National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 6 Matching Results

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The Measurement of Fuel-Air Ratio by Analysis of the Oxidized Exhaust Gas

Description: An investigation was made to determine a method of measuring fuel-air ratio that could be used for test purposes in flight and for checking conventional equipment in the laboratory. Two single-cylinder test engines equipped with typical commercial engine cylinders were used. The fuel-air ratio of the mixture delivered to the engines was determined by direct measurement of the quantity of air and of fuel supplied and also by analysis of the oxidized exhaust gas and of the normal exhaust gas. Five fuels were used: gasoline that complied with Army-Navy Fuel Specification, No. AN-VV-F-781 and four mixtures of this gasoline with toluene, benzene, and xylene. The method of determining the fuel-air ratio described in this report involves the measurement of the carbon-dioxide content of the oxidized exhaust gas and the use of graphs or the presented equation. This method is considered useful in aircraft, in the field, or in the laboratory for a range of fuel-air ratios from 0.047 to 0.124.
Date: October 1, 1943
Creator: Memm, J. Lawrence, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Turbulent Friction in the Boundary Layer of a Flat Plate in a Two-Dimensional Compressible Flow at High Speeds

Description: In the present report an investigation is made on a flat plate in a two-dimensional compressible flow of the effect of compressibility and heating on the turbulent frictional drag coefficient in the boundary layer of an airfoil or wing radiator. The analysis is based on the Prandtl-Karman theory of the turbulent boundary later and the Stodola-Crocco, theorem on the linear relation between the total energy of the flow and its velocity. Formulas are obtained for the velocity distribution and the frictional drag law in a turbulent boundary later with the compressibility effect and heat transfer taken into account. It is found that with increase of compressibility and temperature at full retardation of the flow (the temperature when the velocity of the flow at a given point is reduced to zero in case of an adiabatic process in the gas) at a constant R (sub x), the frictional drag coefficient C (sub f) decreased, both of these factors acting in the same sense.
Date: December 1, 1943
Creator: Frankl, F. & Voishel, V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Theoretical Determination of Axial Fan Performance

Description: The report presents a method for the computation of axial fan characteristics. The method is based on the assumption that the law of constancy of the circulation along the blade holds, approximately, for all fan conditions for which the blade elements operate at normal angles of attack (up to the stalling angles). Pressure head coefficient K(sub a) and power coefficient K(sub u) for the force components in the axial and tangential directions, respectively, and analogous to the lift and drag coefficients C(sub y) and C(sub x) are conveniently introduced.
Date: April 1, 1943
Creator: Struve, E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of wind-tunnel stability and control tests in terms of flying qualities of full-scale airplanes

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this paper is to outline a suggested form of presentation of the results of a stability and control investigation in terms of flying qualities as defined in reference 1 and to systematize and review briefly the analytical work required for this type of presentation. No effort is made to specify definite test procedures."
Date: April 1, 1943
Creator: Kayten, Gerald G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Method of Estimating the Knock Rating of Hydrocarbon Fuel Blends

Description: Report presenting two blending equations that have been derived from an analysis based on certain assumptions relative to the cause of fuel knock. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of developing a method of predicting the knock ratings of fuel blends.
Date: August 1, 1943
Creator: Sanders, Newell D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Method of Estimating the Knock Rating of Hydrocarbon Fuel Blends

Description: "The usefulness of the knock ratings of pure hydrocarbon compounds would be increased if some reliable method of calculating the knock ratings of fuel blends was known. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of developing a method of predicting the knock ratings of fuel blends. Two blending equations have been derived from an analysis based on certain assumptions relative to the cause of fuel knock" (p. 1).
Date: August 1, 1943
Creator: Sanders, Newell D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department