National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 21 Matching Results

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Shear Lag in a Plywood Sheet-Stringer Combination Used for the Chord Member of a Box Beam

Description: Theoretical and experimental investigations were made of the distribution of strains in a plywood sheet-stringer combination used as the chord member of a box beam acted upon by bending loads. The theoretical solution was obtained with the help of the principle of minimum potential energy and certain simplifying assumptions. Strain measurements were made on a build-up box beam by means of electrical-resistance strain gages connected with strain indicators. A very satisfactory agreement between the theoretical and experimental strains was obtained.
Date: March 1, 1948
Creator: Borsari, Palamede & Yu, Ai-Ting
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ambient pressure determination at high altitudes by use of free-molecule theory

Description: From Introduction: "Several methods (references 1 and 2) based on gas-dynamic principles are available for reducing such measurements. The results obtained by these methods are subject to the limitation of the gas-dynamic theory which is that the mean free path of the molecules between impacts, is small with respect to the measuring device. Inasmuch as no information on the subject is to present known to be available, the purpose of the present paper is to present a method based on the concept of free-molecule theory for use in connection with this problem."
Date: March 1, 1949
Creator: Wiener, Bernard
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Analysis of NACA Measurements of Atmospheric Turbulence Within a Thunderstorm - U.S. Weather Bureau Thunderstorm Project

Description: A general description of the field operations of the U.S. Weather Bureau thunderstorm project conducted in the vicinity of Orlando, Florida during the summer month of 1946 is given. The participation of NACA in this project is described and measurements of atmospheric turbulence taken by NACA are presented for one of the flights. The results indicate that some regions of thunderstorms may present no great hazard to flight, while exceptionally severe conditions of atmospheric turbulence may occur in other regions, or even in the same region, at about the same time. The results also indicate that these severe conditions of turbulence might lead to loss of control with the possible loss of the airplane.
Date: March 1, 1947
Creator: Tolefson, Harold B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of downwash and wake characteristics at a Mach number of 1.53 1: rectangular wing

Description: The results of an experimental investigation of the downwash and wake characteristics behind a rectangular plan-form wing of aspect ratio 3.5 are presented. The airfoil section was a 5-percent-thick, symmetrical double wedge. The tests were made at a Mach number of 1.53 and a Reynolds number of 1.25 million. A comparison between experimental and theoretical values of the downwash angles is made.
Date: March 1, 1949
Creator: Perkins, Edward W. & Canning, Thomas N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Minimum Energy Loss Propeller

Description: Various cases are presented of the solution of the problem ot the most efficient propeller, more general cases being considered than the one by Betz in 1919: namely, that of a propeller under a limiting light load, The problem is solved directly and also with the aid of the Ritz method which became readily applicable after the author proposed a method for the solution of the propeller problem, in general, with the aid of trigonometric series. The design of a propeller with the aid of this method is given and an analysis is made of the effect of the fuselage and of the viscosity coefficient mu on the character of the solution of the variational problem.
Date: March 1, 1945
Creator: Poliakhov, N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flow Pattern in a Converging-Diverging Nozzle

Description: The present report describes a new method for the prediction of the flow pattern of a gas in the two-dimensional and axially symmetrical case. It is assumed that the expansion of the gas is adiabatic and the flow stationary. The several assumptions necessary of the nozzle shape effect, in general, no essential limitation on the conventional nozzles. The method is applicable throughout the entire speed range; the velocity of sound itself plays no singular part. The principal weight is placed on the treatment of the flow near the throat of a converging-diverging nozzle. For slender nozzles formulas are derived for the calculation of the velocity components as function of the location.
Date: March 1, 1949
Creator: Oswatitsch, K. & Rothstein, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-Speed Measurements on a Swept-Back Wing (Sweepback Angle phi = 35 Deg)

Description: In the following, high-speed measurements on a swept-back wing are reported. The curves of lift, moment, and drag have been determined up to Mach numbers of M = 0.87, and they are compared to a rectangular wing. Through measurements of the total-head loss behind the wing and through schlieren pictures, an insight into the formation of the compression shock at high Mach numbers has been obtained.
Date: March 1, 1947
Creator: Goethert, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ditching Tests of Two Models of the Army B-36 Airplane

