National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 83 Matching Results

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Investigation of Icing Characteristics of Typical Light Airplane Engine Induction Systems

Description: The icing characteristics of two typical light-airplane engine induction systems were investigated using the carburetors and manifolds of engines in the horsepower ranges from 65 to 85 and 165 to 185. The smaller system consisted of a float-type carburetor with an unheated manifold and the larger system consisted of a single-barrel pressure-type carburetor with an oil-jacketed manifold. Carburetor-air temperature and humidity limits of visible and serious Icing were determined for various engine power conditions. Several.methods of achieving ice-free induction systems are discussed along with estimates of surface heating requirements of the various induct ion-system components. A study was also made of the icing characteristics of a typical light-airplane air scoop with an exposed filter and a modified system that provided a normal ram inlet with the filter located in a position to Induce inertia separation of the free water from the charge air. The principle of operation of float-type carburetors is proved to make them inherently more susceptible to icing at the throttle plate than pressure-type carburetors.. The results indicated that proper jacketing and heating of all parts exposed to the fuel spray can satisfactorily reduce or eliminate icing in the float-type carburetor and the manifold. Pressure-type carburetors can be protected from serious Icing by proper location of the fuel-discharge nozzle combined with suitable application of heat to critical parts.
Date: February 1, 1949
Creator: Coles, W. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charts showing relations among primary aerodynamic variables for helicopter-performance estimation

Description: In order to facilitate solutions of the general problem of helicopter selection, the aerodynamic performance of rotors is presented in the form of charts showing relations between primary design and performance variables. By the use of conventional helicopter theory, certain variables are plotted and other variables are considered fixed. Charts constructed in such a manner show typical results, trends, and limits of helicopter performance. Performance conditions considered include hovering, horizontal flight, climb, and ceiling. Special problems discussed include vertical climb and the use of rotor-speed-reduction gears for hovering.
Date: February 1, 1947
Creator: Talkin, Herbert W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An investigation of sheet-stiffener panels subjected to compression loads with particular reference to torsionally weak stiffeners

Description: A total of 183 panel specimens of 24ST aluminum alloy with nominal thickness of 0.020, and 0.040 inch with extruded bulb-angle sections of 12 shapes spaced 4 and 5 inches as stiffeners were tested to obtain the buckling stress and the amplitude of the maximum wave when buckled. Bulb angles from 3 to 27 1/2 inches long were tested as pin-end columns. The experimental data are presented as stress-strain and column curves and in tabular form. Some comparisons with theoretical results are presented. Analytical methods are developed that make it possible for the designer to predict with reasonable accuracy the buckling stress and the maximum-wave amplitude of the sheet in stiffened-panel combinations. The scope of the tests was insufficient to formulate general design criteria but the results are presented as a guide for design and an indication of the type of theoretical and experimental work that is needed.
Date: February 1, 1940
Creator: Dunn, Louis G
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of the forces acting on gliders in towed flight

Description: The magnitude, the direction, and the fluctuations of tow forces exerted upon gliders by towing them aloft behind an automobile were measured under a variety of conditions covering a range from gentle to severe types of operation. For these tests, the glider towing force did not exceed 1.6 of the gross weight of the glider. V-G records obtained during the towed-flight period as well as during the subsequent return glide to earth showed accelerations in the range from 3 to -1 g. The results of preliminary airplane tow tests are also presented.
Date: February 1, 1940
Creator: Klenperer, W B
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A generalized vortex theory of the screw propeller and its application

Description: The vortex theory as presented by the author in earlier papers has been extended to permit the solution of the following problems: (1) the investigation of the relation between thrusts and torque distribution and energy loss as given by the induction of helical vortex sheets and by the parasite drag; (2) the checking of the theorem of Betz of the rigidly behaving helical vortex sheet of minimum induced energy loss; (3) the extension of the theory of the screw propeller of minimum energy loss for the inclusion of parasite-drag distribution along the blades. A simple system of diagrams has been developed to systematize the design of airplane propellers for a wide range of parasite-drag distribution along the blades.
Date: February 1, 1940
Creator: Reissner, Hans
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-stage supercharging

Description: The arrangement of the parts and the installation and control problems of the two-stage mechanically driven superchargers for aircraft engines are discussed. Unless an entirely new form of supercharging is developed, there will be a definite need for a two-stage centrifugal supercharger. It is shown that the two-stage mechanically driven supercharger itself is a comparatively simple device; the complications arise from the addition of inter-coolers and controls.
Date: February 1, 1941
Creator: Buck, Richard S
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department