National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - 45 Matching Results

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An analysis of a highly compounded two-stroke-cycle compression-ignition engine

Description: This report presents an analysis of a compound engine operating with manifold pressures ranging from 60 to 110 lb/sq in. absolute and discusses the effects of engine limits (peak cylinder pressure and turbine-inlet temperature) and component efficiency.
Date: April 4, 1949
Creator: Tauschek, Max J; Sather, Bernard I & Biermann, Arnold E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High-speed wind-tunnel tests of a 1/16-scale model of the D-558 research airplane-dynamic pressure and comparison of point and effective downwash at the tail of the D-558-1

Description: Report discussing the point downwash angles and dynamic pressure at the horizontal-tail location of the D-558-1 airplane at a range of Mach numbers and lift coefficients. Results regarding the effective downwash with the tail-on and tail-off configuration, flow direction at the tail, rate of change, and dynamic pressure changes are provided.
Date: November 4, 1948
Creator: Robinson, Harold L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Measurements of aileron effectiveness of the Bell X-1 airplane at Mach numbers between 0.9 and 1.06

Description: From Summary: "Abrupt rudder-fixed aileron rolls have been made with the Bell X-1 airplane in powered flight at Mach numbers between 0.90 and 1.06 at about 40,000 feet pressure altitude. These aileron rolls indicate that the aileron effectiveness for large deflections at Mach number 0.94 is only one-fourth the value at Mach number 0.82, and the effectiveness at Mach number 1.06 is slightly greater than at Mach number 0.94."
Date: August 4, 1949
Creator: Drake, Hubert M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stability and Control Data Obtained from Fourth and Fifth Flights of the Northrop X-4 Airplane (A.F. No. 46-676)

Description: NACA instrumentation has been installed in the Northrop X-4 airplane to obtain stability and control data during the Northrop conducted acceptance tests. The results of the fourth and fifth flights of the Northrop X-4 number 1 airplane are presented in this paper. These data were obtained for a center-of-gravity position of approximately 19.5 percent of the mean aerodynamic chord. The results of this flight showed that the directional stability as measured in steadily increasing sideslips was positive and high and that the effective dihedral was positive. The results also show the airplane to be longitudinally stable, stick fixed, with the center of gravity at 19.5 percent of the mean aerodynamic chord.
Date: August 4, 1949
Creator: Valentine, George M
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis and experimental observation of pressure losses in ram-jet combustion chambers

Description: From Introduction: "Some experimental data on flame-holder pressure losses have been presented (reference 1 to 4). A theoretical analysis that assume a sudden enlargement of flow area was made at the NACA Lewis laboratory to determine the effect of flame-holder open area and combustion-chamber-inlet Mach number on the pressure losses across flame holders. The results of this analysis were then compared with experimental data obtained with several different flame-holder designs."
Date: November 4, 1949
Creator: Sterbentz, William H
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic characteristics of a 45 degree swept-back wing with aspect ratio of 3.5 and NACA 2S-50(05)-50(05) airfoil sections

Description: From Introduction: "The present paper presents the scale effect on the longitudinal aerodynamic characteristics, the aerodynamic characteristics in yaw, and the tuft studies for 0^o and 3.7^o yaw. The results of the effect of leading-edge and trailing-edge flaps on the aerodynamic characteristics of the wing will be presented in later reports."
Date: August 4, 1947
Creator: Proterra, Anthony J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Longitudinal stability and control of high-speed airplanes with particular reference to dive recovery

Description: From Summary: "An analysis of the effects of compressibility on the longitudinal stability, control, and trim of airplanes flying at high subsonic speeds and a discussion of the causes of and the means for lessening or preventing the diving tendency are presented. Wind-tunnel results for Mach numbers up to 0.90 are included for purposes of illustration and cover several investigations of longitudinal stability and control, airfoil characteristics, dive-recovery aids, and elevator characteristics. Methods are indicated for compensating for the undesirable control tendencies results from the characteristics of the wing at supercritical speeds by the appropriate choice of elevator contour."
Date: September 4, 1947
Creator: Axelson, John A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effects of combinations of aspect ratio and sweepback at high subsonic Mach numbers

Description: Report discussing an investigation to determine the effects of sweepback and low aspect ratio on the aerodynamic characteristics of a wing at high subsonic Mach numbers. Tests were performed at aspect ratios of 2, 3, and 5 and sweepback angles of 0, 30, and 45 degrees. Generally, sweepback and low aspect ratio were found to both delay and lessen the effects of compressibility.
Date: June 4, 1947
Creator: Adler, Alfred A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic characteristics of a 6-percent-thick symmetrical double-wedge airfoil at transonic speeds from tests by the NACA wing-flow method

