National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 44 Matching Results

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Fuel investigation in a tubular-type combustor of a turbojet engine

Description: A series of 11 fuels ranging in volatility and including various types of hydrocarbons were tested in a single tubular combustion chamber of a turbojet engine under inlet-air conditions simulating engine operation at two speeds at an altitude of 40,000 feet. Temperature-rise data at various fuel-air ratios were obtained for each set of air-flow conditions. Results regarding the effect of combustor inlet-air conditions on temperature rise, four different series of tests, and a review of some general considerations are provided.
Date: August 1, 1947
Creator: Tischler, Adelbert O. & Dittrich, Ralph T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Experimental investigation of rim cracking in disks subjected to high temperature gradients

Description: Report presenting the results of an experimental investigation of rim cracking in a welded-blade composite gas-turbine wheel, in two carbon-steel disks, and five tool-steel disks. Various characteristics were investigated, including the effectiveness of holes in preventing crack propagation and the influence of hardness and various types of notch on rim cracking.
Date: September 1, 1949
Creator: Wilterdink, P. I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An empirically derived method for calculating pressure distribution at supercritical Mach numbers and moderate angles of attack

Description: Report presenting a procedure for calculating pressure distributions over airfoils at supercritical Mach numbers. Only the forward portion of the airfoil, where interaction between local boundary-layer thickness and local-pressure distribution is negligible, is considered in detail. The method cannot be considered definitive because it requires that certain characteristics regarding pressure distributions and geometric properties be known.
Date: April 1, 1947
Creator: Nitzberg, Gerald E. & Sluder, Loma E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of downwash and wake characteristics at a Mach number of 1.53 1: rectangular wing

Description: The results of an experimental investigation of the downwash and wake characteristics behind a rectangular plan-form wing of aspect ratio 3.5 are presented. The airfoil section was a 5-percent-thick, symmetrical double wedge. The tests were made at a Mach number of 1.53 and a Reynolds number of 1.25 million. A comparison between experimental and theoretical values of the downwash angles is made.
Date: March 1, 1949
Creator: Perkins, Edward W. & Canning, Thomas N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reduction of profile drag at supersonic velocities by the use of airfoil sections having a blunt trailing edge

Description: Report presenting a preliminary theoretical and experimental investigation of the supersonic characteristics of blunt-trailing-edge airfoils. Results regarding the drag measurements at zero lift, measurements at angle of attack, and a general discussion of the theoretical and experimental results is provided.
Date: November 1, 1949
Creator: Chapman, Dean R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of airfoil section and tip tanks on the aerodynamic characteristics at high subsonic speeds of an unswept wing of aspect ratio 5.16 and taper ratio 0.61

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the effect of two wing sections and a tip tank on the aerodynamic characteristics of a rigid unswept wing in the high-speed tunnel over a Mach number range of 0.60 to 0.90. Results regarding the effect of original airfoil sections, effect of modifications to Section B, effect of tip tank, and characteristics of the tip tank in the presence of the wing are provided.
Date: December 1, 1949
Creator: Silvers, H. Norman & Spreeman, Kenneth P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Internal Regenerative Fuel-Heating System for 20-Inch Ram Jet

Description: Memorandum presenting an investigation conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a simple internal regenerative fuel preheater for a 20-inch-diameter ram jet. Data obtained at subsonic sea-level conditions indicated that fuel could be successfully preheated in this manner.
Date: September 1, 1949
Creator: Baker, Sol & Perchonok, Eugene
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Wing With Quarter-Chord Line Swept Back 45 Degrees, Aspect Ratio 6, Taper Ratio 0.6, and NACA 65A006 Airfoil Section

Description: Report discussing a wing-alone and wing-fuselage configuration with particular characteristics as part of a series of tests of wings using the transonic-bump test technique. Lift, drag, pitching moment, and root bending moment were obtained for the configurations. The effective downwash angles and dynamic-pressure characteristics in the tail region are also described.
Date: November 1, 1949
Creator: Goodson, Kenneth W. & Few, Albert G., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Experimental Investigation at Large Scale of Single and Twin Naca Submerged Side Intakes at Several Angles of Sideslip

Description: Report presenting the results of an experimental investigation to determine the pressure-recovery and mass-flow characteristics of single and twin NACA submerged intakes on the sides of a fuselage at various angles of sideslip. Tests were conducted with single and twin submerged intakes on a model of a fighter-type airplane.
Date: August 1, 1949
Creator: Martin, Norman J. & Holzhauser, Curt A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Tests of Rocket-Powered "Tin-Can" Models of AAF Project MX-800

