National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 37 Matching Results

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An investigation of aileron oscillations at transonic speeds on NACA 23012 and NACA 65-212 airfoils by the wing-flow method

Description: An investigation is being conducted to determine the feasibility of studying aileron buzz by means of the wing-flow method. Two semispan models which had an aspect ratio of 6 and a taper ratio of 2 with quarter-chord half-span mass-balanced ailerons have been used. One had an NACA 23012 airfoil section and the second, an NACA 65-212 airfoil section. The ailerons on both models were subject to buzz over a small range of Mach number near 0.9. Data obtained by wing-flow testing agreed reasonably well with full-scale flight results.
Date: December 29, 1948
Creator: Crane, Harold L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wing-tunnel investigation at low transonic speeds of the effects of number of wings on the lateral-control effectiveness of an RM-5 test vehicle

Description: Report presenting an investigation to determine the effects of number of wings on the aileron rolling effectiveness of an RM-5 test vehicle using the free-rolling wind-tunnel testing technique through a speed range to Mach number 0.9. The wings tested had neither taper nor sweepback and were equipped with full-span 20-percent-chord sealed and faired ailerons. Results indicated that increasing the number of wings resulted in a decrease in rolling effectiveness so that results obtained from the test of the three-wing model were closer to conventional-airplane-configuration results than the four-wing data.
Date: November 29, 1949
Creator: Johnson, Harold S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of carbon deposition in an I-16 jet-propulsion engine at static sea-level conditions

Description: Report presenting a study of the effect of fuel properties on carbon deposition in jet-propulsion engine combustors using seven fuels: kerosene, Diesel fuel oil, toluene, xylene, 62-octane gasoline, a commercial solvent, and AN-F-32 (JP-1) in an I-16 engine at static sea-level conditions and constant rotor speed. Results regarding the reproducibility of data, reduced exhaust-jet-nozzle area, and fuel comparison are provided.
Date: April 29, 1947
Creator: Jonash, Edmund R.; Barnett, Henry C. & Stricker, Edward G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Low-speed static-stability and rolling characteristics of low-aspect-ratio wings of triangular and modified triangular plan forms

Description: Report presenting a low-speed investigation in the stability tunnel to determine the effects of changes in profile and aspect ratio on the low-speed static-stability and rolling characteristics of triangular wings. The investigation was expanded to determine the effects of adding fins to the upper surface and of cutting portions from the tips of a triangular wing to form low-aspect-ratio tapered wings.
Date: March 29, 1949
Creator: Jaquet, Byron M. & Brewer, Jack D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Planing characteristics of three surfaces representative of hydro-ski forms

Description: Report presenting the planing characteristics, as determined by tank tests, of three surfaces representative of hydro-ski forms. One surface had a rectangular plan form with a flat bottom, one had a rectangular plan form with a transversely curved bottom, and the third had a flat bottom and triangular plan form. Results are provided in the form of plots of the load on the water, resistance, trimming moment, and draft against total wetted area with speed and trim as parameters.
Date: March 29, 1949
Creator: Wadlin, Kenneth L. & McGehee, John R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Free-flight investigation of control effectiveness of full-span 0.2-chord plain ailerons at high subsonic, transonic, and supersonic speeds to determine some effects of section thickness and wing sweepback

Description: Report discusses the development and testing of a rocket-propelled test vehicle to investigate aerodynamic control effectiveness at high subsonic, transonic, and supersonic speeds. Modifications to the section thickness and wing sweepback to improve performance are also described. A description of the vehicle, instrumentation, accuracy, and evaluation of testing results is included.
Date: May 29, 1947
Creator: Sandahl, Carl A. & Marino, Alfred A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurement of individual aileron hinge moments and aileron control characteristics of a P-40F airplane

