National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 132 Matching Results

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Large-deflection theory of curved sheet

Description: Equations are given for the elastic behavior of initially curved sheets in which the deflections are not small in comparison with the thickness, but at the same time small enough to justify the use of simplified formulas for curvature. These equations are solved for the case of a sheet with circular cylindrical shape simply supported along two edges parallel to the axis of the generating cylinder. Numerical results are given for three values of the curvature and for three ratios of buckle length to buckle width. The computations are carried to buckle deflections of about twice the sheet thickness. It was concluded that initial curvature may cause an appreciable increase in the buckling load but that, for edge strains which are several times the buckling strain, the initial curvature causes a negligibly small change in the effective width.
Date: May 1, 1943
Creator: Levy, Samuel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Large-deflection theory for end compression of long rectangular plates rigidly clamped along two edges

Description: The von Karman equations for flat plates are solved beyond the buckling load up to edge strains equal to eight time the buckling strain, for the extreme case of rigid clamping along the edges parallel to the load. Deflections, bending stresses, and membrane stresses are given as a function of end compressive load. The theoretical values of effective width are compared with the values derived for simple support along the edges parallel to the load. The increases in effective width due to rigid clamping drops from about 20 percent near the buckling strain to about 8 percent at an edge strain equal to eight times the buckling strain. Experimental values of effective width in the elastic range reported in NACA Technical Note No. 684 are between the theoretical curves for the extremes of simple support and rigid clamping.
Date: January 1, 1943
Creator: Levy, Samuel & Krupen, Philip
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of rivet pitch upon the fatigue strength of single-row riveted joints of 0.025- to 0.025-inch 24S-T alclad

Description: S-N curves at the range ratio of 0.2 were experimentally obtained for each of the following values of rivet pitch P as used in a single-row lap joint of 0.025- to 0.025-inch 24S-T alclad with one-eight AN430 round-head rivets: p=0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5. Families of constant rivet pitch curves, which define the fatigue life for specimens studied, were developed. Curves showing the variation of the effective stress concentration factor in fatigue with rivet pitch and maximum load per rivet were also established.
Date: July 1, 1943
Creator: Seliger, Victor
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some investigations of the general instability of stiffened metal cylinders VII : stiffened metal cylinders subjected to combined bending and torsion

Description: This report summarizes the work that has been carried on in the experimental investigation of the problem of the general instability of stiffened metal cylinders subjected to combined bending and torsion at the C.I.T. This part of the investigation included tests on 26 sheet-covered specimens. An interaction curve for the case of combined bending and torsion is presented. The results of tests of 17 specimens subjected to pure torsion are also given.
Date: November 1, 1943
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of aluminum-alloy stiffened-sheet specimens cut from an airplane wing

Description: The specimens used in the present tests were cut from an actual airplane wing of the stressed-skin type. The specimens thus obtained were not representative of the usual type of laboratory specimens because the stiffeners were not exactly parallel nor evenly spaced and, in one case, the skin consisted of pieces of sheet of different thicknesses. The test data obtained indicate that the buckling strain of stiffened curved sheet can be computed with reasonable accuracy by the equation given by Wenzek. The ultimate loads of the specimens when tested as flat sheet were within +/-11 percent of the product of the compressive yield strength and the cross-sectional area of the stiffeners. A rivet spacing equal to 98 times the sheet thickness was a source of weakness, and rivet spacings up to 36 times the sheet thickness appeared satisfactory.
Date: January 1, 1943
Creator: Holt, Marshall
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Turbulent flow between rotating cylinders