Description: Flight tests were made of six noninstrumented rocket-powered "Tin Can" models of AAF Project MX-800. Velocity and drag data were obtained by use of CU Doppler radar. The existence of stability and adequate structural strength for flight near zero lift was checked by visual and photographic observation. Drag data obtained during the tests agreed reasonably well with estimates based on experimental data from NACA RM-2 rocket-powered drag research models.
Date: December 1, 1947
Creator: Purser, Paul E. & Stone, David G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Method of designing cascade blades with prescribed velocity distributions in compressible potential flows

Description: By use of the assumption that the pressure-volume relation is linear, a solution to the problem of designing a cascade for a given turning and with a prescribed velocity distribution along the blade in a potential flow of a compressible perfect fluid was obtained by a method of correspondence between potential flows of compressible and incompressible fluids. The designing of an isolated airfoil with a prescribed velocity distribution along the airfoil is considered as a special case of cascade. If the prescribed velocity distribution is not theoretically attainable, the method provides a means of modifying the distribution so as to obtain a physically significant blade shape. Numerical examples are included.
Date: October 1, 1949
Creator: Costello, George R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Characteristics of a Sealed Internally Balanced Aileron from Tests of a 1/4-Scale Partial-Span Model of the Republic XF-12 Airplane in the Langley 19-Foot Pressure Tunnel

Description: This paper presents the results of the aileron investigation and includes rolling-moment, yawing-moment, and aileron hinge-moment coefficients and pressure coefficients across the aileron-balance seal through a range of angle of attack, tab deflection, and aileron deflection with flaps neutral and deflected 20 degrees and 55 degrees. Some of the effects of wing roughness and balance seal leakage on the aileron and tab characteristics are also presented.
Date: November 1, 1946
Creator: Graham, Robert R.; Martina, Albert P. & Salmi, Reino J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Knock-limited performance of several internal coolants

Description: The effect of internal cooling on the knock-limited performance of an-f-28 fuel was investigated in a CFR engine, and the following internal coolants were used: (1) water, (2), methyl alcohol-water mixture, (3) ammonia-methyl alcohol-water mixture, (4) monomethylamine-water mixture, (5) dimethylamine-water mixture, and (6) trimethylamine-water mixture. Tests were run at inlet-air temperatures of 150 degrees and 250 degrees F. to indicate the temperature sensitivity of the internal-coolant solutions.
Date: February 1, 1944
Creator: Bellman, Donald R. & Evvard, John C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preignition-limited performance of several fuels

Description: Preignition-limited performance data were obtained on a supercharged CFR engine at two sets of operating conditions over a wide range of fuel-air ratios to determine the preignition characteristics for the following five fuels: s-3 reference fuel, s-3 plus 4 ml. tel per gallon, afd-33(140-p), benzene, and diisobutylene. Maximum thermal-plug temperatures at constant intake-air pressures were also determined to correlate the preignition characteristics of each fuel with its ability to increase general engine-temperature levels. Additional runs were made to compare the preignition-limited performance of triptane, triptane plus 4 ml. tel per gallon, and an-f-28r fuel.
Date: October 1, 1944
Creator: Male, Donald W. & Evvard, John C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Velocity distributions on two-dimensional wing-duct inlets by conformal mapping

Description: The conformal-mapping method of the Cartesian mapping function is applied to the determination of the velocity distribution on arbitrary two-dimensional duct-inlet shapes such as are used in wing installations. An idealized form of the actual wing-duct inlet is analyzed. The effects of leading edge stagger, inlet-velocity ratio, and section lift coefficients on the velocity distribution are included in the analysis. Numerical examples are given and, in part, compared with experimental data.
Date: April 1, 1947
Creator: Perl, W. & Moses, H. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some Effects of Compressibility on the Flow Through Fans and Turbines

Description: "The laws of conservation of mass, momentum, and energy are applied to the compressible flow through a two-dimensional cascade of airfoils. A fundamental relation between the ultimate upstream and downstream flow angles, the inlet Mach number, and the pressure ratio across the cascade is derived. Comparison with the corresponding relation for incompressible flow shows large differences. The fundamental relation reveals two ranges of flow angles and inlet Mach numbers, for which no ideal pressure ratio exists" (p. 123).
Date: August 1, 1945
Creator: Perl, W. & Epstein, H. T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An experimental investigation of rectangular exhaust-gas ejectors applicable for engine cooling