Description: From Introduction: "The investigation covered a range of Mach numbers from 0.66 to 1.12 and included measurements of angle of attack, pitching moment, normal force, and chord force. The drag at zero lift obtained in this investigation was reported in reference 1, but without the correction for tare of the end plate."
Date: March 4, 1949
Creator: Lina, Lindsay J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Initial flight tests of the NACA FR-2, a high-velocity rocket-propelled vehicle for transonic flutter research

Description: Report presenting initial flight tests of two simplified flutter vehicles. Test results were in agreement with the results of the freely-falling-body test in that the wing failures in the transonic range occurred at velocities greater than the flutter velocity calculated from the two-dimensional theory.
Date: March 4, 1948
Creator: Barmby, J. G. & Teitelbaum, J. M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Investigation of the Aerodynamic Characteristics of a 3/4-Scale Model of the EX-3 Pine-Cone-Head Pellet in the Langley High-Speed 7-by 10-Foot Wind Tunnel

Description: An investigation of the Ex-3 pine-cone-head pellet was made in the Langley high-speed 7-by 10-foot wind tunnel to determine the static force and moment characteristics at high Mach numbers with the reference center of gravity located at 37.5 percent of the over-all length aft of the nose. For this center-of-gravity location there were no secondary trim positions, and the center-of-pressure position was not appreciably affected by Mach number.
Date: August 4, 1948
Creator: Campbell, George S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Effect of First-Stage Blade Design on Performance of Mark 25 Torpedo Power Plant

Description: The effect of rotor-blade length, inlet angle, and shrouding was investigated with four different nozzles in a single-stage modification of the Mark 25 aerial-torpedo power plant. The results obtained with the five special rotor configurations are compared with those of the standard first-stage rotor with each nozzle. Each nozzle-rotor combination was operated at nominal pressure ratios of 8, 15 (design), and 20 over a range of speeds from 6000 rpm to the design speed of 18,000 rpm. Inlet temperature and pressure conditions of 1OOOo F and 95 pounds per square inch gage, respectively, were maintained constant for all runs.
Date: August 4, 1948
Creator: Schum, Harold J. & Hoyt, Jack W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Tank Tests of a 1/7-Size Powered Dynamic Model of the Grumman XJR2F-1 Amphibian: Spray Characteristics, Take-Off and Landing Stability in Smooth Water - Langley Tank Model 212, TED No. NACA 2378

Description: Tests of a model of the XJR2F-Y amphibian were made in Langley tank no. to determine the spray characteristics and the take-off and landing stability. At a gross load of 22,000 pounds full size, spray entered the propeller disk only at a very narrow range of speeds. The spray striking the flaps was not excessive and no appreciable wetting of the tail surfaces was noted. The trim limits of stability appeared to be satisfactory and the upper-limit porpoising was not violent. The stable range of center-of-gravity locations with flaps set 20deg was well aft of the desired operating range. However, with flaps up, the forward limit was about 18 percent mean aerodynamic chord and the aft limit about 28.5 percent mean aerodynamic chord at a load of 26,000 pounds and with elevators deflected -10deg. Under these conditions the location of the step is considered satisfactory. Tests showed that the effect of water in the nose-wheel well would be to move the forward limit aft about 2-percent mean aerodynamic chord. Without ventilation of the main step, the model skipped during landing at most trims, but this skipping was not violent. With the ventilation, the model skipped lightly only at trims where the afterbody keel was approximately parallel to the water (around 7.5 deg).
Date: December 4, 1946
Creator: Land, Norman S. & Zeck, Howrad
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of Single-Stage Turbine of Mark 25 Torpedo Power Plant with Two Special Nozzles, 1, Efficiency with 0.45-inch Rotor Blades

Description: An investigation was made of the first-stage turbine of a Mark 25 torpedo power plant to determine the performance of the unity with two nozzle configurations and a special rotor having 0.45-inch blades instead of the standard length of 0.40 inch. Both nozzles had smaller passages than the nozzles of similar shape that were previously investigated. The performance of the nozzle-blade combinations is evaluated in terms of brake, rotor, and blade efficiency as functions of blade-jet speed ratio for three pressure ratios. Over the range of speeds and pressure ratios investigated, the efficiency with the nozzle having rectangular passages (J) was higher than that with a nozzle having circular passages (K). The difference in blade efficiencies varied from less than 0.010 at the lower blade-jet speed ratios for the three pressure ratios investigated to 0.030 at a pressure ratio of 8 and a blade-jet speed ratio of 0.295. The efficiencies with these tow nozzles were generally lower than those obtained with nozzles previously reported in combination with the 0.45-inch blades.
Date: May 4, 1949
Creator: Schum, Harold J. & Whitney, Waren J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Investigation of the Flying Mock-Up of the Consolidated Vultee XP-92 Airplane in the Ames 40- by 80-Foot Wind Tunnel. Force and Moment Characteristics

