National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 196 Matching Results

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Tests of a gust-alleviating wing in the gust tunnel

Description: Tests were made in the NACA gust tunnel to determine the effectiveness of a torsionally flexible wing with the torsion axis ahead of the locus of the section aerodynamic centers in reducing airplane accelerations due to atmospheric gusts. For three gust shapes, a series of flights was made with the airplane model equipped with either a torsionally flexible or a rigid wing. The results indicated that the torsionally flexible wing reduced the maximum acceleration increment 5 percent for the sharp-edge gust and about 17 percent for gust shapes with gradient distances of 6.8 and 15 chord lengths. The analysis indicated that the effectiveness of this method of gust alleviation was independent of the gust velocity and that, for the same total load increment, the torsionally flexible wing would have 10 percent less bending-moment increment at the root section of the wing than a rigid wing in all but the sharpest gusts. The results also indicated that the torsionally flexible wing slightly increased the longitudinal stability of the airplane model in a gust.
Date: April 1, 1941
Creator: Shufflebarger, C C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of several factors affecting the performance of a high-speed pursuit airplane with air-cooled radial engine

Description: Report details an investigation into various potential improvements and modifications to pursuit airplanes. NACA low-drag airfoil sections and their use for reducing drag and increasing compressibility speeds were examined. Other items covered include the propeller slipstream, high-speed cowling arrangement, and placement of wing guns.
Date: November 1941
Creator: Wenzinger, Carl J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of aging on mechanical properties of aluminum-alloy rivets

Description: Curves and tabular data present the results of strength tests made during and after 2 1/2 years of aging on rivets and rivet wire of 3/16-inch nominal diameter. The specimens were of aluminum alloy: 24S, 17S, and A17S of the duralumin type and 53S of the magnesium-silicide type.
Date: April 1941
Creator: Roop, Frederick C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests of round and flat spoilers on a tapered wing in the NACA 19-foot pressure wind tunnel

Description: Several arrangements of round and flat spanwise spoilers attached to the upper surface of a tapered wing were tested in the NACA 19-foot pressure wind tunnel to determine the most effective type, location, and size of spoiler necessary to reduce greatly the lift on the wings of large flying boats when moored. The effect of the various spoilers on the lift, the drag, and the pitching-moment characteristics of the tapered wing was measured over a range of angles of attack from zero to maximum lift. The most effective type of spoiler was found to be the flat type with no space between it and the wing surface. The chordwise location of such a spoiler was not critical within the range investigated, from 5 to 20 percent of the wing chord from the leading edge.
Date: March 1, 1941
Creator: Wenzinger, Carl J. & Bowen, John D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Methods of analyzing wind-tunnel data for dynamic flight conditions

Description: The effects of power on the stability and the control characteristics of an airplane are discussed and methods of analysis are given for evaluating certain dynamic characteristics of the airplane that are not directly discernible from wind tunnel tests alone. Data are presented to show how the characteristics of a model tested in a wind tunnel are affected by power. The response of an airplane to a rolling and a yawing disturbance is discussed, particularly in regard to changes in wing dihedral and fin area. Solutions of the lateral equations of motion are given in a form suitable for direct computations. An approximate formula is developed that permits the rapid estimation of the accelerations produced during pull-up maneuvers involving abrupt elevator deflections.
Date: July 22, 1941
Creator: Donlan, C. J. & Recant, I. G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Model tests of a wing-duct system for auxiliary air supply

Description: Report discusses the design of a cooling system developed for a Pratt & Whitney H-2800 engine equipped with a two-stage supercharger. The wing-duct system was newly developed and was determined to be a valuable method for cooling engine auxiliaries by combining simplicity with low drag and excellent cooling capabilities.
Date: January 1941
Creator: Bierman, David & Corson, Blake W., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some effects of rainfall on flight of airplanes and on instrument indications