Description: The turbulent air flow between rotating cylinders was investigated. The distributions of mean speed and of turbulence were measured in the gap between a rotating inner and a stationary outer cylinder. The measurements led to the conclusion that the turbulent flow in the gap cannot be considered two dimensional, but that a particular type of secondary motion takes place. It is shown that the experimentally found velocity distribution can be fully understood under the assumption that this secondary motion consists of three-dimensional ring-shape vortices. The vortices occur only in pairs, and their number and size depend on the speed of the rotating cylinder; the number was found to decrease with increasing speed. The secondary motion has an essential part in the transmission of the moment of momentum. In regions where the secondary motion is negligible, the momentum transfer follows the laws known for homologous turbulence. Ring-shape vortices are known to occur in the laminar flow between rotating cylinders, but it was hitherto unknown that they exist even at speeds that are several hundred times the critical limit.
Date: March 1, 1943
Creator: Shih-I, Pai
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Description of stress-strain curves by three parameters

Description: A simple formula is suggested for describing the stress-strain curve in terms of three parameters; namely, Young's modulus and two secant yield strengths. Dimensionless charts are derived from this formula for determining the stress-strain curve, the tangent modulus, and the reduced modulus of a material for which these three parameters are given. Comparison with the tensile and compressive data on aluminum-alloy, stainless-steel, and carbon-steel sheet in NACA Technical Note No. 840 indicates that the formula is adequate for most of these materials. The formula does not describe the behavior of alclad sheet, which shows a marked change in slope at low stress. It seems probable that more than three parameters will be necessary to represent such stress-strain curves adequately.
Date: July 1, 1943
Creator: Ramberg, Walter & Osgood, William R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The strength of thin-wall cylinders of D cross section in combined pure bending and torsion

Description: The results of tests of 56 cylinders of D cross section conducted in the Aeronautical Laboratory of the University of Maryland are presented in this report. These cylinders were subjected to pure bending and torsional moments of varying proportions to give the strength under combined loading conditions. The average buckling stress of these cylinders has been related to that of circumscribing circular cylinders for conditions of pure torsion and pure bending and the equation of the interaction curve has been determined for conditions of combined loading.
Date: September 1, 1943
Creator: Sherwood, A W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Round heat-treated chromium-molybdenum-steel tubing under combined loads

Description: The results of tests of round heat-treated chromium-molybdenum-steel tubing are presented. Tests were made on tubing under axial load, bending load, torsional load, combined bending and axial load, combined bending and torsional load, and combined axial, bending, and torsional load. Tensile and compressive tests were made to determine the properties of the material. Formulas are given for the evaluation of the maximum strength of this steel tubing under individual or combined loads. The solution of an example is included to show the procedure to be followed in designing a tubular cantilever member to carry combined loads.
Date: July 1, 1943
Creator: Osgood, William R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The flow of a compressible fluid past a curved surface

Description: An iteration method is employed to obtain the flow of a compressible fluid past a curved surface. The first approximation which leads to the Prandtl-Glauert rule, is based on the assumption that the flow differs but little from a pure translation. The iteration process then consists in improving this first approximation in order that it will apply to a flow differing from pure translatory motion to a greater degree. The method fails when the Mach number of the undisturbed stream reaches unity but permits a transition from subsonic to supersonic conditions without the appearance of a compression shock. The limiting value at which potential flow no longer exits is indicated by the apparent divergence of the power series representing the velocity of the fluid at the surface of the solid boundary.
Date: January 1, 1943
Creator: Kaplan, Carl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of NACA eight-stage axial-flow compressor designed on the basis of airfoil theory

Description: The NACA has conducted an investigation to determine the performance that can be obtained from a multistage axial-flow compressor based on airfoil research. A theory was developed; an eight-stage axial-flow compressor was designed, constructed, and tested. The performance of the compressor was determined for speeds from 5000 to 14,000 r.p.m with varying air flow at each speed. Most of the tests were made with air at room temperature. The performance was determined in accordance with the Committee's recommended procedure for testing superchargers. The expected performance was obtained, showing that a multistage compressor of high efficiency can be designed by the application of airfoil theory.
Date: January 1, 1943
Creator: Sinnette, John T; Schey, Oscar W & King, J Austin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department