification of the method suggested. (author).
Date: January 1, 1948
Creator: Crandall, Stewart M & Swanson, Robert S
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of wing characteristics at a Mach number of 1.53 II : swept wings of taper ratio 0.5

Description: Measured values of lift, drag, and pitching moment at M(sub o) = 1.53 are presented for seven wings varying in sweep angle from 60 degrees sweepforward to 60 degrees sweepback. All wings had a cambered, double-wedge section 5-percent thick and a common taper ratio of 0.5. The experimental results are compared with the predictions of the linear theory.
Date: June 28, 1948
Creator: Vincenti, Walter G; Van Dyke, Milton D & Matteson, Frederick H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic characteristics at subsonic and supersonic Mach numbers of a thin triangular wing of aspect ratio 2 II : maximum thickness at midchord

Description: The lift, drag, and pitching-moment characteristics of a triangular wing, having an aspect ratio of 2 and a symmetrical double-wedge profile of 5-percent-chord maximum thickness at midchord, have been evaluated from wind-tunnel tests at Mach numbers from 0.50 to 0.975 and from 1.09 to 1.49 and at Reynolds numbers ranging from 0.67 to 0.85 million. The lift, drag, and pitching-moment coefficients of the triangular wing with a leading-edge sweepback of approximately 63 degrees did not exhibit the irregular variations with Mach number at high subsonic and low supersonic Mach numbers that are characteristic of unswept wings. The lift-curve slope increased steadily with Mach number below unity and declined slowly beyond the Mach number of 1.13. A substantial rise in the minimum drag coefficient occurred between Mach numbers of 0.95 and 1.20 with an associated reduction in the maximum lift-drag ratio. The aerodynamic center shifted rearward toward the centroid of area of the wing with increasing Mach number below 0.975; whereas above 1.09 it coincided with the centroid.
Date: December 3, 1948
Creator: Walker, Harold J & Berggren, Robert E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of horn balances on a 45 degree sweptback horizontal tail surface at high subsonic speeds

Description: A wind-tunnel investigation of horn balances on a 45 degree sweptback, semispan, horizontal tail surface was made to determine the effects of horn size and inboard-edge fairing at a Mach number of 0.30 and to determine the effects of compressibility up to a Mach number of 0.89. Presented are lift, drag, pitching-moment, and hinge-moment data and lift and hinge-moment parameters.
Date: December 3, 1948
Creator: Johnson, Harold S & Thompson, Robert F
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Current status of longitudinal stability

Description: The problems of static and dynamic longitudinal stability both at high speeds and at low speeds are discussed and data are presented which indicate recent progress made in the solution of these problems.
Date: May 24, 1948
Creator: Donlan, Charles J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight characteristics at low speed of a 1/12 scale model of the Consolidated Vultee 7002 airplane : (flying mock-up of XP-92)

Description: Contains the results of an investigation in the Langley free-flight tunnel to determine the stability and control characteristics of a 1/12-scale dynamic free-flying model of the Consolidated Vultee 7002 airplane (a flying mock-up of the XP-92 airplane). The wing and vertical tail of this model were of triangular plan form with 60 degree sweepback of the leading edge. The results of both force and flight tests of the model are presented.
Date: February 1, 1948
Creator: Tosti, Louis B & Bates, William R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charts for determining preliminary values of span-load, shear, bending-moment, and accumulated-torque distributions of swept wings of various taper ratios

Description: Contains charts for use in determining preliminary values of the spanwise-load, shear, bending-moment, and accumulated-torque distributions of swept wings. The charts are based on strip theory and include four aerodynamic-load distributions, two section-moment distributions, and two inertia-load distributions. The taper ratios considered cover the range from 1.0 to 0 and the results are applicable to any angle of sweep.
Date: July 6, 1948
Creator: Wollner, Bertram C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department