National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 4,146 Matching Results

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Stress analysis of columns and beam columns by the photoelastic method

Description: Principles of similarity and other factors in the design of models for photoelastic testing are discussed. Some approximate theoretical equations, useful in the analysis of results obtained from photoelastic tests are derived. Examples of the use of photoelastic techniques and the analysis of results as applied to uniform and tapered beam columns, circular rings, and statically indeterminate frames, are given. It is concluded that this method is an effective tool for the analysis of structures in which column action is present, particularly in tapered beam columns, and in statically indeterminate structures in which the distribution of loads in the structures is influenced by bending moments due to axial loads in one or more members.
Date: March 1, 1946
Creator: Ruffner, B F
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of round and flat spoilers on a tapered wing in the NACA 19-foot pressure wind tunnel

Description: Several arrangements of round and flat spanwise spoilers attached to the upper surface of a tapered wing were tested in the NACA 19-foot pressure wind tunnel to determine the most effective type, location, and size of spoiler necessary to reduce greatly the lift on the wings of large flying boats when moored. The effect of the various spoilers on the lift, the drag, and the pitching-moment characteristics of the tapered wing was measured over a range of angles of attack from zero to maximum lift. The most effective type of spoiler was found to be the flat type with no space between it and the wing surface. The chordwise location of such a spoiler was not critical within the range investigated, from 5 to 20 percent of the wing chord from the leading edge.
Date: March 1, 1941
Creator: Wenzinger, Carl J. & Bowen, John D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Additional abstracts pertaining to seaplanes

Description: From Summary: "About 500 additional references pertaining to hydrodynamic design of seaplanes have been compiled, and the information is presented in the form of abstracts classified under six main headings:GENERAL INFORMATION, HYDROSTATICS, HYDRODYNAMICS, AERODYNAMICS, OPERATION, and RESEARCH. The compilation is an extension of NACA RM No. L6I13, entitled "Abstracts Pertaining to Seaplanes," by Jerold M. Bidwell and Douglas A. King. An author index and a subject index are included."
Date: March 9, 1948
Creator: Bidwell, J. M. & King, D. A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Lightning discharges to aircraft and associated meteorological conditions

Description: A summary is given of information on atmospheric electrical discharges to aircraft and associated meteorological conditions. Information is given that is designed to give a fairly comprehensive view of the underlying principles of meteorology and atmospheric electricity. Of special interest to pilots are lists of procedures of flight conduct and aircraft maintenance recommended foe avoiding or minimizing the hazards of disruptive electrical discharges and other severe conditions near thunderstorms.
Date: May 1, 1946
Creator: Harrison, L P
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Methods of analyzing wind-tunnel data for dynamic flight conditions

Description: The effects of power on the stability and the control characteristics of an airplane are discussed and methods of analysis are given for evaluating certain dynamic characteristics of the airplane that are not directly discernible from wind tunnel tests alone. Data are presented to show how the characteristics of a model tested in a wind tunnel are affected by power. The response of an airplane to a rolling and a yawing disturbance is discussed, particularly in regard to changes in wing dihedral and fin area. Solutions of the lateral equations of motion are given in a form suitable for direct computations. An approximate formula is developed that permits the rapid estimation of the accelerations produced during pull-up maneuvers involving abrupt elevator deflections.
Date: July 22, 1941
Creator: Donlan, C. J. & Recant, I. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Moments of cambered round bodies

Description: Results are presented for the moments and position of force centers of a series of cambered round bodies derived from a torpedo-like body of revolution. The effects of placing fins on the rear of the body of revolution are also included.
Date: August 1, 1949
Creator: Kempf, Gunther
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Power-off tests of the Northrop N9M-2 tailless airplane in the 40- by 80-foot wind tunnel

Description: Report discussing tests on the N9M-2 airplane to evaluate the airplane efficiency factor and to investigate the characteristics of the aeroboost in the elevon control system. The efficiency factor compared reasonably well to conventional airplanes and the aeroboost system and valve-chatter tests were satisfactory.
Date: December 14, 1944
Creator: Stevens, Victor I., Jr. & McCormack, Gerald M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NACA conference on Aerodynamic Problems of Transonic Airplane Design