Description: From Summary: "Flight measurements have been made of the individual aileron hinge moments, aileron rolling effectiveness pb/2V ,and stick-force characteristics in abrupt aileron rolls with a P-40F airplane (AAF No. 41-14119) over an indicated airspeed range from 108 to 304 miles per hour. Three methods for measuring the rate of change of hinge moment with angle of attack were investigated. Presented for comparison with the flight results are data from two-dimensional wind-tunnel tests of the wing-aileron profile as measured at the center aileron hinge."
Date: January 29, 1945
Creator: Goranson, R. Fabian
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Buffeting of External Fuel Tanks at High Speeds on a Gruman F7F-3 Airplane

Description: Attempts were made to alleviate the buffeting of external fuel tanks mounted under the wings of a twin-engine Navy fighter airplane. The Mach number at which buffeting began was increased from 0,529 to 0.640 by streamlining the sway braces and by increasing the lateral rigidity of the sway brace system. Further increase of the Mach number, at which buffeting began to 0.725, was obtained by moving the external fuel tank to a position under the fuselage.
Date: January 29, 1947
Creator: Turner, Howard L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The High-Speed Longitudinal Stability and Control of the Bell P-39N-1 Airplane as Calculated from Propeller-Off Tests of a 0.35-Scale Model

Description: This report presents the result of tests of a 0.35-scale model of the Bell P-39N-l airplane. Included are the longitudinal-stability and - control characteristics of the airplane as indicated by tests of the model equipped with each of two different sets of elevators. The results indicate good longitudinal stability and control throughout the speed range encounterable in flight. The variation of estimated stick force with speed was less when the model was equipped with elevators constructed to the theoretical design dimensions than when equipped with elevators as built to scale from measurements of the corresponding-parts of the actual airplane. The predicted stick forces required to produce the normal accelerations attainable in flight are within the limits specified by the Army Air Forces.
Date: January 29, 1947
Creator: Robinson, Robert C. & Perone, Angelo
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Data Obtained in the Flight Measurements to Determine the Stability and Control Characteristics of a C-54D Airplane (AAF No. 42-72713) and a Summary of the Test Program

Description: The flight investigation of the C-54D airplane was initiated to determine the necessity of changes or additions to existing handling-qualities requirements to cove the case of instrument approaches with large airplanes. This paper gives a brief synopsis of the results and presents the measured data of tests to determine the stability and control characteristics. It was found that no new requirements were necessary to cover the problems of instrument approaches. The C-54D airplane tested met the Amy and Navy stability and control requirements except for the following items. The control-system friction with autopilot installed vas double that allowed by the requirements. The amount of friction was found to impair the controllability of the airplane in precision flying. The lateral and directional characteristics were good except that the maximum pb/2V was slightly below the minimum required, and the elevator-control forces to obtain the maximum pb/2V at low speeds were above the Army and Navy requirements. The longitudinal stability and control characteristics were good except that the elevator-control forces exceeded the limits of the Army and Navy requirements in turns and in landings. The stalling characteristics were considered good in all conditions with the stall warning in the form of tail buffeting occurring at speeds approximately 5 miles per hour above the stall.
Date: December 29, 1947
Creator: Talmage, Donald B. & Reeder, John P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of supersonic aerodynamic heating with continuous fluid injection

Description: From Introduction: "The aerodynamic heating problem assumes considerable importance at high-supersonic speeds. Sanger and Bredt (reference 1) have calculated the high-speed aerodynamic forces and equilibrium surface temperature at extremely high altitudes where the molecular mean free path is large (free-molecule-flow region) compared with a characteristic body dimension. The theoretical investigation of Lees (reference 2) on the stability of the laminar boundary layer in compressible flow indicates that the laminar boundary layer is completely stable at all Reynolds numbers at supersonic speeds for a sufficiently low ratio of surface temperature to stream temperature."
Date: September 29, 1949
Creator: Klunker, E G & Ivey, H Reese
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Preliminary Study of Ram-Actuated Cooling Systems for Supersonic Aircraft