Description: "An experimental investigation of rectangular exhaust-gas ejector pumps was conducted to provide data that would serve as a guide to the design of ejector applications for aircraft engines with marginal cooling. The pumping characteristics of rectangular ejectors actuated by the exhaust of a single-cylinder aircraft engine were determined for a range of ejector mixing-section area from 20 to 50 square inches, over-all length from 12 to 42 inches, aspect ratio from 1 to 5, diffusing exit area from 20 to 81 square inches, and exhaust-nozzle aspect ratio from 1 to 42" (p. 161).
Date: May 1, 1944
Creator: Manganiello, Eugene J. & Bogatsky, Donald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of wind-tunnel stability and control tests in terms of flying qualities of full-scale airplanes

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this paper is to outline a suggested form of presentation of the results of a stability and control investigation in terms of flying qualities as defined in reference 1 and to systematize and review briefly the analytical work required for this type of presentation. No effort is made to specify definite test procedures."
Date: April 1, 1943
Creator: Kayten, Gerald G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of NACA eight-stage axial-flow compressor designed on the basis of airfoil theory

Description: "The NACA has conducted an investigation to determine the performance that can be obtained from a multistage axial-flow compressor based on airfoil research. A theory was developed; an eight-stage axial-flow compressor was designed, constructed, and tested. The performance of the compressor was determined for speeds from 5000 to 14,000 r.p.m with varying air flow at each speed" (p. 81).
Date: August 1, 1944
Creator: Sinnette, John T., Jr.; Schey, Oscar W. & King, J. Austin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A visual photographic study of cylinder lubrication

Description: From Summary: "A V-type engine provided with a glass cylinder was used to study visually the lubrication characteristics of an aircraft-type piston. Photographs and data were obtained with the engine motored at engine speeds up to 1000 r.p.m. and constant cylinder-head pressures of 0 and 50 pounds per square inch. A study was made of the orientation of the piston under various operating conditions, which indicated that the piston was inclined with the crown nearest the major-thrust cylinder face throughout the greater part of the cycle. The piston moved laterally in the cylinder under the influence of piston side thrust."
Date: August 1, 1945
Creator: Shaw, Milton C. & Nussdorfer, Theodore
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nitrited-steel piston rings for engines of high specific power

Description: From Summary: "Several designs of nitrided-steel piston rings were performance-tested under variable conditions of output. The necessity of good surface finish and conformity of the ring to the bore was indicated in the preliminary tests. Nitrided-steel rings of the same dimensions as cast-iron rings operating on the original piston were unsatisfactory, and the final design was a lighter, rectangular, thin-face-width ring used on a piston having a maximum cross-head area and a revised skirt shape. Results were obtained from single-cylinder and multicylinder engine runs."
Date: April 1, 1944
Creator: Collins, John H.; Bisson, Edmond E. & Schmiedlin, Ralph F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Frequency response of linear systems from transient data

Description: "Methods are presented that use general correlative time-response input and output data for a linear system to determine the frequency-response function of that system. These methods give an exact description of any linear system for which such transient data are available. Examples are shown of application of a method to both an underdamped and a critically damped exact second-order system, and to an exact first-order system with and without dead time. Experimental data for a turbine-propeller engine showing the response of engine speed to change in propeller-blade angle are presented and analyzed" (p. 547).
Date: April 1, 1949
Creator: Laverne, Melvin E. & Boksenbom, Aaron S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compressibility and Heating Effects on Pressure Loss and Cooling of a Baffled Cylinder Barrel

Description: "Theoretical investigations have shown that, because air is compressible, the pressure-drop requirements for cooling an air-cooled engine will be much greater at high altitudes and high speeds than at sea level and low speeds. Tests were conducted by the NACA to obtain some experimental confirmation of the effect of air compressibility on cooling and pressure loss of a baffled cylinder barrel and to evaluate various methods of analysis. The results reported in the present paper are regarded as preliminary to tests on single-cylinder and multi-cylinder engines. Tests were conducted over a wide range of air flows and density altitudes" (p. 185).
Date: July 1, 1944
Creator: Goldstein, Arthur W. & Ellerbrock, Herman H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Compressibility and Heating Effects on Pressure Loss and Cooling of a Baffled Cylinder Barrel

Description: "Theoretical investigations have shown that, because air is compressible, the pressure-drop requirements for cooling an air-cooled engine will be much greater at high altitudes and high speeds than at sea level and low speeds. Tests were conducted by the NACA to obtain some experimental confirmation of the effect of air compressibility on cooling and pressure loss of a baffled cylinder barrel and to evaluate various methods of analysis. The results reported in the present paper are regarded as preliminary to tests on single-cylinder and multicylinder engines. Tests were conducted over a wide range of air flows and density altitudes" (p. 1).
Date: July 1, 1944
Creator: Goldstein, Arthur W. & Ellerbrock, Herman H., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department