National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 37 Matching Results

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Preliminary Investigation of a Ceramic Lining for a Combustion Chamber for Gas-Turbine Use

Description: Combustion chamber liners for gas turbines and experimental set-ups were tested for failure. A ceramic-lined test chamber was operated at fuel/air ratios up to 0.050. Thermal-shock evaluation indicated that a ceramic lining, which expands after firing, would crack but would not fall apart during operation. Refractoriness of the lining and the resistance to mechanical shock were adequate. In general, shell temperature reductions of approximately 400 deg F were effected by the use of this lining at fuel/air ratios of 0.016 and 0.050. The mechanism of failure of the ceramic lining was induced by sudden heating and cooling during operation.
Date: April 12, 1948
Creator: Woodward, William H & Bobrowsky, A R
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analytical investigation of distribution of centrifugal stresses and their relation to limiting operating temperatures in gas-turbine blades

Description: From Introduction: "Analyses that provide a basis for comparing the centrifugal-stress distributions inherent in jet-engine turbine blades of several designs currently in use were therefore made and are presented."
Date: April 12, 1948
Creator: Kemp, Richard H & Morgan, William C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of Rim Cracking in Turbine Wheels with Welded Blades

Description: Rim cracking in turbine wheels with welded blades was evaluated. The problem is explained on the basis of the occurrence of plastic flow in the rim during transient starting conditions when thermal compressive stresses resulting from high-temperature gradients exceed the proportional elastic limit of the material.
Date: February 12, 1947
Creator: Millenson, M. B. & Manson, S. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Knock-Limited Performance of Triptane and Xylidines Blended with 28-R Aviation Fuel at High Compression Ratios and Maximum-Economy Spark Setting

Description: An investigation was conducted to evaluate the possibilities of utilizing the high-performance characteristics of triptane and xylidines blended with 28-R fuel in order to increase fuel economy by the use of high compression ratios and maximum-economy spark setting. Full-scale single-cylinder knock tests were run with 20 deg B.T.C. and maximum-economy spark settings at compression ratios of 6.9, 8.0, and 10.0, and with two inlet-air temperatures. The fuels tested consisted of triptane, four triptane and one xylidines blend with 28-R, and 28-R fuel alone. Indicated specific fuel consumption at lean mixtures was decreased approximately 17 percent at a compression ratio of 10.0 and maximum-economy spark setting, as compared to that obtained with a compression ratio of 6.9 and normal spark setting. When compression ratio was increased from 6.9 to 10.0 at an inlet-air temperature of 150 F, normal spark setting, and a fuel-air ratio of 0.065, 55-percent triptane was required with 28-R fuel to maintain the knock-limited brake power level obtained with 28-R fuel at a compression ratio of 6.9. Brake specific fuel consumption was decreased 17.5 percent at a compression ratio of 10.0 relative to that obtained at a compression ratio of 6.9. Approximately similar results were noted at an inlet-air temperature of 250 F. For concentrations up through at least 20 percent, triptane can be more efficiently used at normal than at maximum-economy spark setting to maintain a constant knock-limited power output over the range of compression ratios tested.
Date: December 12, 1946
Creator: Held, Louis F. & Pritchard, Ernest I.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Calculations of the Dynamic Stress of Several Airplane Wings in Various Gusts

Description: A series of calculations of the dynamic response of airplane wings to gusts were made with the purpose of showing the relative response of a reference airplane, the DC-3 airplane, and of newer types of airplanes represented by the DC-4, DC-6, and L-49 airplanes. Additional calculations were made for the DC-6 airplane to show the effects of speed and altitude. On the basis of the method of calculation used and the conditions selected for analysis, it is indicated that: 1) The newer airplanes show appreciably greater dynamic stress in gusts then does the reference airplane; 2) Increasing the forward speed or the operating altitude results in an increase of the dynamic stress ratio for the gust with a gradient distance of 10 chords.
Date: July 12, 1948
Creator: Pierce, Harold B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department