Description: Several possible effects of heavy rain on the aerodynamic performance of an airplane and of heavy rain and associated atmospheric phenomena on the indications of flight instruments are briefly considered. It is concluded that the effects of heavy rain on the performance of an airplane are not so great as to force the airplane down from moderate altitudes. Serious malfunctioning of the air-speed indicator may occur, however, as a result of flooding of the pitot-static head and subsequent accumulation of water in the air-speed pressure line. In strong convective situations, like thunderstorms, the rate-of-climb indicator may also be seriously in error owing to rapid variations of atmospheric pressure when entering and emerging from the convection currents.
Date: April 1, 1941
Creator: Rhode, Richard V
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tests on stiffened circular cylinders

Description: Compressive tests were made of two series of stiffened circular cylindrical shells under axial load. All the shells were 16 inches in diameter by 24 inches in length and were made of aluminum-alloy sheet curved to the proper radius and welded with one longitudinal weld. The ratios of diameter to thickness of shell wall in the two series of specimens were 258 and 572. Strains were measured with Huggenberger tensometers at a number of gage lines on the stiffeners and shell. The results of these tests indicate that a spacing of circumferential stiffeners equal to 0.67 times the radius is too great to strengthen the shell wall appreciably. The results are not inclusive enough to show the optimum in stiffeners. Plain cylinders without stiffeners developed ultimate strengths approximately half as great as the buckling strengths computed by the equation resulting from the classical theory and slightly greater than those computed by Donnell's large deflection theory.
Date: March 1, 1941
Creator: Holt, Marshall
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Some comparative tests of plain and alclad 24S-T sheet

Description: Report presenting comparative data on the behavior of plain and alclad 24S-T sheet under several types of structural loading. Results indicated that as far as flexural stiffness and resistance to buckling are concerned, the effect of the soft protective coating on alclad shoot is equivalent to a reduction in thickness of about 7 percent. Results regarding the tensile and compressive properties of materials, bending tests on single thicknesses of sheet, column tests on single thicknesses of sheet, bending tests on box beams, and compression tests on stiffened flat-sheet panels are provided.
Date: August 1941
Creator: Moore, R. L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparison of stress-strain curves obtained by single-thickness and pack methods

Description: Report presenting an apparatus for supporting a single thickness of sheet against buckling so that its compressive yield strength can be determined by the single-thickness method. The results of testing are compared with those from two other methods. This method results in substantial cost savings as compared to the pack method.
Date: August 1941
Creator: Paul, D. A.; Howell, F. M. & Grieshaber, H. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis of ground effect on the lifting airscrew

Description: From Summary: "A study is presented of ground effect as applied to the lifting airscrew of the type used in modern gyroplanes and helicopters. The mathematical analysis of the problem has been verified by tests made of three rotor models in the presence of a large circular "ground plane." The results of the study are presented in the form of convenient charts."
Date: December 1941
Creator: Knight, Montgomery & Hegner, Ralph A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Shear lag in corrugated sheets used for the chord member of a box beam

Description: The problem of the distribution of normal stress across a wide corrugated sheet used as the chord of a box-beam-like structure is investigated theoretically and experimentally. Expressions are developed giving the stress distribution in beams, symmetrical or unsymmetrical, about a plane passed spanwise through the center of the sheet. The experiments were arranged to insure bending without torsion and surveys of the normal stresses were made by means of mechanical and electrical strain gages. The experimental data showed very good agreement with the new b of the theoretical curves, especially at the highly stressed sections, for both the symmetrical and unsymmetrical beams. Several suggestions for future research are included.
Date: January 1, 1941
Creator: Newell, Joseph S & Reissner, Eric
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Relief of residual stress in streamline tie rods by heat treatment

Description: About two-thirds of the residual stress in cold-worked SAE 1050 steel tie rods was relieved by heating 30 minutes at 600 degrees Fahrenheit. Cold-worked austenitic stainless-steel tie rods could be heated at temperatures up to 1000 degrees Fahrenheit without lowering the important physical properties. The corrosion resistance, in laboratory corrosion test, of straight 18:8 and titanium-treated 18:8 materials appeared to be impaired after heating at temperatures above 800 degrees or 900 degrees fahrenheit. Columbium-treated and molybdenum-treated 18:8 steel exhibited improved stability over a wide range of temperatures. Tie rods of either material could be heated 30 minutes with safety at any temperature up to 1000 degrees Fahrenheit. At this temperature most of the residual stress would be relieved.
Date: November 1, 1941
Creator: Pollard, R E & Reinhart, Fred M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hydrodynamic tests of a 1/10-size model of the hull of the Latecoere 521 flying boat: NACA model 83