Description: Compilation of the papers presented at a NACA conference on transonic airplane design, including stability and control and configurations with extreme sweep. From Introduction: "The purpose of this conference was to convey to those involved in the study of the aerodynamic problems of transonic aircraft these recent research results and to provide those attending an opportunity for discussion of the results."
Date: 1947-11-05/1947-11-06
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Model tests of a wing-duct system for auxiliary air supply

Description: Report discusses the design of a cooling system developed for a Pratt & Whitney H-2800 engine equipped with a two-stage supercharger. The wing-duct system was newly developed and was determined to be a valuable method for cooling engine auxiliaries by combining simplicity with low drag and excellent cooling capabilities.
Date: January 1941
Creator: Bierman, David & Corson, Blake W., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

AVA monographs. B: Boundary layer

Description: Report discusses several experiments regarding boundary layers and their influence on aircraft. The first experiment investigates how to best design airfoils. The second involves using suction to remove the boundary layer. The third involves surface disturbances and how they may affect the boundary layer.
Date: April 1, 1948
Creator: Holstein, H.; Bete, A. & Tollmein, W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Introduction to the problem of rocket-powered aircraft performance

Description: An introduction to the problem of determining the fundamental limitations on the performance possibilities of rocket-powered aircraft is presented. Previous material on the subject is reviewed and given in condensed form along with supplementary analyses. Some of the problems discussed are: 1) limiting velocity of a rocket projectile; 2) limiting velocity of a rocket jet; 3) jet efficiency; 4) nozzle characteristics; 5) maximum attainable altitudes; 6) ranges. Formulas are presented relating the performance of a rocket-powered aircraft to basic weight and nozzle dimensional parameters. The use of these formulas is illustrated by their application to the special case of a nonlifting rocket projectile.
Date: December 1947
Creator: Ivey, H. Reese; Bowen, Edward N., Jr. & Oborny, Lester F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Aerodynamic and Icing Characteristics of Recessed Fuel-Vent Configurations

Description: From Summary: "An investigation has been conducted in the NACA Cleveland icing research tunnel to determine the aerodynamic and icing characteristics of several recessed fuel-vent configurations. The vents were investigated aerodynamically to obtain vent-tube pressures and pressure distributions on the ramp surface as functions of tunnel-air velocity and angle of attack. Icing investigations were made to determine the vent-tube pressure losses for several icing conditions at tunnel-air velocities ranging from 220 to 440 feet per second. In general, under nonicing conditions, the configurations with diverging ramp walls maintained, vent-tube pressures greater than the required marginal value of 2 inches of water positive pressure differential between the fuel cell and the compartment containing the fuel cell for a range of angles of attack from 0 to 14deg at a tunnel-air velocity of approximately 240 feet per second."
Date: March 1949
Creator: Ruggeri, Robert S.; von Glahn, Uwe H. & Rollins, Vern G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A method for calculating the heat required for windshield thermal ice prevention based on extensive flight tests in natural icing conditions

Description: Report presenting an equation for calculating the heat flow required from the surface of an internally heated windshield in order to prevent ice accretions during flight in specified icing conditions. Results regarding the internally heated windshield characteristics, external discharge windshields, and prediction of heating requirements for both types of windshields are provided.
Date: November 1947
Creator: Jones, Alun R.; Holdaway, George H. & Steinmetz, Charles P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A method for estimating heat requirements for ice prevention gas heated hollow propeller blades

Description: Report presenting a method for determining the temperature and flow of heated gas necessary for ice prevention of hollow propeller blades in flight and icing conditions. A variety of conditions are taken into consideration and suggested simplifications and short methods are provided in order to not overcomplicate the design modifications.
Date: December 1947
Creator: Gray, V. H. & Campbell, R. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Electric Thrust Meter Suitable for Flight Investigation of Propellers

Description: A lightweight instrument that utilizes resistance-wire electric strain gases to measure propeller-shaft thrust has been developed. A wind-tunnel investigation on a propeller installed, on a single-engine pursuit airplane showed that the instrument gave a reliable indication of propeller-shaft thrust to an accuracy of +/-2 percent within its calibrated range. No attempt was made to determine the relation of indicated shaft thrust to net propeller thrust.
Date: May 9, 1949
Creator: Perkins, Porter J., Jr. & Millenson, Morton B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department