National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 56 Matching Results

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Moments of cambered round bodies

Description: Results are presented for the moments and position of force centers of a series of cambered round bodies derived from a torpedo-like body of revolution. The effects of placing fins on the rear of the body of revolution are also included.
Date: August 1, 1949
Creator: Kempf, Gunther
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Improvement of fatigue life of an aluminum alloy by overstressing

Description: Fatigue tests were made on some 1.375-inch-diameter and 0.300-inch diameter specimens of a 17S-T aluminum alloy rod. One test of a large specimen was run continuously to failure at a maximum stress of 22,000 pounds per square inch. In two other tests of large specimens, thin surface layers were removed periodically until failure occurred. The same nominal maximum stress of 22,000 pounds per square inch was used throughout the two tests and the load on the fatigue machine was lowered accordingly after the removal of each surface layer. As each test progressed the stress in the metal of the final surface area therefore was increased after the removal of each surface layer. Because of the stresses used, this metal was overstressed, that is, stressed above its endurance limit. All the remaining specimens were subjected to similar over- stressing conditions but no metal was removed and a low initial stress was increased periodically to a final maximum value of 22,000 pounds per square inch as each test progressed. It was found that the fatigue resistance of 17S-T aluminum alloy can be increased by moderate overstressing. Apparently the increase in fatigue lift obtained in the tests of specimens from which layers were removed was the result of overstressing rather than from the removal of damaged surface layers.
Date: August 1, 1942
Creator: STRICKLEY G W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A method for determining the camber and twist of a surface to support a given distribution of lift

Description: A graphical method is described for finding the shape (camber and twist) of an airfoil having an arbitrary distribution of lift. The method consists in replacing the lifting surface and its wake with an equivalent arrangement of vortices and in finding the associated vertical velocities. By a division of the vortex pattern into circular strips concentric about the downwash point instead of into the usual rectangular strips, the lifting surface is reduced for each downwash point to an equivalent loaded line for which the induced velocity is readily computed. The ratio of the vertical velocity to the stream velocity is the slope of the surface in the free-stream direction. As an illustration, the shape of the wing consistent with the pressure distribution derived from the two-dimensional theories is found for two wings: a straight elliptical wing and one with 30 degree sweepback. Application of the method to solve the reverse problem - finding the lift distribution over a given surface - is briefly discussed.
Date: August 1, 1942
Creator: Cohen, Doris
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fuel investigation in a tubular-type combustor of a turbojet engine

Description: A series of 11 fuels ranging in volatility and including various types of hydrocarbons were tested in a single tubular combustion chamber of a turbojet engine under inlet-air conditions simulating engine operation at two speeds at an altitude of 40,000 feet. Temperature-rise data at various fuel-air ratios were obtained for each set of air-flow conditions. Results regarding the effect of combustor inlet-air conditions on temperature rise, four different series of tests, and a review of some general considerations are provided.
Date: August 1, 1947
Creator: Tischler, Adelbert O. & Dittrich, Ralph T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An experimental investigation at large scale of single and twin NACA submerged side intakes at several angles of sideslip

Description: Report presenting the results of an experimental investigation to determine the pressure-recovery and mass-flow characteristics of single and twin NACA submerged intakes on the sides of a fuselage at various angles of sideslip. Tests were conducted with single and twin submerged intakes on a model of a fighter-type airplane.
Date: August 1, 1949
Creator: Martin, Norman J. & Holzhauser, Curt A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Equations for Adiabatic but Rotational Steady Gas Flows without Friction

Description: This paper makes the following assumptions: 1) The flowing gases are assumed to have uniform energy distribution. ("Isoenergetic gas flows," that is valid with the same constants for the the energy equation entire flow.) This is correct, for example, for gas flows issuing from a region of constant pressure, density, temperature, end velocity. This property is not destroyed by compression shocks because of the universal validity of the energy law. 2) The gas behaves adiabatically, not during the compression shock itself but both before and after the shock. However, the adiabatic equation (p/rho(sup kappa) = C) is not valid for the entire gas flow with the same constant C but rather with an appropriate individual constant for each portion of the gas. For steady flows, this means that the constant C of the adiabatic equation is a function of the stream function. Consequently, a gas that has been flowing "isentropically",that is, with the same constant C of the adiabatic equation throughout (for example, in origination from a region of constant density, temperature, and velocity) no longer remains isentropic after a compression shock if the compression shock is not extremely simple (wedge shaped in a two-dimensional flow or cone shaped in a rotationally symmetrical flow). The solution of nonisentropic flows is therefore an urgent necessity.
Date: August 1, 1947
Creator: Schäefer, Manfred
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A simple approximation method for obtaining the spanwise lift distribution

Description: The approximation method described makes possible lift-distribution computations in a few minutes. Comparison with an exact method shows satisfactory agreement. The method is of greater applicability than the exact method and includes also the important case of the wing with end plates.
Date: August 1, 1940
Creator: Schrenk, O.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DVL Angular Velocity Recorder

Description: In many studies, especially of nonstationary flight motion, it is necessary to determine the angular velocities at which the airplane rotates about its various axes. The three-component recorder is designed to serve this purpose. If the angular velocity for one flight attitude is known, other important quantities can be derived from its time rate of change, such as the angular acceleration by differentiations, or - by integration - the angles of position of the airplane - that is, the angles formed by the airplane axes with the axis direction presented at the instant of the beginning of the motion that is to be investigated.
Date: August 1, 1944
Creator: Liebe, Wolfgang
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department