National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) - Browse

ABOUT BROWSE FEED

Addition of heat to a compressible fluid in motion

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this report is to summarize, without extended proofs, the results of a study of a simplified model of nonadiabiatic, compressible fluid flow, both subsonic and supersonic, and to state these results in a form that will make them immediately useful in providing a theoretical background for current technical problems of high-speed combustion.
Date: February 1945
Creator: Hicks, Bruce L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Aerodynamic Characteristics of Four Republic Airfoil Sections from Tests in Langley Two-Dimensional Low-Turbulence Tunnels

Description: Four airfoils sections, designed by the Republic Aviation Corporation for the root and tip sections of the XF-12 airplane, were tested in the Langley two-dimensional low-turbulence tunnels to obtain their aerodynamic characteristics. Lift characteristics were obtained at Reynolds numbers of 3,000,000, 6,000,000, 9,000,000, and 14,000,000, whereas drag characteristics were obtained at Reynolds numbers of 3,000,000, 6,000,000, and 9,000,000. Pressure distributions were obtained for one of the root sections for several angles of attack at a Reynolds number of 2,600,000. Comparison of the root section that appeared best from the tests with the corresponding NACA 65-series section shows the Republic section has a higher maximum lift and higher calculated critical speeds, but a higher minimum drag. In addition, with standard roughness applied to the leading edge, the maximum lift of the Republic airfoil is lower than that of the NACA airfoil. Comparison of the Republic tip section with the corresponding NACA 65-series section shows the Republic airfoil has a lower maximum lift and a higher minimum drag than the NACA airfoil. The calculated critical speeds of the Republic section are slightly higher than those of the NACA section.
Date: September 27, 1945
Creator: Klein, Milton M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air-flow and performance characteristics of the engine-stage supercharger of a double-row radial aircraft engine I: effect of operating variables

Description: From Introduction: "The tests reported herein, conducted during the early part of 1945, were made to determine the inherent charge-air distribution characteristics of the engine-stage supercharger of the double-row radial engine."
Date: August 1945
Creator: Mesrobian, John M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Airspeed fluctuations as a measure of atmospheric turbulence

Description: From Introduction: "Increments in structural loads due to atmospheric turbulence can be accurately expressed in terms of flight speed and effective gust velocities (reference 4). Data from which the effective gust velocities could be computed were also obtained during the flights of the XC-35 airplane. These data have been used to determine the significance of the fluctuations in the pilot's indicated-airspeed readings in relation to structural loads to due to atmospheric turbulence."
Date: July 1945
Creator: Tolefson, H B
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Analysis and modification of theory for impact of seaplanes on water

Description: An analysis of available theory on seaplane impact and a proposed modification thereto are presented. In previous methods the overall momentum of the float and virtual mass has been assumed to remain constant during the impact but the present analysis shows that this assumption is rigorously correct only when the resultant velocity of the float is normal to the keel. The proposed modification chiefly involves consideration of the fact that forward velocity of the seaplane float causes momentum to be passed into the hydrodynamic downwash (an action that is the entire consideration in the case of the planing float) and consideration of the fact that, for an impact with trim, the rate of penetration is determined not only by the velocity component normal to the keel but also by the velocity component parallel to the keel, which tends to reduce the penetration. Experimental data for planing, oblique impact, and vertical drop are used to show that the accuracy of the proposed theory is good.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Mayo, Wilbur L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of life expectancy of airplane wings in normal cruising flight

Description: In order to provide a basis for judging the relative importance of wing failure by fatigue and by single intense gusts, an analysis of wing life for normal cruising flight was made based on data on the frequency of atmospheric gusts. The independent variables considered in the analysis included stress-concentration factor, stress-load relation, wing loading, design and cruising speeds, design gust velocity, and airplane size. Several methods for estimating fatigue life from gust frequencies are discussed. The procedure selected for the analysis is believed to be simple and reasonably accurate, though slightly conservative.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Putnam, Abbott A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An analysis of the dissipation of heat in conditions of icing from a section of the wing of the C-46 airplane

Description: A method is given for calculating the temperature that a surface, heated internally by air, will assume in specified conditions of icing. The method can be applied generally to predict the performance, under conditions of icing, of the thermal system for protecting aircraft. Calculations have been made for a section of the wing of the C-46 airplane, and the results agree closely with the temperature measured. The limit of protection when the temperature of the surface reaches 32 degrees F., has been predicted for the leading edge. The temperature of the surface in conditions of icing with air at 0 degree F. also has been calculated. The effect of kinetic heating and the effect of the concentration of free water and size of droplet in the cloud are demonstrated.
Date: 1945?~
Creator: Hardy, J K
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bending and shear stresses developed by the instantaneous arrest of the root of a cantilever beam rotating with constant angular velocity about a transverse axis through the root

Description: A theoretical investigation was made of the behavior of a cantilever beam in rotational motion about a transverse axis through the root determining the stresses, the deflections, and the accelerations that occur in the beam as a result of the arrest of motion. The equations for bending and shear stress reveal that, at a given percentage of the distance from root to tip and at a given trip velocity, the bending stresses for a particular mode are independent of the length of the beam and the shear stresses vary inversely with the length. When examined with respect to a given angular velocity instead of a given tip velocity, the equations reveal that the bending stress is proportional to the length of the beam whereas the shear stress is independent of the length. Sufficient experimental verification of the theory has previously been given in connection with another problem of the same type.
Date: June 1, 1945
Creator: Stowell, Elbridge Z; Schwartz, Edward B & Houbolt, John C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bending and shear stresses developed by the instantaneous arrest of the root of a moving cantilever beam

Description: A theoretical and experimental investigation has been made of the behavior of a cantilever beam in transverse motion when its root is suddenly brought to rest. Equations are given for determining the stresses, the deflections, and the accelerations that arise in the beam as a result of the impact. The theoretical equations, which have been confirmed experimentally, reveal that, at a given percentage of the distance from root to tip, the bending stresses for a particular mode are independent of the length of the beam, whereas the shear stresses vary inversely with the length.
Date: January 1, 1945
Creator: Stowell, Elbridge, Z; Schwartz, Edward B & Houbolt, John C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department