Description: An analysis has been made of the characteristics of several cooling cycles suitable for cockpit cooling of supersonic aircraft. All the cycles considered utilize the difference between dynamic and ambient static pressure to actuate the cooling system and require no additional power source. The results of the study indicate that as flight speeds become greater, increasingly complex systems are required to reduce the altitudes above approximately 35,000 feet, a system composed of an externally loaded expansion turbine in conjunction with a supersonic diffuser would maintain tolerable ventilating air temperature, at least up to a flight Mach number of 2. The most complex system considered,composed of compressor, intercooler, and expansion turbine with the intercooler cooling air decreased in temperature by expansion through an auxiliary turbine is capable of maintaining a ventilation air temperature less than ambient temperature up to a flight Mach number of 3.7.
Date: April 29, 1947
Creator: Stalder, Jackson R. & Wadleigh, Kenneth R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Tests of a Portion of a PV-2 Helicopter Rotor Blade

Description: From Summary: "A portion of a PV-2 helicopter rotor blade has been tested in the 6- by 6-foot test section of the Langley stability tunnel to determine if the aerodynamic characteristics were seriously affected by cross flow or fabric distortion. The outer portion of the blade was tested as a reflection plane model pivoted about the tunnel wall to obtain various angles of cross flow over the blade. Because the tunnel wall acts as a plane of symmetry, the measured aerodynamic characteristics correspond to those of an airfoil having various angles of sweepforward and sweepback. Tests were made with the vents on the lower surface open and also with the vents sealed and the internal pressure held at -20 inches of water producing an internal pressure coefficient of -1.059."
Date: March 29, 1945
Creator: Kemp, William B., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Flight Tests to Determine the Effect of Length of a Conical Windshield on the Drag of a Bluff Body at Supersonic Speeds

Description: Flight tests were conducted to determine the effect of length of a conical windshield on the drag of a bluff body moving at supersonic speeds. A comparison is made between results obtained and results of previous drag tests of body-windshield combinations.The effect of increasing the length of the windshield is discussed.
Date: January 29, 1947
Creator: Alexander, Sidney R. & Katz, Ellis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On the flow of a compressible fluid by the hodograph method 2: fundamental set of particular flow solutions of the Chaplygin differential equation

Description: From Summary: "The differential equation of Chaplygin's jet problem is utilized to give a systematic development of particular solutions of the hodograph flow equations, which extends the treatment of Chaplygin into the supersonic range and completes the set of particular solutions. The particular solutions serve to place on a reasonable basis the use of velocity correction formulas for the comparison of incompressible and compressible flows. It is shown that the geometric-mean type of velocity correction formula introduced in part I has significance as an over-all type of approximation in the subsonic range."
Date: September 29, 1944
Creator: Garrick, I. E. & Kaplan, Carl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

On the Flow of a Compressible Fluid by the Hodograph Method. II - Fundamental Set of Particular Flow Solutions of the Chaplygin Differential Equation

Description: From Summary: "The differential equation of Chaplygin's jet problem is utilized to give a systematic development of particular solutions of the hodograph flow equations, which extends the treatment of Chaplygin into the supersonic range and completes the set of particular solutions. The particular solutions serve to place on a reasonable basis the use of velocity correction formulas for the comparison of incompressible and compressible flows. It is shown that the geometric-mean type of velocity correction formula introduced in part I has significance as an over-all type of approximation in the subsonic range."
Date: September 29, 1944
Creator: Garrick, I. E. & Kaplan, Carl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal Stability and Control Characteristics of a Semispan Model of the XF7U-1 Tailless Airplane at Transonic Speeds by the NACA Wing-Flow Method, TED No. NACA DE307

Description: From Summary: "An investigation was made by the NACA wing-flow method to determine the longitudinal stability and control characteristics at transonic speeds of a semispan model of the XF7U-1 tailless airplane. The 25-percent chord line of the wing of the model was swept back 35 deg. The airfoil sections of the wing perpendicular to the 25-percent chord line were 12 percent thick. Measurements were made of the normal force and pitching moment through an angle-of-attack range from about -3 deg to 14 deg for several ailavator deflections at Mach numbers from 0.65 to about 1.08."
Date: September 29, 1947
Creator: Sawyer, Richard H. & Trant, James P., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department