Description: The ditching characteristics of the Army B-36 airplane were determined by testing 1/20- and 1/30-scale dynamic models in calm water in Langley tank no. 2 and at the outdoor catapult. The scope of the tests consisted of ditching the models at various conditions of simulated damage, landing attitudes, and speeds, with various flap settings using several degrees of restraint of the flap hinges. The ditching behavior was evaluated from recordings of deceleration, length of run, and motions of the models. The results showed that the airplane should be ditched at an attitude of about 9 deg with flaps full down. The probable ditching behavior will be a smooth run with a maximum longitudinal deceleration of 3g to 4g and a landing run of 4 to 5 fuselage lengths. Structural failure of the underside of the fuselage will not seriously affect the behavior of the airplane.
Date: March 1, 1948
Creator: Fisher, Lloyd J. & Cederborg, Gibson A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Force and Pressure-Distribution Measurements on a Rectangular Wing with Double-Hinged Nose

Description: The previous measurements on airfoils with hinged nose disclosed a comparatively large low-pressure peak at the bend of the hinged nose; which favored the separation of flow. It was therefore attempted to reduce these low-pressure peaks by reducing the camber of the forward profile and thereby ensure a longer adherence of the flow and a maximum lift increase. The forces were measured on a rectangular wing with double-hinged nose and end plates, the pressure distributions were measured in the center section of the wing. The measurements disclosed that the highest lift attained with a single-hinged nose cannot be increased by a double-hinged nose. The sum of the deflection angles of both hinged noses related to the maximum lift is about equal to the corresponding angle of the single-hinge nose (approx. 30 deg to 40). The respective angle of attack in both cases amounts to approx. 21 deg. Even the low-pressure peak is about the same in both cases (P/q approx. -5.5). Therefore, a milder curvature of the forward portion of the profile affords no definite increase of the maximum lift.
Date: March 1, 1947
Creator: Lemme, H. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Theory of a Free Jet of a Compressible Gas

Description: In the present report the theory of free turbulence propagation and the boundary layer theory are developed for a plane-parallel free stream of a compressible fluid. In constructing the theory use was made of the turbulence hypothesis by Taylor (transport of vorticity) which gives best agreement with test results for problems involving heat transfer in free jets.
Date: March 1, 1944
Creator: Abramovich, G. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

New Method of Determining the Polar Curve of an Airplane in Flight

Description: A fundamental defect of existing methods for the determination of the polar of an airplane in flight is the impossibility of obtaining the thrust or the resistance of the propeller for any type airplane with any type engine. The new method is based on the premise that for zero propeller thrust the mean angle of attack of the blade is approximately the same for all propellers if this angle is reckoned from the aerodynamic chord of the profile section. This angle was determined from flight tests. Knowing the mean angle of the blade setting the angle of attack of the propeller blade at zero thrust can be found and the propeller speed in gliding obtained. The experimental check of the new method carried out on several airplanes gave positive results. The basic assumptions for the construction of the polars and the method of analyzing the flight data are given.
Date: March 1, 1945
Creator: Yegorov, B. N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculation of Counterrotating Propellers

Description: A method for calculation of a counterrotating propeller which is similar to Walchner's method for calculation of the single propeller in the free air stream is developed and compared with measurements. Several dimensions which are important for the design are given end simple formulas for the gain in efficiency derived. Finally a survey of the behavior of the propeller for various operating conditions is presented.
Date: March 1, 1949
Creator: Ginzel, F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Lift Distribution of Swept-Back Wings

Description: Two procedures for calculating the lift distribution along the span are given in which a better account is taken of the distribution of circulation over te area than in the Prandtl lifting-line theory. The methods are also applicable to wing sweepback. Calculated results for the two methods were in agreement.
Date: March 1, 1947
Creator: Weissinger, J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Calculation of Compressible Flows with Local Regions of Supersonic Velocity

Description: This report addresses a method for the approximate calculation of compressible flows about profiles with local regions of supersonic velocity. The flow around a slender profile is treated as an example.
Date: March 1, 1947
Creator: Goethert, B. & Kawalki, K. H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Infinitesimal Conical Supersonic Flow

Description: The calculation of infinitesimal conical supersonic flow has been applied first to the simplest examples that have also been calculated in another way. Except for the discovery of a miscalculation in an older report, there was found the expected conformity. The new method of calculation is limited more definitely to the conical case.
Date: March 1, 1947
Creator: Busemann, Adolf
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Venturi Tube with Varying Mass Flow

Description: Measurements on three tubes with flow regulated by suction at the trainling edge of the tube are described. It was possible to vary the mass of air flowing through the tube over a large range. Such tubes could be used for shrouded propellers.
Date: March 1, 1948
Creator: Regenscheit, B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department