Description: This report contains the results of the investigation of the aerodynamic characteristics of the flying mock-up of the Consolidated Vultee XP-92 airplane as conducted in the Ames 40- by 80-foot wind tunnel, Data are presented for test conditions which would give information as to the limits of stability and controllability, and also, the effect of Reynolds number. No analysis of the data has been made.
Date: February 4, 1948
Creator: Wick, Bradford, H. & Graham, David
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Preliminary Results of an Altitude-Wind-Tunnel Investigation of a TG-100A Gas Turbine-Propeller Engine II - Windmilling Characteristics

Description: An investigation was conducted to determine the operational and performance characteristics of the TG-100A gas turbine-propeller engine II. Windmilling characteristics were deterined for a range of altitudes from 5000 to 35,000 feet, true airspeeds from 100 to 273 miles per hour, and propeller blade angles from 4 degrees to 46 degrees.
Date: August 4, 1947
Creator: Conrad, E. W. & Durham, J. D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Free-Spinning-Tunnel Tests of a 1/24-Scale Model of the McDonnell XP-88 Airplane with a Conventional Tail

Description: An investigation of the spin and recovery characteristics of a 1/24-scale model of the McDonnell XP-88 airplane has been conducted in the Langley 20-foot free-spinning tunnel. The effects of control settings and movements on the erect and inverted spin and recovery characteristics of the model in the normal loading were determined. Tests of the model in the long-range loading also were made. The investigation included tail-modification, spin-recovery parachute, pilot-escape, and rudder-pedal-force tests. Recoveries were generally satisfactory for spins in the normal loading provided the ailerons were not held against the spin. Satisfactory recoveries were obtained regardless of the aileron setting when the leading-edge flaps were deflected and normal recovery technique was used or when the horizontal tail was raised 70 inches, full scale. Recoveries were rapid from all inverted spins obtained. In the long-range loading with tanks on, it may be necessary to jettison the tanks in order to obtain recovery. A 12.0-foot spin-recovery parachute at the tail or a 4.0-foot parachute opened on the outer wing tip (drag coefficient of 0.66) was found to be effective for recoveries from demonstration spins. Test results showed that in an emergency the pilot should attempt to escape from the outboard side of the spinning airplane. The rudder-pedal forces in a spin were indicated to be within the capabilities of the pilot.
Date: September 4, 1947
Creator: Berman, Theodore
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wind-Tunnel Tests of the 1/25-Scale Powered Model of the Martin JRM-1 Airplane. IV - Tests with Ground Board and with Modified Wing and Hull - TED No. NACA 232, Part 4, Tests with Ground Board and with Modified Wing and Hull, TED No. NACA 232

Description: Wind-tunnel tests were made of a 1/25 scale model of the Martin JRM-1 airplane to determine: (1) The longitudinal stability and control characteristics of the JRM-1 model near the water and lateral and directional stability characteristics with power while moving on the surface of the water, the latter being useful for the design of tip floats; (2) The stability and stalling characteristics of the wing with a modified airfoil contour; (3) Stability characteristics of a hull of larger design gross weight; The test results indicated that the elevator was powerful enough to trim the original model in a landing configuration at any lift coefficient within the specified range of centers of gravity. The ground-board tests for evaluating the aerodynamic forces and moments on an airplane in a simulated cross wind indicate a high dihedral effect in the presence of the ground board and, consequently, during low-speed taxying and take-off, large overturning moments would result which would have to be overcome by the tip floats.
Date: September 4, 1947
Creator: Lockwood, Vernard E. & Smith, Bernard J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Performance of the 19XB 10-Stage Axial-Flow Compressor

Description: The 19xB compressor, which replaces the 19B coaapreseor and has the same length and diameter 88 the 19B compressor, was designed with 10 stages to deliver 30 pounds of air per second for a pressure ratio of 4.17 at an equivalent speed of 17,000 rpm; the 19B was designed with six stages for a pressure ratio of 2.7 at the same weight flow and speed as the 19XB compressor. The performance characteristics of the new compressor were determined at the NACA Cleveland laboratory at the request of the Bureau of Aeronautics, Navy Department. Results are presented of the investigation made to evaluate the over-all performance of the compressor, the effects of possible leakage past the rotor rear air seal, the effects of inserting instruments in each row of stator blades and in the first row of outlet guide vanes, and the effects of changing the temperature and the pressure of the inlet air. The results of the interstage surveys are also presented.
Date: February 4, 1947
Creator: Downing, Richard M. & Finger, Harold B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department