Description: From Summary: "A 1/10-size model of the hull of the French flying boat Latecoere 521 was tested in the NACA tank. This model is one of a series of models of the hulls of actual flying boats of both foreign and domestic type that are being tested in the NACA tank to provide information regarding the water characteristics of a variety of forms of hull and to illustrate the development of present-day types of flying boat. The lines and the offsets of the hull were obtained from the manufacturer through the Paris office of the NACA."
Date: December 1941
Creator: Olson, Roland E. & Lina, Lindsay J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cooling effects of an airplane equipped with an NACA cowling and a wing-duct cooling system

Description: Report presenting cooling tests of a Northrop A-17A attack airplane equipped with a conventional NACA cowling and then with a wing-duct cooling system. Ground cooling for the wing-duct system without cowl flap was better than for the cowling with flap, but was improved by installing a cowl flap. Satisfactory temperatures were maintained in climb and high-speed flight, but a greater quantity of cooling air was needed for the wing-duct system.
Date: June 1941
Creator: Turner, L. I., Jr.; Bierman, David & Boothy, W. B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-tunnel investigation of effect of yaw on lateral-stability characteristics 3: symmetrically tapered wing at various positions on circular fuselage with and without a vertical tail

Description: Report presenting testing of model combinations of an NACA 23012 tapered wing and a circular fuselage to determine the effect of longitudinal wing position on the change in lateral stability due to interference. Results regarding wing-fuselage interference and effect of wing-fuselage interference on vertical tail are provided.
Date: September 1941
Creator: Recant, Isadore G. & Wallace, Arthur R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of alternately high and low repeated stresses upon the fatigue strength of 25S-T aluminum alloy

Description: Fatigue tests were made on one lot of 3/4 inch diameter rolled-and-drawn 25S-T aluminum-alloy rod normal in composition and tensile properties. The specimens were tested at 3500 cycles per second in a rotating-beam fatigue test machine. Tests were made for three ratios (20:1, 50:1, and 200:1) of the number of cycles applied at low stress to the number applied at high stress. In general, failure occurred when the number of cycles at either the low or the high stress approached the ordinary fatigue curve for the material, regardless of the sequence in which the stresses were applied.
Date: January 1, 1941
Creator: Stickley, G W
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tandem Air Propellers - 2

Description: Report presenting testing of three-blade, adjustable-pitch counterrotating tandem model propellers adjusted to absorb equal power at maximum efficiency of the combination. The aerodynamic characteristics were determined for a variety of blade-angle settings and diameter spacings. At maximum efficiency, the tandem propellers absorb about double the power of the three-blade propellers and about 8 percent more power than six-blade propellers with the pitch of the forward propeller of the tandem combination.
Date: August 1941
Creator: Lesley, E. P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Two-stage supercharging

Description: The arrangement of the parts and the installation and control problems of the two-stage mechanically driven superchargers for aircraft engines are discussed. Unless an entirely new form of supercharging is developed, there will be a definite need for a two-stage centrifugal supercharger. It is shown that the two-stage mechanically driven supercharger itself is a comparatively simple device; the complications arise from the addition of inter-coolers and controls.
Date: February 1, 1941
Creator: Buck, Richard S
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ultimate stresses developed by 24S-T sheet in incomplete diagonal tension

Description: Tests were made on 18 shear panels of 24S-T aluminum alloy to verify the dependence of the ultimate stress on the degree of development of the diagonal-tension field. Tests were made on two thicknesses of sheet with the sheet either clamped between the flange angle or riveted to the outside of the angles.
Date: December 1, 1941
Creator: Kuhn, Paul
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department